Research Article
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Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 127 - 135, 31.12.2021

Abstract

Use of biodegradable polymer films such as polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB), chitosan and cellulose as packaging materials in food storage has become an important issue in the storage of food. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of bacterial cellulose films in terms of extending the shelf life of food storage will be determined compared to other petrochemical materials. Bacterial cellulose films were formed by Gluconacetobacter hansenii HE1 strain. The cellulose layer was dried, sterilized and used as packaging material. Cling wrap was used as a positive control. Sausage specimens purchased from the market were kept in the fridge at 0, 2, 4 and 6 days at +4ºC without wrapping, wrapped with a cling wrap, wrapped with bacterial cellulose film. Colony counts for microbial load were determined by the arithmetic mean, with 3 replicates among each sample group. At the end of the sixth day, the microbial load of the sausage wrapped with bacterial cellulose was found to be as 1,2x104 cfu/mL. However, the microbial load of the sausage wrapped with cling wrap was found to be as 2,7x105 cfu/mL while the microbial load of the non-wrapped sausages was found to be as 1,0x106 cfu/mL. It has been observed that microbial contamination with airborne filtration through porous, thin, web-like structure, which bacterial cellulose has, can filtrate air-borne contamination better than petrochemical-derived cling wrap. For this reason, bacterial cellulose can be used as a packaging material to store foodstuffs and to extend shelf life.

References

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  • Arvanitoyannis I.S. & Kotsanopoulos K.V. 2014. Migration phenomenon in food packaging. Food–package interactions, mechanisms, types of migrants, testing and relative legislation, Food and Bioprocess Technology, 7, 21-36.
  • Atares L. & Chiralt A. 2016. Essential oils as additives in biodegradable films and coatings for active food packaging, Trends in Food Science & Technology, 48, 51-62.
  • Azeredo H.M.C., Barud H., Farinas C.S., Vasconcellos V.M. & Claro A.M. 2019. Bacterial cellulose as a raw material for food and food packaging applications, Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 3(7), 1-14.
  • Bandyopadhyay S., Saha N. & Saha P. 2020. Comparative analysis of bacterial cellulose based polymeric films for food packaging, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2205, 1-5. Borchers A., Teuber S.S., Keen C.L. & Gershwin M.E. 2010. Food safety, Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology, 39, 95-141.
  • Brooks J.D. & Flint S.H. 2008. Biofilms in the food industry: Problems and potential solutions, International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 43(12), 2163-2176.
  • Çoban E.P, Şahin S., Bıyık H.H, Özmen I., Ünsal H. & Bengül E. 2017. Antimicrobial and biocompatible bacterial cellulose as wound dressing, Transylvanian Review, 25(22): 1-11.
  • Çoban E.P., Bıyık H.H. & Sağlam U.C. 2020. Use of nanocellulose and microcellulose for aniline blue dye removal, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 29(11): 9542-9549.
  • Drosinos E.H, Mataragas M., Xiraphi N., Moschonas G., Gaitis F. & Metaxopoulos J. 2005. Characterization of the microbial flora from a traditional Greek fermented sausage, Meat Science, 69, 307-317.
  • Durusoy R. & Karababa A.O. 2011. Plastic food packaging and health, TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 10(1), 87-96.
  • Ferna´ndez-Lo´pez J., Sendra E., Sayas-Barbera E., Navarro C., & Pe´rez-Alvarez J.A. 2008. Physico-chemical and microbiological profiles of ‘‘salchicho´n” (Spanish dry- fermented sa-usage) enriched with orange fiber, Meat Science, 80, 410-417.
  • Hestrin S. &Schramm M. 1954. Synthesis of cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum: preparation of freeze dried cells capable of polymerizing glucose to cellulose, Biochemical Journal, 58, 345.
  • Keshk S.M.A.S. 2014. Bacterial cellulose production and its industrial applications, Journal of Bioprocessing and Biotechniques, 4(2), 1-10.
  • Khosravi-Darani K. & Bucci D.Z. 2016. Application of polyhydroxyalkonoate in food packaging: Improvements by nanotechnology, Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, 29(2): 275-285.
  • Kuswandi B., Asih N.P.N., Pratoko D.K., Kristiningrum N., & Moradi M. 2020. Edible pH sensor based on immobilized red cabbage anthocyanins into bacterial cellulose membrane for intelligent food packaging, Packaging Technology and Science, 33, 321–332.
  • Li Q., Gao R., Wang L., Xu M., Yuan Y., Ma L., Wan Z. & Yang X. 2020. Nanocomposites of bacterial cellulose nanofibrils and zein nanoparticles for food packaging, ACS Applied Nano Materials, 3, 2899-2910.
  • Malhotra B., Keshwani A. & Kharkwal H. 2015. Natural polymer based cling films for food packaging, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences,7(4): 1-24.
  • Neši´c A., Cabrera-Barjas G., Dimitrijevi´c-Brankovi´c S., Davidovi´c S., Neda Radovanovi´c N. & Delattre C. 2020. Prospect of polysaccharide-based materials as advanced food packaging, Molecules, 25, 135.
  • Padrao J., Gonçalves S., Silva J.P., Sencadas V., Lanceros-Mendez S., Pinheiro A.C., Vicente A.A, Rodrigues L.R. & Dourado F. 2016. Bacterial cellulose-lactoferrin as an antimicrobial edible packaging, Food Hydrocolloids, 58, 126-140.
  • Pawar P.A. & Purwar A.H. Bioderadable Polymers in Food Packaging, American Journal of Engineering Research, 2(5), 151-164.
  • Raheem D. 2012. Application of plastics and paper as food packaging materials, Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 25(3), 177-188.
  • Siroli L., Patrignani F., Serrazanetti D.I, Chiavari C., Benevelli M., Grazia L. & Lanciotti R. 2017. Survival of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms on cardboard and plastic packaging materials, Frontiers in Microbiology, 8(2606), 1-10.
  • Shah N., Ul-Islam M., Khatta W.A. & Park J.K. 2013. Overview of bacterial cellulose composites: A multipurpose advanced material. Carbohydrate Polymers, 98, 1585-1598.
  • Wu Y., Luo X., Li W., Song R., Li J., Li Y., Li B. & Liu S. 2016. Green and biodegradable composite films with novel antimicrobial performance based on cellulose, Food Chemistry, 197, 250-256.

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 127 - 135, 31.12.2021

Abstract

References

  • Abdul Khalil H.P.S., Y. Davoudpour Y., Chaturbhuj K. Saurabh C.K., Hossain S., Adnan A. S., Dungani R., Paridah M.T., Islam Sarker Z., Nurul Fazita M.R., Syakir M.I., & Haafiz. M.K.M. 2016. A review on nanocellulosic fibres as new material for sustainable packaging: Process and applications, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 64, 823–836.
  • Aider M. 2010. Chitosan application for active bio-based films production and potential in the food industry, Food Science & Technology, 43, 837-842.
  • Arvanitoyannis I.S. & Kotsanopoulos K.V. 2014. Migration phenomenon in food packaging. Food–package interactions, mechanisms, types of migrants, testing and relative legislation, Food and Bioprocess Technology, 7, 21-36.
  • Atares L. & Chiralt A. 2016. Essential oils as additives in biodegradable films and coatings for active food packaging, Trends in Food Science & Technology, 48, 51-62.
  • Azeredo H.M.C., Barud H., Farinas C.S., Vasconcellos V.M. & Claro A.M. 2019. Bacterial cellulose as a raw material for food and food packaging applications, Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 3(7), 1-14.
  • Bandyopadhyay S., Saha N. & Saha P. 2020. Comparative analysis of bacterial cellulose based polymeric films for food packaging, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2205, 1-5. Borchers A., Teuber S.S., Keen C.L. & Gershwin M.E. 2010. Food safety, Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology, 39, 95-141.
  • Brooks J.D. & Flint S.H. 2008. Biofilms in the food industry: Problems and potential solutions, International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 43(12), 2163-2176.
  • Çoban E.P, Şahin S., Bıyık H.H, Özmen I., Ünsal H. & Bengül E. 2017. Antimicrobial and biocompatible bacterial cellulose as wound dressing, Transylvanian Review, 25(22): 1-11.
  • Çoban E.P., Bıyık H.H. & Sağlam U.C. 2020. Use of nanocellulose and microcellulose for aniline blue dye removal, Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 29(11): 9542-9549.
  • Drosinos E.H, Mataragas M., Xiraphi N., Moschonas G., Gaitis F. & Metaxopoulos J. 2005. Characterization of the microbial flora from a traditional Greek fermented sausage, Meat Science, 69, 307-317.
  • Durusoy R. & Karababa A.O. 2011. Plastic food packaging and health, TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 10(1), 87-96.
  • Ferna´ndez-Lo´pez J., Sendra E., Sayas-Barbera E., Navarro C., & Pe´rez-Alvarez J.A. 2008. Physico-chemical and microbiological profiles of ‘‘salchicho´n” (Spanish dry- fermented sa-usage) enriched with orange fiber, Meat Science, 80, 410-417.
  • Hestrin S. &Schramm M. 1954. Synthesis of cellulose by Acetobacter xylinum: preparation of freeze dried cells capable of polymerizing glucose to cellulose, Biochemical Journal, 58, 345.
  • Keshk S.M.A.S. 2014. Bacterial cellulose production and its industrial applications, Journal of Bioprocessing and Biotechniques, 4(2), 1-10.
  • Khosravi-Darani K. & Bucci D.Z. 2016. Application of polyhydroxyalkonoate in food packaging: Improvements by nanotechnology, Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, 29(2): 275-285.
  • Kuswandi B., Asih N.P.N., Pratoko D.K., Kristiningrum N., & Moradi M. 2020. Edible pH sensor based on immobilized red cabbage anthocyanins into bacterial cellulose membrane for intelligent food packaging, Packaging Technology and Science, 33, 321–332.
  • Li Q., Gao R., Wang L., Xu M., Yuan Y., Ma L., Wan Z. & Yang X. 2020. Nanocomposites of bacterial cellulose nanofibrils and zein nanoparticles for food packaging, ACS Applied Nano Materials, 3, 2899-2910.
  • Malhotra B., Keshwani A. & Kharkwal H. 2015. Natural polymer based cling films for food packaging, International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences,7(4): 1-24.
  • Neši´c A., Cabrera-Barjas G., Dimitrijevi´c-Brankovi´c S., Davidovi´c S., Neda Radovanovi´c N. & Delattre C. 2020. Prospect of polysaccharide-based materials as advanced food packaging, Molecules, 25, 135.
  • Padrao J., Gonçalves S., Silva J.P., Sencadas V., Lanceros-Mendez S., Pinheiro A.C., Vicente A.A, Rodrigues L.R. & Dourado F. 2016. Bacterial cellulose-lactoferrin as an antimicrobial edible packaging, Food Hydrocolloids, 58, 126-140.
  • Pawar P.A. & Purwar A.H. Bioderadable Polymers in Food Packaging, American Journal of Engineering Research, 2(5), 151-164.
  • Raheem D. 2012. Application of plastics and paper as food packaging materials, Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 25(3), 177-188.
  • Siroli L., Patrignani F., Serrazanetti D.I, Chiavari C., Benevelli M., Grazia L. & Lanciotti R. 2017. Survival of spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms on cardboard and plastic packaging materials, Frontiers in Microbiology, 8(2606), 1-10.
  • Shah N., Ul-Islam M., Khatta W.A. & Park J.K. 2013. Overview of bacterial cellulose composites: A multipurpose advanced material. Carbohydrate Polymers, 98, 1585-1598.
  • Wu Y., Luo X., Li W., Song R., Li J., Li Y., Li B. & Liu S. 2016. Green and biodegradable composite films with novel antimicrobial performance based on cellulose, Food Chemistry, 197, 250-256.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Journal Section Article
Authors

Esin POYRAZOĞLU> (Primary Author)
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3921-5362
Türkiye


Hacı Halil BIYIK>
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES UNIVERSITY
Türkiye


Öznur ÇETİN This is me
It is not affiliated with an institution
Türkiye

Supporting Institution TUBITAK BIDEP-2209
Project Number Project Number: 1919B011601901
Thanks This research was supported by TUBITAK BIDEP-2209- Project Number: 1919B011601901. The authors are thankful to Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Biology Aydın Adnan Menderes University which was used in this work.
Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ejfst936442, journal = {Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology}, eissn = {2667-4890}, address = {Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Biyosistem Mühendisliği Bölümü, Nevşehir}, publisher = {İlknur BAĞDATLI}, year = {2021}, volume = {5}, number = {2}, pages = {127 - 135}, title = {Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging}, key = {cite}, author = {Poyrazoğlu, Esin and Bıyık, Hacı Halil and Çetin, Öznur} }
APA Poyrazoğlu, E. , Bıyık, H. H. & Çetin, Ö. (2021). Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging . Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology , Volume 5 Issue 2 , 127-135 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejfst/issue/67811/936442
MLA Poyrazoğlu, E. , Bıyık, H. H. , Çetin, Ö. "Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging" . Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology 5 (2021 ): 127-135 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejfst/issue/67811/936442>
Chicago Poyrazoğlu, E. , Bıyık, H. H. , Çetin, Ö. "Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging". Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology 5 (2021 ): 127-135
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging AU - Esin Poyrazoğlu , Hacı Halil Bıyık , Öznur Çetin Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 127 EP - 135 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - -2667-4890 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging %A Esin Poyrazoğlu , Hacı Halil Bıyık , Öznur Çetin %T Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging %D 2021 %J Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology %P -2667-4890 %V 5 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Poyrazoğlu, Esin , Bıyık, Hacı Halil , Çetin, Öznur . "Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging". Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology 5 / 2 (December 2021): 127-135 .
AMA Poyrazoğlu E. , Bıyık H. H. , Çetin Ö. Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging. EJFST. 2021; 5(2): 127-135.
Vancouver Poyrazoğlu E. , Bıyık H. H. , Çetin Ö. Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging. Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2021; 5(2): 127-135.
IEEE E. Poyrazoğlu , H. H. Bıyık and Ö. Çetin , "Environmentally Friendly Bacterial Cellulose Films for Food Packaging", Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 127-135, Dec. 2021

Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology (EJFST)   e-ISSN: 2667-4890   Web: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejfst   e-mail: foodsciencejournal@gmail.com