Year 2018, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 157 - 177 2018-12-29

OECD Ülkeleri Turizm Sektöründe Toplam Faktör Verimliliği
Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries

Rıza Bayrak [1]

33 102

Bu çalışmada, 2011-2015 yıllarına ait verilerle OECD ülkelerinin turizm sektörünün toplam faktör verimlilik düzeyinin taspitine yönelik iktisadi analiz yapılmaya çalışılmıştır. Çalışmada, girdi değişkeni olarak gelen yolcu sayısı, turizm harcamaları, lojistik performans endeksi; çıktı değişkeni olarak da turizm gelirleri olmak üzere toplam dört değişken kullanılmıştır. Veriler, Dünya Bankası veri tabanından elde edilmiştir. Analiz yöntemi olarak, Malmquist Toplam Factor Verimliliği Indeksi’nin çıktıya yönelik modeli kullanılmıştır. Analiz neticesinde; bu beş yıllık süreçte tüm etkinlik türleri bazında OECD ülkelerinin etkinlik değerlerinin stabil olmadığı, artış ve azalış yönünde dalgalandığı gözlenmiştir. Bu dönemde Çek Cumhuriyeti’nin tüm etkinlik türlerinde sürekli kayıp yaşadığı, İngiltere’nin ise tüm etkinlik türlerinde etkinlik artışı sağladığı tespir edilmiştir. Ayrıca ABD, Japonya, Yeni Zelanda ve Türkiye’nin ise bu süreçte hiçbir etkinlik kaybı yaşamayan ülkeler olduğu görülmüştür. Bir başka ifadeyle bu ülkelerin etkinlik değerleri ya stabil kalmış ya da artış yönünde olmuştur.

In this study, we try to analyze the total factor productivity of OECD countries in terms of economics perspective with the 2011-2015 years data. The number of arrivals, tourism expenditures, and logistic performance index were used as input variables; tourism receipt also as output variables in accordance with the data acquired from World Bank (WB). Malmquist Total Factor Productivity Indexes were applied to data with output oriented models. According to research findings; all OECD countries seem to have different fluctuated efficiency values in all kinds of efficiencies for those five years. Chech Republic was the only country that experienced efficiency loss for five years; while the UK is the only one that experienced increases in all type of efficiencies. Moreover; USA, Japan, Turkey and New Zealand were the ones that never experienced any loss in all kinds of efficiencies for the five years. In other words, the efficiency values of those countries were either stable or increased in that period.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Economics
Journal Section Karatekin İİBF
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7397-2295
Author: Rıza Bayrak (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Bibtex @research article { ckuiibfd364743, journal = {Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi}, issn = {1308-5549}, eissn = {2147-4206}, address = {Cankiri Karatekin University}, year = {2018}, volume = {8}, pages = {157 - 177}, doi = {10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743}, title = {Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries}, key = {cite}, author = {Bayrak, Rıza} }
APA Bayrak, R . (2018). Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries. Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi, 8 (2), 157-177. DOI: 10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743
MLA Bayrak, R . "Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries". Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi 8 (2018): 157-177 <http://dergipark.org.tr/ckuiibfd/issue/41863/364743>
Chicago Bayrak, R . "Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries". Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi 8 (2018): 157-177
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries AU - Rıza Bayrak Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743 DO - 10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743 T2 - Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 157 EP - 177 VL - 8 IS - 2 SN - 1308-5549-2147-4206 M3 - doi: 10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743 UR - https://doi.org/10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries %A Rıza Bayrak %T Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries %D 2018 %J Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi %P 1308-5549-2147-4206 %V 8 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743 %U 10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743
ISNAD Bayrak, Rıza . "Total Factor Productivity of Tourism Sector of OECD Countries". Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi İİBF Dergisi 8 / 2 (December 2018): 157-177. https://doi.org/10.18074/ckuiibfd.364743