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Sporun Yaygınlaşmasının Gelişmeye Etkileri: Bir İnceleme

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 1, 33 - 44, 31.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.47257/busad.958955

Abstract

Bu makalede amaç, kavramsal bir genel bakış sunarak spor temelli gelişmeye/kalkınmaya katkı sunmak, açıklık getirmektir. Bir kalkınma aracı olarak spor fikri; kitlesel gelişimi hedefleyerek bu anlamda ulusal/uluslararası spor programlarının son zamanlarda artmasına neden olmuştur. Gelişme için spor programları, sporcuların ötesinde bireyin ve toplumun sosyo-ekonomik gelişimsel hedeflere ulaşılması için önemli bir araç olmanın yanında, mevcut araçları tamamlayıcı güçlü bir etkendir. Bir yandan, sporu pratik düzeyde çok iyi bilenler, ancak bunun hakkında nasıl konuşacaklarını bilmeyenler ve diğer yandan, sporu pratik düzeyde çok kötü bilenler ama bunun hakkında konuşabilecek olanlar var. Yapılan çalışmalarda; yeni ve yenilikçi düşünce bütünsel bir yaklaşımla spor, kalkınma ve barışın ayrılmaz bir parçası olarak görülmekte, bu nedenle yerel, ulusal ve uluslararası gündemlerde giderek daha fazla önem kazandığı, ancak uygulanan bu etkinliklerin hegomanik yönleri üzerinde de durulmuştur. Bu çalışma, tanımlayıcı/betimleyici kavramsal genel bir bakış açısıyla literatür tarama yöntemiyle yapılmıştır. Ulusal ve uluslararası ölçekte yapılan spor organizasyonları ve gelişme için spor programlarının birey, topluluklar ve ülkelerin sosyo- ekonomilerine mikro ve makro düzeyde katkısının olduğu bulunmuştur.

References

  • ADRİAN, B., GUANSHENG M., FRANCES C., ZAİNAL, O., TEMO, W., PHİLAYRATH H., KİEREN, K., ANJANA B. (2011), 8 for the Equity and Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors Project Collaborative Group Cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic differences in the prevalence of leisure-time and occupational physical activity, and active commuting in six Asia-Pacific countries, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2011;65:35-43.
  • ALPAY, N. (2015), Effect of Game Preferences (digital or traditional) of Youth Players on Their Problem Solving Skills. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences ISSN: 2231– 6345 Vol.5 (S1), pp. 2755-2763
  • ANDREFF, W. (2000), L’evolutiondu Modele Europeen de Financemen tdu Sport Professionnel, Refletset Perspectives 39,Sayı: 2-3, s.171-192.
  • BANDURA, A. (2000), Exercise of Human Agency Through Collective Efficacy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(3), 75–78.
  • BEENACKERS, M. A., KAMPHUİS, C. B.M., GİSKES, K., BRUG, J., KUNST, A. E., BURDORF, A. & LENTHE, F. J. (2012), Socioeconomic inequalities in occupational, leisure-time, and transport related physical activity among European adults: A systematic review, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity volume 9, Article number: 116
  • BEUTLER, I. (2008), Sport serving development and peace: Achieving the goals of the United Nations through sport. Sport in Society, 11(4), 359–369.
  • BLAİR S.N., KOHL H.W., BARLOW C.E., (1989), “Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, And All-Cause Mortality A Prospective Study Of Helthy Men And Women”, J. Am Med Assoc: 262: 2395-2401.
  • BOURDİEU, P. (1978), Sport and social class. Social Science Information, 17(6), 819–840.
  • BOURDİEU, P. (1988), Program for a Sociology of Sport. Sociology of Sport Journal, 5(2), 153–161.
  • BROWN, S. W., & KİNG, F. B. (2000), Constructivist Pedagogy and How We Learn: Educational Psychology Meets International Studies. International Studies Perspectives, 1(3), 245–254.
  • CLUTTERBUCK, R., & DOHERTY, A. (2019), Organizational Capacity For Domestic Sport For Development. Journal of Sport for Development, 7(12), 16–32.
  • COAKLEY, J. (2001), Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies, McGraw-Hill, Boston.
  • COALTER, F. (2007), A wider social role for sport: Who’s keeping the score. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
  • COALTER, F. (2010), The politics of sport-for-development: Limited focus programmes and broad gauge problems? International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 45(3), 295–314.
  • COUNCIL OF EUROPE (2001), “The European Sports Charter”. http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/epas/resources/charter_en.asp, 15.12.2013
  • CRESPO CJ, AINSWORTH BE, KETEYIAN SJ, HEATH GW, SMIT, E. (1999), Prevalence of physical inactivity and its relation to social class in U.S. adults: results from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988e1994. Med Sci Sports Exerc;31: 1821-1827.
  • DEMİRHAN, G. (2003), Kültür, Eğitim, Felsefe ve Spor Eğitimi İlişkisi. Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 14(2), 92-103.
  • GİORGİ, A. (2004), The Phenomenological Movement and Research in the Human Sciences, . Nursing Science Quarterly 18(1), 75–82.
  • DOĞU, G. (27.Mart-18 Nisan 2006), Sporun Sosyal Ve Ekonomik Faydaları. Eskişehir: Sağlıklı Kentler Birliği Toplantısı.
  • DONGES, CE & DUFFIELD, R. (2012), Effects of resistance or aerobic exercise training on total and regional body composition in sedentary overweight middle-aged adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 37: 499-509.
  • DIETZ, P., HOFFMANN S., LACHTERMANN E., SIMON, P. (2012). Influence of exclusive resistance training on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight or obese children. Obes Facts 5: 546-60
  • EİME, R. M., CHARİTY, M. J., HARVEY, J. T., & PAYNE, W. R. (2015), Participation in sport and physical activity: associations with socio-economic status and geographical remoteness. BMC Public Health, 15(1).
  • ERDEMLI, A. (1990), Hümanizma Olarak Spor. Spor Bilimleri l. Uluslararası Sempozyumu Bildirileri. Ankara:Hacettepe Üniversitesi, 11-12.
  • ERKAL, M. E. (1987), Sosyoloji (Toplumbilimi) ilaveli 3. Baskı, Filiz Kitapevi, İstanbul.
  • ERTÜRK, S. (1979), Eğitimde Program Geliştirme, Ankara: Yelkentepe Yayınları.
  • GASSER, P. K., & LEVİNSEN, A. (2004), Breaking post-war ice: Open fun football schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sport in Society, 7(3), 457–472.
  • GİORGİ, A. (2005), Remaining challenges for humanistic psychology. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 45(2), 204–216.
  • GUEST, A. M. (2009), The diffusion of development-through-sport: analysing the history and practice of the Olympic Movement’s grassroots outreach to Africa. Sport in Society, 12(10), 1336–1352.

Effects of the Proliferation of Sport on Development: A Review

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 1, 33 - 44, 31.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.47257/busad.958955

Abstract

The purpose in this article is to contribute to sports-based improvement/development by providing a conceptual overview, to provide clarity. The idea that sport is a means of development has led to a recent increase in national/international sports programs in this sense, aiming for mass development. Sports programs for development are an important tool for achieving socio-economic developmental goals of the individual and society beyond athletes, as well as a powerful factor that complements existing tools. On the one hand, there are those who know sport very well on a practical level but don't know how to talk about it, and on the other hand, there are those who know sport very poorly on a practical level but can talk about it. In the studies carried out; With a holistic approach to new and innovative thinking, sports are seen as an inseparable part of development and peace, therefore it is gaining more and more importance in local, national and international agendas, but the hegemonic aspects of these activities are also emphasized. The study was conducted with the literature review method in order to provide a descriptive/descriptive conceptual overview. It has been determined that national and international sports organizations and development-oriented sports programs contribute to the socio-economy of individuals, communities and countries at micro and macro levels.

References

  • ADRİAN, B., GUANSHENG M., FRANCES C., ZAİNAL, O., TEMO, W., PHİLAYRATH H., KİEREN, K., ANJANA B. (2011), 8 for the Equity and Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors Project Collaborative Group Cross-national comparisons of socioeconomic differences in the prevalence of leisure-time and occupational physical activity, and active commuting in six Asia-Pacific countries, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health 2011;65:35-43.
  • ALPAY, N. (2015), Effect of Game Preferences (digital or traditional) of Youth Players on Their Problem Solving Skills. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences ISSN: 2231– 6345 Vol.5 (S1), pp. 2755-2763
  • ANDREFF, W. (2000), L’evolutiondu Modele Europeen de Financemen tdu Sport Professionnel, Refletset Perspectives 39,Sayı: 2-3, s.171-192.
  • BANDURA, A. (2000), Exercise of Human Agency Through Collective Efficacy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(3), 75–78.
  • BEENACKERS, M. A., KAMPHUİS, C. B.M., GİSKES, K., BRUG, J., KUNST, A. E., BURDORF, A. & LENTHE, F. J. (2012), Socioeconomic inequalities in occupational, leisure-time, and transport related physical activity among European adults: A systematic review, International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity volume 9, Article number: 116
  • BEUTLER, I. (2008), Sport serving development and peace: Achieving the goals of the United Nations through sport. Sport in Society, 11(4), 359–369.
  • BLAİR S.N., KOHL H.W., BARLOW C.E., (1989), “Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, And All-Cause Mortality A Prospective Study Of Helthy Men And Women”, J. Am Med Assoc: 262: 2395-2401.
  • BOURDİEU, P. (1978), Sport and social class. Social Science Information, 17(6), 819–840.
  • BOURDİEU, P. (1988), Program for a Sociology of Sport. Sociology of Sport Journal, 5(2), 153–161.
  • BROWN, S. W., & KİNG, F. B. (2000), Constructivist Pedagogy and How We Learn: Educational Psychology Meets International Studies. International Studies Perspectives, 1(3), 245–254.
  • CLUTTERBUCK, R., & DOHERTY, A. (2019), Organizational Capacity For Domestic Sport For Development. Journal of Sport for Development, 7(12), 16–32.
  • COAKLEY, J. (2001), Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies, McGraw-Hill, Boston.
  • COALTER, F. (2007), A wider social role for sport: Who’s keeping the score. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
  • COALTER, F. (2010), The politics of sport-for-development: Limited focus programmes and broad gauge problems? International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 45(3), 295–314.
  • COUNCIL OF EUROPE (2001), “The European Sports Charter”. http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/epas/resources/charter_en.asp, 15.12.2013
  • CRESPO CJ, AINSWORTH BE, KETEYIAN SJ, HEATH GW, SMIT, E. (1999), Prevalence of physical inactivity and its relation to social class in U.S. adults: results from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988e1994. Med Sci Sports Exerc;31: 1821-1827.
  • DEMİRHAN, G. (2003), Kültür, Eğitim, Felsefe ve Spor Eğitimi İlişkisi. Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 14(2), 92-103.
  • GİORGİ, A. (2004), The Phenomenological Movement and Research in the Human Sciences, . Nursing Science Quarterly 18(1), 75–82.
  • DOĞU, G. (27.Mart-18 Nisan 2006), Sporun Sosyal Ve Ekonomik Faydaları. Eskişehir: Sağlıklı Kentler Birliği Toplantısı.
  • DONGES, CE & DUFFIELD, R. (2012), Effects of resistance or aerobic exercise training on total and regional body composition in sedentary overweight middle-aged adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 37: 499-509.
  • DIETZ, P., HOFFMANN S., LACHTERMANN E., SIMON, P. (2012). Influence of exclusive resistance training on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight or obese children. Obes Facts 5: 546-60
  • EİME, R. M., CHARİTY, M. J., HARVEY, J. T., & PAYNE, W. R. (2015), Participation in sport and physical activity: associations with socio-economic status and geographical remoteness. BMC Public Health, 15(1).
  • ERDEMLI, A. (1990), Hümanizma Olarak Spor. Spor Bilimleri l. Uluslararası Sempozyumu Bildirileri. Ankara:Hacettepe Üniversitesi, 11-12.
  • ERKAL, M. E. (1987), Sosyoloji (Toplumbilimi) ilaveli 3. Baskı, Filiz Kitapevi, İstanbul.
  • ERTÜRK, S. (1979), Eğitimde Program Geliştirme, Ankara: Yelkentepe Yayınları.
  • GASSER, P. K., & LEVİNSEN, A. (2004), Breaking post-war ice: Open fun football schools in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sport in Society, 7(3), 457–472.
  • GİORGİ, A. (2005), Remaining challenges for humanistic psychology. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 45(2), 204–216.
  • GUEST, A. M. (2009), The diffusion of development-through-sport: analysing the history and practice of the Olympic Movement’s grassroots outreach to Africa. Sport in Society, 12(10), 1336–1352.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Journal Section ARTICLES
Authors

Numan ALPAY (Primary Author)
BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SPOR BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-1137-7888
Türkiye

Supporting Institution -
Project Number -
Thanks -
Publication Date July 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 1

Cite

APA Alpay, N. (2021). Sporun Yaygınlaşmasının Gelişmeye Etkileri: Bir İnceleme . Bilge Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 5 (1) , 33-44 . DOI: 10.47257/busad.958955