Author Guidelines

WRITING RULES
INFORMATION TO THE AUTHORS
A-General Information
A 1. 1. Manuscript Submission

1. Before submitting your application, make sure that you have all the author's information (name-surname, full address, institutional information) and the numbers of each author's ORCID account (Article Title Page consists of this information). Otherwise, your application will not be able to proceed.

2. Your article should consist of three separate word (*.doc, *.docx) files: 1. Cover Letter, 2. Title Page, 3. Main Text File. The title page should contain the names of the authors, their open institution addresses, contact information and their numbers for ORCID accounts. The main text file should never contain author names and personal information. Be sure to prepare these three files.

3. Open https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/adiyamansaglik in your internet browser.
4. After logging into the Dergi Park system, click the "Submit article" button.

5. Download and fill in the Copyright and Publishing Policy Approval and Conflict of Interest Declaration Form and upload by clicking on the "File" button on the same page.

6. Click the "Save and continue" button.

7. On the page that opens, enter the article type, subject, language, title, keywords and abstract information.

8. Fill in the name, institution, country and ORCID number of the article authors.

9. If there are more than one author, you can add a new author by pressing the "Add author" button and enter the information of that author.

10. Prepare your article bibliography in accordance with the AMA style and copy it to the area that appears on the screen, leaving a blank line (the bibliography must also be in the Main Text).

11. Click on the "File" button in the article files section to upload a "no author names" copy of your article. Write the name of the file as "full text" by checking "I want to enter the file title textually" below.

12. Upload the "title page file" containing the author information by pressing the "Add new file" button, and write the name of the file as "Title Page" by checking the "I want to enter the file title textually" below and click on the "Save" button.

13. Make sure that the bibliography you have entered on the page that is opened is prepared correctly. Then click the "Save" button to proceed.

14. If you have note for the editor, you can submit it from the "notes to editor" section on the preview page which is opened.

15. Check your preview page and make any necessary changes by clicking the "Continue editing article submission" button if you are missing.

16. If your information is complete and correct, click the "Submit Article" button. After this stage, you cannot make any changes in your article submission (Please send your change requests to the journal communication channels).

A 1. 2. Publishing Policy

Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University is an open access journal. Past issues can be accessed via the internet without charge. In the article applications, after the author gave the right to publish it to Adıyaman University Journal of Health Sciences, his article is being licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share License 4.0 International license (CC BY SA 4.0). Thanks to this license, other researchers can make changes and use their own citations by citing the articles. However, the articles are shared with the current license. Click on the link to learn more about Creative Commons Attribution-Share under 4.0. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/ 

Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University does not charge any fee for article submission, evaluation and publishing. In addition, authors are not charged for open access to the article.

A 2. 1. Scope of the Journal

Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University includes studies in the field of health sciences and is published online 3 times a year in April, August and December only online. The language of the journal is Turkish or English. As article type: original research, invited review, review, case report, brief report, technical report and letter to the editor are published in our journal.

A 2. 2. Article Submission Procedures

All manuscripts should be sent electronically to the Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University through the ULAKBİM DergiPark (https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/adiyamansaglik) system. The authors will be guided step by step during the creation and upload of various files on the system.
After start sending, Copyright and Publishing Policy Acceptance Form' and 'ICJME Conflict of Interest Form' at https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/adiyamansaglik/page/9086 must be signed by the responsible author on behalf of other authors and all authors must approve the submitted article (Please see the Copyright and Publication Policy Acceptance Form).

In addition, 'Author Contribution Form' should be signed by all authors or it should be shown that they approve the current version.

It is prohibited to add, remove, or change authors after an article has been submitted.

The review process is double-blind, so both authors and referees cannot see each other's names. If the author does not follow the instructions or if the article is outside the scope of the journal, the editor has the right to reject the article without peer review. Manuscripts (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf) that are not suitable for the format of articles submitted to biomedical journals will be rejected. Authors will not be allowed to leave the article after an article has been accepted for publication, for example, after the referee evaluation process has been completed.

A 2. 3. Writing Style and Formatting

Manuscripts should be in A4 size, 'Times New Roman' style, the main text should be 12 font size, single line spacing, justified on both sides and two columns as Microsoft Word file (*.doc, *.docx). First paragraph indent should be 0.5 cm in paragraphs. Margins should be top, left, right and bottom 2 cm.

There should be 6 nk space between paragraphs and no empty lines. Table titles and table content should be written with 10 font size and references with 8 font size.

Each page of the article should be numbered with the bottom right corner.

Articles can be written in Turkish or English. It is highly recommended for non-English speakers to have an English-speaking colleague or a professional language editor review the submitted articles. It is highly recommended to scan the text with computer spelling and grammar programs.

Comma sign should be used in Turkish texts and dot sign should be used in English texts. For the numbers indicated by percentage,% sign should be used before the number in Turkish texts and behind the number in English texts.

A 2. 4. Symbols, Units, and Abbreviations

Our journal exemplifies the Scientific Style and Format, CSE Handbook for Authors, Editors and Publishers, Science Editors Council, Reston, VA, USA (7th edition) contracts.
As expressions of statistical significance, p, ‘=, should be expressed in italics and lowercase without spaces (such as p<0.05) before and after the symbols.
If characters such as p, ×, µ, η or ν are used, they must be added using the symbols menu's word menu.
Degree symbols (°) should be used in the Symbols menu instead of the capital letter “o” or “0”.
Multiplication symbols (×) must be used instead of the letter "X". There should be a space between numbers and units (for example, "3 kg"), between numbers and mathematical symbols (+, -, ±, ×, =, <,>), or between number and percent symbols (eg "45%").
Authors should be consistent when using the International System (SI) units. All abbreviations and symbols must be specified where they first occur. Generic names, genre names, abbreviations and symbols should be shortened appropriately without changing the symbols in the text.

A 2. 5. Ethical Rules

The articles sent to the journal should not be in the evaluation process of another journal before, they should not be accepted for publication and not published (full text papers: including posters with more than 400 words), and should be prepared in accordance with scientific and ethical rules. The authors are responsible for the compliance of the articles with scientific and ethical rules (http://www.icmje.org/about-icmje/faqs/conflict-of-interest-disclosure-forms/).

Ethics committee approval should be obtained in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration ethical standards for experimental, clinical and pharmaceutical research. In all human studies, there should be a sentence in the "Materials and Methods" section that the study was approved by the relevant committee or that the study was carried out in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of Principles (www.wma.net/e/policy/b3.htm). It should be stated in the text that people signed the informed consent form. It will assume that the articles sent to Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University have been made in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, that institutional ethics and legal permissions have been obtained and will not accept any responsibility in this regard. If the "Animal" item was used in the study, the authors must specify that they protected the animal rights in their studies in line with the principles of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (www.nap.edu/catalog/5140.html) and obtained approval from the ethics committees of their institutions. 

As a result, ethics committee approval must be obtained for clinical and experimental studies on humans and animals that require a decision of the ethics committee, this approval must be stated in the article with "ethics committee approval number and date" and documented.

In the articles based on retrospective (catalog) scans, the approval of the Ethics Committee is mandatory, with that a document stating that it is allowed to work in the archive by the Head of the Department (Head of the Department), Chief Physician or Service Chiefdom. (For the retrospective articles based on archive records, the department head of the institution, the director of the hospital, or a permit signed by the clinic officer is required).

Moreover, ethics committee approval is required in both retrospective and prospective clinical trials.


All responsibilities, including ethical responsibility, regarding the articles published in Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University belong to the author as the author.

A 2.5.1. Journal Plagiarism Policy (Plagiarism Principle)

Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property rights) without reference or permission, and presented as new and original rather than stating that they are derived from an existing source. Self-overcrowding means that an author uses some parts of his previous articles on the same topic elsewhere in his publications, especially without citing. (https://wame.org/recommendations-on-publication-ethics-policies-for-medical-journals).


Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University obliges the studies to be checked for plagiarism by the “iThenticate” plagiarism program during the article upload process. In this context, each study should be checked for plagiarism by the author and sent to the journal with its report. The similarity rate of this report is reviewed and approved by the Editor / Assistant Editor. The submission is rejected if the similarity rate is high or if quotation is not made in accordance with academic rules. Even if the similarity rate is very low, it is the authors' responsibility to ensure that the content complies with academic ethical rules.

A 2.6. Article Withdrawal and Rejection

Article Withdrawal

Preliminary Evaluation Stage
The articles at this stage can be withdrawn by the author(s).

Referee Evaluation Stage
Authors who want to withdraw the article and publish it elsewhere for reasons such as a delay in the evaluation process of the sent article, etc. may withdraw from the journal with a written application and the approval of the journal editor board of this application.

Article Rejection
Manuscripts that are not accepted to be published are sent back with their reasons.
Maximum 15 days for articles requiring correction during the pre-control stage,
Maximum 30 days are given for the articles that require correction after the evaluation. If these periods are exceeded, the article is rejected.

After Article Acceptance
After the article's acceptance, the requests of the authors to withdraw the article are rejected. In addition, after an article is accepted for publication, authors will not be allowed to leave the article.

A 2.7 Article Evaluation and Acceptance Process

All articles sent to Journal of Health Sciences of Adıyaman University are handled in 3 stages. It is the pre-control, scientific evaluation process and the editing/typesetting process. The process is 90 days on average for each article, including all stages. In the preliminary evaluation of the articles sent to the journal, the articles deemed appropriate to be sent to the referee by the decision of the chief editor and the field editor are evaluated by at least two referees who are experts in the subject. As two of the referees give a positive opinion and the field editör agrees too, the article is taken to the editorial board for the “acceptance”. If changes are deemed necessary during the evaluation processes, after the required changes are made within 30 days by the authors, the publication is re-examined, and spelling and grammar errors can be corrected by the editorial board without touching the content of the article.

If the article is accepted, the letter of acceptance is sent to the responsible author within two weeks. The pdf file of the article brought to the string before electronic printing is always sent to the authors for the final reading in order to make final checks and corrections by the author. The owner of the journal and the editorial board are authorized to decide on which issue of the accepted article the journal will be published.

Mistakes or omissions caused by some negligence by the journal during the final edition can be corrected in a later issue in the error section. This section does not include errors that have not been corrected by the author during the last reading.

B-Manuscript Writing Rules

B 1. Manuscript Types

B 1.1. Original Research

It should consist of "Abstract", "Keywords", "Introduction", "Materials and Methods", "Results", "Discussion", "Conclusion" and "References" respectively.
It should be at most 15 pages (excluding abstract, thanks and references).

B 1.1.1. Systematic Review

It is within the scope of the research article. It is created by systematically and comprehensively scanning the studies published in the relevant field, and determining which studies will compile within the framework of various objective acceptance and rejection criteria and synthesizing the information in the related subject. Authors should use standard checklists for systematic compilation and meta-analysis when submitting their drafts, and submit them on request, as required by the standard checklists showing that they comply with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyzes) statement (http://www.prisma-statement.org/). It should be up to date to include the latest medical literature. It is preferable for the author to have articles published on that subject. Systematic review is a kind of secondary research work that provides the best evidence to multiple science disciplines and clinical practitioners (physicians, nurses, midwives etc.). In order for a review article to be defined systematically, the processes to be compiled must be determined, selected, and the synthesis of the study data must be followed. Systematic review studies; It should consist of "Abstract", "Keywords", "Introduction", "Materials and Methods", "Results", "Discussion", "Conclusion" and "References" sections.

B 1.1.2. Meta Analysis

Meta-analysis is research papers written to provide a document (the highest degree of evidence) about the accuracy and authenticity of the initiatives for their effectiveness.
It is a type of statistical literature developed to show the effect of a particular situation with a single estimator, by combining the findings of at least two independent studies on a specific subject. The validity and reliability degree of the results obtained by combining the findings of more than one study will be strengthened. While studies with a small sample alone may not be statistically significant, articles combined with meta-analysis enable this problem to be overcome. Meta-analysis can be done for both experimental and quantitative research. Meta-analysis articles; It should consist of "Abstract", "Keywords", "Introduction", "Materials and Methods", "Results", "Discussion", "Conclusion" and "References" sections.

B 1.1.3. Short Report

The short paper is short, peer-reviewed articles that focus on a high-quality, hypothesis-oriented, unique piece of research and/or a new theory or concept proposal based on current research (not a full-text original research article!). These articles, which will generate significant and widespread interest in their field, should not be presented as a preliminary report or as a publication on the growing data of a research.

It should consist of "Abstract", "Keywords", "Introduction", "Materials and Methods", "Results", "Discussion", "Conclusion" and "References" respectively.

B 1.2. Invited Review

Invited review manuscripts are articles written by experts with rich knowledge and cited studies. Describes, evaluates and discusses current information on a subject within the scope of the journal; sends an invitation to the authors of the journal to write review articles that guide future studies.
The authors of the review article should have a scientific authority in the subject of the article, document their publications in the "Cover Letter" of their related work in the field. (the authors must have at least one publication in the SCI/ SCI-expanded index on the subject of the compilation). Authors who do not list the related publications in the cover letter will be returned to the authors.

It should be in the form of maximum 20 pages and 6000 words (excluding essence and references). Reviews are different from the standard type of writing. The universal format of manuscript writing is not implemented in IMRAD (the summary is structured in a particular format as in the research paper) in compilation manuscripts. Invited review consist of "Abstract", "Keywords", "Introduction", "Discussion", "Conclusion" and "References" The "Introduction" section is broader and explains the purpose of the compilation and the reason for the article. "Materials and Methods" and "Results" section is not available. The discussion section will still be broad and studies will be made on the same subject and their synthesis in line with personal experiences. The conclusion part is the subheading of the "Discussion" section and it is an interpretation and evaluation paragraph on the subject. The author (s) submitting an article should also include a section describing the methods they use for the selection, acquisition and synthesis of the data used in the article. These methods should also be specified in the Abstract section. References will be more than all articles. However, the author will definitely have his own works.
 
B 1. 3. Review

It should be in the form of maximum 20 pages and 6000 words (excluding abstract and references). Review articles consist of "Abstract", "Keywords", "Introduction", "Discussion", "Conclusion" and "References" The "Introduction" section is broader and explains the purpose of the compilation and the reason for the article.  "Materials and Methods" and "Results" section is not available. The discussion section will still be broad and studies will be made on the same subject and their synthesis in line with personal experiences. The conclusion part is the subheading of the "Discussion" section and it is an interpretation and evaluation paragraph on the subject. The author (s) submitting an article should also include a section describing the methods they use for the selection, acquisition and synthesis of the data used in the article. These methods should also be specified in the Abstract section. References will be more than all articles. 

B 1. 4. Case Report

It should be maximum 10 pages (excluding abstract, thanks and resources). It should be limited to 100 words in Turkish and English abstracts.
Case reports should include the sections "Abstract", "Keywords", "Case Report", "Discussion" and "References" respectively.

B 1. 5 Letter to the Editor

It should be at most 5 pages (excluding abstract and references). It may not contain abstract. It should not contain more than 4 authors.
It can contain at most one drawing or chart.
If it is written as a dedication to an article, it should be specified by giving the number and date, and the name, institution and address of the author should be at the end of the text.

B 2. Editing an Manuscript Submission File

The articles should be edited as follows:

*Since there is a blind review in the journal, there should not be any information about the authors on the main text of the article. In addition to these files, which are defined as article files, Copyright Approval Form, Author Contribution Form, Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form must be filled in appropriately and sent with the Similarity Report.

1. Cover Letter

2. Title Page

3. Main Text Document

It should be prepared with the titles and order given below.

Abstract (number of words will be appropriate for article type, in English and Turkish)
Introduction
Materials and Methods
Results
Discussion (This section should include limitations of the study)
Conclusion
Ethics Committee Approval
Informed Consent
Author Contributions
Acknowledgments
Conflict of Interest 
Financial Disclosure
Statements
References
Tables and Figures

B 2. 1. Cover Letter

Cover letter in the article you sent: allows you to communicate directly with the editor and specify the most important results of your research. It is an important opportunity that allows the editor to make a good first impression of your article so that the editor can examine your article in more depth. The technical details you provide in your cover letter will contribute to the editor's understanding of the article. We recommend you to be careful while doing this, and a technical depth presentation that will not go into excessive detail. It will be important to try to explain your work with a few sentences without going into statistics and numbers. In addition, Adıyaman University Health Sciences Journal is a science journal that follows a double-blind review policy. Although there is no obstacle in preparing the 'Referee Suggestion List' in article submissions, referee invitations are made from the journal referee pool during the article evaluation processes. In this list, you can also add unwanted referees. It shows your knowledge in this area and the depth of your research, as well as your command of the literature. A good cover letter contains precise and clear explanations about the benefits of the study and the results achieved in your research. The journal receives a large amount of articles for a number period, and editors see dozens of articles a year. In this case, since the first thing you need to do to draw attention to your work is to attract the attention of the editor, it is very important that you pay due attention to the cover letter.

B 2.2. Title Page

The title page should be loaded separately from the main text file.

On the title page; the title of the article (in Turkish and English), the names and surnames of all authors and institutions should be included under the title. The responsible author's name and surname, phone number, e-mail and correspondence addresses must be available. ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) numbers of all article authors should be added to the title page.

The title of the article should be given in Turkish and English, limited to 25 words. The short title (running title, running head) should be limited to 50 characters (including space) in Turkish and English.

B 2.3. Main Text Document (should be sent as a single word document)

Main text document should be prepared with the titles and order given below.

B 2.3.1 Abstract Page

The abstract should be written in Turkish and English, and should not exceed 150 words in research articles and 100 words in case reports and reviews, in single line spacing and 10 punto. There should be 6 nk space between paragraphs and no empty lines. In summary order; It should consist of 'Aim', 'Materials and Methods', 'Results' and 'Conclusion' sections. Abbreviations should be avoided as much as possible. When it is necessary to use abbreviations, they should be used in parentheses after they are defined in parentheses.

In the Invited Review/ Review and Case Report, the abstract page should be written without breaking into sections. In summary; general information, equation, citation, non-standard abbreviations and references should not be included.

There should be no spelling mistakes in sentences. Comma sign should be used in Turkish texts and dot sign should be used in English texts. For the numbers indicated by percentage,% sign should be used before the number in Turkish texts and behind the number in English texts.

B 2.3.2. Keywords

"Keywords" should be given under the abstract. The first letter of the keywords should be capitalized and separated by a semicolon. Keywords should be prepared with minimum 3 words and maximum 5 words. (Ex: Keywords: Word 1; Word 2; Word 3; Word 4; Word 5)

If your article is written in Turkish, the Turkish title should be at the top and on the left side of the abstract page/If English is written, the English title should be at the top and the abstract should be on the left.

Keywords should be written in Turkish and English. English keywords should be in the list of "Medical Subjects Headings" (MESH index) in Index Medicus (See: www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html). Turkish keywords, should be given as appropriate to Turkey science terms.(see: www.bilimterimleri.com). If not available, a one-to-one Turkish translation should be provided.

What is Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)?

It is a wide range of medical-biological terms that are used in the main international article scanning directories and databases for the classification of articles, aiming to set standards for medical-biological terminology and constantly updated, with the keywords of English articles selected.

What is Turkey Science Terms (TBT) ?

It is a directory of medical-biological terms that aims to set a standard for medical-biological terminology at the national level, contains 186,000 medical-biological terms for the time being, and the keywords of Turkish articles can be selected.

B 2.3.3 Main Text

B 2.3.3.1 Introduction

Articles written in any of the Turkish and English languages are published in our journal. Manuscripts should be in A4 size, 'Times New Roman' style, the main text should be 12 font size, single line spacing, justified on both sides and two columns as Microsoft Word file. First paragraph indent should be 0.5 cm in paragraphs. Margins should be top, left, bottom and right 2 cm.

There should be 6 nk space between paragraphs and no empty lines. Table titles and table content should be written with 10 font size and references with 8 font size.

The introduction should be clear and concise with references to the subject of study and the proposed approach or solution. Excessive literature citations should be avoided. Only the latest literature citations required to indicate the reason for the investigation and the background required should be provided.
Resources must be up to date. The source of the quote of each sentence should be specified at the end of that sentence.
References should be written as superscript only after the period at the end of the sentence. 
References should be listed in order of use in the text. When writing more than one source number, a space should be left after the comma, and if more than two consecutive source numbers are to be written, a “-” sign should be written between the first number and the last number.
In the last paragraph, the purpose should be written under a separate title without specifying it.

B 2.3.3.2. Materials and Methods

The author (s) should clearly explain their clinical, technical or experimental procedures. A precise description of the choice of observational or experimental subjects (eg patients or laboratory animals, including controls) should be provided. Experimental research involving humans or animals should be approved by the ethics committee. All chemicals and drugs used must be accurately identified, including their generic names and the names of producers, cities and countries in parentheses. Accepted techniques or methodology should be supported by standard references. New or significantly modified methods should be briefly described. The detailed description of the procedures created is unnecessary. The device should only be described if they are not standard. Commercially available devices used must be specified (including the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses). Only SI units should be used for each measurement.

The type, method, universe, sample size and sampling method of the study should be specified, and if necessary, why these methods were chosen should be explained.
Subtitles should be written as follows:

Type of the Study
The  sample size of the study
Data Collection Tools
Data Analysis
Ethics Committee Approval
(The subtitles should be written in bold typeface with capital letters as stated above, without capitalization after the title. Subtitles should not be written except for the titles mentioned above.)

Attention should be paid to Turkish spelling rules in sentences.

How the research is conducted, its design and the methods used to collect data should be specified.

In the analysis of data section, preferred statistical evaluation methods should be specified together with reasons for preference. Statistical analysis should be done according to the rules of reporting statistical data in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). Information about statistical analysis should be written in this section under the Subtitle of Data Analysis and the software used should be strictly defined.

Attention should be paid to the principles and recommendations of editorial ethics developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME). Council of Science Editors (CSE), International Committee of Medical Journals (ICJME) guidelines should be followed. In addition, information regarding the Ethics Committee Permit (date and number of receipt), Institution Permit and Information Receipt of the Ethics Committee according to the type of the study should be added to the Ethics Dimension of the Research.

The name of the institution from which the Ethics Committee's permission is obtained should be written without specifying.
For example: Ethics committee permission was obtained from the Medical Faculty Ethics Committee of the relevant university (date and number)

It should be noted in the ethical dimension of the research that the research is carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration.

Statistical analysis should be done according to the rules of reporting statistical data in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ. Statistical guidelines for contributors to medical journals. Br Med J 1983: 7; 1489-93). The software used in statistical analysis should definitely be defined.

In general, what are the tools and devices used in this section, the name of the materials used, the conditions under which the study was carried out, and the conditions of the experiment, the life stages of the living creatures used from the study, the duration of the study, the conditions of the places used in the study, such as the room, and temperature, light, etc. In this section, there are many questions that can be reproduced such as physical details, exposure time or irradiation time, wavelengths, depths of the samples taken or depths measured, location of the study area, how often the measuring instruments are calibrated, and how often measurements are made. It should be described.

If there is any deviation from the planned flow in the study, it should be explained by its causes and explained how its effect on the results is minimized or prevented.

B 2.3.3.3. Results

The data obtained as a result of the study should be given in the findings. To make the data easier to understand, simple and easy-to-understand tables, figures and graphics should be provided.
Tables, figures and graphics should be given with their titles in the relevant text field after the 'References' section in the main text of the article.
Figures and tables should be readable (Times New Roman/10 font size).
A blank line should be left before headings and before and after tables or figures.
Only top, bottom and horizontal intermediate borders should be used in the tables and vertical borders should not be used.

B 2.3.3.4 Drawings and Schedules

Visual presentation tools such as photographs, graphics, figures, and pictures used in the text are defined as 'Drawing'. 'Schedule' is the visual presentation tools containing classified data.

The tables should be given after the 'References' section in the main text of the article, together with the titles in the relevant text field.

Tables should be made using the table menu, there should not be more than one value in the cells, alignments should not be made with the space key, the numbers should be centered and the text should be left justified. The statistical test used at the end of the table should be given.

When the relevant data is shared in the text, the readers should be directed to the correct table, figure or graphic, with reference to the table and figure containing the data. Ex: According to Table 1…
The titles of the tables and figures should be about the data in the table and should be arranged in a way that can be understood what it means.


In this section, it is expected to convey the new information obtained as a result of the study to the reader and explain why the results are important and what they mean.

Example Chart:



Drawings:

Pictures, Photographs and Figures: After the 'References' section in the main text of the article, it should be stated under the heading 'Drawing and Schedules' and with the explanation under the drawing in 10 font sizes. In addition, it should be loaded by selecting the "Images" title on the system. Figures should be drawn professionally and photographed.

Photographs and scans taken with a digital camera must be at least 300 dpi resolution, 1280x960 pixels in size, and saved in JPG, GIFF, PNG or TIFF formats. Unless it is mandatory, there should be no text on the picture.

Pictures and figures should be placed in a separate pictures, figures, photographs file, 1 per page. Name and numbering should be done as subtitles in each. It should not be placed in the text, it should be numbered with Arabic numbers according to the order of use in the text and should be shown in parentheses in the text.

When symbols, arrows or letters pointing to certain parts of the picture are used, these should be explained in the subtitle.

The abbreviations, if any, should be under the subtitle and in alphabetical order.

Magnification rate and staining technique should be explained in microscopic pictures.

Written or electronically published figures and images should be used, and written permission should be obtained from both the author and the printing house and this should be sent to the journal editor by fax or mail.

Written permission must be obtained when using pictures of persons whose face is not hidden and that appear recognizable.



Pictures, figures and graphics in the text should be displayed under the name "Figure"; figures and graphics should be drawn in computer environment. Tables, figures and equations should be given a sequence number, and the first letter of each word should be written under capital figures (see Figure 1).

B 2.3.3.5 Discussion

In the discussion section, it is the section where the findings obtained from the study are interpreted and compared with the previously published studies. The findings obtained from the introduction and conclusion section and without repeating should be compared with the related literature. While making comparisons, it is necessary to state the factors that are effective in the emergence of these opposing situations by quoting not only from the authors and articles that support the study but also from the opposing opinions and results. New and important findings obtained from the study should be included. At the same time, the link between comments and the purpose of the study should be specified.

A conclusion should be made at the end of the section in line with the data obtained from the study.

Limitations of the research section is the section where the limitations of the research done by the author (s) are expressed as subtitles in the continuation of the discussion.

B 2.3.3.6 Conclusion

The data obtained as a result of the study in this section should be given in a logic sequence. Data such as table and figure should not be included in this section.
If the author has any suggestions that he / she wants to convey to the persons or other institutions and related persons who will work on the same or related topics, these can be written under the title of 'recommendations'. Suggestions; must necessarily be based on results.

Ethics Committee Approval

Informed Consent

Author Contributions
It should be stated based on the authors' contribution to the research form.

Acknowledgments
Acknowledgments should be written before the references, if any.

Conflict of Interest 
If any, the interest relations of the individuals and organizations with the authors should be stated. Otherwise, the expression 'authors have no interest-based relationship' should be added.

Financial Disclosure
If the University Scientific Research projects are taken from TÜBİTAK projects and similar institutions, the project number and individuals and organizations that support the study financially should be specified. Otherwise, the expression 'There is no person / organization that supports the work financially' should be included.

Statements
Subjects such as congress where the study was previously presented should be specified at the end of the text.

B 2.3.3.7 References

The journal uses the AMA (American Medical Association) style in citation, and it is recommended to use citation editing programs in citation (EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc.).

Author(s) can take advantage of the AMA source engine in the given link: http://www.citethisforme.com/citation-generator/ama

Citation in Text

References should be numbered in the order of transition in the text and the source numbers should be given as superscript. For example, "… is specified.8". The previously used source should be written with the same number. If there is more than one source, it should be separated by a comma. For example,… is reported.8,13,18 In articles that are lined up one after the other, the first and last number should be separated by “-”. For example,… is reported.3,13-16
Diabetes mellitus is associated with a high risk of foot ulcers.1-3

Several interventions have been successful at increasing compliance.11,14-16

The data of Smith et al.18 is further evidence of this effect.

As reported previously,1,3-6

The results were as follows:4

Under the 'References' Title

1. References at the end of the article should be listed by numbering according to their first order in the text. If the number of authors in the source is 6 and below (≤6), all authors should be specified. When it is more than 6, only the first 3 names should be given, followed by "et al." and in Turkish sources, “et al.” must be added.

Impressions by Author Number

Single author: Surname AA.

Two authors: Surname AA, Surname BB.

6 authors: Surname AA, Surname BB, Surname CC, Surname DD, Surname EE, Surname FF.

More than 6 authors: Surname AA, Surname BB, Surname CC, et al. 

2. The number of references for each article types: Research article 60, review article 100, case report 20 and letter to the editor is 10.

3. Personal experiences and researches that have not been accepted for publication * (except those whose * doi number is not published in the number of journals yet) cannot be cited as a source.

4. When the supplement of a journal will be cited; It should be shown in English articles (Suppl.) And in Turkish articles (ES). The online article uses the full publication date. Generally, there are no volume and journal numbers and page numbers. The article should be given direct access address and date accessed.

I. Quote From Articles Published In Printed Journals

For citation to articles in printed journals, the reference section shows: ‘Author's Surname The first letter of the author's name (s). The name of the article. The name of the journal in italics (abbreviation that exists in magazines in NLM catalog). The publication year of the article; Volume no (number no): page numbers. "
Journal names should be shortened in italics in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus / Medline / PubMed. A journal that is not included in the NLM catalog should be written without shortening.

1. Keçeli S, Dündar D, Sönmez TG. Anti-candidal activity of clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains and in vitro inhibition of Candida biofilm formation. Mikrobiyol Bul. 2012;46(1):39-46.

2. Özpolat B, Gürpınar ÖA, Ayva EŞ, Gazyağcı S, Niyaz M. The effect of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor and adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells on wound healing, epithelization and angiogenesis in a tracheal resection and end to end anastomosis rat model. Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.2013;21(4):1010-1019.

3. Özçelik F, Öztosun M, Gülsün M, Arslan E, Serdar MA. İdiopatik trombositopenik purpura ön tanılı bir olguda EDTA’ya bağlı psödotrombositopeni. Turkish J of Biochem. 2012;37(3):336-339.

II. Citation from Articles with DOI Numbers in Online Journals

References are as follows:

Author surname, the first letter of the author's name. Name of the source article. Journal name (abbreviation of magazines in NLM catalog, if not, should be written in italic with full name). Publication year; Volume No (Issue No): Page number (required for quotations from printed journals). doi: if it is online has doi number then should be written too.

1. Debes-Marun CS, Dewald GW, Bryant S, et al. Chromosome abnormalities clustering and its implications for pathogenesis and prognosis in myeloma. Leukemia. 2003;17:427-436. doi:10.1038/sj.leu.2402797.

2. Ozcelik F, Oztosun M, Gülsün M, ve ark. İdiopatik trombositopenik purpura ön tanılı bir olguda EDTA’ya bağlı psödotrombositopeni. Turk J Biochem. 2012;37(3):336-339. doi:10.5505/tjb.2012.18209

3. Takahashi A, Sugawara C, Kudoh T, et al. Prevalence and imaging characteristics of palatine tonsilloliths detected by CT in 2,873 consecutive patients. Scientific World Journal. 2014;2014. doi: 10.1155/2014/940960

The quotes from the articles that have not been published yet are as follows:

1. Brown JE. The relation between citations and references. J Med Style. In press (In Turkish articles: The expression 'at the stage of printing' should be used).

III. Citation from Articles With No DOI Number in Online Journals

The online article uses the full publication date. Generally, there are no volume and journal numbers and page numbers. The article should be given direct access address and date accessed.

1. Aggleton JP. Understanding anterograde amnesia: disconnections and hidden lesions. Q J Exp Psychol. 2008;61(10):14411471. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=pbh&AN=34168185&site=ehost-live. Accessed on March 18, 2010.

IV. Website

If the article written in Turkish;

1.World Health Organization. Equitable access to essential medicines: a framework for collective action. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2004/WHO_EDM_2004.4.pdf. Mart 2004’de basıldı. 6 Aralık 2005’de erişildi.

If the article written in English;

2. World Health Organization. Equitable access to essential medicines: a framework for collective action. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2004/WHO_EDM_2004.4.pdf. Published Mart 2004. Accessed December 6, 2005.

3. Moral science: protecting participants in human subjects research. Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. http://bioethics.gov/sites/default/files/Moral%20Science%20June%202012.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2013.

V. Official Institution or Organization Report

1. Johnston LD, O'Malley PM, Bachman JG. Monitoring the Future: National Survey Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse, US Dept of Health and Human Services; 2003.

2. World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. http://www.wma.net/e/policy/b3.htm. 10 Haziran 2002 tarihinde güncellenmiştir. 26 Şubat 2004 tarihinde erişilmiştir.

3. World Health Organization. Standards and Operational Guidance for Ethics Review of Health-Related Research With Human Participants. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2011.

4. WMA Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. 59th WMA General Assembly, Seoul, Korea, October 2008. World Medical Association Web site. http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html. 28 Aralık 2010 tarihinde erişilmiştir.

VI. Book

I. Citation of the book as a whole: Name of the authors and book. The title of the book. If there are multiple editions, how many editions are there? Publication Place: Printing House; The publication date is. "

1. Strunk W Jr, White EB. The Elements of Style. 4. Baskı. New York: Longman; 2000.

2. Harmening D. Modern Blood Banking & Transfusion Practices. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company; 2012.

II. If the source is the chapter of a book: The author of the chapter. The name of the department. Inside: Editor (s). The title of the book. Print no. Publication Place, City: Printing House; Year: Pages should be written as ".

1. Meltzer H, Lowy M. Neuroendocrin function in psychiatric disorders. İçinde: Berger P, Brodie H, ed. American Handbook of Psychiatry. 2. Baskı. New York, NY: Basic Books Inc; 2019:110-117.

2. Meltzer H, Lowy M. Neuroendocrin function in psychiatric disorders. İçinde: Berger P, Brodie H, editörler. American Handbook of Psychiatry. 2. baskı. New York: Basic Books Inc; 2019:110-117. (Türkçe gösterimde)

3. Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immunotherapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585-606.

4. McCall RE, Tankersley CM. Phlebotomy and specimen considerations. In: Bishop ML, Fody EP, Schoeff LE, editors. Clinical Chemistry: Techniques, Principles, Correlations. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Lippincott Williams & Williams; 2010:33-73.

5. Bjork CE Jr, McLeod RD. AMA and other styles: how to format citations. In: Laurent B III, Cool JR, eds. A History of Citations and References. Vol. 1. 5th ed. Geneva, Switzerland: Tangelo Press; 2006:3-16.

III. Translation books: Name of the book author. The translated name of the book. The name of the translation editor. City, Country: Printing House; year. '

1. Liberman RP. Yetiyitiminden İyileşmeye: Psikiyatrik İyileştirim Elkitabı. Yıldız M, Çev-ed. Ankara, Türkiye: Sosyal Psikiyatri Derneği; 2011.

2. Plato. The Laws. Taylor EA, trans-ed. London, England: JM Dent & Sons Ltd; 1934:104-105.

VI. Conference Presentations

Author (s) A. Name of the presentation. Venue offered: Venue name; day. moon. year; city Country.

1. Diamond M. Lymphatic system. Lecture presented at: University of California, Berkeley; September 26, 2005; Berkeley, CA.

2. Weber KJ, Lee J, Decresce R, Subjasis M, Prinz R. Intraoperative PTH monitoring in parathyroid hyperplasia requires stricter criteria for success. Paper presented at: 25th Annual American Association of Endocrine Surgeons Meeting; April 6, 2004; Charlottesville, VA.

3. Chu H, Rosenthal M. Search engines for the World Wide Web: a comparative study and evaluation methodology. Paper presented at: American Society for Information Science Annual Conference; October 19-24, 1996; Baltimore, MD. http://www.asis.org/annual-96/electronicproceedings/chu.html. 26 Şubat 2004’ de erişildi.

4. Participants in the 2001 Conference on Ethical Aspects of Research in Developing Countries. Moral standards for research in developing countries: from “reasonable availability” to “fair benefits.” Hastings Cent Rep. 2004;34(3):17-27.

VII. PhD Thesis (dissertation); Master thesis (master’s thesis)

Writers). Title [PhD / Specialization thesis]. City, Country: University / Institution name of the thesis study; Publication Year.

1. Fenster SD. Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic Cytoskeletal Matrix [PhD tezi]. Birmingham: University of Alabama; 2000.
Writers, Title [Master / master thesis]. City, Country: University / Institution name of the thesis study; Publication Year.

2. Undeman C. Fully Automatic Segmentation of MRI Brain Images Using Probabilistic Diffusion and a Watershed Scale-Space Approach [Master tezi]. Stockholm, Sweden: NADA, Royal Institute of Technology; 2001.


3. Fenster SD. Cloning and Characterization of Piccolo, a Novel Component of the Presynaptic Cytoskeletal Matrix [dissertation]. Birmingham: University of Alabama; 2000.

VIII. Private Registration of the Online Database

If the article written in English;

1. Acetaminophen poisoning. In DynaMed [database online]. EBSCO Information Services. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=DynaMed&id=113862. Updated March 09, 2010. Accessed March 23, 2010.


ClinicalKey Database

Writers, Section name. Inside: Name of Translation Editor ed. Book title, edition no. Publication place, Country: Publisher: Year of publication. Link URL. Date of access.

1. De Prisco G, Celinski S, Spack CW. Abdominal Abscesses and Gastrointestinal Fistulas. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ. eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com/#!/content/book/3-s2.0-B9781455746927000284?scrollTo=%23hl0000371. Accessed July 2, 2016.

UpToDate Topic Database

Writers, Topic title. In: UpToDate, Editor name (Ed), UpToDate, Publishing place. (Date of access.)

1. Marion, DW. Diaphragmatic pacing. In: UpToDate, Post TW (Ed), UpToDate, Waltham, MA. (Accessed on November 25, 2013.)

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