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Ethnobotanical properties of natural plant in Kop Pass (Bayburt / Turkey)

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 264 - 276, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.925769

Abstract

People have been in interaction with the environment and plants from the existence of humanity to the present day. The people living in a certain geographical area use plants for different purposes like food, medical, fuel, industry, ornamental. This study was carried out to determine some natural plant taxa and the ethnobotanic properties of these plant taxa and ıt was carried out in seven villages of the central district of Bayburt. As result of study, it was determined that 91 plant taxa belonging to 36 families have ethnobotanical characteristics with the information obtained from the source people. The families, scientific names, usage areas and traditional usage forms of these plant taxa that have ethnobotanical importance have been explained. Of these plants that spread naturally and continue to be used; 18 taxa consumed as food, 12 taxa as food and medicinal, 25 taxa as medicinal, 2 taxa as fruit, 12 taxa as fruit and medicinal, 8 taxa used as aromatic (spice) and 7 taxa as aromatic and medicinal. Of plants leaf (35), flower (23), fruit (16), seed (13), stem (8), root (8), above ground (5), branch (4), tuber (2), bark (1) components were used. It has been recorded that 23 taxa used for other purposes (broom (2), basket (1), toy (4), dye (2), decorative (6), firewood (10) have ethnobotanical uses. In the study area; Rumex alpinus L. and Rumex crispus L. of Polygonaceae family, Rosa foetida J. Herrm., Rosa pimpinellifolia L., Malus sylvestris Miller of the Rosaceae family and Chenopodium album L. and Atriplex nitens Schkuhr belonging to the family Amaranthaceae has been determined commonly used wild plants.

References

  • [1] Guner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., & Babac, M.T. (2012). Turkey plant list (Vascular Plants). Istanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanical Garden and Flora Research Association Publication.
  • [2] Kop Dagı. (2020). Bayburt. Turkey. https://www.dogadernegi.org/kop-dagi/ Accessed date: 10/09/2020.
  • [3] Sezen, I., & Yilmaz, S. (2010). Determination of landscape potential of Kop Mountain in terms of recreational tourism. Journal of Ataturk Universty Faculty of Agriculture, 41(1), 59-64.
  • [4] Kendir, G., & Guvenc, A. (2010). Ethnobotany ethnobotany and made an overview of work in Turkey. Journal of Hacettepe University Faculty of Pharmacy, 30(1), 49-80.
  • [5] Ergül Bozkurt, A., Özkan, Z. C., & Saraç, D. Y. (2019). The floristic structure of the Artvin-Soğanlı Village (Turkey) and the traditional usage of these plants taxa in this region. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 12(2), 109-118.
  • [6] Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1965-1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 1-10, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. Gutierrez, R. (20). (Davis, P.H., Phytogeography of Turkey. In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh (1965).
  • [7] TUBIVES (2021). Turkish Plants Data Service. http://www.tubives.com/ Acsessed date:10/01/2021. [8] Uzun, A. (1992). The Kop Mountain Landslide. Journal of Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Education, 7, 272-282.
  • [9] Bulut, G., Tuzlaci, E., Dogan, A., & Senkardes, I. (2014). An ethnopharmacological review on the turlish apiaceae species. J. Fac. Pharm. Istanbul / İstanbul Ecz. Fak. Derg, 44(2), 163-179.
  • [10] Dogan, A., Bulut, G., Tuzlaci, E., & Senkardes, I. (2014). A Review of edible plants on the turlish apiaceae species. J. Fac. Pharm., 44(2), 251-262.
  • [11] Han, M. I., & Bulut, G. (2015). The folk-medicinal plants of Kadisehri (Yozgat - Turkey). Acta societatis botanıcorum Poloniae, 84(2), 237-248.
  • [12] Tugay, O., Bagcı, I., Ulukus, D., Ozer, E., & Canbulat, M. A. (2012). Wild plants using as food of Kurucuova Town (Beyşehir/ Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 5(3), 140-145.
  • [13] Aksakal, O,. & Kaya, Y. (2008). Plants used for food purposes by the public in Erzurum and its vicinity. Turkey 10. Food Congress. Erzurum.
  • [14] Tuncturk, M., & Tuncturk, R. (2020). A General evaluation of Van herby cheese and plants used in its making. Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, Turkey 13. National, First International Crop Science Congress Special Issue, 238-244. ISSN 1304-9984, Compilation 238.
  • [15] Cansaran, A., Kaya O. F., & Yildirim, C. (2007). An ethnobotanical study in the area between the plain of plain, Akpınar, Güllüce and Köseler (Gümüshacıköy / Amasya). Science and Eng. J of Fırat Univ., 19(3), 243-257.
  • [16] Uysal, I., Onar, S., Karabacak, E., & Çelik, S. (2010). Ethnobotanical aspects of Kapıdağ peninsula (Turkey). Biological diversity and Conservation, 3(3), 15-22.
  • [17] Sarac, D.U., Ozkan, Z.C., & Akbulut, S. (2013). Ethnobotanic features of Rize/Turkey province. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 6 (3), 57-66.
  • [18] Simsek, I., Aytekin, F., Yesilada, E., & Yildirimli Ş. (2002). An ethnobotanical study on the purposes of using plants among people in Anatolia. Herbal Medicine Raw Materials Meeting, Eskişehir.
  • [19] Gurhan, G., & Ezer, N. (2004). Plants Used in the Treatment of Hemorrhoids-1. Journal of Hacettepe University Faculty of Pharmacy, 24(1), 37-55.
  • [20] Polat, R., Satil, F., & Cakilcioğlu, U., (2011). Medicinal plants and their use properties of sold in herbal market in Bingöl (Turkey) district. Biological Diversity and Conservation ISSN 1308-8084 Online; ISSN 1308-5301 Print 4(3), 25-35.
  • [21] Tuzlaci, E. (2012). Turkey plant dictionary (Expanded 2nd Edition). Istanbul, Alfa Publications.
  • [22] Kadioglu, S., & Kadioglu, B., 2014. Medicinal and aromatic plants used as folk medicine (Erzurum). II. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Symposium, Yalova.
  • [23] Maral, H., Taghikhani, H., Kaya A., & Kirici S. (2015). The effect of different levels of altitutes on composition and content of essential oils of Ziziphora clinopodioides in Southern of Turkey. International Journal of Agriculture and Wildlife Sciences, 1(1), 1–6.
  • [24] Kadioglu, S., Kadioglu, B., Dızıkisa, T., & Karagoz Sezer, K. (2021). Ethnobotanical properties of wild plants that grow naturally and are used by the public. Journal of Muş Alparslan Unniversity Agricultural Productıon and Techonologies, 1(1), 39-50.
  • [25] Yucel, E., & Tulukoglu, A. (2000). Plants used as folk remedies around Gediz (Kütahya). Environmental Protection, 9 (36), 12-14.
  • [26] Yilmaz, D., Ozdogan, O., Bulut, G., & Ayaz Seyhan, S. (2019). Comparison of the antioxidant activities of two thyme species (Thymbra spicata var. Spicata and Origanum onites). International Journal of Eastern Anatolia Science Engineering and Design, 1(2), 296-306.
  • [27] Kocabas, Y. Z., & Karaman, S. (2001). Essential oils of lamiaceae family from south east mediterranean region (Turkey) I. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 4(10), 1221- 1223.
  • [28] Bahtiyarca Bagdat, R. (2006). Usage areas of medicinal and aromatic plants, medicinal sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and growing techniques of species known as thyme in Turkey. Journal of Field Crops Central Research Institute, 15(1–2), 19–28.

Kop geçidi doğal bitkilerinin etnobotanik özellikleri (Bayburt/ Turkey)

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 264 - 276, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.925769

Abstract

İnsanlar, çevre ve bitkilerle etkileşim içerisindedir. Belli bir coğrafi bölgede yaşayan insanlar, bitkileri gıda, tıbbi, yakıt, sanayi, süs gibi farklı amaçlarla kullanırlar. Amacı halkın kullandığı ve yararlandığı bitkiler ve bu bitkilerle ilgili kullanım bilgilerini tespit etmek olan bu araştırma Bayburt merkez ilçeye bağlı yedi köyde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Yürütülen bu çalışmada kaynak kişilerden elde edilen bilgiler ile 36 familyaya ait 91 bitki taksonunun etnobotanik özelliklerinin olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu bitki taksonlarından etnobotanik öneme sahip olanlarının familyaları, bilimsel adları, kullanım alanları ve geleneksel kullanım biçimleri belirtilmiştir. Doğal yayılış gösteren ve kullanımı sürdürülen bu bitkilerden; gıda olarak tüketilen 18 takson, gıda ve tıbbi olarak 12 takson, tıbbi olarak 25 takson, aromatik 8 takson, aromatik ve tıbbi olarak 7 takson, meyve olarak 2 takson, meyve ve tıbbi olarak 12 takson kullanıldığı, kullanılan bitkilerin yaprak (35), çiçek (23), meyve (16), tohum (13), gövde (8), kök (8), toprak üstü (5), dal (5), yumru (3), kabuk (1) aksamından yararlanıldığı belirlenmiştir. Diğer amaçlarla kullanılan 23 taksonun (süpürge (2), sepet (1), oyuncak (4), boya (2), dekoratif (6), yakacak (10)) etnobotanik kullanımlarının olduğu kaydedilmiştir. Çalışma alanında yaygın olarak kullanılan yabani bitkilerin; Polygonaceae familyasına ait Rumex alpinus L. ile Rumex crispus L., Rosaceae familyasına ait Rosa foetida J. Herrm., Rosa pimpinellifolia L., Malus sylvestris Miller ve Amaranthaceae familyasına ait Chenopodium album L. ile Atriplex nitens Schkuhr., olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

References

  • [1] Guner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., & Babac, M.T. (2012). Turkey plant list (Vascular Plants). Istanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanical Garden and Flora Research Association Publication.
  • [2] Kop Dagı. (2020). Bayburt. Turkey. https://www.dogadernegi.org/kop-dagi/ Accessed date: 10/09/2020.
  • [3] Sezen, I., & Yilmaz, S. (2010). Determination of landscape potential of Kop Mountain in terms of recreational tourism. Journal of Ataturk Universty Faculty of Agriculture, 41(1), 59-64.
  • [4] Kendir, G., & Guvenc, A. (2010). Ethnobotany ethnobotany and made an overview of work in Turkey. Journal of Hacettepe University Faculty of Pharmacy, 30(1), 49-80.
  • [5] Ergül Bozkurt, A., Özkan, Z. C., & Saraç, D. Y. (2019). The floristic structure of the Artvin-Soğanlı Village (Turkey) and the traditional usage of these plants taxa in this region. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 12(2), 109-118.
  • [6] Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1965-1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 1-10, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. Gutierrez, R. (20). (Davis, P.H., Phytogeography of Turkey. In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh (1965).
  • [7] TUBIVES (2021). Turkish Plants Data Service. http://www.tubives.com/ Acsessed date:10/01/2021. [8] Uzun, A. (1992). The Kop Mountain Landslide. Journal of Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Education, 7, 272-282.
  • [9] Bulut, G., Tuzlaci, E., Dogan, A., & Senkardes, I. (2014). An ethnopharmacological review on the turlish apiaceae species. J. Fac. Pharm. Istanbul / İstanbul Ecz. Fak. Derg, 44(2), 163-179.
  • [10] Dogan, A., Bulut, G., Tuzlaci, E., & Senkardes, I. (2014). A Review of edible plants on the turlish apiaceae species. J. Fac. Pharm., 44(2), 251-262.
  • [11] Han, M. I., & Bulut, G. (2015). The folk-medicinal plants of Kadisehri (Yozgat - Turkey). Acta societatis botanıcorum Poloniae, 84(2), 237-248.
  • [12] Tugay, O., Bagcı, I., Ulukus, D., Ozer, E., & Canbulat, M. A. (2012). Wild plants using as food of Kurucuova Town (Beyşehir/ Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 5(3), 140-145.
  • [13] Aksakal, O,. & Kaya, Y. (2008). Plants used for food purposes by the public in Erzurum and its vicinity. Turkey 10. Food Congress. Erzurum.
  • [14] Tuncturk, M., & Tuncturk, R. (2020). A General evaluation of Van herby cheese and plants used in its making. Journal of Faculty of Agriculture, Turkey 13. National, First International Crop Science Congress Special Issue, 238-244. ISSN 1304-9984, Compilation 238.
  • [15] Cansaran, A., Kaya O. F., & Yildirim, C. (2007). An ethnobotanical study in the area between the plain of plain, Akpınar, Güllüce and Köseler (Gümüshacıköy / Amasya). Science and Eng. J of Fırat Univ., 19(3), 243-257.
  • [16] Uysal, I., Onar, S., Karabacak, E., & Çelik, S. (2010). Ethnobotanical aspects of Kapıdağ peninsula (Turkey). Biological diversity and Conservation, 3(3), 15-22.
  • [17] Sarac, D.U., Ozkan, Z.C., & Akbulut, S. (2013). Ethnobotanic features of Rize/Turkey province. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 6 (3), 57-66.
  • [18] Simsek, I., Aytekin, F., Yesilada, E., & Yildirimli Ş. (2002). An ethnobotanical study on the purposes of using plants among people in Anatolia. Herbal Medicine Raw Materials Meeting, Eskişehir.
  • [19] Gurhan, G., & Ezer, N. (2004). Plants Used in the Treatment of Hemorrhoids-1. Journal of Hacettepe University Faculty of Pharmacy, 24(1), 37-55.
  • [20] Polat, R., Satil, F., & Cakilcioğlu, U., (2011). Medicinal plants and their use properties of sold in herbal market in Bingöl (Turkey) district. Biological Diversity and Conservation ISSN 1308-8084 Online; ISSN 1308-5301 Print 4(3), 25-35.
  • [21] Tuzlaci, E. (2012). Turkey plant dictionary (Expanded 2nd Edition). Istanbul, Alfa Publications.
  • [22] Kadioglu, S., & Kadioglu, B., 2014. Medicinal and aromatic plants used as folk medicine (Erzurum). II. Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Symposium, Yalova.
  • [23] Maral, H., Taghikhani, H., Kaya A., & Kirici S. (2015). The effect of different levels of altitutes on composition and content of essential oils of Ziziphora clinopodioides in Southern of Turkey. International Journal of Agriculture and Wildlife Sciences, 1(1), 1–6.
  • [24] Kadioglu, S., Kadioglu, B., Dızıkisa, T., & Karagoz Sezer, K. (2021). Ethnobotanical properties of wild plants that grow naturally and are used by the public. Journal of Muş Alparslan Unniversity Agricultural Productıon and Techonologies, 1(1), 39-50.
  • [25] Yucel, E., & Tulukoglu, A. (2000). Plants used as folk remedies around Gediz (Kütahya). Environmental Protection, 9 (36), 12-14.
  • [26] Yilmaz, D., Ozdogan, O., Bulut, G., & Ayaz Seyhan, S. (2019). Comparison of the antioxidant activities of two thyme species (Thymbra spicata var. Spicata and Origanum onites). International Journal of Eastern Anatolia Science Engineering and Design, 1(2), 296-306.
  • [27] Kocabas, Y. Z., & Karaman, S. (2001). Essential oils of lamiaceae family from south east mediterranean region (Turkey) I. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 4(10), 1221- 1223.
  • [28] Bahtiyarca Bagdat, R. (2006). Usage areas of medicinal and aromatic plants, medicinal sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and growing techniques of species known as thyme in Turkey. Journal of Field Crops Central Research Institute, 15(1–2), 19–28.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Sibel KADIOĞLU (Primary Author)
doğu anadolu tarımsal araştırma enstitüsü
0000-0002-9121-1705
Türkiye


Banu KADIOĞLU
Doğu Anadolu Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü
0000-0002-9041-5992
Türkiye


Kevser KARAGÖZ
Toprak Gübre ve Su Kaynakları Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü/Ankara
0000-0002-1779-5861
Türkiye

Supporting Institution General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies (TAGEM)
Project Number project number of TBAD/13/A01/P05/006.
Publication Date August 15, 2021
Application Date April 22, 2021
Acceptance Date July 22, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2

Cite

APA Kadıoğlu, S. , Kadıoğlu, B. & Karagöz, K. (2021). Ethnobotanical properties of natural plant in Kop Pass (Bayburt / Turkey) . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (2) , 264-276 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.925769

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❖  Correspondance Adres: Prof. Ersin YÜCEL, P.K. 86, İki Eylül PTT Merkez, 26000 Eskişehir / Turkey
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❖ Biological Diversity and Conservation/ Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma
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