Year 2015, Volume 39 , Issue 3, Pages 239 - 250 2015-04-29

Effects of entomopathogenic nematodes, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) and Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser), in biological control of Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri

Maria GOUDARZİ [1] , Mohammad Reza MOOSAVİ [2] , Rahil ASADİ [3]


Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is one of the most serious pests in Iran that attacks nearly all vegetables. Using synthetic insecticides is the main controlling method of this pest. Human and environmental health hazards on insecticides usage encourage scientists to search for alternative safer methods. This research is devised to evaluate the potential of two indigenous entomopathogenic nematodes against this pest. Ability of different concentrations of infective juveniles to infect penultimate and last instars larvae, pre-pupa and pupa was assessed under laboratory condition after 12, 24 and 48 h. Susceptibility of larval stages, pre-pupa and pupa to different concentrations of both entomopathogenic nematodes was evaluated in a pot experiment. Final instar larvae was the most susceptible stage in both laboratory and greenhouse condition. Pre-pupa was more vulnerable to entomopathogenic nematodes as compared with pupa. The mortality increased with increasing in the time of exposure. After 12 hours, the LD50 of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) and Steinernema carpocapsae (weiser) on final instar larvae were 34 and 56 infective juveniles per 10 cm Petri dish respectively. About 98 and 90% of final instar larvae were parasitized five days after exposing to H. bacteriophora and S. carpocapsae in the greenhouse. According to the results, these two indigenous entomopathogenic nematodes have good potentials in managing A. segetum.

Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), İran'da hemen hemen tüm sebze bitkilerine saldıran en önemli zararlılardan birisidir. Zararlının mücadelesinde sentetik kimyasallar kullanılmaktadır. İnsektisit kullanımının çevreye insan hayatına vermiş olduğu olumsuz etkileri ortadan kaldırmak için bilim insanları zararlılar ile mücadele için alternatif ve daha güvenli metotlar araştırmaktadırlar. Bu çalışma bu zararlıya karşı iki entomopatojen nematod türünün potansiyelini belirlemek için planlanmıştır. Farklı konsantrasyondaki nematod juvenillerinin zararlının sondan bir önceki, son, pre-pupa ve pupa dönemleri üzerindeki etkisi laboratuvar koşullarında uygulamadan 12, 24 ve 48 saat sonra değerlendirilmiştir. Larva dönemlerinin, pre-pupa ve pupa dönemlerinin her iki nematodun farklı konsantrasyonlarına uygunluğu saksı denemeleri ile belirlenmiştir. Zararlının son larva dönemi hem laboratuvar hem de sera koşullarında nematodlar için en uygun dönem olarak belirlenmiştir. Pupa dönemi ile karşılaştırıldığında pre-pupa dönemi nematodlara karşı daha hassas bulunmuştur. Ölüm oranı zararlının nematodla muamele süresi arttıkça artmıştır. Uygulamadan 12 saat sonra Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)' nın son larva dönemine karşı 10 cm çapındaki Petri kabında LD50 değeri sırasıyla 34 ve 56 juvenil bulunmuştur. Serada H. bacteriophora ve S. carpocapsae uygulamalarından beş gün sonra son larva dönemlerinin yaklaşık % 98 ve 90'nın nematodlar tarafından parazitlendiği tespit edilmiştir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre her iki entomopatojen nematod türünün A. segetum mücadelesinde önemli bir potansiyele sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir.

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Primary Language tr
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Maria GOUDARZİ

Author: Mohammad Reza MOOSAVİ

Author: Rahil ASADİ

Dates

Publication Date : April 29, 2015

Bibtex @ { entoted76334, journal = {Turkish Journal of Entomology}, issn = {1010-6960}, eissn = {2536-491X}, address = {}, publisher = {Türkiye Entomoloji Derneği}, year = {2015}, volume = {39}, pages = {239 - 250}, doi = {10.16970/ted.43220}, title = {Agrotis segetum (Denis \& Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri}, key = {cite}, author = {GOUDARZİ, Maria and MOOSAVİ, Mohammad Reza and ASADİ, Rahil} }
APA GOUDARZİ, M , MOOSAVİ, M , ASADİ, R . (2015). Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri. Turkish Journal of Entomology , 39 (3) , 239-250 . DOI: 10.16970/ted.43220
MLA GOUDARZİ, M , MOOSAVİ, M , ASADİ, R . "Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri". Turkish Journal of Entomology 39 (2015 ): 239-250 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/entoted/issue/5709/76334>
Chicago GOUDARZİ, M , MOOSAVİ, M , ASADİ, R . "Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri". Turkish Journal of Entomology 39 (2015 ): 239-250
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri AU - Maria GOUDARZİ , Mohammad Reza MOOSAVİ , Rahil ASADİ Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.16970/ted.43220 DO - 10.16970/ted.43220 T2 - Turkish Journal of Entomology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 239 EP - 250 VL - 39 IS - 3 SN - 1010-6960-2536-491X M3 - doi: 10.16970/ted.43220 UR - https://doi.org/10.16970/ted.43220 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri %A Maria GOUDARZİ , Mohammad Reza MOOSAVİ , Rahil ASADİ %T Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri %D 2015 %J Turkish Journal of Entomology %P 1010-6960-2536-491X %V 39 %N 3 %R doi: 10.16970/ted.43220 %U 10.16970/ted.43220
ISNAD GOUDARZİ, Maria , MOOSAVİ, Mohammad Reza , ASADİ, Rahil . "Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri". Turkish Journal of Entomology 39 / 3 (April 2015): 239-250 . https://doi.org/10.16970/ted.43220
AMA GOUDARZİ M , MOOSAVİ M , ASADİ R . Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri. TED. 2015; 39(3): 239-250.
Vancouver GOUDARZİ M , MOOSAVİ M , ASADİ R . Agrotis segetum (Denis & Schiffermüller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’ un biyolojik mücadelesinde entomopatojen nematodlar, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (Poinar) ve Steinernema carpocapsae (Weiser)’ ın etkinlikleri. Turkish Journal of Entomology. 2015; 39(3): 250-239.