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İTALYA’DA SEÇİM SİSTEMLERİ, SEÇİM KOALİSYONLARI VE SEÇİMLER: 1993-2018

Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 43, 11 - 60, 16.09.2021

Öz

Demokratik ülkelerde seçim öncesi koalisyonların/ittifakların kurulması yaygın bir olgudur. Bu çalışmanın amacı, İtalya’da 1994’den bu yana seçim ittifaklarının oluşmasında parti ve seçim sisteminin etkilerini ve sonuçlarını değerlendirmektir. Seçim ittifaklarının yapısı, sürdürülebilirliği, seçim başarısı ya da başarısızlıkları ve hükümet oluşturma güçleri ile tüm bu süreçlerde siyasi aktörlerin –önderlerin- etkisi başlıca araştırma sorularıdır. 1993 sonrasındaki seçim sistemi reformları aşırılıklardan arınmış esnek bir merkezci hükümet kurulmasına yönelik bir siyasal dönüşümcülük (transformismo) amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bu çalışma 1994-2018 dönemindeki seçim ittifaklarının yapısı ve seçim sonuçları çözümlemektedir. Seçmenlerin iradesini öne çıkartmak amacıyla yapılan seçim reformları seçim koalisyonları nedeniyle hükümetsel istikrasızlığı gidermiş ancak siyasi parti sisteminin parçalanmışlığını kısmen gidermiştir. Tutarlı ve güvenilir bir nispi temsil sistemi İtalya’da demokratik kurumların meşruiyetini yeniden sağlamada öncelikli bir tercih olarak görülmektedir.

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Ömer GENÇKAYA (Sorumlu Yazar)
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5505-3615
Türkiye


Ceren SENCELEBI
MARMARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SİYASAL BİLGİLER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-8181-7474
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum -
Proje Numarası -
Teşekkür -
Yayımlanma Tarihi 16 Eylül 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 43

Kaynak Göster

APA Gençkaya, Ö. & Sencelebı, C. (2021). İTALYA’DA SEÇİM SİSTEMLERİ, SEÇİM KOALİSYONLARI VE SEÇİMLER: 1993-2018 . Yasama Dergisi , (43) , 11-60 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/yasamadergisi/issue/64926/959875