Last Issue

Volume: 15 - Issue: 1

Year: 2022

Research Article

AIMS 

The purpose of the journal "Biological Diversity and Conservation" is to publish experimental studies, original articles and case reports, prepared in accordance with ethical rules, examining all aspects of biological diversity. Original articles on biodiversity, conservation, biotechnology, environment, endangered species, endangered habitats, systematic, vegetation, ecology, biogeography, health, genetics, plants, animals and microorganisms are published in the journal.

AIMS AND SCOPE

Biological Diversity and Conservation journal is an international, scientific, online and pirint journal published in accordance with independent, unbiased, and double-blinded peer-review principles. This jounal is an international journal, about biological diversity and conservation with refree.

Biological Diversity and Conservation publishes experimental studies on on all aspects of biological diversity, orginal manuscrip, reviews on current topics, case reports, editorial comments and letters to the editor that are prepared in accordance with the ethical guidelines. This journal accepts research on biological diversity, biotechnology, botanic, conservation, ecology, endangered habitats, endangered species, environmental science, ethnobotany, farming, food, forestry, genetics, medicinal plants, medicine, microorganisms, other organisms, pharmacology, zoology. Descriptive or experimental studies presenting clear research questions are accepted.  ‘Biological Diversity and Conservation’ has been added to the journal list of the Medical Reads (RRS) program together with the “Biology and Medical Journals”. The journal’s publication language are English and Turkish.

The editorial and publication processes of the journal are shaped in accordance with Council of Science Editors (CSE), Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), European Association of Science Editors (EASE), the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal is in conformity with the Principles of clearness and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

Processing and publication are free of charge with the journal. All manuscripts must be submitted via the online submission system, which is available at http:// www.biodicon.com. The journal guidelines, information, and the required forms are available on the journal’s web page.

All sorts of responsibilities of the articles published in this journal are belonging to the authors. Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in the journal reflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of the editors, editorial board, and/or publisher; the editors, editorial board, and publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials.

The journal started its publication in 2008. This journal is published three numbers in a year. Printed in Eskişehir/Turkey. This journal is registered to “Turkey Citation Index”.

Abstracting and Indexing
"Biological Diversity and Conservation" is currently indexed in EBSCO, Genamics JournalSeek Database, InfoBaseIndex, Turkey Citation Index, Scopus, Clarivate Analytics Thomson Reuters Zoological Record.

Libraries
Aberystwyth University; All libraries; Bath University; Birmingham University; Cardiff University; City University London; CONSER (Not UK Holdings); Edinburgh University; Essex University; Exeter University; EZB Electronic Journals Library; Feng Chia University Library; GAZİ Gazi University Library; Glasgow University; HEC-National Digital Library; Hull University; Imperial College London; Kaohsinug Medical University Library; ANKOS; KYBELE Anadolu University Library; Lancaster University; Libros PDF; Liverpool University; London Metropolitan University; London School of Economics and Political Science; Manchester University; National Cheng Kung University Library; National ILAN University Library; Nottingham University; Open University; Oxford University; Queen Mary,University of London;Robert Gordon University; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Sheffield Hallam University; Sheffield University; Shih Hsin University Library; Smithsonian Institution Libraries; Southampton University; Stirling University; Strathclyde University; Sussex University; The National Agricultural Library (NAL); The Ohio Library and Information NetWork; Trinity College Dublin; University of Washington Libraries; Vaughan Memorial Library; York University.

Subscriptions
The “Biological Diversity and Conservation” is printed on acid-free paper. Applications for subscriptions should be made to the Editorial Office. The abstracts and full texts of published articles can be accessed free of charge http:// www.biodicon.com

Please visit ” http:// www.biodicon.com“ for instructions about articles and all of the details about journal.

Owner and Publisher
Prof. Dr. Ersin YÜCEL

Editor in Chief
Prof. Dr. Ersin YÜCEL
Address: İki Eylül PTT Merkez, P.K. 86; 26000 Eskişehir / Turkey
Phone: +90364189988
E-mail: biodicon@gmail.com

INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS


“Biodiversity and Conservation (BioDiCon)” is an international, peer-reviewed scientific journal published in online and printed form, in accordance with the principles of independency and impartiality. This journal is a peer reviewed journal on the topics of biological diversity and conservation that uses independent, unbiased double-blinded peer review principles.
“Biological Diversity and Conservation” publishes experimental studies, compilations on current issues, case reports, editorial comments and editorial letters prepared in accordance with the ethical guidelines, about on all areas of biological diversities. Descriptive or experimental studies presenting clear research questions are accepted. ‘Biological Diversity and Conservation’ has been added to the journal list of the Medical Reads (RRS) program together with the “Biology and Medical Journals”. The journal’s publication language are English and Turkish.
The manuscripts submitted to Biological Diversity and Conservation will go through a double-blind peer-review process. Each submission will be reviewed by at least two external, independent peer reviewers who are experts in their fields in order to ensure an unbiased evaluation process. The editorial board will invite an external and independent editor to manage the evaluation processes of manuscripts submitted by editors or by the editorial board members of the journal.
An approval of research protocols by the Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements is required for experimental, clinical, and drug studies and for some case reports. If required, ethics committee reports or an equivalent official document will be requested from the authors.
A declaration text including the written consent should be added in the manuscripts concerning experimental research on humans related to that the patients and the volunteers were informed about the procedures of the performed and to be performed studies on them. In addition, information about patients’ approval, the name of the ethics committee, and the ethics committee approval number should be addressed in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript. In the studies carried out on animals, the precautions taken to prevent pain and suffering of the animals should be clearly indicated.

Authorship Contribution Form
The journal of Biological Diversity and Conservation, in order to protect the rights of the authors and to prevent such situations as ghost / honorary authorship, requires the author to submit a signed and a scanned copy of the Authorship Contribution Form (which can be downloaded from http://www.biodicon.com).

Policy of Screening for Plagiarism
All submissions are checked by a similarity detection software iThenticate program for determination of plagiarism and non-ethical situations. In cases where the application is alleged or suspected as plagiarism, citation manipulation and data forgery/production, the Editorial Board will follow and act in accordance with the COPE rules.
If the editorial board gets suspicious about a case of ‘gift authorship’, the application will be rejected without being reviewed. As a part of article submission the responsible author should send a short statement text affirming that s/he takes all the responsibilty of the article during the submission and review stages of the manuscript.

ICMJE Conflict of Interest form
Biological Diversity and Conservation journal asks and encourages its authors and submitted articles to disclose any existing or potential conflicts of interests, including financial, consultant and institutional ones, that may lead to potential bias or conflicts among individuals involved in the evaluation process. Any material grants or other support received for a study sent from individuals or institutions should be reported to the Editorial Board. In order to disclose a potential conflict of interest, The Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form (ICMJE) must be signed by all contributing authors and forwarded to the journal editorial board.

Appeals and Complaint
All appeals and complaint cases are dealt with in the framework of the COPE trial rules by The Editorial Board of the journal. In such cases, the authors should directly make a contact with the editorial office in relation to their appeal and complaints.

Copyright
When submitting an article to the journal of Biological Diversity and Conservation, the authors agree to give the copyright of their articles to the journal. If the publication is rejected, the copyright of the article will be assigned back to the authors. Biological Diversity and Conservation requires each article application to be carried out together with the Copyright Transfer Form (which can be downloaded from
When using previously published content, permission from the copyright owner must be obtained by the authors.
The statements or opinions contained in the articles published in the Journal of Biological Diversity and Conservation reflect the views of the author(s); the editors, the editorial board, and the publisher don’t accept any responsibility or liability for such materials. All the responsiblity belongs to the authors about the published content.

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT

Authors are required to prepare manuscripts in accordance with the STROBE guidelines for observational original research studies, STARD guidelines for studies on diagnostic accuracy, PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, ARRIVE guidelines for experimental animal studies, TREND guidelines and CONSORT guidelines for randomized research studies for non-randomized public behaviour. The manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conducting (http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations).
Manuscripts can only be submitted through the journal’s online manuscript submission and evaluation system, available at Submissions that do not comply with the rules of the journal will be returned to the submitting author with the requests of correction requets.

Authors are required to submit the following
a) Copyright Transfer Form,
b) Author Contributions Form,
c) ICMJE Potential Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form (should be filled in by all contributing authors) during the initial submission. These forms are available for download at
d) Similarity Form (iThenticate: According to the Plagiarism Detection Software programme the similarity index of the article should not exceed 20% after all references and less than 1% matches have been removed.)

Preparation of the Manuscript (General rules for all manuscript types)
Title page: The first page of the article should include the title of manuscript, authors’ names and institutions, an abstract, and keywords. Title, abstract, and keywords must be provided both in English and Turkish. The corresponding author should be indicated by a footnote and besides his/her full open mail address, and an e-mail address should also be provided.
A separate title page should be submitted for all submissions and this page should include:
 Full title of manuscript as well as a short title of up to 50 characters (title)
 Name(s) , address and highest academic degree of the author (s),
 Providing information about supporting institutions (if any),
 Name, address, telephone, fax numbers and e-mail address of the corresponding author,
 Acknowledgment of the individuals who contributed to the preparation of the manuscript.

Abstract: The abstract of Original Articles should be structured with subheadings (Objective, Methods, Results, and Conclusion). Abstract should be written both in English and in Turkish up to 300 words. First the English name of the article, then the English abstract should be written. After that the Turkish name of the article and a summary in Turkish should be written If the article is written in English and sent from outside Turkey, Turkish abstract it is not necessary. Please check Table 1 below for word count specifications.

Keywords: Key words should not exceed 3-5 words. Keywords should start with lowercase letters except for italic words and special names.

MANUSCRIPT TYPES
Original Research
The first page of the article should include the title of manuscript, authors’ names and institutions, an abstract, and keywords. Title, abstract, and keywords must be provided both in English and Turkish. . If the article is written in English and sent from outside Turkey, Turkish Title, abstract and Keywords it is not necessary. The corresponding author should be indicated by a footnote and besides his/her full open mail address, and an e-mail address should also be provided.

Title: Must be provided both in English and Turkish.
Abstract: It should not include subheadings and should be limited to 350 words
Keywords: This section should contain at least three and at most six items and should be provided just below the abstract.
Main Text: The text should start with the Introduction, and be divided into appropriate sections. Sections must be numbered consecutively. Section headings must be written minisculely flush left and bold with their numbers (as, 1. Introduction, 2. Material and method, 3. Results, 4. Conclusions and discussion). Subsections must be numbered as “1.1”, “1.2”, etc., using the section number and must be written minisclulely flush left. All acronyms and abbreviations used in the manuscript should be defined at first use, both in the abstract and in the main text. In the final section there must be Acknowledgements (if any) , References and Appendices (if any).Please check Table 1 for the limitations. It should include Introduction, other subheadings and Conclusion sections and should be limited to 5000 words except for the references.
References: The reference list should be placed just below the main text and the number of references should not exceed 50.
Tables, Figures and Images: The appearance of Tables, Figures and Images should be provided in the text. The visuals should be original or the written permission obtained from the copyright holder should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief’s Office.

Review
Reviews prepared by the authors who have a broad knowledge in a specific area and represented in the international literatüre by a high number of publications and citations, are evaluated.
Title: Must be provided both in English and Turkish.
Abstract: Abstract shouldn’t include subheadings and should be limited to 350 words.
Keywords: This section should include at least three and at most six items and should be provided just below the abstract.
Main Text: It should include Introduction, other subheadings and Conclusion sections and should be limited to 5000 words excluding the references.
References: The reference list should be placed below the main text and the number of references should not exceed 55.
Tables, Figures and Images: Tables, Figures and Images: The appearance of Tables, Figures and Images sholud be provided in the text. The visuals should be original or the written permission obtained from the copyright holder should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief’s Office. Please check Table 1 for the limitations.

Research note, Case Reports, Case Series and Literature Review
The text should include Introduction, Case reports, Discussion and Conclusion subheadings. Please check Table 1 for the limitations for Research Note.



Letters to the Editor
Discusses important parts, unobserved aspects or missing parts of a previously published article. Letters to the Editor should not include Abstract, Keywords and Tables, Figures, Images, and other media. The text should be unstructured. The commented article must be properly identified in the letter to the editor (Table 1).


Table 1. Limitations for each manuscript type
Type of manuscript                      Word limit       Abstract word limit     Reference limit         Table limit                                   Figure limit
Original Research                        5000               350                           35                            7 maximum                                  20 images
Review Article                                5000              350                           55                            7 maximum                                 20 images
Research note, Case Report        1000               250                         15                             No tables maximum                     15 images
Case Series                                  1500               250                          20                             maximum 15 images maximum  15 images
Literature of Review                      3500               250                          35 maximum            15 images maximum                   15 images
Letter to the Editor                          500               No abstract               7 No tables               No figure                                     No figure

Tables
Tables should be included in the main document, and they should be numbered consecutively in the order they are referred to within the main text. Their appearance in the text should be provided. A descriptive title must be placed above the tables. Abbreviations used in the tables should be defined below the tables by footnotes. Tables should be created using the “insert table” command of the word processing software.

Figures, Graphics and Photographs
Figures, graphics, and photographs should be submitted as separate files (JPEG format) through the submission system. The files should not be embedded in a Word document or in the main document. Any information within the images that may indicate an individual or institution should be blacked out. The minimum resolution of each submitted figure should be 300 DPI. All submitted figures should be clear in resolution and large in size. Figures , tables and illustrations should be inserted to the appropriate positions where they are mentioned in the text. All drawings, graphics, photographs, etc. should be regarded as figures. Figures should be numbered consecutively (as Figure 1.).

References
While citing publications, the latest and the most current publications should be preferred. At least half (50%) of the references should be published within the last 10 years. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with the journal abbreviations in Index Medicus/ MEDLINE/PubMed. When there are 6 or fewer authors, all authors should be listed. If there are 7 or more authors, the first 6 authors should be written, the space should be “...” left behind and the last author should be written. In the main text of the manuscript, references should be cited by using numbers in parentheses [as 3]. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. The reference styles for different types of publications are presented in the following examples. Reference must be made according to APA 6th. Please refer to the details;

Reference form

Reference form

No author

[1] Regional perspectives on aid for trade. (2014). Paris, FR: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Journal article with DOI

[1] Sengün, Y. (2012). The wild plants consumed as a food in Afyonkarahisar. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 5(2), 95-105. https://doi:10.1242/jeb.103937
[2] Yücel, E., & Ezer, T. (2018). The bryophyte flora of Eskisehir Province (Turkey). Arctoa 27, 164–171. https://doi: 10.15298/arctoa.27.16
[3] Author, A. (year). Title of article: Title of Journal, volume(issue), page range. Doi:xx xxxxxxxxxx.


Journal article with DOI

[1] Eroğlu, G., Kaşik, G., & Öztürk, C. (2015). Three new myxomycete records from Turkey. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 8(1), 16-18.
[2] Brown, L. F., Yeo, K., Berse, B., Yeo, T. K., Senger, D. R., Dvorak, H. F., & Van De Water, L. (1992). Expression of vascular permeability factor. The Journal of Experimental Medicine, 176(5), 1375-1379.

Journal article published in a supplement

[1] Lock, M. (2015). Eclipse of the gene and the return of divination. Current Anthropology, 46(Suppl. 5), S47-S70. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/432452

Books

[1] Fleer, M. (2015). Science for children. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
[2] Berkes, F. & Kışlalıoğlu, M. (1990). Ekoloji ve çevre bilimleri. İstanbul: Remzi Kitabevi.
[3] Langlais, B., Reckhow, D. A., & Brink, D. R. (1991). Ozone in water treatment. London: UK: CRC Press.
[4] Brown, M., Shields, J., Kaine, S., Dolle-Samuel, C., North-Samardzic, A., McLean, P., … O’Leary, P. (2016). Managing employee performance and reward: Concepts, practices, strategies (2nd ed.). Port Melbourne, VIC: Cambridge University Press.

eBook

[1] Bull, M. (2015). Punishment and sentencing: Risk, rehabilitation and restitution. Retrieved from http://CURTIN.eblib.com.au/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1985996

Chapter in an edited print book

[1] Petermann, E. (2015). Monster mash-ups: Features of the horror musical. In L. Piatti-Farnell & D. L. Brien (Eds.), New directions in 21st century gothic: The gothic compass (4th ed., pp. 71-83). New York, NY: Taylor and Francis.

Conference paper

[1] Novak, D., & Verber, D. (2015, July 21). Assessment of the influence caused by random events within real- time strategy game engine on a game bot gameplay. Paper presented at the 8th Annual International Conference on Computer Games, Multimedia and Allied Technology, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.5176/2251-1679_CGAT15.27 


ETHICAL PRINCIPLES

Biological Diversity and Conservation/Biological Diversity and Conservation journal is an international, scientific, online and printed journal that publishes in accordance with the principles of independent, unbiased and double-blind peer review. Biological Diversity and Conservation journal is published three times a year depending on ethical principles and rules. The journal publishes original and experimental studies on biodiversity and conservation together with a limited number of reviews that contribute to universal science. The editorial and publishing processes of the Biological Diversity and Conservation journal are in line with the Council of Science Editors (CSE), Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), European Association of Science Editors (EASE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines, World Association of Medical Journal Editors (WAME) and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). Complies with Journal Openness Principles and Best Practice in Scientific Publishing.

Ethical Responsibilities of the Author(s)

❖ The author(s) should state that a study submitted to the Biological Diversity and Conservation journal has not been submitted to another journal for simultaneous publication.
❖ The author(s) should write the sources they used in the article correctly and according to the journal writing rules (according to the APA citation system).
❖ Author(s) must fill in the “Copyright Transfer Form/The Copyright Agreement Form” completely and this form must be signed by all authors.
❖ All authors must fill and sign the "Conflict of Interest Form (ICMJE Form) / Conflict of Interest Form (ICMJE Form)" for the article.
❖ If the study requires ethics committee permissions, the author(s) should obtain the relevant “Ethics Committee Approval” for the article and upload this document to the system with the application of the article.
❖ If there are copyrighted materials (pictures, figures, tables, etc.) in the article, the authors should obtain the necessary permissions for them and indicate this.
❖ All authors must have contributed to the article, have read and approved the final version of the article. If there are other lesser contributors to the article, they should be included in the "Acknowledgements" section.
❖ The author(s) endorsed the article to the STROBE guidelines for observational original research studies, the STARD guidelines for diagnostic accuracy studies, the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, the ARRIVE guidelines for experimental animal studies, the TREND guidelines for nonrandomized public behavior studies and the CONSORT rules for random research studies. Medical articles should be prepared in accordance with the ICMJE Recommendations.
❖ The author(s) must upload all necessary forms to the journal's web system, together with the Full Text article. Articles with missing forms will not be evaluated.

Ethical Responsibilities of Referees

❖ Evaluation of an article in the journal Biological Diversity and Conservation is carried out in accordance with the principles of double-blind peer review, and the referee(s) must be unbiased and confidential during the evaluation process.
❖ Reviewer(s) should evaluate the articles regardless of the ethnic origin, gender, religious belief and political philosophy of the authors and should be objective, unbiased and fair.
❖ Referee(s) should not agree to evaluate studies that do not have conflicts of interest in their field of expertise.
❖ The referee who evaluates the study must download the "Reviewer Evaluation Form" of the journal from the system, fill it out completely and send it to the journal together with the evaluation form if he/she has made a correction on the original article.
❖ The referee who examines the article should be careful in his/her criticisms, avoid rude and offensive criticism, and use a constructive style.
❖ The referee(s) should not exchange information about the article and its authors with third parties.
❖ The referee(s) should evaluate the article in the given time, and if this is not possible, they should inform the journal editor as soon as possible.

Editors' Ethical Responsibilities

❖ The editor should evaluate the articles regardless of the ethnic origin, gender, religious belief and political philosophy of the authors, and should be objective and fair.
❖ The editor should fill out the necessary forms completely and reject the study and studies that do not comply with the purpose and scope of the journal in the absence of the necessary ethics committee approval and permissions for experimental research. In case of ethical violation, necessary actions should be taken.
❖ The editor should initiate the double-blind refereeing and evaluation process in accordance with the publication policy of the journal regarding the appointment of referees and convey their expectations to the referee(s).
❖ The editor should take care to protect the personal data of the author(s) and referee(s).

Publisher's Ethical Responsibilities

❖ The publisher should accept that the publication process is the responsibility of the referee and the editor and should not get involved in this process.
❖ The publisher should comply with all ethical principles regarding the journal and protect the copyright of every work it publishes.

Notifying the Editor of the Situation Not Complying with the Ethical Principles


In case of situations that do not comply with the ethical principles regarding the editors, referees, authors and / or other assignments working in the Biological Diversity and Conservation journal, and the articles published or sent for publication, it should be reported to the e-mail address biodicon @gmail.com.

The article processing is free.

❖  Abstracted-Indexed in
Web of Science {Zoological Records Indexed] Clavariate Analytic, CiteFactor, Turkey Citation Index, JournalSeek Database, arastirmax, Medical Reads (RRS), CrossRef;10.46309/biodicon.

❖ Libraries
Aberystwyth University; All libraries; Bath University; Birmingham University; Cardiff University; City University London; CONSER (Not UK Holdings); Edinburgh University; Essex University; Exeter University; EZB Electronic Journals Library; Feng Chia University Library; GAZİ Gazi University Library; Glasgow University; HEC-National Digital Library; Hull University; Imperial College London; Kaohsinug Medical University Library; ANKOS; Anadolu University Library; Lancaster University; Libros PDF; Liverpool University; London Metropolitan University; London School of Economics and Political Science; Manchester University; National Cheng Kung University Library; National ILAN University Library; Nottingham University; Open University; Oxford University; Queen Mary,University of London;Robert Gordon University; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Sheffield Hallam University; Sheffield University; Shih Hsin University Library; Smithsonian Institution Libraries; Southampton University; Stirling University; Strathclyde University; Sussex University; The National Agricultural Library (NAL); The Ohio Library and Information NetWork; Trinity College Dublin; University of Washington Libraries; Vaughan Memorial Library; York University..

❖ The article processing is free.

❖ Web of Science-Clarivate Analytics, Zoological Record
❖ This journal is registered to “Turkey Citation Index
❖ This journal is a CrossRef;10.46309/biodicon. member

❖ Please visit ” http:// www.biodicon.com“ for instructions about articles and all of the details about journal


❖  Correspondance Adres: Prof. Ersin YÜCEL, P.K. 86, İki Eylül PTT Merkez, 26000 Eskişehir / Turkey
E-posta / E-mail: biodicon@gmail.com;
Web Address: http://www.biodicon.com; https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/biodicon
❖ Biological Diversity and Conservation/ Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma
❖ ISSN 1308-5301 Print; ISSN 1308-8084 Online
❖ Start Date Published 2008
© Copyright by Biological Diversity and Conservation/Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma-Available online at www.biodicon.com/All rights reserved
Publisher : Ersin YÜCEL
❖ This journal is published three numbers in a year. Printed in Eskişehir/Turkey.
❖ All sorts of responsibilities of the articles published in this journal are belonging to the authors
Editör / Editor-In-Chief : Prof.Dr. Ersin YÜCEL, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8274-7578