Year 2020, Volume , Issue 20, Pages 171 - 180 2020-12-31

Nesnelerin Kuyruk Yönetimi: Nesnelerin İnternetine Özel Kuyruk Yönetim Yaklaşımı
AQM-of-Things: Special Queue Management Approach for Internet of Things

Kerem AYTAÇ [1] , Ömer KORÇAK [2]


Birçok farklı alanda Nesnelerin İnterneti (IoT) kullanımının giderek yaygınlaşmasına rağmen, günümüzde hala cihazların düşük işlem yetenekleri ve maliyet endişeleri sebebiyle ağ topolojisi ve kapasitesiyle ilgili büyük problemler bulunmaktadır. Farklı öncelik seviyelerine sahip çok fazla veri trafiği oluşturan düşük işlem yetenekli sensörlerin ağ topolojisi içerisinde sayısı artırılırken genelde ağın kısıtları IoT’de göz ardı edilmektedir. Bu makalede, kuyrukları yönetebilmek ve ağdaki olası tıkanmaları engellemek için bu ağ noktalarına oyun teorisi yaklaşımlı bir aktif kuyruk yönetimi yaklaşımı önerilmiştir. AQM-of-Things (AQMoT) adı verilen bu yaklaşımda, ağ düğümlerine az miktarda ama etkili bir zeka kazandırılması önerilmektedir. Genişletilmiş bir oyun modeli formülize edilerek hem IoT cihazlarının ne zaman veri göndereceklerine dair, hem de haberleşme ünitelerinin ne zaman verileri düşüreceklerine dair karar verme mekanizmaları belirlenmiştir. Oyun modelinde kuyruk uzunluğu ve diğer ağ durumları dikkate alan bir yöntem geliştirilmiştir. Bu şekilde, diğer algoritmaların aksine haberleşme ünitelerinin durumunu hafif ve oyun teorisini baz alarak gözeten yenilikçi ve tıkanıklıktan kaçınan bir yaklaşımı öne sürüyoruz. Ayrıca AQMoT yaklaşımı alternatif kuyruk yönetim yaklaşımları ile kavramsal olarak karşılaştırılmış ve özellikle IoT alanında önemli avantajları olduğu sonucuna varılmıştır.
Although Internet of Things (IoT) networks are massively deployed in many different areas, there are significant problems regarding the network topology and capacity, due to low smartness level of IoT devices and cost matters. Congestion and queue management especially in an IoT network buffer is one of the most important subjects that need to be considered. In this paper, we propose a novel game-theoretical approach to manage the queue and avoid possible congestion, by adding a little intelligence to dumb nodes with a lightweight method called AQM-of-Things (AQMoT). Extensive-form game formulation is used for defining decision making criteria of both IoT nodes (when to send) and gateways (when to drop). We describe a game model according to the queue level as well as other network conditions. Thus, a novel congestion avoidance method is proposed, where senders care about the gateway’s current situtation with a very lightweight game theoretical algorithm. We also demonstrate a conceptual comparison with alternative queue management approaches, and conclude that the proposed AQMoT approach has important advantages especially in IoT domain.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4794-4036
Author: Kerem AYTAÇ (Primary Author)
Institution: Marmara University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4419-556X
Author: Ömer KORÇAK
Institution: Marmara University
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Koç Digital ArGe Merkezi
Thanks Koç Digital ArGe Merkezi, Marmara Üniversitesi
Dates

Publication Date : December 31, 2020

APA Aytaç, K , Korçak, Ö . (2020). AQM-of-Things: Special Queue Management Approach for Internet of Things . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (20) , 171-180 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.759077