Spelling Guide

Note: Please send your work without the author's name.

There is no maximum number of pages or number of characters restriction.

Article Writing Rules

Title 1

Each article should have a title in Turkish and English written on it. The content of the article should be of a short, clear and adequate quality, should be written in large letters and bold, not exceeding twenty words. 14 pt.

2. Author Name (s) and Address (s) i: 10 points

In the middle of the title, the surname must be written in all capital letters, the author's title, institution and e-mail address.

3. Summary and Key Words

The Turkish summary should reflect the purpose, scope and outcome of the study. Abstract should be written at least one hundred fifty, at least three hundred words long, with at least three words and no more than five words below the summary line. In addition, the summary, headline, and key words should be found in English. The articles written in foreign languages ​​should also include title, abstract and key words in Turkish, English and written text. Care should be taken not to have language mistakes in foreign summaries. 10 pt.

4. Main Text

It is preferred that the articles be written using a Microsoft Word software program that does not exceed twenty pages. Page structure should be set in A4 size with 14 nk line spacing, margins right, left, top and bottom 3 cm, both sides aligned and paragraph spacing should be set to 14 nk before and after and the page number should be placed to the bottom right of the page. Times New Roman font should be used. At the beginning of the paragraph 1.25 must be indented. The line range should be "ONE". Punctuation marks must be written adjacent to the preceding words. One letter space after the mentioned marks must be left. 12 pt. The study should be in accordance with the rules of linguistic knowledge. The use of punctuation marks in the text should be based on the latest TDK Writing Guideline in the writing of words and abbreviations, should be clear and simple, and should not include unnecessary information that goes beyond its purpose and scope. The scientific methods should be followed in the preparation of the Makalen, the subject of the study, the purpose, scope, the information should be given in sufficient order and in a certain order.

An article should contain a summary, chapters of the main text, bibliography and (if any) suffixes. Whether or not to use titles such as "Introduction", "Conclusion" depends on the nature of the work and the subject. But a final paragraph of the article must be found. The "outcome" should be in accordance with the purpose and scope of the research, with the main lines and in essence. The "results" should not be included in matters not mentioned in the text. Main, intermediate and subtitles can be used to provide a certain order.

Main topics: All capital letters and bold type. 14 pt.

Search headings: All should be written in bold; but the first letter of each sheep will be large and a carriage return will be made at the end of the title. 12 pt.

Subheadings: All should be written in bold; but the first letter of the first word of the head will be small and the first letter of the next words / words will be small and a carriage return will be made at the end of the heading. 10 pt.

Shapes, tables and photographs: Shapes, tables and photographs should not be taken outside the writing area, and if necessary, each should be on a separate page. Figures and tables should be numbered and should be named in Turkish and English according to their content. The numbers and titles should be written in bold, with the first letters of the bold letters on top of the figures, on top of the figures, and in black ink, with a uniform and sufficient line thickness, to draw down on white paper to minimize and prevent difficulties in printing. Tables should be done by command of table in "WORD" program. In case of necessity, "EXCEL" tables can be used. Where necessary, descriptive footnotes or abbreviations should be given just below the figures and tables. In addition, rules set for shapes must be observed. It is preferred that figures, tables and pictures do not exceed ten pages. The figures, tables and pictures should be placed in the text, provided that they are in printable form. 10 pt.

References: References to be made in the article should be given in the parentheses immediately after the relevant place, in the order of the surname of the author, publication year of the work and page number. Example: (Alsu, 2017: 28)

When more than one source is shown, the works are sorted in the same brackets, from the oldest to the new one, separated by a semicolon. Example: (Alsu, 2017: 12, Emek, 2016: 28)

In two written sources, place a hyphen (-). In the case of more authoritarian sources, the abbreviation "et al." Should be used after the surname of the first author. Examples: (Alsu-Emek 2003: 15), (Alsu, etc. 2017: 25)

Two works published in the same year by the author are distinguished by adding one letter to the publication year. Examples: (Ilhan 2003a: 25), (İlhan 2003b: 58)

Works published in the same year by two authors whose surnames are the same are specified by writing the first letters of the names. Examples: (Demir, A. 2003: 46), (Demir, H. 2003: 27)

When an inaccessible publication is cited in the text, the work in which it is taken together with this source should be shown as follows: Example: (Transcribed from Köprülü 1911: 75, Çelik 1998: 25)

When a manuscript is sourced, it should be abbreviated after the name of the author or translator, the number of the leaf should be specified as in the example, and the full identification should be shown in the source. Example: (Ahmadî, [yz] 1410: 7b)

When archival documents are cited, the abbreviation in the text should be as it should be, the opening must be given at the source. Example: (BCA, Eng. 15:25)

Footnotes: Footnotes are used only for mandatory explanations and are given automatically by the "FOOTNOTE" command. References in this section should be arranged in brackets with the surname of the author, publication year of the work and page number in the future. Example: (Alsu, 2017: 15)

Duties: Cited quotations should be given in quotation marks and the source should be specified in parentheses at the end of the quotation. Less than five lines should be given in italics between quotes and sentences longer than five lines should be given in italic in block form, 1 cm inside the left and right of the page. At the end of non-individual quotations, only the brackets should be cited.

Bibliography: All sources used in the article should be taken as "bibliography", documents and artifacts not mentioned in the article should not be included in the source even if it is related to the topic of the article. References should be given alphabetically at the end of the main text according to the surnames of the authors (for the ones before the surname law, the author's name is taken as basis). The names of the works must be written in italics.


Öztürk, S. (2004). Macro economics. Ankara: Science and Art Publications.

Book section:

Muecke, M. A. (1994). On the evaluation of ethnographies. J. M. Morse (Der.) Critical issues in qualitative research: In 187-209. London: Sage.


Alsu, E. and Öztürk, S. (2009). Economic Outlook: Basic Economic Outlook for Southeastern Anatolia Region. Ekobakış: Journal of Economics Research, 45 (2): 15-20.


Drichoutis, A. C., Lazaridis, P. and Nayga, R. M. Jr. (2006). Consumers' use of nutritional labels: A review of research studies and issues. Academy of Marketing Science Review (e-journal), 2006 (9): http://www.amsreview.org/articles/drichoutis09-2006.pdf, (02.09.2011).


Alsu, E. (2007). Effect of Capital Structure on Profitability and Continuity. Application on BIST 100. Unpublished PhD Thesis. Hasan Kalyoncu University, Institute of Social Sciences, Gaziantep.

Symposium and congress reports:

Alsu, E. and Taşdemir, A. (2009). Foreign direct investment and export in Turkey: The period of 1991-2008. Econanadolu 2009: Anadolu International Economics Congress, 17-19 June 2009, Eskişehir, Turkey.

Internet address:

University of Georgia (if available, publication year). "Points of pride", http://www.uga.edu/profile/pride.html, (access date).


CBRT (1995). Annual Report. www.tcmb.gov.tr, (01.05.2011). or Bikmen, F. and Meydanoğlu, Z. (2006). Civil society in Turkey: a process of change. International Civil Society Index Project Turkey Country Report. İstanbul: Tüsev Publications No: 39.

Internet article:

Suronovic, M. S. (2005). International finance theory and policy. http://internationalecon.com/Finance/Fch70/Fch70.php, (access date).

Internet notice:

17-19 June 2009, Eskişehir,

Turkey. http://econ.anadolu.edu.tr/fullpapers/Temiz_Gokmen_econanadolu2009.pdf, (access date).

Writing rules should be based on the writing of the article and other articles not mentioned in the reference (APA). Version 6 of the APA should be the version that authors will consider. (For a detailed guide

https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ can be viewed.)