Year 2015, Volume 25, Issue 3, Pages 244 - 253 2015-12-03

Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran
İran’ın Kurak Soğuk Bölgesi'nde Termal Kızılötesi Görüntüleri Kullanılarak Koruyucu ve Geleneksel Toprak İşleme Sistemlerinin Değerlendirilmesi

İraj ESKANDARİ [1] , Hosain NAVİD [2] , Foad MORADİ [3]

199 419

Conservation tillage has been proposed as a promising strategy to improve soil and water conservation in dryland areas. A 2-year experiment was conducted to determine the influence of crop residue remained on soil surface in conservation and conventional tillage systems on soil surface temperature, canopy temperature [using Infrared thermal imaging on a clay loam soil (Vertic Calcixerepts)] and wheat grain yield in the northwest region of Iran. Tillage treatments were conventional tillage (MD: mouldboard plough + disk harrow), reduced tillage (CD: chisel plough + disk harrow), minimum till (MT: Stubble cultivator), and no-till (NT1 and NT2: with standing stubble and total residue, respectively). Rresidues in NT1 and NT2 lowered the averaged canopy temperature by 3.70 °C over the other treatments (MD and CD) and there was a positive and significant correlation between soil surface temperature and wheat canopy temperature. Results indicated that for a dryland vetch (Vicia panonica)-winter wheat cropping system, NT2 had higher grain yield than that obtained with MD system probably owning to greater rain fall efficiency and lower canopy temperature.

Koruyucu toprak işleme, kurak alanlarda toprak ve su tasarrufunu artırmak amacı ile umut verici bir strateji olarak öne sürülmüştür. İran’ın kuzeybatı bölgesinde iki yıllık bir deneme, koruyucu ve geleneksel toprak işleme sistemlerinde toprak yüzeyinde kalan bitki artıklarının, toprak yüzey sıcaklığı, bitki taç sıcaklığı [killi tın toprakta (Vertic Calcixerepts) kızılötesi termal görüntüleme kullanılarak] ve buğday dane verimine etkisini belirlemek amacı ile yürütülmüştür. Toprak işleme yöntemleri: Geleneksel (KD: kulaklı pulluk + diskaro), azaltılmış toprak işleme (ÇD: Çizel pulluğu + diskaro), minimum toprak işleme (AK: Anız kültivatörü) ve toprak işlemesiz (Tİ1 ve Tİ2, sırasıyla anızlı ve toplam kalıntılı) olarak belirlenmiştir. Tİ1 ve Tİ2 uygulamalarındaki kalıntılar, diğer uygulamalar göre (KD ve ÇD) bitki taç sıcaklığını ortalama 3.7 C° düşürmüştür ve toprak yüzey sıcaklığı ve buğday bitki taç sıcaklığı arasında pozitif ve anlamlı bir korelasyon gözlemlenmiştir.  Sonuçlar, kurak fiğ (Vicia panonica)- kışlık buğday ürün sistemi için, yağış verimliliği ve düşük bitki taç sıcaklığına sahip Tİ2 uygulamasında KD uygulamasına göre daha yüksek tane verimi elde edildiğini göstermektedir.
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: İraj ESKANDARİ

Author: Hosain NAVİD

Author: Foad MORADİ

Dates

Publication Date: December 3, 2015

Bibtex @ { yyutbd236371, journal = {Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1308-7576}, eissn = {1308-7584}, address = {Yuzuncu Yil University}, year = {2015}, volume = {25}, pages = {244 - 253}, doi = {10.29133/yyutbd.236371}, title = {Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran}, key = {cite}, author = {ESKANDARİ, İraj and NAVİD, Hosain and MORADİ, Foad} }
APA ESKANDARİ, İ , NAVİD, H , MORADİ, F . (2015). Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 25 (3), 244-253. DOI: 10.29133/yyutbd.236371
MLA ESKANDARİ, İ , NAVİD, H , MORADİ, F . "Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 25 (2015): 244-253 <http://dergipark.org.tr/yyutbd/issue/22012/236371>
Chicago ESKANDARİ, İ , NAVİD, H , MORADİ, F . "Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 25 (2015): 244-253
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran AU - İraj ESKANDARİ , Hosain NAVİD , Foad MORADİ Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.236371 DO - 10.29133/yyutbd.236371 T2 - Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 244 EP - 253 VL - 25 IS - 3 SN - 1308-7576-1308-7584 M3 - doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.236371 UR - https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.236371 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Yuzuncu Yıl University Journal of Agricultural Sciences Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran %A İraj ESKANDARİ , Hosain NAVİD , Foad MORADİ %T Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran %D 2015 %J Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1308-7576-1308-7584 %V 25 %N 3 %R doi: 10.29133/yyutbd.236371 %U 10.29133/yyutbd.236371
ISNAD ESKANDARİ, İraj , NAVİD, Hosain , MORADİ, Foad . "Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran". Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi 25 / 3 (December 2015): 244-253. https://doi.org/10.29133/yyutbd.236371
AMA ESKANDARİ İ , NAVİD H , MORADİ F . Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran. YYU J AGR SCI. 2015; 25(3): 244-253.
Vancouver ESKANDARİ İ , NAVİD H , MORADİ F . Evaluation of Conservation and Conventional Tillage Systems Using Thermal Infrared Imagery in Dryland Cold Region of Iran. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2015; 25(3): 253-244.