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Karayoluna uzaklığın ''Red Globe'' (Vitis vinifera L.) yaprak anatomisi ve morfolojisi üzerine etkisi

Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 1, 114 - 123, 15.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2022.1086839

Abstract

Dünyadaki en önemli kirliliklerden biri hava kirliliğidir. Bu kirliliğe neden olan faktörlerden biri de araçlardır. Ağır metallerin taşıtlardan kaynaklanan kirliliğin bileşeninde büyük rolü olup, bitki ve insan sağlığı üzerinde büyük olumsuz etkileri vardır. Bu çalışmada, ekonomik önemi olan Red Globe üzüm çeşidinin karayoluna uzaklığının yaprak morfolojisi ve anatomisine etkisinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Yaprak örnekleri dört farklı mesafeden (yol kenarı, 250 m, 500 m, 4000 m) üç farklı dönemde (ilkbahar, yaz ve sonbahar) toplanmıştır. Morfolojik ve anatomik incelemeler sonucunda, karayoluna olan mesafe arttıkça ağır metalin olumsuz etkisinin azaldığı tespit edilmiştir. Karayoluna yaklaştıkça yaprak uzunluğu, genişliği, yaprak sapı uzunluğu, orta damar uzunluğu, orta damar kalınlığı, yaprak alanı gibi önemli özellikler azalırken yaprak sapı kalınlığı artmıştır. Anatomik olarak karayoluna olan uzaklık azaldıkça alt epidermis ve üst epidermis kalınlığında artış, üst kollenkima, alt kollenkima, alt parankima, üst parankima kalınlığında, iletim demeti uzunluğunda ve iletim demeti sayısında ise azalma olduğu yapılan ölçümler sonucunda ortaya çıkmıştır. Bu çalışma, karayolunun yaprak morfolojisi ve anatomisi üzerinde baskı oluşturduğunu ve bazı karakterlerde değişikliklere neden olduğunu vurgulamaktadır.

References

  • Akarsu, H., Zeren Çetin, İ., Jawed, A.A., Abo Aısha, A.E., Cesur, A., & Keskin, R. (2019). Changes of some heavy metal concentrations based on organic and traffic density in Fraxinus excelsior L. International Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 1(1), 24–30.
  • Gratani, L., Vasheka, O., & Bigaran, F. (2021). Metal accumulation capability by Platanus acerifolia (Aiton) Willd., Ailantus altissima (Mill.) Swingle, Robinia pseudoacacia L. and Quercus ilex L., largely distributed in the City of Rome Loretta. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 12(01), 163–185. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2021.121010
  • Vural, H. (2021). Usage of landscape plants as biomonitors in determination of heavy metal pollution caused by traffic. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, 8(4), 1174–1186.
  • Ugolini, F., Tognetti, R., Raschi, A., & Bacci, L. (2013). Quercus ilex L. as bioaccumulator for heavy metals in urban areas: effectiveness of leaf washing with distilled water and considerations on the trees distance from traffic. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 12(4), 576–584. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2013.05.007
  • Zengin, M., & Yıldız, N. (2019). Heavy metal accumulation in leaf samples of ‘‘Elaeagnus angustifolia L.”: example of Erzurum. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 2(4), 517–525. https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.527475
  • Khalid, N., Noman, A., Aqeel, M., Masood, A., & Tufail, A. (2019). Phytoremediation potential of Xanthium strumarium for heavy metals contaminated soils at roadsides. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 16(4), 2091–2100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-018-1825-5
  • Çomaklı, E., & Bingöl, M. S. (2021). Heavy metal accumulation of urban Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) plantation. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 193(4), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-021-08921-6
  • Kul, S., Gül, V., & Cengiz, İ. (2019). Investigation of heavy metal pollution in soil and plants: the case of Bayburt Province. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 6(2), 156–160.
  • Çelebi, H., & Gök, G. (2018). The Examination for pollution of the soils due to highways and traffic. Pamukkale University Journal of Engineering Sciences, 24(6), 1169–1178. https://doi.org/10.5505/pajes.2016.55632
  • Çulha, H. (2020). Investigation of phenological,morphological and pomological properties of olives of Gemlik type olives grown in different altitudes. [M.Sc. Thesis]. University of Uşak.
  • Kara, Z., Sabır, A., Doğan, O., & Eker, Ö. (2016). Market potantial and ampelographic description of ‘Gök Üzüm’ (Vitis vinifera L.). Nevşehir Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 5(Oiv 079), 395–395. https://doi.org/10.17100/nevbiltek.211038
  • Kardel, F., Wuyts, K., Khavaninzhadeh, A.R., Wuytack, T., Babanezhad, M., & Samson, R. (2013). Comparison of leaf saturation isothermal remanent magnetisation (SIRM) with anatomical, morphological and physiological tree leaf characteristics for assessing urban habitat quality. Environmental Pollution, 183, 96–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2012.11.030
  • Öztürk Çalı, İ., & Karavin, N. (2021). Effect of traffic exhaust on anatomy and micromorphology of Nerium oleander L. leaves by using light and scanning electron microscopy. Eurasian Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences, 1(2), 97–102.
  • Anjum, S., Hussain, M., Hameed, M., & Ahmad, R. (2021). Physiological, biochemical and defense system responses of roadside vegetation to auto-exhaust pollution. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 107(5), 946–954. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03368-4
  • Shakeel, T., Hussain, M., Shah, G.M., & Gul, I. (2022). Impact of vehicular emissions on anatomical and morphological characteristics of vascular plants: A comparative study. Chemosphere, 287(P1), 131937. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131937
  • Khalid, N., Noman, A., Sanaullah, T., Akram, M.A., & Aqeel, M. (2018). Vehicle pollution toxicity induced changes in physiology, defence system and biochemical characteristics of Calotropis procera L. Chemistry and Ecology, 34(6), 565–581. https://doi.org/10.1080/02757540.2018.1452917
  • Çavuşoğlu, K., Kılıç, S., & Kılıç, M. (2009). Effects of lead (Pb) pollution caused by vehicles on the anatomy of pine (Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana) and cedar (Cedrus libani A. Rich.) leaves. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 2(3), 92–98.
  • Weryszko-Chmielewska, E., & Chwil, M. (2005). Lead-Induced histological and ultrastructural changes in the leaves of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 51(2), 203–212. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2005.tb00024.x
  • Santoyo-Martínez, M., Mussali-Galante, P., Hernández-Plata, I., Valencia-Cuevas, L., Flores-Morales, A., Ortiz-Hernández, L., Flores-Trujillo, K., Ramos-Quintana, F., & Tovar-Sánchez, E. (2020). Heavy metal bioaccumulation and morphological changes in Vachellia campechiana (Fabaceae) reveal its potential for phytoextraction of Cr, Cu, and Pb in mine tailings. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27(10), 11260–11276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-07730-7
  • Ishtiaq, M., Hussain, A., Maqbool, M., Mushtaq, W., Azam, A., Shahzaman, M., & Mehmood, H. (2017). Comparative study on effect of auto-vehicular pollution on morphology and anatomy of two common plant species from Urban areas of Gujrat and Bhimber (AJK), Pakistan. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB), 10(3), 265–274. https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.3.265-274
  • Öztürk Çali, İ., & Karavin, N. (2020). Auto-exhaust pollution effects on the leaf structure of Olea europea L. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 49(3), 481–486. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v49i3.49528
  • Leghari, S.K., & Zaidi, M.A. (2013). Effect of air pollution on the leaf morphology of common plant species of Quetta city. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 45(S1), 447–454.
  • Bodor, P., Baranyai, L., Bálo, B., Tóth, E., Strever, A., Hunter, J.J., & Bisztray, G.D. (2012). GRA.LE.D. (GRApevine LEaf digitalization) software for the detection and graphic reconstruction of ampelometric differences between Vitis leaves. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 33(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.21548/33-1-1299
  • Prajapati, S.K., & Tripathi, B.D. (2008). Seasonal variation of leaf dust accumulation and pigment content in plant species exposed to urban particulates pollution. Journal of Environmental Quality, 37(3), 865–870. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2006.0511
  • da Silva, D.F., Cipriano, P.E., de Souza, R.R., Siueia Júnior, M., da Silva, R.F., Faquin, V., de Souza Silva, M.L., & Guimarães Guilherme, L.R. (2020). Anatomical and physiological characteristics of Raphanus sativus L. submitted to different selenium sources and forms application. Scientia Horticulturae, 260, 108839. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108839
  • Zarinkamar, F., Ghelich, S., & Soleimanpour, S. (2013). Toxic effects of pb on anatomy and hypericin content in Hypericum perforatum L. Bioremediation Journal, 17(1), 40–51. https://doi.org/10.1080/10889868.2012.751958
  • Pereira, F.J.,De Castro, E.M., Pires, M.F., De Oliveira, C., & Pasqual, M. (2017). Anatomical and physiological modifications in water hyacinth under cadmium contamination. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality, 90, 10–17. https://doi.org/10.5073/JABFQ.2017.090.003
  • Ribeiro, V.E., Pereira, M.P., de Castro, E.M., Corrêa, F.F., Cardoso, M. das G., & Pereira, F.J. (2019). Enhanced essential oil and leaf anatomy of Schinus molle plants under lead contamination. Industrial Crops and Products, 132(February), 92–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.02.014
  • Pérez Chaca, M.V., Vigliocco, A., Reinoso, H., Molina, A., Abdala, G., Zirulnik, F., & Pedranzani, H. (2014). Effects of cadmium stress on growth, anatomy and hormone contents in Glycine max (L.) Merr. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 36(10), 2815–2826. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-014-1656-z
  • Martins, J.P.R., Vasconcelos, L.L. de, Braga, P. da C. de S., Rossini, F.P., Conde, L.T., Rodrigues, L. C. de A., Falqueto, A.R., & Gontijo, A.B.P.L. (2020). Morphophysiological responses, bioaccumulation and tolerance of Alternanthera tenella Colla (Amaranthaceae) to excess copper under in vitro conditions. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 143(2), 303–318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11240-020-01917-z
  • Akcin, T. A., Akcin, A., & Yildirim, C. (2018). Effects of chromium on anatomical characteristics of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”). Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, 13(1), 27–32.
  • Abacıoğlu, E., Akarsu, H., Genç, Ç.Ö., & Öztürk, A. (2019). Changes in some heavy metal concentrations due to organ and traffic density in Tilia tomentosa.Turkish Journal of Agriculture- Food Science and Technology, 7(12), 2275–2281.

Effect of distance from highway on ''Red Globe'' (Vitis vinifera L.) leaf anatomy and morphology

Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 1, 114 - 123, 15.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2022.1086839

Abstract

One of the most important pollution in the world is air pollution. One of the factors that cause this pollution is vehicles. Heavy metals have a great role in the component of pollution caused by vehicles and they have great negative effects on plant and human health. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effect of distance from the highway on the leaf morphology and anatomy of the economically important Red Globe grape variety. Leaf samples were collected from four different distances (road side, 250 m, 500 m, 4000 m) in three different periods (spring, summer and autumn). As a result of the morphological and anatomical examinations, it was determined that as the negative effect of heavy metal decreased as the distance to the highway increased. As we approached the highway, important features such as leaf length, width, petiole length, midvein length, midvein thickness, leaf area decreased, while petiole thickness increased. Anatomically, as the distance to the highway decreases, it has been revealed as a result of the measurements that there is an increase in the thickness of the lower epidermis and upper epidermis, and a decrease in the thickness of upper collenchyma, lower collenchyma, upper parenchyma, lower parenchyma, length of vascular bundles and vascular bundles number. This study highlights that the highway causes stress on leaf morphology and anatomy and causes changes in some characters.

References

  • Akarsu, H., Zeren Çetin, İ., Jawed, A.A., Abo Aısha, A.E., Cesur, A., & Keskin, R. (2019). Changes of some heavy metal concentrations based on organic and traffic density in Fraxinus excelsior L. International Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 1(1), 24–30.
  • Gratani, L., Vasheka, O., & Bigaran, F. (2021). Metal accumulation capability by Platanus acerifolia (Aiton) Willd., Ailantus altissima (Mill.) Swingle, Robinia pseudoacacia L. and Quercus ilex L., largely distributed in the City of Rome Loretta. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 12(01), 163–185. https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2021.121010
  • Vural, H. (2021). Usage of landscape plants as biomonitors in determination of heavy metal pollution caused by traffic. Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences, 8(4), 1174–1186.
  • Ugolini, F., Tognetti, R., Raschi, A., & Bacci, L. (2013). Quercus ilex L. as bioaccumulator for heavy metals in urban areas: effectiveness of leaf washing with distilled water and considerations on the trees distance from traffic. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 12(4), 576–584. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2013.05.007
  • Zengin, M., & Yıldız, N. (2019). Heavy metal accumulation in leaf samples of ‘‘Elaeagnus angustifolia L.”: example of Erzurum. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 2(4), 517–525. https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.527475
  • Khalid, N., Noman, A., Aqeel, M., Masood, A., & Tufail, A. (2019). Phytoremediation potential of Xanthium strumarium for heavy metals contaminated soils at roadsides. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 16(4), 2091–2100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-018-1825-5
  • Çomaklı, E., & Bingöl, M. S. (2021). Heavy metal accumulation of urban Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) plantation. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 193(4), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-021-08921-6
  • Kul, S., Gül, V., & Cengiz, İ. (2019). Investigation of heavy metal pollution in soil and plants: the case of Bayburt Province. Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences, 6(2), 156–160.
  • Çelebi, H., & Gök, G. (2018). The Examination for pollution of the soils due to highways and traffic. Pamukkale University Journal of Engineering Sciences, 24(6), 1169–1178. https://doi.org/10.5505/pajes.2016.55632
  • Çulha, H. (2020). Investigation of phenological,morphological and pomological properties of olives of Gemlik type olives grown in different altitudes. [M.Sc. Thesis]. University of Uşak.
  • Kara, Z., Sabır, A., Doğan, O., & Eker, Ö. (2016). Market potantial and ampelographic description of ‘Gök Üzüm’ (Vitis vinifera L.). Nevşehir Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 5(Oiv 079), 395–395. https://doi.org/10.17100/nevbiltek.211038
  • Kardel, F., Wuyts, K., Khavaninzhadeh, A.R., Wuytack, T., Babanezhad, M., & Samson, R. (2013). Comparison of leaf saturation isothermal remanent magnetisation (SIRM) with anatomical, morphological and physiological tree leaf characteristics for assessing urban habitat quality. Environmental Pollution, 183, 96–103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2012.11.030
  • Öztürk Çalı, İ., & Karavin, N. (2021). Effect of traffic exhaust on anatomy and micromorphology of Nerium oleander L. leaves by using light and scanning electron microscopy. Eurasian Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences, 1(2), 97–102.
  • Anjum, S., Hussain, M., Hameed, M., & Ahmad, R. (2021). Physiological, biochemical and defense system responses of roadside vegetation to auto-exhaust pollution. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 107(5), 946–954. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00128-021-03368-4
  • Shakeel, T., Hussain, M., Shah, G.M., & Gul, I. (2022). Impact of vehicular emissions on anatomical and morphological characteristics of vascular plants: A comparative study. Chemosphere, 287(P1), 131937. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.131937
  • Khalid, N., Noman, A., Sanaullah, T., Akram, M.A., & Aqeel, M. (2018). Vehicle pollution toxicity induced changes in physiology, defence system and biochemical characteristics of Calotropis procera L. Chemistry and Ecology, 34(6), 565–581. https://doi.org/10.1080/02757540.2018.1452917
  • Çavuşoğlu, K., Kılıç, S., & Kılıç, M. (2009). Effects of lead (Pb) pollution caused by vehicles on the anatomy of pine (Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana) and cedar (Cedrus libani A. Rich.) leaves. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 2(3), 92–98.
  • Weryszko-Chmielewska, E., & Chwil, M. (2005). Lead-Induced histological and ultrastructural changes in the leaves of Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 51(2), 203–212. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2005.tb00024.x
  • Santoyo-Martínez, M., Mussali-Galante, P., Hernández-Plata, I., Valencia-Cuevas, L., Flores-Morales, A., Ortiz-Hernández, L., Flores-Trujillo, K., Ramos-Quintana, F., & Tovar-Sánchez, E. (2020). Heavy metal bioaccumulation and morphological changes in Vachellia campechiana (Fabaceae) reveal its potential for phytoextraction of Cr, Cu, and Pb in mine tailings. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27(10), 11260–11276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-07730-7
  • Ishtiaq, M., Hussain, A., Maqbool, M., Mushtaq, W., Azam, A., Shahzaman, M., & Mehmood, H. (2017). Comparative study on effect of auto-vehicular pollution on morphology and anatomy of two common plant species from Urban areas of Gujrat and Bhimber (AJK), Pakistan. International Journal of Biosciences (IJB), 10(3), 265–274. https://doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.3.265-274
  • Öztürk Çali, İ., & Karavin, N. (2020). Auto-exhaust pollution effects on the leaf structure of Olea europea L. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 49(3), 481–486. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v49i3.49528
  • Leghari, S.K., & Zaidi, M.A. (2013). Effect of air pollution on the leaf morphology of common plant species of Quetta city. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 45(S1), 447–454.
  • Bodor, P., Baranyai, L., Bálo, B., Tóth, E., Strever, A., Hunter, J.J., & Bisztray, G.D. (2012). GRA.LE.D. (GRApevine LEaf digitalization) software for the detection and graphic reconstruction of ampelometric differences between Vitis leaves. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 33(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.21548/33-1-1299
  • Prajapati, S.K., & Tripathi, B.D. (2008). Seasonal variation of leaf dust accumulation and pigment content in plant species exposed to urban particulates pollution. Journal of Environmental Quality, 37(3), 865–870. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2006.0511
  • da Silva, D.F., Cipriano, P.E., de Souza, R.R., Siueia Júnior, M., da Silva, R.F., Faquin, V., de Souza Silva, M.L., & Guimarães Guilherme, L.R. (2020). Anatomical and physiological characteristics of Raphanus sativus L. submitted to different selenium sources and forms application. Scientia Horticulturae, 260, 108839. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108839
  • Zarinkamar, F., Ghelich, S., & Soleimanpour, S. (2013). Toxic effects of pb on anatomy and hypericin content in Hypericum perforatum L. Bioremediation Journal, 17(1), 40–51. https://doi.org/10.1080/10889868.2012.751958
  • Pereira, F.J.,De Castro, E.M., Pires, M.F., De Oliveira, C., & Pasqual, M. (2017). Anatomical and physiological modifications in water hyacinth under cadmium contamination. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality, 90, 10–17. https://doi.org/10.5073/JABFQ.2017.090.003
  • Ribeiro, V.E., Pereira, M.P., de Castro, E.M., Corrêa, F.F., Cardoso, M. das G., & Pereira, F.J. (2019). Enhanced essential oil and leaf anatomy of Schinus molle plants under lead contamination. Industrial Crops and Products, 132(February), 92–98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2019.02.014
  • Pérez Chaca, M.V., Vigliocco, A., Reinoso, H., Molina, A., Abdala, G., Zirulnik, F., & Pedranzani, H. (2014). Effects of cadmium stress on growth, anatomy and hormone contents in Glycine max (L.) Merr. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 36(10), 2815–2826. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-014-1656-z
  • Martins, J.P.R., Vasconcelos, L.L. de, Braga, P. da C. de S., Rossini, F.P., Conde, L.T., Rodrigues, L. C. de A., Falqueto, A.R., & Gontijo, A.B.P.L. (2020). Morphophysiological responses, bioaccumulation and tolerance of Alternanthera tenella Colla (Amaranthaceae) to excess copper under in vitro conditions. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 143(2), 303–318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11240-020-01917-z
  • Akcin, T. A., Akcin, A., & Yildirim, C. (2018). Effects of chromium on anatomical characteristics of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. “Ekiz”). Journal of International Environmental Application and Science, 13(1), 27–32.
  • Abacıoğlu, E., Akarsu, H., Genç, Ç.Ö., & Öztürk, A. (2019). Changes in some heavy metal concentrations due to organ and traffic density in Tilia tomentosa.Turkish Journal of Agriculture- Food Science and Technology, 7(12), 2275–2281.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Ummahan ÖZ (Primary Author)
Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi
0000-0002-0281-1048
Türkiye

Early Pub Date April 14, 2022
Publication Date April 15, 2022
Application Date March 13, 2022
Acceptance Date April 16, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 1

Cite

APA Öz, U. (2022). Effect of distance from highway on ''Red Globe'' (Vitis vinifera L.) leaf anatomy and morphology . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 15 (1) , 114-123 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2022.1086839

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