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Essential oils compositions and local names of some medicinal and aromatic plants from Lamiaceae family sold in local bazaars of Edremit-Akçay (Balıkesir-Turkey)

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 3, 372 - 379, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.911991

Abstract

In this study, Origanum majorana L., Origanum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare, Salvia tomentosa Mill. and Sideritis athoa Papan. & Kokkini are sold in local bazaars in Edremit-Akçay (Balıkesir, Turkey) and used as folk medicine. They were investigated for their local names and essential oils. Aerial parts of the plants were subjected to hydrodistillation using a Clevenger type apparatus. Essential oils were analyzed using gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC / MS). The main constituents of Origanum majorana were carvacrol (71.8%), -terpinen (8.9%) and p-simen (8.2%). The major component was identified as carvacrol (76.1%) along with γ-terpinene (6.7%) and p-simen (6.4%) in the oil of Origanum vulgare subsp. vulgare. Camphor (27.3%), -pinene (15.3%), 1,8-cineol (12.3%) and -pinene (7.8%) were found as the major compounds in the oil of Salvia tomentosa. Carvacrol (33.0%), epicubebole (10.0%) and -pinene (7.3%) as the major components in the oil of Sideritis athoa. Due to the main essential oil compounds, carvacrol, cafur, etc. of these plants have potential use in orthodontics, endodontics, and periodontology in dentistry.

References

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Edremit-Akçay (Balıkesir-Türkiye) Semt pazarlarında halk ilacı olarak satılan Lamiaceae familyasına ait bazı tıbbi ve aromatik bitkilerin yöresel isimleri ve uçucu yağ bileşikleri

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 3, 372 - 379, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.911991

Abstract

Bu çalışmada Edremit-Akçay (Balıkesir)’da semt pazarlarında satılan ve halk ilacı olarak kullanılan Origanum majorana L., Origanum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare, Salvia tomentosa Mill. ve Sideritis athoa Papan. & Kokkini’nın yöre halkı arasındaki yerel isimleri ve uçucu yağ içerikleri araştırılmıştır. Bitkisel materyallerin toprak üstü kısımlarından su distilasyonu ile uçucu yağlar edilmiştir. Uçucu yağların bileşimi gaz kromatografisi (GC) ve gaz kromatografisi kütle spektrometresi (GC/MS) kullanılarak belirlenmiştir. Origanum majorana uçucu yağında karvakrol (71.8%), γ-terpinen (8.9%) ve p-simen (8.2%); Origanum vulgare subsp. vulgare uçucu yağında karvakrol (76.1%), γ-terpinen (6.7%) ve p-simen (6.4%) ana bileşikler olarak belirlenmiştir. Salvia tomentosa uçucu yağının ana bileşenleri kafur (% 27.3),-pinen (% 15.3), 1,8-sineol (% 12.3) ve -pinen (% 7.8), Sideritis athoa’nın ana bileşikleri karvakrol (% 33.0), epikubebol (% 10.0) ve -pinen (% 7.3) olarak bulunmuştur. Bu bitkiler, karvakrol, kafur vb. uçucu yağ ana bileşenleri nedeni ile diş hekimliğinde ortodonti, endodonti ve periodontoloji dallarında kullanım için önerilebilir.

References

  • [1] Baytop, T. (1999). Türkiye’de Bitkiler ile Tedavi. İstanbul: Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri.
  • [2] Alan, S., & Koca, F. (2007). Eskişehir’de Yetişen Thymus L. (Labiatae) Türleri Üzerinde Anatomik Araştırmalar, Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 161-180.
  • [3] Heywood, V. H. (1978). Flowering Plants of the World. London, UK: Oxford Univ. Press.
  • [4] Davis, P. H., Mill, R. R., & Tan, K. (1988). Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands. Edinburgh: UK: Edinburgh University Press.
  • [5] Seçmen, Ö., Gemici, Y., Leblebici, E., Görk, G., & Bekat, L. (1989). Tohumlu Bitkiler Sistematiği. İzmir: Ege Üniversitesi Basımevi.
  • [6] Watson, L., & Dallwitz, M. J. (2002). The Families of Flowering Plants. Retrieved from http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/angio/www/labiatae.htm
  • [7] Sadıkoğlu, N. (2012). Origanum L. In: A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural, & M.T. Babaç (Eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi - Damarlı Bitkiler (pp. 568-70). İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayınevi.
  • [8] Tuzlacı, E. (2011). Türkiye Bitkileri Sözlüğü. İstanbul: Alfa Yayıncılık.
  • [9] Dauqan, E.M.A., & Abdullah, A. (2017). Medicinal and Functional Values of Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) Herb. Journal of Applied Biology & Biotechnology 5(2):17-22. https://doi:10.7324/JABB.2017.50203
  • [10] Stay, F.P. (1996). The complete book of dental remedies. Michigan, USA: Avery Publishing Group.
  • [11] Dirmenci, T., Satıl, F., & Tümen, G. (2007). Kazdağı Milli Parkı Çiçekli Bitkileri. Balıkesir: Zeytinli Belediyesi Basımevi.
  • [12] Celep, F., & Kahraman, A. (2012). Salvia L. In: A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural, & M.T. Babaç (Eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi - Damarlı Bitkiler (pp. 580). İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayınevi.
  • [13] Küçük, S. (2017). Sarıcakaya (Eskişehir) İlçesi ve Köylerinde Etnobotanik ve Etnofarmakognozik Araştırmalar (Proje No: 1304S069). Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi BAP Basımevi.
  • [14] Kayalar, E., Taş Deynek, G., Tok, O.E., & Küçük, S. (2021). Effect of salvianolic acid B on new bone formation in the orthopedically expanded suture: A histological and immunohistochemical study. The Angle Orthodontist, 91(2), 248-258. https://doi:10.2319/042620-360.1
  • [15] Duman, H. (2012). Sideritis L. In: A. Güner, S. Aslan, T. Ekim, M. Vural, & M.T. Babaç (Eds.), Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi - Damarlı Bitkiler (pp. 585). İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayınevi.
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  • [20] Özek, T., Başer, K. H. C., & Tümen, G. (1993) The essential oil of Sideritis athoa Papanikolaou et Kokkini, J Essent Oil Res 5, 669-670.
  • [21] Oliveira, J. L. T. M. D., Diniz, M. D. F. M., Lima, E. D. O., Souza, E. L. D., Trajano, V. N., & Santos, B. H. C. (2009). Effectiveness of Origanum vulgare L. and Origanum majorana L. essential oils in inhibiting the growth of bacterial strains isolated from the patients with conjunctivitis. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 52, 45-50. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132009000100006
  • [22] Selim, S. A., Aziz, M. H. A., Mashait, M. S., & Warrad, M. F. (2013). Antibacterial activities, chemical constitutes and acute toxicity of Egyptian Origanum majorana L., Peganum harmala L. and Salvia officinalis L. essential oils. African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 7(13), 725-735.
  • [23] Amor, G., Caputo, L., La Storia, A., De Feo, V., Mauriello, G., & Fechtali, T. (2019). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Artemisia herba-alba and Origanum majorana essential oils from Morocco. Molecules, 24(22), 4021. doi: 10.3390/molecules24224021
  • [24] Raina, A. P., & Negi, K. S. (2012). Essential oil composition of Origanum majorana and Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum growing in India. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 47(6), 1015-1017. DOI:10.1007/s10600-012-0133-4
  • [25] Baser, K. H. C., Kirimer, N., & Tümen, G. (1993). Composition of the essential oil of Origanum majorana L. from Turkey. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 5(5), 577-579 DOI: 10.1080/10412905.1993.9698283 [26] Baser, K. H. C., Özek, T., Tümen, G., & Sezik, E. (1993). Composition of the essential oils of Turkish Origanum species with commercial importance. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 5(6), 619-623. https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1993.9698294
  • [27] Tabanca, N., Özek, T., Baser, K. H. C., & Tümen, G., (2004) Comparison of the Essential Oils of Origanum majorana L. and Origanum x majoricum Cambess. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 16:3, 248-252, DOI: 10.1080/10412905.2004.9698713.
  • [28] Khan, M., Khan, S. T., Khan, N. A., Mahmood, A., Al-Kedhairy, A. A., & Alkhathlan, H. Z. (2018). The composition of the essential oil and aqueous distillate of Origanum vulgare L. growing in Saudi Arabia and evaluation of their antibacterial activity. Arabian journal of chemistry, 11(8), 1189-1200 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2018.02.008
  • [29] Béjaoui, A., Chaabane, H., Jemli, M., Boulila, A., & Boussaid, M. (2013). Essential oil composition and antibacterial activity of Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum Desf. at different phenological stages. Journal of Medicinal Food, 16(12), 1115-1120. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2013.0079
  • [30] Khan, M., Khan, S. T., Khan, M., Mousa, A. A., Mahmood, A., & Alkhathlan, H. Z. (2019). Chemical diversity in leaf and stem essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. and their effects on microbicidal activities. AMB Express, 9(1), 1-15 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13568-019-0893-3
  • [31] Sezik, E., Tümen, G., Kırımer, N., Özek, T., & Başer, K. H. C. (1993). Essential Oil Composition of Four Origanum vulgare Subspecies of Anatolian Origin. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 5(4),425-431. DOI: 10.1080/10412905.1993.9698253.
  • [32] Kulisic, T., Krisko, A., Dragovic-Uzelac, V., Milos, M., & Pifat, G. (2007). The effects of essential oils and aqueous tea infusions of oregano (Origanum vulgare L. spp. hirtum), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.) on the copper-induced oxidation of human low-density lipoproteins. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 58, 87-93. https://doi:10.1080/09637480601108307
  • [33] Silva, F.V., Guimaraes, A. G., Silva, E. R., Sousa-Neto, B. P., Machado, F. D., QuintansJunior, L. J., & Oliveira, R. C. (2012). Anti-inflammatory and antiulcer activities of carvacrol, a monoterpene present in the essential oil of oregano. Journal of Medicinal Food. 15, 984-991. https://doi:10.1089/jmf.2012.0102
  • [34] Botelho, M. A., Rao, V. S., Montenegro, D., Bandeira, M. A., Fonseca, S. G., Nogueira, N. A., … & Brito, G. A. (2008). Effects of a herbal gel containing carvacrol and chalcones on alveolar bone resorption in rats on experimental periodontitis. Phytotherapy Research, 22, 442-449. https://doi:10.1002/ptr.2325.
  • [35] Botelho, M. A., Martins, J. G., Ruela, R. S., Santos, J. A., Soares, J. B., Franca, M. C., & Sampio, F. C. (2009). Protective effect of locally applied carvacrol gel on ligature-induced periodontitis in rats: a tapping mode AFM study. Phytotherapy Research, 23, 1439-1448. https://doi:10.1002/ptr.2798.
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Sevim KÜÇÜK (Primary Author)
ANADOLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3594-0364
Türkiye


Emre KAYALAR
İSTANBUL AYDIN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-5466-3449
Türkiye


Mine KÜRKÇÜOĞLU
ANADOLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9375-0294
Türkiye


İlham ERÖZ POYRAZ
ANADOLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3170-8354
Türkiye

Publication Date December 15, 2021
Application Date April 8, 2021
Acceptance Date October 22, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 3

Cite

APA Küçük, S. , Kayalar, E. , Kürkçüoğlu, M. & Eröz Poyraz, İ. (2021). Edremit-Akçay (Balıkesir-Türkiye) Semt pazarlarında halk ilacı olarak satılan Lamiaceae familyasına ait bazı tıbbi ve aromatik bitkilerin yöresel isimleri ve uçucu yağ bileşikleri . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (3) , 372-379 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.911991

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❖  Correspondance Adres: Prof. Ersin YÜCEL, P.K. 86, İki Eylül PTT Merkez, 26000 Eskişehir / Turkey
E-posta / E-mail: biodicon@gmail.com;
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❖ Biological Diversity and Conservation/ Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma
❖ ISSN 1308-5301 Print; ISSN 1308-8084 Online
❖ Start Date Published 2008
© Copyright by Biological Diversity and Conservation/Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma-Available online at www.biodicon.com/All rights reserved
Publisher : Ersin YÜCEL
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Editör / Editor-In-Chief : Prof.Dr. Ersin YÜCEL, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8274-7578