Araştırma Makalesi
BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster
Yıl 2016, Cilt: 18 Sayı: 1, 38 - 44, 27.04.2016
https://doi.org/10.15314/tjse.77952

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Asakawa K. Flow experience and autotelic personality in Japanese college students: How do they experience challenges in daily life? Journal of Happiness Studies, 2004, 5(2): 123-154.
  • Aşçı FH, Çağlar E, Eklund RC, Altıntaş A, Jackson S. The adaptation study of dispositional flow scale-2 and flow state scale-2. Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences, 2007, 18 (4): 182-196.
  • Berry TR, Howe BL. Effects of health based and appearance based exercise advertising on exercise attitudes social physique anxiety and self-presentation in an exercise setting. Social Behavior and Personality, 2004, 32: 1, 1-12.
  • Collins AL, Sarkisian N, Winner E. Flow and happiness in later life: An investigation into the role of daily and weekly experiences. Journal of Happiness Studies, 2009, 10: 703-719.
  • Cox AE, Ullrich-French S, Madonia J, Witty K. Social physique anxiety in physical education: Social contextual factors and links to motivation and behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2011, 12: 555-562.
  • Crawford S, Eklund RC. Social physique anxiety, reasons for exercise, and attitudes toward exercise settings. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1994, 16: 70-82.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M. Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York, Harper & Row, 1990, 4.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M. Finding Flow. The psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York: Basic Books, 1997.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M. Beyond boredom and anxiety: Experiencing flow in work and play. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000 (Original work published 1975).
  • Csíkszentmihályi M, Csíkszentmihályi IS. Optimal experience: Psychological studies of flow in consciousness. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 3-36.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M, Hunter J. Happiness in everyday life: The uses of experience sampling. Journal of Happiness Studies, 2003, 4(2): 185-199.
  • Daubenmeiner JJ. The relationship of yoga, body awareness and body responsiveness to self-objectification and disordered eating. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2005, 29: 207-219.
  • Eklund RC, Crawford S. Active women, social physique anxiety, and exercise. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1994, 16: 431-448.
  • Focht BC, Hausenblas HA. Perceived evaluative threat and state anxiety during exercise in women with social physique anxiety. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2004, 6(4): 361-368.
  • Fox KR. The physical self: From motivation to well-being. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1997.
  • Fredrickson BL, Roberts TA. Objectification theory: Toward understanding women’s lived experiences and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1997, 21: 173-206.
  • Grove JR, Lewis MAE. Hypnotic susceptibility and the attainment of Flow like states during exercise. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1996, 18: 380-391.
  • Hagger MS, Aşçı FH, Lindwall M, Hein V, Mülazımoğlu-Ballı Ö, Tarrant M, et al. Cross-cultural validity and measurement invariance of the social physique anxiety scale in five European nations. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 2007, 17: 703-719.
  • Hart EA, Leary MR, Rejeski WJ. The measurement of social physique anxiety. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1989, 11: 94-104.
  • Hurst R, Hale B, Smith D, Collins D. Exercise dependence, social physique anxiety, and social support in experienced and inexperienced bodybuilders and weightlifters. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2000, 34: 431–435.
  • Ingledew DK, Sullivan G, Effects of body mass and body image on exercise motives in adolescence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2001, 3: 323-338.
  • Jackson SA. Athletes in flow: A qualitative investigation of flow states in elite figure skaters. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 1992, 4: 161-180.
  • Jackson SA, Factors influencing the occurrence of flow state in elite athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 1995, 7: 138-166.
  • Jackson SA, Csíkszentmihályi M. Flow in sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1999.
  • Jackson SA, Eklund RC. Assessing flow in physical activity: The Flow State Scale-2 and Dispositional Flow Scale-2. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2002, 24(2), 133-150.
  • Jackson SA, Eklund RC. The Flow Scales Manual. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology, 2004.
  • Jackson SA, Ford SK, Kimiecik JC, Marsh HW. Psychological correlates of flow in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1998, 20: 358-378.
  • Jackson SA, Marsh H. Development and validation of a scale to measure optimal experience: The Flow State Scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1996, 18(1): 17-35.
  • Jackson SA, Thomas PR, Marsh HW, Smethurst CJ. Relationships between flow, self-concept, psychological skills, and performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2001, 13: 129-153.
  • Karageorghis CI, Vlachopoulos SP, Terry PC. Latent Variable Modeling of the Relationship between Flow and Exercise-induced Feelings: An Intuitive Appraisal Perspective. European Physical Education Review, 2000, 6: 230-248.
  • Lantz CD, Hardy CJ, Ainsworth BE. Social physique anxiety and perceived exercise behavior, Journal of Sport Behavior, 1997, 20: 83-93.
  • Lyubomirsky S, King L, Diener E. The Benefits of Frequent Positive Affect: Does Happiness Lead to Success? Psychological Bulletin, 2005, 131, 6: 803-855.
  • Marsh HW, Richards GE, Johnson S, Roche L, Tremayne P. Physical self-description questionnaire: psychometric properties and a multi-trait multi-method analysis of relations to existing instruments. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1994, 16: 270-305.
  • Marsh HW. A multidimensional physical self-concept: A construct validity approach to theory measurement and research. Psychology, 2002, 9(4): 459-493.
  • Marsh HW, Marco IT, Aşçı FH. Cross cultural validity of the physical self-description questionnaire: comparison of factor structures in Australia, Spain and Turkey. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2002, 73: 257-270.
  • Myers R. Classical and modern regression with applications (2nd Ed.). Boston, Duxbury, 1990.
  • Quinn DM, Kallen RW, Twenge JM, Fredrickson BL. The disruptive effect of self-objectification on performance. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2006, 30: 50-64.
  • Russell WD. An examination of flow state occurrence in college athletes. Journal of Sport Behavior, 2001, 24(1): 83-107.
  • Russell WD, Cox RH. Social physique anxiety, body dissatisfaction, and self-esteem in college females of differing exercise frequency, perceived weight discrepancy, and race. Journal of Sport Behavior, 2003, 26: 298- 317.
  • Schüler J, Brunner S. The rewarding effect of flow experience on performance in a marathon race. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2009, 10, 1: 168-174.
  • Seligman MEP, Csíkszentmihályi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 2000, 55: 5-14.
  • Swann C, Keegan RJ, Piggott D, Crust L. A systematic review of the experience, occurrence, and controllability of flow states in elite sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2012, 13: 807-819.
  • Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using Multivariate Statistics (4th Ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2001.
  • Tiggemann M, Kuring JK. The role of body objectification in disordered eating and depressed mood. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2004, 43: 299-311.

Relationships among perceived body appearance, social physique anxiety, physical self-concept, and dispositional flow state of exercise participants

Yıl 2016, Cilt: 18 Sayı: 1, 38 - 44, 27.04.2016
https://doi.org/10.15314/tjse.77952

Öz

In the recent years, body related perceptions have become very important for both men and women. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the dispositional flow state of exercise participants was predicted by social physique anxiety, perceived appearance, and physical self-concept. The study sample comprised of 137 men (Mage = 23.00, SD = 3.14) and 114 women (Mage = 23.34, SD = 3.21) exercise participants exercising regularly more than six months at different sport centers and university’s sport centers. The participants have engaged in different sport and exercise types, such as fitness, plates, body building, swimming, team sports, walking, yoga, and capoeira. Participants have been exercising approximately three times in a week. Psychological questionnaires were used to measure the social physique anxiety, perceived appearance, physical self-concept and dispositional flow of exercise participants. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis suggested that social physique anxiety, perceived appearance, and physical self-concept significantly contribute to exercisers’ dispositional flow. Findings suggest that the positive body related perceptions may influence the exercise participants’ flow experience, then, enjoyment derive from the exercise may contribute to maintenance of exercise behavior. Therefore, to experience positive feelings in exercise setting, exercise participants’’ should focus what their bodies can do instead of focusing their physical appearance. 

Kaynakça

  • Asakawa K. Flow experience and autotelic personality in Japanese college students: How do they experience challenges in daily life? Journal of Happiness Studies, 2004, 5(2): 123-154.
  • Aşçı FH, Çağlar E, Eklund RC, Altıntaş A, Jackson S. The adaptation study of dispositional flow scale-2 and flow state scale-2. Hacettepe Journal of Sport Sciences, 2007, 18 (4): 182-196.
  • Berry TR, Howe BL. Effects of health based and appearance based exercise advertising on exercise attitudes social physique anxiety and self-presentation in an exercise setting. Social Behavior and Personality, 2004, 32: 1, 1-12.
  • Collins AL, Sarkisian N, Winner E. Flow and happiness in later life: An investigation into the role of daily and weekly experiences. Journal of Happiness Studies, 2009, 10: 703-719.
  • Cox AE, Ullrich-French S, Madonia J, Witty K. Social physique anxiety in physical education: Social contextual factors and links to motivation and behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2011, 12: 555-562.
  • Crawford S, Eklund RC. Social physique anxiety, reasons for exercise, and attitudes toward exercise settings. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1994, 16: 70-82.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M. Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. New York, Harper & Row, 1990, 4.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M. Finding Flow. The psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York: Basic Books, 1997.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M. Beyond boredom and anxiety: Experiencing flow in work and play. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000 (Original work published 1975).
  • Csíkszentmihályi M, Csíkszentmihályi IS. Optimal experience: Psychological studies of flow in consciousness. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 3-36.
  • Csíkszentmihályi M, Hunter J. Happiness in everyday life: The uses of experience sampling. Journal of Happiness Studies, 2003, 4(2): 185-199.
  • Daubenmeiner JJ. The relationship of yoga, body awareness and body responsiveness to self-objectification and disordered eating. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2005, 29: 207-219.
  • Eklund RC, Crawford S. Active women, social physique anxiety, and exercise. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1994, 16: 431-448.
  • Focht BC, Hausenblas HA. Perceived evaluative threat and state anxiety during exercise in women with social physique anxiety. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2004, 6(4): 361-368.
  • Fox KR. The physical self: From motivation to well-being. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1997.
  • Fredrickson BL, Roberts TA. Objectification theory: Toward understanding women’s lived experiences and mental health risks. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1997, 21: 173-206.
  • Grove JR, Lewis MAE. Hypnotic susceptibility and the attainment of Flow like states during exercise. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1996, 18: 380-391.
  • Hagger MS, Aşçı FH, Lindwall M, Hein V, Mülazımoğlu-Ballı Ö, Tarrant M, et al. Cross-cultural validity and measurement invariance of the social physique anxiety scale in five European nations. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 2007, 17: 703-719.
  • Hart EA, Leary MR, Rejeski WJ. The measurement of social physique anxiety. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1989, 11: 94-104.
  • Hurst R, Hale B, Smith D, Collins D. Exercise dependence, social physique anxiety, and social support in experienced and inexperienced bodybuilders and weightlifters. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2000, 34: 431–435.
  • Ingledew DK, Sullivan G, Effects of body mass and body image on exercise motives in adolescence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2001, 3: 323-338.
  • Jackson SA. Athletes in flow: A qualitative investigation of flow states in elite figure skaters. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 1992, 4: 161-180.
  • Jackson SA, Factors influencing the occurrence of flow state in elite athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 1995, 7: 138-166.
  • Jackson SA, Csíkszentmihályi M. Flow in sports. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1999.
  • Jackson SA, Eklund RC. Assessing flow in physical activity: The Flow State Scale-2 and Dispositional Flow Scale-2. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2002, 24(2), 133-150.
  • Jackson SA, Eklund RC. The Flow Scales Manual. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology, 2004.
  • Jackson SA, Ford SK, Kimiecik JC, Marsh HW. Psychological correlates of flow in sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1998, 20: 358-378.
  • Jackson SA, Marsh H. Development and validation of a scale to measure optimal experience: The Flow State Scale. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1996, 18(1): 17-35.
  • Jackson SA, Thomas PR, Marsh HW, Smethurst CJ. Relationships between flow, self-concept, psychological skills, and performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 2001, 13: 129-153.
  • Karageorghis CI, Vlachopoulos SP, Terry PC. Latent Variable Modeling of the Relationship between Flow and Exercise-induced Feelings: An Intuitive Appraisal Perspective. European Physical Education Review, 2000, 6: 230-248.
  • Lantz CD, Hardy CJ, Ainsworth BE. Social physique anxiety and perceived exercise behavior, Journal of Sport Behavior, 1997, 20: 83-93.
  • Lyubomirsky S, King L, Diener E. The Benefits of Frequent Positive Affect: Does Happiness Lead to Success? Psychological Bulletin, 2005, 131, 6: 803-855.
  • Marsh HW, Richards GE, Johnson S, Roche L, Tremayne P. Physical self-description questionnaire: psychometric properties and a multi-trait multi-method analysis of relations to existing instruments. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1994, 16: 270-305.
  • Marsh HW. A multidimensional physical self-concept: A construct validity approach to theory measurement and research. Psychology, 2002, 9(4): 459-493.
  • Marsh HW, Marco IT, Aşçı FH. Cross cultural validity of the physical self-description questionnaire: comparison of factor structures in Australia, Spain and Turkey. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2002, 73: 257-270.
  • Myers R. Classical and modern regression with applications (2nd Ed.). Boston, Duxbury, 1990.
  • Quinn DM, Kallen RW, Twenge JM, Fredrickson BL. The disruptive effect of self-objectification on performance. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2006, 30: 50-64.
  • Russell WD. An examination of flow state occurrence in college athletes. Journal of Sport Behavior, 2001, 24(1): 83-107.
  • Russell WD, Cox RH. Social physique anxiety, body dissatisfaction, and self-esteem in college females of differing exercise frequency, perceived weight discrepancy, and race. Journal of Sport Behavior, 2003, 26: 298- 317.
  • Schüler J, Brunner S. The rewarding effect of flow experience on performance in a marathon race. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2009, 10, 1: 168-174.
  • Seligman MEP, Csíkszentmihályi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 2000, 55: 5-14.
  • Swann C, Keegan RJ, Piggott D, Crust L. A systematic review of the experience, occurrence, and controllability of flow states in elite sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2012, 13: 807-819.
  • Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using Multivariate Statistics (4th Ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon, 2001.
  • Tiggemann M, Kuring JK. The role of body objectification in disordered eating and depressed mood. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2004, 43: 299-311.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Spor Hekimliği
Bölüm Makeleler
Yazarlar

Gaye ERKMEN

F. Hulya ASCI

Yayımlanma Tarihi 27 Nisan 2016
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016 Cilt: 18 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA ERKMEN, G., & ASCI, F. H. (2016). Relationships among perceived body appearance, social physique anxiety, physical self-concept, and dispositional flow state of exercise participants. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise, 18(1), 38-44. https://doi.org/10.15314/tjse.77952
AMA ERKMEN G, ASCI FH. Relationships among perceived body appearance, social physique anxiety, physical self-concept, and dispositional flow state of exercise participants. Turk J Sport Exe. Mayıs 2016;18(1):38-44. doi:10.15314/tjse.77952
Chicago ERKMEN, Gaye, ve F. Hulya ASCI. “Relationships Among Perceived Body Appearance, Social Physique Anxiety, Physical Self-Concept, and Dispositional Flow State of Exercise Participants”. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise 18, sy. 1 (Mayıs 2016): 38-44. https://doi.org/10.15314/tjse.77952.
EndNote ERKMEN G, ASCI FH (01 Mayıs 2016) Relationships among perceived body appearance, social physique anxiety, physical self-concept, and dispositional flow state of exercise participants. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise 18 1 38–44.
IEEE G. ERKMEN ve F. H. ASCI, “Relationships among perceived body appearance, social physique anxiety, physical self-concept, and dispositional flow state of exercise participants”, Turk J Sport Exe, c. 18, sy. 1, ss. 38–44, 2016, doi: 10.15314/tjse.77952.
ISNAD ERKMEN, Gaye - ASCI, F. Hulya. “Relationships Among Perceived Body Appearance, Social Physique Anxiety, Physical Self-Concept, and Dispositional Flow State of Exercise Participants”. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise 18/1 (Mayıs 2016), 38-44. https://doi.org/10.15314/tjse.77952.
JAMA ERKMEN G, ASCI FH. Relationships among perceived body appearance, social physique anxiety, physical self-concept, and dispositional flow state of exercise participants. Turk J Sport Exe. 2016;18:38–44.
MLA ERKMEN, Gaye ve F. Hulya ASCI. “Relationships Among Perceived Body Appearance, Social Physique Anxiety, Physical Self-Concept, and Dispositional Flow State of Exercise Participants”. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise, c. 18, sy. 1, 2016, ss. 38-44, doi:10.15314/tjse.77952.
Vancouver ERKMEN G, ASCI FH. Relationships among perceived body appearance, social physique anxiety, physical self-concept, and dispositional flow state of exercise participants. Turk J Sport Exe. 2016;18(1):38-44.
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