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Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players

Yıl 2017, Cilt 19, Sayı 1, 54 - 59, 30.04.2017

Öz

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between anthropometric measurements and athletic performance in young football players. Total seventeen male football players (age: 17.0 years; height: 180.9±5.99 cm and weight; 71.36±6.30 kg) agreed to participate to this study, on voluntary basis. Body composition measurements including body mass, fat mass, bone mineral content, lean mass were made by using Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). In order for the participant to be evaluated athletic performance, countermovement jump (CMJTT), squat jump (SJTT), T-agility test, 30m sprint test and 6 x 40m repeated sprint test were performed respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was used to relationship between body composition and athletic performance parameters. As a result, negatively significant correlation was found between sprint times and body mass (p<0.05). There was also negative correlation between repeated sprint performance (measured in time) and lean Mass (LM), lean mass index (LMI), appendicular LM and appendicular LMI (p<0.05). There were also negatively significant correlation among T-agility test, body mass and LM was (p<0.05). Non-significant correlation was seen among CMJT, SJT and body mass index and other anthropometric variables. In conclusion, for football players, changes in body composition are of great importance in athletic performance, especially sprint and agility.

Kaynakça

  • Arnason A, Sigurdsson SB, Gudmundsson A, Holme I, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. Physical fitness, injuries, and team performance in soccer. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2004; 36(2): 278-285.
  • Benardot D. Advanced Sports Nutrition2nd Edition (L. P. Garcia Ed.): Human Kinetics, 2012.
  • Casajús JA. Seasonal variation in fitness variables in professional soccer player. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2001; 41: 463-469.
  • Chiang CY, Bailey CA, Sato K, Ramsey MW, Haff G, Stone MH. Effects of strength and power on change of direction and straight-ling sprint performance in Division I soccer players: An exploratory study. Lower Body Strength and Power Characteristics Influencing Change of Direction and Straight-Line Sprinting Performance in Division I Soccer Players: An Exploratory Study, 2014; 39.
  • Dengel DR, Bosch TA, Burruss TP, Fielding KA, Engel BE, Weir NL, Weston TD. Body composition and bone mineral density of national football league players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2014; 28(1): 1-6.
  • Korhonen MT, Mero A, Suominen H. Age-related differences in 100-m sprint performance in male and female master runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2003; 35(8): 1419-1428.
  • Kovacs I, Tihanyi J, Devita P, Racz, L, Barrier J, Hortobagyi T. Foot placement modifies kinematics and kinetics during drop jumping. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 1999; 31(5): 708-716.
  • Lago-Penas C, Rey E, Casais L, Gomez-Lopez M. Relationship between performance characteristics and the selection process in youth soccer players. J Hum Kinet, 2014; 40: 189-199.
  • Loturco I, Winckler C, Kobal R, Cal Abad CC, Kitamura K, Verissimo AW, Nakamura FY. Performance changes and relationship between vertical jump measures and actual sprint performance in elite sprinters with visual impairment throughout a Parapan American games training season. Front Physiol, 2015; 6: 323.
  • Malina RM, Eisenmann JC, Cumming SP, Ribeiro B, Aroso J. Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13-15 years. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004; 91(5-6): 555-562.
  • Mathisen G, Pettersen SA. Anthropometric factors related to sprint and agility performance in young male soccer players. Open Access J Sports Med, 2015; 6: 337-342.
  • Matković BR, Misigoj-Duraković M, Matković B, Janković S, Ruzić L, Leko G, Kondric M. Morphological differences of elite Croatian soccer players according to the team position. Collegium Antropologicum, 2003; 27(1): 7.
  • Milsom J, Naughton R, O’Boyle A, Iqbal Z, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. Body composition assessment of English Premier League soccer players: a comparative DXA analysis of first team, U21 and U18 squads. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2015; 33(17): 1799-1806.
  • Perez-Gomez J, Rodriguez GV, Ara I, Olmedillas H, Chavarren J, Gonzalez-Henriquez JJ, Calbet JA. Role of muscle mass on sprint performance: gender differences? Eur J Appl Physiol, 2008; 102(6): 685-694.
  • Popovic S, Bjelica D, Jaksic D, Hadzic R, Popovic S, Bjelica D, Hadzic R. Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between elite soccer and volleyball players. Int J Morphol, 2014; 32(1): 267-274.
  • Rebelo A, Brito J, Maia J, Coelho-e-Silva M, Figueiredo A, Bangsbo J, Seabra A. Anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness and technical performance of under-19 soccer players by competitive level and field position. Int J Sports Med, 2013; 34(4): 312-317.
  • Rienzi E, Drust B, Reilly T, Carter JEL, Martin A. Investigation of anthropometric and work-rate profiles of elite South American international soccer players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2000; 40(2): 162.
  • Silvestre R, Kraemer WJ, West C, Judelson DA, Spiering BA, Vingren JL, Maresh CM. Body Composition And Physical Performance During A National Collegiate Athletic Association Division Imen's Soccer Season. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2006; 20(4): 962-970.
  • Sporis G, Jukic I, Milanovic L, Vucetic V. Reliability and factorial validity of agility tests for soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010; 24(3): 679-686.
  • Stølen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisløff U. Physiology of soccer. Sports medicine, 2005; 35(6): 501-536.
  • Stuempfle KJ, Katch FI, Petrie DF. Body composition relates poorly to performance tests in NCAA Division III football players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2003; 17(2): 238-244.
  • Sutton L, Scott M, Wallace J, Reilly T. Body composition of English Premier League soccer players: Influence of playing position, international status, and ethnicity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2009; 27(10): 1019-1026.
  • Svendsen OL, Haarbo J, Hassager C, C’hristiansen C. Accuracy of measurements of body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in vivo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1993; 57: 605-608.
  • Weyand PG, Sternlight DB, Bellizzi MJ, Wright S. Faster top running speeds are achieved with greater ground forces not more rapid leg movements. Journal of Applied Physiology, 2000; 89(5): 1991-1999.
  • Vaczi M, Tollar J, Mezler B, Juhans I, Karsai I. Short-term high intensity plyometric training program improves strength, power and agility in male soccer players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2013; 36: 17-26.
  • Wittich A, Oliveri MB, Rotemberg E, Mautalen C. Body composition of professional football (soccer) players determined by dual X-ray absorptiometry. Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 2001; 4(1): 51-55.
  • Yanci J, Los Arcos A, Mendiguchia J, Brughelli M. Relationships between sprinting, agility, one-and two-leg vertical and horizontal jump in soccer players. Kineziologija, 2014; 46(2): 194-201.

Yıl 2017, Cilt 19, Sayı 1, 54 - 59, 30.04.2017

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Arnason A, Sigurdsson SB, Gudmundsson A, Holme I, Engebretsen L, Bahr R. Physical fitness, injuries, and team performance in soccer. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2004; 36(2): 278-285.
  • Benardot D. Advanced Sports Nutrition2nd Edition (L. P. Garcia Ed.): Human Kinetics, 2012.
  • Casajús JA. Seasonal variation in fitness variables in professional soccer player. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2001; 41: 463-469.
  • Chiang CY, Bailey CA, Sato K, Ramsey MW, Haff G, Stone MH. Effects of strength and power on change of direction and straight-ling sprint performance in Division I soccer players: An exploratory study. Lower Body Strength and Power Characteristics Influencing Change of Direction and Straight-Line Sprinting Performance in Division I Soccer Players: An Exploratory Study, 2014; 39.
  • Dengel DR, Bosch TA, Burruss TP, Fielding KA, Engel BE, Weir NL, Weston TD. Body composition and bone mineral density of national football league players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2014; 28(1): 1-6.
  • Korhonen MT, Mero A, Suominen H. Age-related differences in 100-m sprint performance in male and female master runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2003; 35(8): 1419-1428.
  • Kovacs I, Tihanyi J, Devita P, Racz, L, Barrier J, Hortobagyi T. Foot placement modifies kinematics and kinetics during drop jumping. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 1999; 31(5): 708-716.
  • Lago-Penas C, Rey E, Casais L, Gomez-Lopez M. Relationship between performance characteristics and the selection process in youth soccer players. J Hum Kinet, 2014; 40: 189-199.
  • Loturco I, Winckler C, Kobal R, Cal Abad CC, Kitamura K, Verissimo AW, Nakamura FY. Performance changes and relationship between vertical jump measures and actual sprint performance in elite sprinters with visual impairment throughout a Parapan American games training season. Front Physiol, 2015; 6: 323.
  • Malina RM, Eisenmann JC, Cumming SP, Ribeiro B, Aroso J. Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional capacities of youth football (soccer) players 13-15 years. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2004; 91(5-6): 555-562.
  • Mathisen G, Pettersen SA. Anthropometric factors related to sprint and agility performance in young male soccer players. Open Access J Sports Med, 2015; 6: 337-342.
  • Matković BR, Misigoj-Duraković M, Matković B, Janković S, Ruzić L, Leko G, Kondric M. Morphological differences of elite Croatian soccer players according to the team position. Collegium Antropologicum, 2003; 27(1): 7.
  • Milsom J, Naughton R, O’Boyle A, Iqbal Z, Morgans R, Drust B, Morton JP. Body composition assessment of English Premier League soccer players: a comparative DXA analysis of first team, U21 and U18 squads. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2015; 33(17): 1799-1806.
  • Perez-Gomez J, Rodriguez GV, Ara I, Olmedillas H, Chavarren J, Gonzalez-Henriquez JJ, Calbet JA. Role of muscle mass on sprint performance: gender differences? Eur J Appl Physiol, 2008; 102(6): 685-694.
  • Popovic S, Bjelica D, Jaksic D, Hadzic R, Popovic S, Bjelica D, Hadzic R. Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between elite soccer and volleyball players. Int J Morphol, 2014; 32(1): 267-274.
  • Rebelo A, Brito J, Maia J, Coelho-e-Silva M, Figueiredo A, Bangsbo J, Seabra A. Anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness and technical performance of under-19 soccer players by competitive level and field position. Int J Sports Med, 2013; 34(4): 312-317.
  • Rienzi E, Drust B, Reilly T, Carter JEL, Martin A. Investigation of anthropometric and work-rate profiles of elite South American international soccer players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 2000; 40(2): 162.
  • Silvestre R, Kraemer WJ, West C, Judelson DA, Spiering BA, Vingren JL, Maresh CM. Body Composition And Physical Performance During A National Collegiate Athletic Association Division Imen's Soccer Season. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2006; 20(4): 962-970.
  • Sporis G, Jukic I, Milanovic L, Vucetic V. Reliability and factorial validity of agility tests for soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010; 24(3): 679-686.
  • Stølen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisløff U. Physiology of soccer. Sports medicine, 2005; 35(6): 501-536.
  • Stuempfle KJ, Katch FI, Petrie DF. Body composition relates poorly to performance tests in NCAA Division III football players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2003; 17(2): 238-244.
  • Sutton L, Scott M, Wallace J, Reilly T. Body composition of English Premier League soccer players: Influence of playing position, international status, and ethnicity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2009; 27(10): 1019-1026.
  • Svendsen OL, Haarbo J, Hassager C, C’hristiansen C. Accuracy of measurements of body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in vivo. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1993; 57: 605-608.
  • Weyand PG, Sternlight DB, Bellizzi MJ, Wright S. Faster top running speeds are achieved with greater ground forces not more rapid leg movements. Journal of Applied Physiology, 2000; 89(5): 1991-1999.
  • Vaczi M, Tollar J, Mezler B, Juhans I, Karsai I. Short-term high intensity plyometric training program improves strength, power and agility in male soccer players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 2013; 36: 17-26.
  • Wittich A, Oliveri MB, Rotemberg E, Mautalen C. Body composition of professional football (soccer) players determined by dual X-ray absorptiometry. Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 2001; 4(1): 51-55.
  • Yanci J, Los Arcos A, Mendiguchia J, Brughelli M. Relationships between sprinting, agility, one-and two-leg vertical and horizontal jump in soccer players. Kineziologija, 2014; 46(2): 194-201.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Muhammed Mustafa ATAKAN Bu kişi benim

Türkiye


Evrim UNVER Bu kişi benim

Türkiye


Necip DEMIRCI Bu kişi benim

Türkiye


Suleyman BULUT>

Türkiye


Huseyin Husrev TURNAGOL Bu kişi benim

Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Nisan 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 19, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tsed311331, journal = {Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise}, eissn = {2147-5652}, address = {}, publisher = {Selçuk Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {19}, number = {1}, pages = {54 - 59}, title = {Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players}, key = {cite}, author = {Atakan, Muhammed Mustafa and Unver, Evrim and Demırcı, Necip and Bulut, Suleyman and Turnagol, Huseyin Husrev} }
APA Atakan, M. M. , Unver, E. , Demırcı, N. , Bulut, S. & Turnagol, H. H. (2017). Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players . Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise , 19 (1) , 54-59 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tsed/issue/29096/311331
MLA Atakan, M. M. , Unver, E. , Demırcı, N. , Bulut, S. , Turnagol, H. H. "Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players" . Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise 19 (2017 ): 54-59 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tsed/issue/29096/311331>
Chicago Atakan, M. M. , Unver, E. , Demırcı, N. , Bulut, S. , Turnagol, H. H. "Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players". Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise 19 (2017 ): 54-59
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players AU - Muhammed MustafaAtakan, EvrimUnver, NecipDemırcı, SuleymanBulut, Huseyin HusrevTurnagol Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 54 EP - 59 VL - 19 IS - 1 SN - -2147-5652 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Türk Spor ve Egzersiz Dergisi Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players %A Muhammed Mustafa Atakan , Evrim Unver , Necip Demırcı , Suleyman Bulut , Huseyin Husrev Turnagol %T Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players %D 2017 %J Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise %P -2147-5652 %V 19 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Atakan, Muhammed Mustafa , Unver, Evrim , Demırcı, Necip , Bulut, Suleyman , Turnagol, Huseyin Husrev . "Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players". Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise 19 / 1 (Nisan 2017): 54-59 .
AMA Atakan M. M. , Unver E. , Demırcı N. , Bulut S. , Turnagol H. H. Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players. Turk J Sport Exe. 2017; 19(1): 54-59.
Vancouver Atakan M. M. , Unver E. , Demırcı N. , Bulut S. , Turnagol H. H. Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise. 2017; 19(1): 54-59.
IEEE M. M. Atakan , E. Unver , N. Demırcı , S. Bulut ve H. H. Turnagol , "Effect of body composition on fitness performance in young male football players", Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise, c. 19, sayı. 1, ss. 54-59, Nis. 2017