Author Guidelines

Peer Review Process

Once your paper has been assessed for suitability by the editor, it will then be peer-reviewed by independent, two or three expert referees. Publication decision for submitted manuscripts is based on peer review process. But the editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The journal makes articles available online as soon as possible after acceptance. Author(s) is responsible for their articles’ conformity to scientific and legal rules.

The works to be submitted should not have been published elsewhere or have been under consideration for publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract, an academic thesis, or poster presentation). However, this situation should be noted as a footnote by the author(s) on the title page.


If the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors will be informed via e-mail. The author(s) will not be paid any copyright.

New Submissions

Submission to this journal proceeds online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. Manuscripts should be prepared by Word “doc, docx” format.

Manuscript Preparation
There are no strict formatting requirements but manuscripts should include the main sections like introduction, methods, results, conclusion, and discussion. Abbreviations should be written at first mention in the text and in each table and figure. The personal and institutional acknowledgments can be written at the end of the article before the references.
Papers should be written using the Times New Roman 11 font size and set at 1.5 line spacing. Both sides of the manuscript should be aligned. The top, bottom, right and left margins should be 2.5 cm. The page numbers should be placed at the bottom right corner of each page. At the beginning of each paragraph, there should be indentation. No spaces should be left before and after paragraphs.

The headings and subheadings should be aligned to the left, bold, without indentation and numbered consecutively as 1. 1.1., 1.1.1., 1.1.2., They should be written in 11 and 10 font size, respectively. The headings should be capitalized (1. INTRODUCTION, 2. METHOD, 3. FINDINGS, 4. DISCUSSION, 5. RESULTS) and the first letters of the subheadings should be written in uppercase and the others in lowercase (2.2. Data Collection Tools). The headings should be partitioned no more than 4 levels. 1 (one) line spacing should be used before the headings; there should be no line spacing after the headings.

Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively, as Table 1, Table 2, Figure 1, and tables and figures should be placed where they are most appropriate in the text. The title of the table should be placed above the table. The title of the figure should be placed below the figure. First letters of the titles of tables and figures should be capital using font size 11. References related to tables or figures should be placed below tables and figures with font size 9. The figures and tables with their titles should be centered in the text. Figures and tables should be separated from the text by 1 (one) line spacing. The text in the tables and figures should be written in font size 8-10.

Example for Table and Figure Titles:
Table 1. Literature Review on Performance Measurement Methods at Seaports
Figure 1. Conceptual Model of the Study

Abstract and Keywords
The manuscript should include the Turkish and English abstract which should be between 150-200 words. If the manuscript is written in Turkish, an extended abstract of 750-1000 words should be written in English. Extended English abstract should include method, purpose, findings, discussion and results sections. First letter of the abstract should be capitalized (Abstract) as bold in font size 9. The abstract should include the aim of the study, its method, findings and results. Abbreviations should not be used in the abstract. The authors should list three to five keywords which can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should be written in lower case except for proper nouns with semicolons. Tables and references should be written according to the standards of APA 6 (American Psychological Association).

Title Page

The title page should include a concise and informative title (Turkish and English), the name(s), academic title(s) and complete affiliation(s) of the author(s), and the information of corresponding author including name, e-mail address, telephone, and fax numbers. All authors are recommended to provide an open researcher and contributor ID (ORCID) ( Information about the identity of the name and organization should not be given on any page other than the title page. The Turkish and English title of the article should be written in capital letters, using font size 12 and bold and it should be set centered. First letter of the author(s) name and last name should be written in capital letter with font size 11 and aligned to the left. The affiliations(s) and contact information of the author(s) should be written with font size 10 in the footnote.


In the text, bold words cannot be used. If you want to emphasize, it should be written in font size 9 and italics should be employed.


Footnotes should only be used for explanation and numbered at the end of the page. The number should be used when adding footnotes.

Sorting Bullets

Bullets (•) instead of (1, 2, 3) numbers should be preferred when sorting in the text.


Other elements such as survey form, data set, and statistical analysis etc. can be given in appendices part. If there is more than one additional material, they should be numbered for each addition. Appendices should be given at the end of the references on a separate page.

Direct Citations

Direct citations should be typed in quotation marks “ ” with font size 9.

Citation Within The Text
Author(s) should follow common rules suggested by American Psychological Association (APA 6th edition) for citations in the text. In citations with up to five authors, all author names should be given in the first citation.  A study by three to five authors should be cited with listing last names of all authors in the first citation. In subsequent citations only the first author’s last name is given together with the “et al.” expression. In citations of the studies by six or more authors, only the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” should be written. Some examples are given below:

- If citation is used at the end of the sentence, last name of the author and the publication year is given in parentheses

(Yanpar, 2001)

(Uygur & Yanpar, 2019)

(Uygur et al., 2009); (Uygur and Yanpar, 2002)

 -If citation is used in the beginning or middle of the sentence using the name of the author, the publication year is given in parentheses.

According to the research by Yanpar & Uygur (2014) ………..

Yanpar et al. (2001) stated……….

-When it is required to cite more than one work at the same sentence, sources are specified within parenthesis by ordering author names alphabetically separated with semicolons.

  (Kılıç, 2002; Yanpar, 1983)

 (Mutlu, 1999; Shafranske & Mahoney, 1998; Smith et al., 2003)

-When direct citations are used, page numbers should be specified.

 As Yanpar (2018, p. 39) pointed out “……………..”

..... exploring learners’ beliefs and perceptions was investigated (Efendioğlu, 2017, pp. 34-35).

When authors have the same last name, first names should be used alphabetically and separated with semicolons.

(E. Johnson, 2001; L. Johnson, 1998)

-Institutional Sources

The Ministry of Interior  (2000) explained census ..........

..........the number of Syrian students increased (The Ministry of Education, 2018, p. 34).

As stated in the Corporate Assessment Guideline  (2017) ……….

.......... (Ministry of Family and Social Policy [MFSP], 2012, p. 6)


The list of references should be given at the end of the article and prepared in accordance with the standards of APA 6th Edition. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). In case of having cited an author’s different studies of the same year, letters 'a', 'b', 'c', are added to the date. Use of DOI is recommended. Reference list should be alphabetized by the last names of the authors of each study. All references should be written in font size 11. Some examples are given below:

-Journal articles

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Publication Year). Article name. Name of the journal, volume number (issue number), page (s).

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Yelken, T. (2009). The effects of materials development based on "creativity activities within a group" on teacher candidates' portfolios. Egitim ve Bilim-Education And Science34(153), 83-98.

Konokman, G. Y., & Yelken, T. Y. (2014). Eğitim fakültesi öğretim elemanlarının yaşam boyu öğrenme yeterliklerine ilişkin algıları. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi29(2), 267-282.

Berndt, T. J. (1981a). Age changes and changes over time in prosocial intentions and behavior between friends. Developmental Psychology17(2), 408-416.

Uygur, M., Yelken, T. Y., & Akay, C. (2018). Analyzing the views of pre-service teachers on the use of augmented reality applications in education. European Journal of Educational Research, 7(4), 849-860. doi: 10.12973/eu-jer.7.4.849.


Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Publication Year). Book Name. Place of publication: Publisher

Yanpar, T. (2005). Öğretim teknolojileri ve materyal tasarımı. Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.

- Edited book

Last name of the editor, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Ed.) (Publication Year). Book Name. Place of publication: Publisher

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Publication Year). Book Name. The initial letter of the editor’s name. Last name of the editor (Ed.). Place of publication: Publisher

Yelken, T. (Ed.). (2015). Öğretim ilke ve yöntemleri. Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

-Translated book

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Publication Year). Book Name. (The initial letter of the translator’s name. Last name of the translator, Trans.) Place of publication: Publisher

Creswell, W. (2017). A concise ıntroduction to mixed methods research. (Mustafa Sözbilir, Trans.). Ankara: Pegem Academy.

-Article or chapter in an edited book

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Publication Year). Title of chapter.  Title of book (pages of the chapter). Place of publication: Publisher

Yelken, T (2017). Eğitimin teknolojik temelleri. Eğitim bilimine giriş (pp. 165-184). Ankara: Anı Yayıncılık.

- Electronic sources

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Publication Year). Title of article.  Retrieved from

Petersen, J.C. (1999). Internationalizing quality assurance in higher education. USA: Council for Higher Education Accreditation. Retrieved from .

 - Conference proceeding

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Year, Month date). Title of paper. Title of Published Proceedings.  Title of Conference, Location (inclusive page numbers). Place of publication: Publisher.

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Year, Month date). Title of paper. Title of Conference, Location. doi:10.XXX/XXXXX.XX

Last name of the editor, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Eds.) (Year). Title of conference, Location, Date.  Place of publication: Publisher.

Uygur, M., Akay, C., & Yelken, T. (2018, 13-15 Eylül). Yükseköğretim sisteminde dijital dönüşümün adımları: mobil öğrenmeye hazır mıyız? I. Uluslararası Eğitimde ve Kültürde Akademik Çalışmalar Sempozyumu Tam Metin Bildiri Kitabı. I. Uluslararası Eğitimde ve Kültürde Akademik Çalışmalar Sempozyumu, Türkiye, Mersin (s.18-25).

Balakrishnan, R. (2006, 25-26 March). Why aren't we using 3d user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces. doi:10.1109/VR.2006.148.

Wilkinson, R. (1999). Sociology as a marketing feast. In M. Collis, L. Munro, & S. Russell (Eds.), Sociology for the New Millennium. Papers presented at The Australian Sociological Association, held at Monash University, Melbourne, 7-10 December (pp. 281-289). Churchill, Victoria: Celts.

 -Newspaper article

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Year, Month Day). Title of article.  Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from

Shepherd J. (2009, February 10). Fertile minds need fedingThe Guardian. Retrieved from

-Published dissertation

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Year). Title of dissertation (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Name of database. (Accession or Order Number)

Biswas, S. (2008). A neuroprotective treatment target in Parkinson's disease. Retrieved from ProQuest Digital Dissertations. (W200008)

- Unpublished dissertation

Last name of the author, the initial letter(s) of the name. (Year). Title of dissertation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Name of Institution, Location.

Uygur, M. (2018). Yükseköğretimde kalite güvencesi bağlamında öğretme-öğrenme süreçlerinin incelenmesi ve öğretim elemanlarına yönelik bir eğitici eğitimi programı geliştirilmesi (Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi). Mersin Üniversitesi, Türkiye.

 - Institution

Karadeniz Technical University. (2015). Collaboration between institutional university and industry in Karadeniz Technical University (Publication No. 235). Trabzon, Turkey. Karadeniz Technical University Publications.

- Data set

Ministry of Internal Affairs General Directorate of Immigration Administration. (2018). Immigration Statistics [Data File]. Retrieved from

- Powerpoint

Yelken, T. (2015). Bologna process applications [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from