Year 2020, Volume 22 , Issue 1, Pages 66 - 86 2020-04-30

Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri
Views of Classroom Teachers Regarding the Processes of 1st and 4th Graders Having Difficulty in Learning Mathematics

Tahsin FIRAT [1] , Emrullah ERDEM [2]


Bu araştırmada, matematik öğrenmede güçlük yaşayan öğrencilerin ilkokul birinci ve dördüncü sınıfta ne tür güçlükler yaşadıkları sınıf öğretmenlerinin görüşlerine göre incelenmiştir. Araştırma, Türkiye’deki bir il merkezindeki okullarda görev yapan 47 sınıf öğretmeninin katılımıyla yürütülmüştür. Veriler, beş sorudan oluşan yarı-yapılandırılmış görüşme formu kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde içerik analizi tekniği kullanılmıştır. Yapılan analizler, 1. sınıfta matematik öğrenmede güçlük yaşayan öğrencilerin %62,5’inin 4. sınıfta da güçlük yaşamaya devam ettiğini göstermiştir. Bu öğrencilerin 1. sınıfta ritmik saymada, bazı kavramları öğrenmede, problem çözmede, sayı bilgisinde ve karşılaştırma yapmada zorluk yaşadıkları belirlenmiştir. 4. sınıfta ise ritmik saymada, bazı kavramları öğrenmede, işlem bilgisinde, problem çözmede, bellekle ilgili ve duyuşsal alanda güçlük yaşadıkları tespit edilmiştir. Öte yandan, 1. sınıfta okuma ve sayı bilgisi kaynaklı eksiklik, 4. sınıfta ilerleyerek okuduğunu anlama ve problem çözmedeki yetersizlik olarak kendini göstermiştir. Ayrıca öğrencilerin 1. sınıfta duyuşsal alanlarda güçlük yaşamadıkları ancak 4. sınıfta matematik kaygısına sahip oldukları ve motivasyon problemi yaşadıkları ortaya çıkmıştır.

This study aims at examining what kind of difficulties the students who have difficulty in mathematics learning experienced in the first and fourth grade of primary school in views of classroom teachers. The study was conducted with the participation of 47 classroom teachers working in schools in a province in Turkey. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview form consisting of five questions. The content analysis technique was used in the analysis of the data. The analysis showed that 62.5% of students who had difficulty in learning mathematics in the first grade continued to have difficulties in the fourth grade. These students were found to have difficulty in rhythm counting, learning some concepts, problem-solving, number knowledge and making the comparison in the 1st grade, while they were experiencing difficulties in rhythm counting, learning some concepts, operation knowledge, problem-solving, and about memory and emotional areas in the 4th grade. On the other hand, the lack of reading and number knowledge in the first grade has manifested itself as the inadequacy of reading comprehension and problem-solving in the fourth grade. It was also found that students had no difficulty in emotional areas in the first grade but had experienced mathematics anxiety and motivation problems in the fourth grade.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3577-7907
Author: Tahsin FIRAT (Primary Author)
Institution: ADIYAMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6588-5431
Author: Emrullah ERDEM
Institution: ADIYAMAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Acceptance Date : July 30, 2019
Publication Date : April 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { erziefd504004, journal = {Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2148-7758}, eissn = {2148-7510}, address = {}, publisher = {Erzincan University}, year = {2020}, volume = {22}, pages = {66 - 86}, doi = {10.17556/erziefd.504004}, title = {Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri}, key = {cite}, author = {Fırat, Tahsin and Erdem, Emrullah} }
APA Fırat, T , Erdem, E . (2020). Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri . Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi , 22 (1) , 66-86 . DOI: 10.17556/erziefd.504004
MLA Fırat, T , Erdem, E . "Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri" . Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2020 ): 66-86 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/erziefd/issue/54044/504004>
Chicago Fırat, T , Erdem, E . "Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri". Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 22 (2020 ): 66-86
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri AU - Tahsin Fırat , Emrullah Erdem Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17556/erziefd.504004 DO - 10.17556/erziefd.504004 T2 - Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 66 EP - 86 VL - 22 IS - 1 SN - 2148-7758-2148-7510 M3 - doi: 10.17556/erziefd.504004 UR - https://doi.org/10.17556/erziefd.504004 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri %A Tahsin Fırat , Emrullah Erdem %T Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri %D 2020 %J Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2148-7758-2148-7510 %V 22 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17556/erziefd.504004 %U 10.17556/erziefd.504004
ISNAD Fırat, Tahsin , Erdem, Emrullah . "Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri". Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 22 / 1 (April 2020): 66-86 . https://doi.org/10.17556/erziefd.504004
AMA Fırat T , Erdem E . Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri. EUJEF. 2020; 22(1): 66-86.
Vancouver Fırat T , Erdem E . Matematik Öğrenmede Güçlük Yaşayan İlkokul Öğrencilerinin 1. ve 4. Sınıftaki Süreçlerine İlişkin Sınıf Öğretmenlerinin Görüşleri. Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 22(1): 66-86.