Yıl 2019, Cilt 4 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 1 - 28 2019-04-30

Büyük Güçler Aracılığıyla Bölgesel Bütünleşme : Rusya'nın Avrasya Ekonomik Birliği, Çin'in İpek Yolu Ekonomik Kuşağı ve ABD'nin Yeni İpek Yolu Projesi
Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project

Otabek OMONKULOV [1] , Gürol BABA [2]


Büyük ve bölgesel güçler kendi stratejik çıkarları için çeşitli siyasal ve ekonomik projeler aracılığıyla Orta Asya'nın (OA) siyasi-ekonomik dokusu ve kalkınması üzerinde bir etki/kontrol kurmaya çalışmaktadırlar. Özellikle, Rusya, Çin ve ABD kendilerine özgü bölgesel bütünleşme modelleri sunarak bölgenin üzerinde bir tekel haline gelmek için mücadele etmektedir. Ayrıca, bu güçler son on yıldır çeşitli bölge dışı bütünleşme projelerini sürekli bir şekilde geliştirmektedir. OA için yapılandırılmış bölgesel bütünleşme modellerini öneren ve destekleyen mezkûr güçler günümüzde rekabet halinde olan üç büyük bütünleşme projesini gündeme getirmektedir. Bunlar Rusya’nın Avrasya Ekonomik Birliği projesi, Çin’in İpek Yolu Ekonomik Kuşağı projesi ve ABD’nin Yeni İpek Yolu projesidir. Bu makalede büyük güçlerin bölgesel bütünleşme yaklaşımları incelenmekte ve bu bütünleşme projelerinin OA’da sürdürülebilirliği ve bölge üzerindeki etkileri analiz edilmektedir. Makalede, büyük güçler tarafından ve onların çıkarlarını koruyacak şekilde geliştirildiğinden dolayı, bu projelerin bölgesel ve küresel oyuncuları bir araya getirip işbirliğine teşvik edici bir pratik çerçeve sunamayacağı sonucuna varılmaktadır. Bu bağlamda her büyük gücün bölgesel bütünleşme yaklaşımının bir birinden farklı olduğunun altı çizilmekte, öte yandan bölgeye yaklaşımlarında bölge ülkelerinin beklentilerinden ziyade kendi çıkarlarını ön plana almaları açısından benzerlik bulunduğu öne sürülmektedir. Ancak bu projeler başarıyla hayata geçirilse, OA devletlerinin siyasi bağımsızlığını gölgelemekle birlikte bölge ülkelerine sosyoekonomik yararlar sağlayabileceği göz ardı edilemez.

Great and regional powers have been trying to influence/control Central Asia’s (CA) political-economic fabric and development for the sake of their own strategic interests via different politico-economic schemes. Especially, Russia, China and the US are competing to inject their individual regional integration models for reducing the influence of other great and regional powers. These models fall in the category of extra-regional integration projects, which promote different structured approaches. This paper explores the viability and major impacts of great power-induced regional integration and their repercussions. It argues that these projects are developed by and biased towards preserving the influence of major powers, and lack viable framework to bring both global and regional players into a path of long-term cooperation. Even if the great powers’ regional integration approaches are divergent from each other, their common point the asymmetry they apply when they are approaching the region. Primarily they prioritized their own strategic interests while discarding CA states’ expectations to a significant extent. However, if implemented successfully, it cannot be ruled out that these projects may bring socioeconomic benefits to CA countries at the expense of political independence. 

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Birincil Dil en
Bölüm C2S4
Yazarlar

Yazar: Otabek OMONKULOV
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Gürol BABA

Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 17 Eylül 2018
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Nisan 2019

Bibtex @derleme { usb582691, journal = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {2564-7695}, eissn = {2564-6486}, address = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Terzioğlu Kampüsü, Çanakkale}, publisher = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {1 - 28}, doi = {10.31454/usb.582691}, title = {Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project}, key = {cite}, author = {OMONKULOV, Otabek and BABA, Gürol} }
APA OMONKULOV, O , BABA, G . (2019). Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project. Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 4 (1) , 1-28 . DOI: 10.31454/usb.582691
MLA OMONKULOV, O , BABA, G . "Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project". Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2019 ): 1-28 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/usb/issue/46391/582691>
Chicago OMONKULOV, O , BABA, G . "Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project". Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2019 ): 1-28
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project AU - Otabek OMONKULOV , Gürol BABA Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31454/usb.582691 DO - 10.31454/usb.582691 T2 - Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 28 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - 2564-7695-2564-6486 M3 - doi: 10.31454/usb.582691 UR - https://doi.org/10.31454/usb.582691 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project %A Otabek OMONKULOV , Gürol BABA %T Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project %D 2019 %J Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 2564-7695-2564-6486 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31454/usb.582691 %U 10.31454/usb.582691
ISNAD OMONKULOV, Otabek , BABA, Gürol . "Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project". Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 / 1 (Nisan 2019): 1-28 . https://doi.org/10.31454/usb.582691
AMA OMONKULOV O , BABA G . Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project. USBdergi. 2019; 4(1): 1-28.
Vancouver OMONKULOV O , BABA G . Regional integration via major powers: russian eurasian economic union versus chinese silk road economic belt versus american new silk road project. Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Uluslararası Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2019; 4(1): 28-1.