Research Article
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Anatomical, micromorphological and karyological studies on Rindera cetineri Yıldırım (Boraginaceae)

Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 1, 124 - 133, 15.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2022.1087782

Abstract

In this study, the anatomical, micromorphological and karyological features of Rindera cetineri Yıldırım (Boraginaceae), an endemic species in Denizli, were investigated. In anatomical studies, cross sections for root and stem measurements, and cross and superficial sections for leaf measurements (base and stem leaf) were taken. The stomatal index was calculated by counting the stomata and epidermis cells on the upper and lower surfaces of the superficial sections taken from the leaves. In micromorphological studies, pollen type and surface ornamentation, seed shape, and surface ornamentation were determined. The pollen type of R. cetineri is 6-heterocolpate, the pollen shape is prolate-spheroidal, subprolate and the surface ornamentation is microgranulate. As a result of the karyological study, the somatic chromosome number of R. cetineri was determined as 2n=24.

References

  • [1] Ahmed, A., & Kordofani, M. A. (2012). Morphological and anatomical studies of Cordia abyssinica R. Br. and Cordia sinensis Lam.(Boraginaceae) in Sudan. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4(10), 4582–4588.
  • [2] Özcan, T., & Süzerer, V. (2020). Variation of some seed oil components at altitidunal range in a widely distributed species, Echium italicum L. (Boraginaceae) from Turkey. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 11(4), 540–550.
  • [3] Sezer, O. (2021). Onosma onur-koyuncui sp. nov. (Boraginaceae), A new species from Kütahya, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 53(4), 1315–1323. http://doi.org/10.30848/PJB2021-4(33)
  • [4] Bigazzi, M., Nardi, E., & Selvi, F. (2006). Palynological contribution to the systematics of Rindera and the allied genera Paracaryum and Solenanthus (Boraginaceae-Cynoglosseae). Willdenowia, 36(1), 37–46. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.36.36103
  • [5] Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., & Babaç, M. T. (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Damarlı Bitkiler. İstanbul, Türkiye: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını.
  • [6] Yıldırım, H. (2019). A new Rindera (Boraginaceae) species from Western Anatolia, Turkey. Phytotaxa, 427(4), 249–258. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.427.4.3
  • [7] Mill, R.R. (1979). Rindera. In P.H. Davis (Ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands VI (pp. 300–303). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
  • [8] Aytaç, Z., & Mill, R. R. (2005). Two new species of Boraginaceae (tribe Cynoglosseae) from Turkey. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 61(2–3), 109-118. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960428605000284
  • [9] Wodehouse, R.P. (1935). Polen Grains, New York: USA, Mc Graw Hill.
  • [10] Levan, A., Fredga, K., & Sandberg, A. A. (1964). Nomenclature for centromeric position on chromosomes. Hereditas, 52(2), 201–220.
  • [11] Paszko, B. (2006). A critical review and a new proposal of karyotype asymmetry indices. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 258(1), 39–48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-005-0389-2
  • [12] Metcalfe, C. R., & Chalk, L. (1979). Anatomy of the Dicotyledons: Systematic Anatomy of Leaf and Stem, with a brief history of the subject (Vol 1, 2nd Edition, pp. 100–106). Oxford: UK, Clarendon Press.
  • [13] Akçin, Ö. E., Altıntaş, M. Y., & Aktaş, T. (2016). Myosotis propinqua (Fisch. et Mey. ex DC.) (Boraginaceae) Türünün Anatomik Özellikleri. Karadeniz Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(13), 44–52.
  • [14] Casson, S., & Gray, J. E. (2008). Influence of environmental factors on stomatal development. New Phytologist, 178, 9–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02351.x
  • [15] Attar, F., Esfandani‐Bozchaloyi, S., Mirtadzadini, M., Ullah, F., & Zaman, W. (2019). Foliar and stem epidermal anatomy of the tribe Cynoglosseae (Boraginaceae) and their taxonomic significance. Microscopy Research and Technique, 82(6), 786–802. https://doi.org/10.1002/jemt.23223
  • [16] Erdtman, G. (1966). Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Angiosperms. (An Introduction to Palynology I). New York: USA, Hafner.
  • [17] Attar, F., Esfandani-Bozchaloyi, S., Mirtadzadini, M., & Ullah, F. (2018). Taxonomic identification in the tribe Cynoglosseae (Boraginaceae) using palynological characteristics. Flora, 249, 97–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2018.10.003
  • [18] Gustavsson, L. A. (1978). Floristic reports from the high mountains of Sterea Ellas, Greece. II. Botaniska Notiser, 131, 201–213.
  • [19] Ghaffari, S. M. (1996). Chromosome studies in some species of Boraginaceae from Iran. The Iranian Journal of Botany, 7(1), 81–93.
  • [20] Koyuncu, O., Öztürk, D., Erkara, İ. P., & Kaplan, A. (2008). Anatomical and palynological studies on economically important Peganum harmala L. (Zygophyllaceae). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 1(1), 108–115.

Rindera cetineri Yıldırım (Boraginaceae) üzerinde anatomik, mikromorfolojik ve karyolojik araştırmalar

Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 1, 124 - 133, 15.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2022.1087782

Abstract

Bu çalışmada Denizli’de yayılış gösteren lokal endemik Rindera cetineri Yıldırım türünün anatomik, mikromorfolojik ve karyolojik özellikleri incelenmiştir. Anatomik çalışmalarda kök ve gövde ölçümleri için enine kesitler, yaprak (taban ve gövde yaprağı) ölçümleri için enine ve yüzeysel kesitler alınmıştır. Yapraklardan alınan yüzeysel kesitlerde alt ve üst yüzeyde bulunan stoma ve epidermis hücreleri sayılarak stoma indeksi hesaplanmıştır. Mikromorfolojik çalışmalarda ise polen tipi ve yüzey ornamentasyonu ile tohum şekli ve yüzey ornamentasyonu belirlenmiştir. R. cetineri türünün polen tipi 6- heterokolpat olup polen şekli prolat-sferoidal, subprolat ve yüzey ornamentasyonu ise mikrogranulattır. Karyolojik çalışmalar sonucunda, R. cetineri türünün somatik kromozom sayısı 2n=24 olarak belirlenmiştir.

References

  • [1] Ahmed, A., & Kordofani, M. A. (2012). Morphological and anatomical studies of Cordia abyssinica R. Br. and Cordia sinensis Lam.(Boraginaceae) in Sudan. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 4(10), 4582–4588.
  • [2] Özcan, T., & Süzerer, V. (2020). Variation of some seed oil components at altitidunal range in a widely distributed species, Echium italicum L. (Boraginaceae) from Turkey. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 11(4), 540–550.
  • [3] Sezer, O. (2021). Onosma onur-koyuncui sp. nov. (Boraginaceae), A new species from Kütahya, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 53(4), 1315–1323. http://doi.org/10.30848/PJB2021-4(33)
  • [4] Bigazzi, M., Nardi, E., & Selvi, F. (2006). Palynological contribution to the systematics of Rindera and the allied genera Paracaryum and Solenanthus (Boraginaceae-Cynoglosseae). Willdenowia, 36(1), 37–46. https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.36.36103
  • [5] Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., & Babaç, M. T. (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi. Damarlı Bitkiler. İstanbul, Türkiye: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını.
  • [6] Yıldırım, H. (2019). A new Rindera (Boraginaceae) species from Western Anatolia, Turkey. Phytotaxa, 427(4), 249–258. https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.427.4.3
  • [7] Mill, R.R. (1979). Rindera. In P.H. Davis (Ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands VI (pp. 300–303). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
  • [8] Aytaç, Z., & Mill, R. R. (2005). Two new species of Boraginaceae (tribe Cynoglosseae) from Turkey. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 61(2–3), 109-118. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960428605000284
  • [9] Wodehouse, R.P. (1935). Polen Grains, New York: USA, Mc Graw Hill.
  • [10] Levan, A., Fredga, K., & Sandberg, A. A. (1964). Nomenclature for centromeric position on chromosomes. Hereditas, 52(2), 201–220.
  • [11] Paszko, B. (2006). A critical review and a new proposal of karyotype asymmetry indices. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 258(1), 39–48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-005-0389-2
  • [12] Metcalfe, C. R., & Chalk, L. (1979). Anatomy of the Dicotyledons: Systematic Anatomy of Leaf and Stem, with a brief history of the subject (Vol 1, 2nd Edition, pp. 100–106). Oxford: UK, Clarendon Press.
  • [13] Akçin, Ö. E., Altıntaş, M. Y., & Aktaş, T. (2016). Myosotis propinqua (Fisch. et Mey. ex DC.) (Boraginaceae) Türünün Anatomik Özellikleri. Karadeniz Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 6(13), 44–52.
  • [14] Casson, S., & Gray, J. E. (2008). Influence of environmental factors on stomatal development. New Phytologist, 178, 9–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2007.02351.x
  • [15] Attar, F., Esfandani‐Bozchaloyi, S., Mirtadzadini, M., Ullah, F., & Zaman, W. (2019). Foliar and stem epidermal anatomy of the tribe Cynoglosseae (Boraginaceae) and their taxonomic significance. Microscopy Research and Technique, 82(6), 786–802. https://doi.org/10.1002/jemt.23223
  • [16] Erdtman, G. (1966). Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Angiosperms. (An Introduction to Palynology I). New York: USA, Hafner.
  • [17] Attar, F., Esfandani-Bozchaloyi, S., Mirtadzadini, M., & Ullah, F. (2018). Taxonomic identification in the tribe Cynoglosseae (Boraginaceae) using palynological characteristics. Flora, 249, 97–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2018.10.003
  • [18] Gustavsson, L. A. (1978). Floristic reports from the high mountains of Sterea Ellas, Greece. II. Botaniska Notiser, 131, 201–213.
  • [19] Ghaffari, S. M. (1996). Chromosome studies in some species of Boraginaceae from Iran. The Iranian Journal of Botany, 7(1), 81–93.
  • [20] Koyuncu, O., Öztürk, D., Erkara, İ. P., & Kaplan, A. (2008). Anatomical and palynological studies on economically important Peganum harmala L. (Zygophyllaceae). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 1(1), 108–115.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Gülşen KARAÇOBAN
PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-2285-6355
Türkiye


Gürkan SEMİZ (Primary Author)
PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0276-8542
Türkiye


Esra MARTİN
NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5484-0676
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Bu çalışma, Pamukkale Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi tarafından desteklenmiştir.
Project Number Proje No: 2020FEBE030
Thanks Ayrıca R. cetineri türünün bilim dünyasına kazandırılması aşaması ve tarafımızca yapılan arazi çalışmaları sırasında destekleri için Orman Yüksek Mühendisi Rasim ÇETİNER’e; çalışmamızın laboratuvar çalışmaları sırasında büyük özveri ve destekleri için Arş. Gör. Batıkan GÜNAL’a ve Dr. Sevay Ayşe ULUBELİ’ye ve Pamukkale Üniversitesi, Kimyasal Ekoloji Laboratuvarı ekibine teşekkür ederiz.
Early Pub Date April 14, 2022
Publication Date April 15, 2022
Application Date March 14, 2022
Acceptance Date April 19, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 1

Cite

APA Karaçoban, G. , Semiz, G. & Martin, E. (2022). Rindera cetineri Yıldırım (Boraginaceae) üzerinde anatomik, mikromorfolojik ve karyolojik araştırmalar . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 15 (1) , 124-133 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2022.1087782

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