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Ayvalık tuzlasının ağır metal düzeyinin Halimione portulacoides (L.) bitkisi kullanılarak belirlenmesi

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 1, 100 - 106, 15.04.2019

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, Ayvalık tuzlasında yayılış gösteren Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen bitkisi kullanılarak, tuzlanın Pb, Zn ve Cd düzeyleri Perkin Elmer Analyst 700 Model Alevli Atomik Absorbsiyon Spektrofotometresi (FAAS) cihazı kullanılarak belirlenmiştir. Tuzla İzmir-Çanakkale karayolunun bitişiğinde yer aldığından dolayı ayrıca karayoluna olan mesafeye bağlı değişimlerde belirlenmiştir. Bitkinin kök, gövde ve yaprak kısımları ile onun yetişme toprağı çalışmanın materyalini oluşturmuştur. Örneklemeler 2009-2010 yılları arasında, tuzlayı çevreleyen toprak set üzerinde belirlenen yedi istasyonda yapılmıştır. Her istasyondan 12 ay boyunca düzenli olarak numuneler alınmıştır. Yapılan tüm analizler sonucunda bitkide; Pb <0.001-0.977 ppm, Zn 0.099-1.650 ppm, Cd <0.001-0.102 ppm, toprakta ise Pb 0.523-1.599 ppm, Zn 0.143-1.248 ppm ve Cd 0.006-0.432 ppm arasında olduğu belirlenmiştir. Pb ve Zn birikimi yola olan mesafeye bağlı artmış, Cd birikimi ile yola olan mesafe arasında ise net bir ilişki elde edilememiştir. Analizlerde sonuçların sınır değerlerin altında olmasının en önemli nedeni, hakim rüzgâr yönünün kuzeybatı (tuzladan karayoluna doğru) olması, tuzlanın güneyi boyunca uzanan karayolu üzerinde herhangi bir kavşak ve sinyalizasyonun bulunmaması ve yakınında kirletici özelliği olabilecek endüstri ve sanayi tesislerinin olmamasıdır.

References

  • Ak, A., Yücel, E. (2011). Ecotoxicological effects of heavy metal stress on antioxidant enzyme levels of Triticum aestivum cv Alpu. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 4(3), 19-24.
  • Almedia, R. M. C., Dias, C. A., Mucha, P. A., Bordalo, A. A., Vasconcelos, S.D.T.M. (2009). Study of theinfluence of different organic pollutants on Cu accumulation by Halimione portulacoides. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 627-632. https://doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2009.10.007
  • Dierkes, C., & Geiger, W. F. (1999). Pollution retention capabilities of roadside soils. Water Science and Technology, 39(2), 201-208. doi:10.2166/wst.1999.0119
  • Doğan, L. (1991). Adana’da Ulaşım Kaynaklı Hava Kirliliğinin Belirlenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Kimya Müh. Böl., Adana, 89 s.
  • Engel, D. W., Sunda, W. G., & Fowler, B. A. (1981). Factors Affecting Trace Metal Uptake And Toxicity To Estuarine Organisms. I. Environmental Parameters. Biological Monitoring of Marine Pollutants, 127-144. https//doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-718450-0.50011-0
  • Gündüz, T. (1994). Çevre Sorunları. A.Ü Fen Fakültesi Kimya Bölümü, Ankara, 145-148.
  • Haktanır, K., Arcak, S., Erpul, G., Tan, A. (1995). Accumulation of The Vehicle-Generated Heavy Metals on the Roadside Soils. Turkish Journal of Engineering & Environmental Sciences, 19 (6): 423-431.
  • Haşimoğlu, C., İçingür, Y., Öğüt, Y. (2002). Dizel Motorlarında Egzoz Gazları Resirkülasyonunun Motor Performansı ve Egzoz Emisyonlarına Etkisinin Deneysel Analizi. Turkish J. Eng. Env. Sci, 26: 127-135.
  • Howari, F., Abu-Rukah, Y., & Goodell, P. (2004). Heavy metal pollution of soils along North Shuna-Aqaba Highway, Jordan. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 22(5), 597. https://doi:10.1504/ijep.2004.005913
  • Jaradat, M.Q., Momani, A.K. (1999). Contamination of Roadside Soil, Plants, and Air With Heavy Metals in Jordan,a Comparative Study. Turk J Chem, 23, 209-220.
  • Kılıç, M., Ay, G., Koçbaş, F., Mungan, F., Karabaş, M., Dikicioğlu, R., Kardaş, T. (2011). Ayvalık Tuzlasında Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen Bitkisi Kullanılarak Nikel Düzeyinin Belirlenmesi. Anadolu Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 2(2), 16-23.
  • Merlini, M. (1980). Some Considerations on Heavy Metals in the Marine Hydrosphere and Biosphere. Thallasia Jugoslavica, 16(2-4), 367-376.
  • Motto, H. L., Danies, R. P., Motto, C. K. (1970). Lead in soils and plants; its relationship so traffic volume and proximity so highways. Environ. Sci. And Technol, 4, 231-237.
  • Nedelkoska, T., & Doran, P. (2000). Characteristics of heavy metal uptake by plant species with potential for phytoremediation and phytomining. Minerals Engineering, 13(5), 549-561. https://doi:10.1016/s0892-6875(00)00035-2.
  • Öztürk, M., Türkan, İ. (1993). Heavy metal accumulation by plants alongside the motor roads. A case Study from Turkey ( Ed; B.Markert). Plants as biomonitors, 640-650. Weinheim: VCH Publisher,
  • Phalsson, A. B. (1989). Toxicity of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb) to vascular plants. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 47(3-4), 287-319. https//doi:10.1007/bf00279329
  • Reboreda, R., & Caçador, I. (2007). Copper, zinc and lead speciation in salt marsh sediments colonised by Halimione portulacoides and Spartina maritima. Chemosphere, 69(10), 1655-1661. https//doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.034
  • Röderer, G. (1984). On the toxic effects of tetraethyl lead and its derivatives on the chrysophyte Poterioochromonas malhamensis—V. Electron microscopical studies. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 24(1), 17-30. https//doi:10.1016/0098-8472(84)90056-x
  • Seaward, M. R. D. and D. H. S. Richardson. (1990) Atmospheric sources of metal pollution and effects on vegetation. In: Heavy metal tolerance in plants: Evolutionary aspects (Ed.: A. Jonathan Shaw), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 75-92.
  • Türkan, İ. (1986). İzmir İl Merkezi ve Çevre Yolları Kenarında Yetişen Bitkilerde Kurşun (Pb), Çinko (Zn) ve Kadmiyum (Cd) Kirlenmesinin Araştırılması. Doğa Türk Biyoloji Dergisi, 10 (1), 116-120.
  • UNEP, (1984). Sampling of selected marine organisms and sample preparation for trace metal analysis. Reference Methods for Marine Pollution Studies, 7(2), 15.
  • Válega, M., Lillebø, A., Pereira, M., Caçador, I., Duarte, A., & Pardal, M. (2008). Mercury in salt marshes ecosystems: Halimione portulacoides as biomonitor. Chemosphere, 73(8), 1224-1229. https//doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.07.053
  • Viard, B., Pihan, F., Promeyrat, S., & Pihan, J. (2004). Integrated assessment of heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Cd) highway pollution: Bioaccumulation in soil, Graminaceae and land snails. Chemosphere,55(10), 1349-1359. https//doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.003
  • Yassoglou, N., Kosmas, C., Asimakopoulos, J., & Kallianou, C. (1987). Heavy metal contamination of roadside soils in the Greater Athens area. Environmental Pollution, 47(4), 293-304. https//doi:10.1016/0269-7491(87)90149-7
  • Zengin, F.K., Munzuroğlu, Ö. (2004). Fasulye Fidelerinin (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Kök, Gövde ve Yaprak Büyümesi Üzerine Kurşun (Pb++) ve bakır (Cu++)’ın Etkileri. G.Ü. Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 17, 1-10.
  • Zengin, F.K., Munzuroğlu, Ö. (2005). Fasulye Fidelerinin (Phaseolus vulgaris L. Strike) klorofil ve karotenoid miktarı üzerine bazı ağır metallerin (Ni+2, Co+2, Cr+3, Zn+2) etkileri. F.Ü. Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 17, 164-172.

Determination level of heavy metal in Ayvalik Saltern using Halimione portulacoides (L.) plant

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 1, 100 - 106, 15.04.2019

Abstract

In this study, the level of Pb, Zn, Cd of Ayvalik Saltern, determined by using Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen, analysis were done by using Perkin Elmer Analyst 700 Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (FAAS) device. Saltern which is located adjacent to the Izmir-Canakkale highway, heavy metals changes determined, depending on the distance to the highway. The root, stem, leaves, and cultivation soil of plant was formed material of this study. Sampling, were done 7 station which was determined on the soil dam is surrounding saltern between 2009-2010. Through 12 months, samples regularly collected from every station. As a result of all analysis, we saw the level of Pb <0.001-0.977 ppm, Zn 0.099-1.650 ppm, Cd <0.001-0.102 ppm in the soil Pb 0.523-1.599 ppm, Zn 0.143-1.248 ppm ve Cd 0.006-0.432 ppm. Accumulation of Pb and Zn increased depend on a highway, Cd accumulation couldn’t be obtained clear correlation with distance highway. The fact that the results İn the analysis are below the limit values is because the dominant direction of the wind is North-west (through Tuzla motorway), there aren’t any crossroads or signalization on the motorway on the southern part of Tuzla and there aren’t any industrial plants having polluting effects.

References

  • Ak, A., Yücel, E. (2011). Ecotoxicological effects of heavy metal stress on antioxidant enzyme levels of Triticum aestivum cv Alpu. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 4(3), 19-24.
  • Almedia, R. M. C., Dias, C. A., Mucha, P. A., Bordalo, A. A., Vasconcelos, S.D.T.M. (2009). Study of theinfluence of different organic pollutants on Cu accumulation by Halimione portulacoides. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 627-632. https://doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2009.10.007
  • Dierkes, C., & Geiger, W. F. (1999). Pollution retention capabilities of roadside soils. Water Science and Technology, 39(2), 201-208. doi:10.2166/wst.1999.0119
  • Doğan, L. (1991). Adana’da Ulaşım Kaynaklı Hava Kirliliğinin Belirlenmesi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Kimya Müh. Böl., Adana, 89 s.
  • Engel, D. W., Sunda, W. G., & Fowler, B. A. (1981). Factors Affecting Trace Metal Uptake And Toxicity To Estuarine Organisms. I. Environmental Parameters. Biological Monitoring of Marine Pollutants, 127-144. https//doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-718450-0.50011-0
  • Gündüz, T. (1994). Çevre Sorunları. A.Ü Fen Fakültesi Kimya Bölümü, Ankara, 145-148.
  • Haktanır, K., Arcak, S., Erpul, G., Tan, A. (1995). Accumulation of The Vehicle-Generated Heavy Metals on the Roadside Soils. Turkish Journal of Engineering & Environmental Sciences, 19 (6): 423-431.
  • Haşimoğlu, C., İçingür, Y., Öğüt, Y. (2002). Dizel Motorlarında Egzoz Gazları Resirkülasyonunun Motor Performansı ve Egzoz Emisyonlarına Etkisinin Deneysel Analizi. Turkish J. Eng. Env. Sci, 26: 127-135.
  • Howari, F., Abu-Rukah, Y., & Goodell, P. (2004). Heavy metal pollution of soils along North Shuna-Aqaba Highway, Jordan. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 22(5), 597. https://doi:10.1504/ijep.2004.005913
  • Jaradat, M.Q., Momani, A.K. (1999). Contamination of Roadside Soil, Plants, and Air With Heavy Metals in Jordan,a Comparative Study. Turk J Chem, 23, 209-220.
  • Kılıç, M., Ay, G., Koçbaş, F., Mungan, F., Karabaş, M., Dikicioğlu, R., Kardaş, T. (2011). Ayvalık Tuzlasında Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen Bitkisi Kullanılarak Nikel Düzeyinin Belirlenmesi. Anadolu Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 2(2), 16-23.
  • Merlini, M. (1980). Some Considerations on Heavy Metals in the Marine Hydrosphere and Biosphere. Thallasia Jugoslavica, 16(2-4), 367-376.
  • Motto, H. L., Danies, R. P., Motto, C. K. (1970). Lead in soils and plants; its relationship so traffic volume and proximity so highways. Environ. Sci. And Technol, 4, 231-237.
  • Nedelkoska, T., & Doran, P. (2000). Characteristics of heavy metal uptake by plant species with potential for phytoremediation and phytomining. Minerals Engineering, 13(5), 549-561. https://doi:10.1016/s0892-6875(00)00035-2.
  • Öztürk, M., Türkan, İ. (1993). Heavy metal accumulation by plants alongside the motor roads. A case Study from Turkey ( Ed; B.Markert). Plants as biomonitors, 640-650. Weinheim: VCH Publisher,
  • Phalsson, A. B. (1989). Toxicity of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb) to vascular plants. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 47(3-4), 287-319. https//doi:10.1007/bf00279329
  • Reboreda, R., & Caçador, I. (2007). Copper, zinc and lead speciation in salt marsh sediments colonised by Halimione portulacoides and Spartina maritima. Chemosphere, 69(10), 1655-1661. https//doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.034
  • Röderer, G. (1984). On the toxic effects of tetraethyl lead and its derivatives on the chrysophyte Poterioochromonas malhamensis—V. Electron microscopical studies. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 24(1), 17-30. https//doi:10.1016/0098-8472(84)90056-x
  • Seaward, M. R. D. and D. H. S. Richardson. (1990) Atmospheric sources of metal pollution and effects on vegetation. In: Heavy metal tolerance in plants: Evolutionary aspects (Ed.: A. Jonathan Shaw), CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 75-92.
  • Türkan, İ. (1986). İzmir İl Merkezi ve Çevre Yolları Kenarında Yetişen Bitkilerde Kurşun (Pb), Çinko (Zn) ve Kadmiyum (Cd) Kirlenmesinin Araştırılması. Doğa Türk Biyoloji Dergisi, 10 (1), 116-120.
  • UNEP, (1984). Sampling of selected marine organisms and sample preparation for trace metal analysis. Reference Methods for Marine Pollution Studies, 7(2), 15.
  • Válega, M., Lillebø, A., Pereira, M., Caçador, I., Duarte, A., & Pardal, M. (2008). Mercury in salt marshes ecosystems: Halimione portulacoides as biomonitor. Chemosphere, 73(8), 1224-1229. https//doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.07.053
  • Viard, B., Pihan, F., Promeyrat, S., & Pihan, J. (2004). Integrated assessment of heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Cd) highway pollution: Bioaccumulation in soil, Graminaceae and land snails. Chemosphere,55(10), 1349-1359. https//doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.003
  • Yassoglou, N., Kosmas, C., Asimakopoulos, J., & Kallianou, C. (1987). Heavy metal contamination of roadside soils in the Greater Athens area. Environmental Pollution, 47(4), 293-304. https//doi:10.1016/0269-7491(87)90149-7
  • Zengin, F.K., Munzuroğlu, Ö. (2004). Fasulye Fidelerinin (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Kök, Gövde ve Yaprak Büyümesi Üzerine Kurşun (Pb++) ve bakır (Cu++)’ın Etkileri. G.Ü. Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 17, 1-10.
  • Zengin, F.K., Munzuroğlu, Ö. (2005). Fasulye Fidelerinin (Phaseolus vulgaris L. Strike) klorofil ve karotenoid miktarı üzerine bazı ağır metallerin (Ni+2, Co+2, Cr+3, Zn+2) etkileri. F.Ü. Fen ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi, 17, 164-172.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Murat KILIÇ This is me (Primary Author)
MANİSA CELÂL BAYAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-6408-9660
Türkiye


Fatma KOÇBAŞ
MANİSA CELÂL BAYAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-3292-4932
Türkiye


Fatma MUNGAN KILIÇ This is me
MARDİN ARTUKLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KIZILTEPE MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, BİTKİSEL VE HAYVANSAL ÜRETİM BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0001-6858-3458
Türkiye

Publication Date April 15, 2019
Application Date December 13, 2018
Acceptance Date April 15, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 1

Cite

APA Kılıç, M. , Koçbaş, F. & Mungan Kılıç, F. (2019). Ayvalık tuzlasının ağır metal düzeyinin Halimione portulacoides (L.) bitkisi kullanılarak belirlenmesi . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 12 (1) , 100-106 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/biodicon/issue/59395/855561

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