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Daytime Sleepiness in Adolescents Using Smartphone

Year 2020, Volume 21, Issue 2, 129 - 136, 30.06.2020

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between daytime sleepiness in adolescents and smartphone usage dependence in adolescents in Turkey.
Method: This study is a descriptive research. The sample consisted of 467 adolescents in three schools selected by simple random sampling method from the high school of Malatya Provincial Directorate of National Education. Sociodemographic data form, pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale and Smartphone Addiction Scale were used in the data collection.
Results: Of the adolescents who participated in the study, 53.3% were within the 17-19 age range, 53.3% were male, and 30.8% were 12. it was determined that 52% had income of TL 2000 and above, 58.9% had 1-3 siblings, 54.8% were affected by school success due to smartphone use and 84% of them were affected. According to the correlation analysis, there was a moderate positive correlation between smartphone addiction and daytime sleepiness.
Conclusion: Among adolescents who participated in the study, daytime sleepiness increased as the risk of phone addiction increased.

References

  • 1. Samaha M, Hawi NS. Computers in Human Behavior Relationships among smartphone addiction , stress , academic performance , and satisfaction with life. Comput Human Behav [Internet]. 2016;57:321–5. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.045
  • 2. Kaeun K, George RM, Bahl S. Smart phone addiction and mindfulness: an intergenerational comparison. Int J Pharm Healthc Mark. 2018;12(1).
  • 3. Bian M, Leung L. Linking Loneliness , Shyness , Smartphone Addiction Symptoms , and Patterns of Smartphone Use to Social Capital. Soc Sci Comput Rev. 2015;33(1):61–79.
  • 4. Chung JE, Choi SA, Kim KT, Yee J, Kim JH, Seong JW, et al. Smartphone addiction risk and daytime sleepiness in Korean adolescents. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018;54(7):800.
  • 5. Kuang-Tsan C, Fu-Yuan H. Study on Relationship Among University Students’ Life Stress, Smart Mobile Phone Addiction, and Life Satisfaction. J Adult Dev. 2017;24(2):109–18.
  • 6. Woods HC, Scott H, Cain N, Gradisar M, Hale L, Guan S, et al. Sleep and use of electronic devices in adolescence : results from a large population-based study. Comput Human Behav [Internet]. 2015;33(8):321–5. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41105-019-00208-1
  • 7. Amra B, Shahsavari A, Shayan-moghadam R, Mirheli O, Woods HC, Scott H, et al. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41105-019-00208-1
  • 8. Fossum IN, Nordnes LT, Straume S, Bjorvatn B, Pallesen S. The Association Between Use of Electronic Media in Bed Before Going to Sleep and Insomnia Symptoms , Daytime Sleepiness , Morningness , and Chronotype The Association Between Use of Electronic Media in Bed Before Going to Sleep and Insomnia Symptoms , Day. Behav Sleep Med. 2014;12:343–57.
  • 9. Campbell IG, Burright CS, Kraus AM, Grimm KJ, Feinberg I. Daytime sleepiness increases with age in early adolescence: a sleep restriction dose-response study. Sleep. 2017 Apr;
  • 10. Aysan E, Karaköse S, Zaybak A, İsmailoğlu EG. Sleep Quality Among Undregraduate Students and Influencing Factors. DEUHYO ED. 2014;7(3):193–8.
  • 11. Watson RR (Ronald R. Modulation of sleep by obesity, diabetes, age, and diet. Academic Press; 2015. 405 p.
  • 12. Carvalho DZ, St Louis EK, Knopman DS, Boeve BF, Lowe VJ, Roberts RO, et al. Association of excessive daytime sleepiness with longitudinal β-Amyloid accumulation in elderly persons without dementia. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75(6):672–80.
  • 13. Baughcum AE, Fortney CA, Winning AM, Shultz EL, Keim MC, Humphrey LM, et al. Perspectives from bereaved parents on improving end of life care in the NICU. Clin Pract Pediatr Psychol. 2017;5(4):392–403.
  • 14. Amra B, Shahsavari A, Shayan-moghadam R, Mirheli O. The association of sleep and late-night cell phone use among adolescents ଝ. J Pediatr (Rio J) [Internet]. 2017;93(6):560–7. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2016.12.004.
  • 15. Lemola S, Nadine P-G, Brand S, Dewald- Kaufmann JF, Grob A. Adolescents ’ Electronic Media Use at Night , Sleep Disturbance , and Depressive Symptoms in the Smartphone Age. J Youth Adolesc. 2015;44:405–18.

Akıllı Telefon Kullanan Adölesanlarda Gündüz Uykululuğu

Year 2020, Volume 21, Issue 2, 129 - 136, 30.06.2020

Abstract

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı ülkemizdeki adölesanlarda gündüz uykululuğu ve adölesanlarda akıllı telefon kullanım bağımlılığı arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir.
Yöntem: Bu çalışma tanımlayıcı bir araştırmadır. Örneklem, Malatya İl Milli Eğitim Müdürlüğü'ne bağlı lise arasından basit rastgele örnekleme yöntemiyle seçilen üç okulda 467 adölesandan oluşmuştur. Verilerin toplanmasında sosyodemografik veri formu, Pediatrik Gündüz Uykululuk Ölçeği ve Akıllı Telefon Bağımlılığı Ölçeği kullanılmıştır.
Bulgular: Çalışmaya katılan adölesanların % 53.3’ünün 17-19 yaş aralığında, % 53.3’ünün erkek olduğu, % 30.8’inin 12. sınıfa devam ettiği, % 52’sinin 2000 TL ve üzeri gelire sahip olduğu, % 58.9’unun 1-3 kardeşe sahip olduğu, % 54.8’inin akıllı telefon kullanımı nedeniyle okul başarısının etkilendiği ve bunların % 84’ünün etkilenme durumunun olumsuz olduğu belirlenmiştir. Yapılan korelasyon analizine göre akıllı telefon bağımlılığı ile gündüz uykululuk durumu arasında pozitif yönlü orta düzeyde bir ilişki bulunmuştur.
Sonuç: Çalışmaya katılan adölesanlarda, akıllı telefon bağımlılığı riski arttıkça gündüz uykululuk durumunun arttığı ortaya çıkmıştır.

References

  • 1. Samaha M, Hawi NS. Computers in Human Behavior Relationships among smartphone addiction , stress , academic performance , and satisfaction with life. Comput Human Behav [Internet]. 2016;57:321–5. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.045
  • 2. Kaeun K, George RM, Bahl S. Smart phone addiction and mindfulness: an intergenerational comparison. Int J Pharm Healthc Mark. 2018;12(1).
  • 3. Bian M, Leung L. Linking Loneliness , Shyness , Smartphone Addiction Symptoms , and Patterns of Smartphone Use to Social Capital. Soc Sci Comput Rev. 2015;33(1):61–79.
  • 4. Chung JE, Choi SA, Kim KT, Yee J, Kim JH, Seong JW, et al. Smartphone addiction risk and daytime sleepiness in Korean adolescents. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018;54(7):800.
  • 5. Kuang-Tsan C, Fu-Yuan H. Study on Relationship Among University Students’ Life Stress, Smart Mobile Phone Addiction, and Life Satisfaction. J Adult Dev. 2017;24(2):109–18.
  • 6. Woods HC, Scott H, Cain N, Gradisar M, Hale L, Guan S, et al. Sleep and use of electronic devices in adolescence : results from a large population-based study. Comput Human Behav [Internet]. 2015;33(8):321–5. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41105-019-00208-1
  • 7. Amra B, Shahsavari A, Shayan-moghadam R, Mirheli O, Woods HC, Scott H, et al. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41105-019-00208-1
  • 8. Fossum IN, Nordnes LT, Straume S, Bjorvatn B, Pallesen S. The Association Between Use of Electronic Media in Bed Before Going to Sleep and Insomnia Symptoms , Daytime Sleepiness , Morningness , and Chronotype The Association Between Use of Electronic Media in Bed Before Going to Sleep and Insomnia Symptoms , Day. Behav Sleep Med. 2014;12:343–57.
  • 9. Campbell IG, Burright CS, Kraus AM, Grimm KJ, Feinberg I. Daytime sleepiness increases with age in early adolescence: a sleep restriction dose-response study. Sleep. 2017 Apr;
  • 10. Aysan E, Karaköse S, Zaybak A, İsmailoğlu EG. Sleep Quality Among Undregraduate Students and Influencing Factors. DEUHYO ED. 2014;7(3):193–8.
  • 11. Watson RR (Ronald R. Modulation of sleep by obesity, diabetes, age, and diet. Academic Press; 2015. 405 p.
  • 12. Carvalho DZ, St Louis EK, Knopman DS, Boeve BF, Lowe VJ, Roberts RO, et al. Association of excessive daytime sleepiness with longitudinal β-Amyloid accumulation in elderly persons without dementia. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75(6):672–80.
  • 13. Baughcum AE, Fortney CA, Winning AM, Shultz EL, Keim MC, Humphrey LM, et al. Perspectives from bereaved parents on improving end of life care in the NICU. Clin Pract Pediatr Psychol. 2017;5(4):392–403.
  • 14. Amra B, Shahsavari A, Shayan-moghadam R, Mirheli O. The association of sleep and late-night cell phone use among adolescents ଝ. J Pediatr (Rio J) [Internet]. 2017;93(6):560–7. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2016.12.004.
  • 15. Lemola S, Nadine P-G, Brand S, Dewald- Kaufmann JF, Grob A. Adolescents ’ Electronic Media Use at Night , Sleep Disturbance , and Depressive Symptoms in the Smartphone Age. J Youth Adolesc. 2015;44:405–18.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Behavioral Sciences
Journal Section Research
Authors

Ayşe SÜLÜN (Primary Author)
İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4084-5273
Türkiye


Ulviye GÜNAY
İnönü Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi
0000-0002-6312-6853
Türkiye


Abdullah SARMAN
BİNGÖL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5081-4593
Türkiye


Semiha DERTLİ
FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0291-8045
Türkiye

Supporting Institution yok
Project Number yok
Thanks yok
Publication Date June 30, 2020
Acceptance Date May 4, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 21, Issue 2

Cite

AMA Sülün A. , Günay U. , Sarman A. , Dertli S. Akıllı Telefon Kullanan Adölesanlarda Gündüz Uykululuğu. Bağımlılık Dergisi. 2020; 21(2): 129-136.