Volume: 9 Issue: 17, 6/30/22

Year: 2022

The Journal of Natural Sciences and Technical Sciences is an international and multidisciplinary scholarly journal of many scientific topics. It publishes research papers, short communications and review papers. There is no restriction on the length of the papers. Our aim is to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research in as much detail as possible. Full experimental and/or methodical details must be provided for research articles. A peer-review process ensures the quality and international interest of the manuscripts accepted for publication.

The journal promotes the latest scientific findings, empirical and theoretical researches in the following areas;

Climate Change
Earth & Environment
Remote Sensing

Publication Policy

Open Access and Free Submission Statement
Science and Technology in the 21st Century is open access journal — all the manuscripts published in these journals are freely available online for anyone. There is no subscription or submission charges. Our journal operate under the Creative Commons Attribution license in International Version 4 (CC BY 4.0). This allows for the reproduction of articles free of charge with the appropriate citation information. All authors publishing with Science and Technology in the 21st Century accept these as the terms of publication.

Submission and Evaluation Process
1. Submission
2. First Control
a. Scope check
b. Preliminary language check and technical control
3. Scientific Evaluation
a. Editor-in-chief
b. Editor
c. Referee
4. Publication
a. Technical control
b. After acceptance language correction
c. Galley proof
d. Publication

All manuscripts must be submitted electronically via the Internet through the online system for Science and Technology in the 21st Century at https://dergipark.org.tr/en/journal/3499/dashboard. After selecting the journal, you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files.
Papers are accepted for evaluation on the understanding that:
• they have not been published,
• they are not being considered for publication simultaneously elsewhere,
• they are not going to be submitted for publication elsewhere.
After a manuscript has been submitted, it is not possible for authors to be added or removed or for the order of authors to be changed. If authors do so, their submission may be canceled.
All authors need to have their ORCID IDs so that the process of evaluation and publishing of the manuscripts can continue in accordance with our publishing policy.

Preparation of Manuscript
The form of the article should be as in the appendix. Articles that are not prepared in accordance with the template and rules are sent to the author in preliminary evaluation.

Manuscript Template

Langeuage: Science and Technology in the 21st Century accept only English manuscripts

Title section: Should contain the informative title of the manuscript (if possible, abbreviations should be avoided), not exceeding 15 words, first name and surname of the authors, the name of institution, its address, corresponding author’s e-mail address.

Abstract: Should state the purpose of the research, the main methods, and results and should not exceed 300 words. It should not contain references.

Keywords: Maximum 6 words, in alphabetical order, separated by commas. If possible, avoid abbreviations.

Introduction: Background and significance of the problem by using the most recent publications should be provided. The aim of the study should be clearly stated at the end of the introduction.

Materials and methods: Authors should provide a concise description of experimental site, design, materials and analytical methods and statistical procedures used. This part should be as clear as possible to enable other scientists to repeat the research presented.
Results: The numbers from the tables or figures should not be repeated extensively in the text and long explanations of the tables and figures are not acceptable. The same information given in the table should not be repeated in the figure or vice versa. Relevant statistical information should be provided in tables and figures. Statistical significance should be clearly indicated where applicable.

Discussion: Interpretation of data, related to previous research, should be presented. Results and discussion sections may be combined.

Conclusion: Main significant results of the study should be presented in a clear and concise way and should be numbered.

Acknowledgements (optional): Acknowledgements of funds, grants, etc. may be placed.
Ethics Committee Approval: If ethics committee approval is required, an ethics committee approval document should be attached to the end of the article. If not required, N/A should be written.
Peer-review: Since the articles published in the journal are subject to the peer-review process, the statement "Externally peer-reviewed" should be written in this part.
Author Contributions: The points that each author contributed to the article should be stated. (Example: Conceptualization: H.S.; Investigation: H.S.; Material and Methodology: H.S., S.Ö.; Supervision: H.S., E.T.E.; Visualization: S.Ö.; Writing-Original Draft: H.S., D.A.; Writing-review & Editing: D.A., S.Ö.; Other: All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.)
Conflict of Interest: It should be noted whether there are any conflicts between the authors (Example: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.)
Funding: If financial support was received during the preparation of the article, it should be stated in this section. (Example: The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.)
References: The list should include more recent items – peer-reviewed scientific articles, scientific books and monographs, and other scientific publications, except for textbooks, manuals, or training materials. References to abstracts or proceedings are acceptable only in exceptional cases.
All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references. In the text, references should be cited by author and year of publication, for example: Özdemir (2018), Özkan and Gülsoy (2015). If a reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors the name of the first author should be used followed by “et al.” (Beram et al., 2020). References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically.
The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors’ names, and chronologically per author. Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2021a, 2021b, etc. All authors of each publication should be included in the reference list. Titles of scientific journals, conference proceedings etc. should not be abbreviated.
Journal articles:
Özkan, K. (2009a). Environmental factors as ınfluencing vegetation communities in Acipayam district of Turkey. Journal Environmental Biology, 30(5), 741-746.
Janisova, M. (2005). Vegetation-environment relationships in dry calcareous grassland. Ekologia, 24(1), 25-44.
Fontaine, M., Aerts, R., Özkan, K., Mert, A., Gülsoy, S., Süel, H., Waelkens, M., Muys, B. (2007). Elevation and exposition rather than soil types determine communities and site suitability in mediterranean mountain forests of southern anatolia, Turkey. Forest Ecology and Management, 247(1-3), 18-25.
Pritchard, N.M., Anderson, A.J.B (1971). Observation on the use of cluster analysis in botany with an ecological example. The Journal of Ecology, 59(3), 727-747.
Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. (1980). Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 2. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Publ. Company.
Chapter in Books:
Ouyang, J. (1986). Induction of pollen plants in Triticum aestivum. In: Haploids of Higher Plant in Vitro, ed. Hu, M. and Yang, M., 26-41, Academic Press, Beijing.
Online References:
Holsinger, K. (2008). The genetics of natural selections, http://darwin.eeb.uconn.edu/eeb348/ lecture-notes/selection/selection.html, (Accessed January 20, 2010)

Manuscript Types
Original research articles, review articles, research notes/short communications, case studies/case reports, and letters to the editor are welcome.

You can get help with sample writing of the titles from the manuscript template.

Ethical Principles and Publication Policy
The publication process of the Science and Technology in the 21st Century takes place within the framework of ethical principles. The procedures in the process support the quality of the studies. For this reason, it is of great importance that all stakeholders involved in the process comply with ethical standards.

Science and Technology in the 21st Century expects its readers, authors, reviewers, and editors to take ethical responsibility.

The ethical codes expected from the studies and publication processes of the Science and Technology in the 21st Century are stated below in the light of the guidelines and policies prepared by the Committee on Publication Ethics-COPE.(For detailed information COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors).

Ethic principles for authors Ethic principles for referees Ethic principles for Editors
Conflicts of interest
Double-Blind Referee Review
Copyright Reciprocity
Right to Refuse
Conflict of Interest
Double-Blind Referee Review
Privacy Independence
Conflict of Interest
Double-Blind Referee Review
Review Quality
Decision Quality

Ethic principles for authors
The works must be original, not published elsewhere and in accordance with scientific research and publication ethics.
Authors should confirm that they have read and understood the author's instructions.
All authors are expected to contribute to the study.
All data in the article should be real and original.
Whether or not the article requires ethical committee approval is the responsibility of the authors. Ethics committee approval should be stated at the end of the article with the material and method.

Ethic principles for referees

Comments should be made objectively.
Personal criticism of the author is not appropriate.
Referees should express their views openly, with supportive discussions and references when necessary. However, it should not be defamatory or defamatory.
Referees must declare competing interests.
Referees should refuse to review articles with conflicts of interest resulting from:
competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or links or affiliated organizations with authors, companies.

Referees should respect the confidentiality of the materials provided to them and should not discuss unpublished articles with their colleagues or use the information in their own work.

If a referee wants to send a review request to a colleague, he / she must obtain the editor's permission in advance.

Referees must be impartial.

Ethic principles for Editors

Writing independence should be ensured. Editorial decisions should be based on the quality of the work and the appropriate referee evaluation rather than on political, financial or personal effects.
Editors are obliged to guide the referees for any information. This information sharing should be based on COPE principles.
Editors should adopt an appropriate review process for their journals, workspaces, and resources.
Editors should not be refused to publish in their own journals, but should not take advantage of their positions. Proceed according to the journal procedure.
The principle of editorial independence should always be adopted.

Unethical Behaviour

Should you encounter any unethical act or content in TİD apart from the ethical responsibilities listed above, please notify the journal by e-mail at merayembilder@gmail.com

Publication Policy

Turkish Journal of Range and Forage Science adopted the policy of providing open access with the publication.
Open access will lead to beneficial outcomes for humanity by increasing the global exchange of information.

There is no article processing and article submission charge from submitted articles for publication in Turkish Journal of Range and Forage Science.

Policy to Plagiarism

The authors have to check the articles against the plagiarism with the "iThenticate Plagiarism Detection" software before the manuscript submit. Except for the references section, the similarity index in the search will have to be below 20%. It is mandatory that the iThenticate software be provided in the report when the article is being recorded on the manuscript submit. The journal routinely screen article submissions for plagiarism.

21. Yüzyılda Fen ve Teknik dergisinde yayımlanan makaleler için yazara herhangi bir ücret ödenmez ve de yazardan ücret talep edilmez.
21. Yüzyılda Fen ve Teknik dergisine makale gönderimi, makale-editörlük süreçleri veya yayın ücreti (sayfa veya renk ücretleri) için herhangi bir ücret talep edilmemektedir.