Year 2021, Volume 8 , Issue 1, Pages 228 - 240 2021-06-30

Utilization of Stochastic, Artificial Neural Network, and Wavelet Combined Models for Monthly Streamflow
Aylık Akış Tahmini için Stokastik, Yapay Sinir Ağı ve Dalgacık Bazlı Modellerin Kullanımı

Cenk SEZEN [1] , Turgay PARTAL [2]


The development of various models to estimate hydrological variables, such as precipitation and runoff is significant regarding handling the water-related problems in the future. This study investigates the performances of Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA), Wavelet-ARIMA (WARIMA), and WARIMA-ANN models for monthly streamflow forecasting. These models were utilized in two stations of the Susurluk basin in Turkey. In this regard, first, the streamflow data were decomposed into components by wavelet transformation for the WARIMA and WARIMA-ANN models. After that, runoff predictions were performed for each model. As comparison criteria, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Kling Gupta Efficiency (KGE), and Nash Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) were taken into consideration. As a result, it was obtained that WARIMA and WARIMA-ANN models performed better than the ARIMA and ANN models, particularly. In addition, it was seen that wavelet transformation improved the performance of ARIMA and ARIMA-ANN models, obviously. 

Yağış ve akış gibi hidrolojik verilerin tahmini için farklı modellerin geliştirilmesi gelecekte su ile ilgili problemlerle mücadele edebilmek açısından önemlidir. Bu çalışma, Yapay Sinir Ağı (ANN), Otoregresif Bütünleşik Hareketli Ortalama (ARIMA), Dalgacık-ARIMA (WARIMA) ve WARIMA-ANN modellerinin aylık akım tahmin performanslarını araştırmaktadır. Bu modeller, Türkiye’nin Susurluk havzasındaki iki istasyonda uygulanmıştır. Bu bağlamda, ilk olarak akış verileri WARIMA ve WARIMA-ANN modelleri için dalgacık dönüşümü ile bileşenlerine ayrılmıştır. Daha sonra, her bir model için akış tahminleri gerçekleştirilmiştir. Karşılaştırma ölçütü olarak, Hataların Ortalama Karakökü (RMSE), Kling-Gupta Verimliliği (KGE) ve Nash Sutcliffe Verimliliği (NSE) göz önünde bulundurulmuştur. Sonuç olarak, WARIMA ve WARIMA-ANN modellerinin, özellikle ARIMA ve ANN modellerine göre daha iyi performans gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir.Buna ek olarak, dalgacık dönüşümünün ARIMA ve ARIMA-ANN modellerinin performansını geliştirdiği belirgin şekilde görülmüştür.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1088-9360
Author: Cenk SEZEN
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3779-441X
Author: Turgay PARTAL (Primary Author)
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Thanks The authors are grateful to General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works for providing the data. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Dates

Application Date : February 19, 2021
Acceptance Date : May 28, 2021
Publication Date : June 30, 2021

APA Sezen, C , Partal, T . (2021). Aylık Akış Tahmini için Stokastik, Yapay Sinir Ağı ve Dalgacık Bazlı Modellerin Kullanımı . Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 8 (1) , 228-240 . DOI: 10.35193/bseufbd.878624