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Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi

Year 2013, Volume 28, Issue 3, 03.03.2014

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, sarıçam (Pinus sylvestris L.) odun talaşı biyokütle kaynağı olarak değerlendirilmiş, sabit yataklı reaktörde, katalizörlü ve katalizörsüz (termal) pirolizi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Deneylerde piroliz ürünlerinin verimleri üzerine sıcaklık ve katalizör tipi gibi parametrelerin etkisi araştırılmıştır. 0,850-1,60 mm parçacık
boyutundaki deney örneklerinin pirolizi; 400, 500 ve 600 °C sıcaklıklarda, 5 °C/min ısıtma hızında ve 30 ml/min sürükleyici azot gazı (N2) akış hızında gerçekleştirilmiştir. Katalizör olarak Na2CO3 ve K2CO3 bazik tuzları ile FeCl3 Lewis asidi kullanılmıştır. Sonuç olarak, sıcaklık ve katalizör tipinin katı, sıvı ve gaz ürün verimlerinde etkili parametreler olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca odun talaşlarından katalitik piroliz yöntemi ile elde edilen sıvı ürünlerin biyoyakıt veya değerli kimyasal madde olarak kullanılabileceği tespit edilmiştir.

References

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  • pyrolysis of rice husk: Product yields and
  • compositions”, Bioresource Technology, 98 (1):
  • -28, 2007.
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  • practical design and theory”, Academic Press is an
  • imprint of Elsevier, USA, 75-78, 2010.
  • Nilsen, M. H., Antonakou, E., Bouzga, A.,
  • Lappas, A., Mathisen, K. and Stöcker, M.,
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  • MCM-41 (Me=Fe, Cu or Zn) on the catalytic
  • behavior during the pyrolysis of wooden based
  • biomass”, Microporous and Mesoporous
  • Materials, 105 (1-2): 189-203, 2007.
  • Nakai, T., Kartal, S. N., Hata, T. and Imamura, Y.,
  • “Chemical characterization of pyrolysis liquids of
  • wood-based composites and evaluation of their
  • bio-efficiency”, Building and Environment, 42
  • (3): 1236-1241, 2007.
  • Şensöz, S., Angın, D. ve Demiral, İ., “Kızılçam
  • odun kabuğunun pirolizi ve ürünlerinin
  • incelenmesi”, Yenilebilir Enerji Kaynakları
  • Sempozyumu, İzmir, 147-151, 2001.
  • Gerçel, H. F., “Bio-oil production from
  • Onopordum acanthium L. by slow pyrolysis”,
  • Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 92
  • (1): 233-238, 2011.
  • Heo, S. H., Park, H. J., Park, Y.-K., Ryu, C., Suh,
  • D. J., Suh, Y.-W., Yim, J.-H. and Kim, S.-S.,
  • “Bio-oil production from fast pyrolysis of waste
  • furniture sawdust in a fluidized bed”,
  • Bioresource Technology, 101 (1): 91-96, 2010.
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  • “Standard test method for direct moisture content
  • measurement of wood and wood-base materials”,
  • ASTM Standards D 4442-92, Easton, M. D.,
  • USA, 1997.
  • American Society for Testing and Materials,
  • “Standard test method for volatile matter in
  • analysis sample refuse derived fuel”, ASTM
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  • Standards D-1102-84, Easton, M. D., USA,
  • -
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  • USA, 1997.
  • Wang, Z., Cao, J. and Wang, J., “Pyrolytic
  • characteristics of pine wood in a slowly heating
  • and gas sweeping fixed-bed reactor”, Journal of
  • Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 84 (2): 179-
  • , 2009.
  • Fagbemi, L., Khezami, L. and Capart, R.,
  • “Pyrolysis products from different biomasses:
  • Application to the thermal cracking of tar”,
  • Applied Energy, 69 (4): 293-306, 2001.
  • Liaw, S.-S., Wang, Z., Ndegwa, P., Frear, C., Ha,
  • S., Li, C.-Z. and Garcia-Perez, M., “Effect of
  • pyrolysis temperature on the yield and properties
  • of bio-oils obtained from the auger pyrolysis of
  • Douglas Fir Wood”, Journal of Analytical and
  • Applied Pyrolysis, 93: 52-62, 2012.
  • Erşen, T. ve Pehlivan, D., “Yüksek yoğunluklu
  • polietilen–odun karışımlarının birlikte pirolizi”, J.
  • Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., 26, (3): 607-612,
  • -
  • Aho, A., Kumar, N., Eränen, K., Salmi, T., Hupa,
  • M. and Murzin, D. Y., “Catalytic pyrolysis of
  • woody biomass in a fluidized bed reactor:
  • Influence of the zeolite structure”, Fuel, 87 (12):
  • -2501, 2008.
  • Zhong, C. and Wei, X., “A comparative
  • experimental study on the liquefaction of wood”,
  • Energy, 29 (11): 1731-1741, 2004.
  • Savage, P. E., Levine, R. B., and Huelsman, C.
  • M.,“Hydrothermal processing of biomass”,
  • Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Liquid
  • Fuels and Chemicals, Edited by Mark Crocker,
  • The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge,
  • UK., 1: 192-220, 2010.
  • Qi, Z., Jie, C., Tiejun, W. and Ying, X., “Review
  • of biomass pyrolysis oil properties and upgrading research”, Energy Conversion and
  • Management, 48 (1): 87-92, 2007.
  • Branca, C., Giudicianni, P. and Di Blasi, C., “GCMS
  • characterization of liquid generated from lowtemperature
  • pyrolysis of wood”, Industrial &
  • Engineering Chemistry Research, 42 (14):
  • -3202, 2003.
  • Ingemarsson, A., Nilsson, U., Nilsson, M.,
  • Pedersen, J. R. and Olsson, J. O., “Slow pyrolysis
  • of spruce and pine samples studied with GC/MS
  • and GC/FTIR/FID”, Chemosphere, 36 (14):
  • -2889, 1998.
  • Zeitsch, K. J. “Applications of Furfural”, The
  • chemistry and technology of furfural and its many
  • by-products, Elsevier publication, Netherlands,
  • -103, 2000.
  • Lu, Q., Wang, Z., Dong, C., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Y.,
  • Yang, Y. and Zhu, X., “Selective fast pyrolysis of
  • biomass impregnated with ZnCl2: Furfural
  • production together with acetic acid and activated
  • carbon as by-products”, Journal of Analytical
  • and Applied Pyrolysis, 91 (1): 273-279, 2011.
  • Colombini, M. P., Orlandi, M., Modugno, F.,
  • Tolppa, E.-L., Sardelli, M., Zoia, L. and Crestini,
  • C., “Archaeological wood characterisation by
  • PY/GC/MS, GC/MS, NMR and GPC techniques”,
  • Microchemical Journal, 85 (1): 164-173, 2007.
  • Özbay, G., “Odun ve Odun Esaslı Kompozit
  • Malzeme Talaşlarının Termal ve Katalitik Piroliz
  • Yöntemi ile Sıvılaştırılması”, Doktora Tezi,
  • Karabük Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü,
  • Karabük, 89-95, 2012.
  • López, D., Acelas, N. and Mondragón, F.,
  • “Average structural analysis of tar obtained from
  • pyrolysis of wood”, Bioresource Technology,
  • (7): 2458-2465, 2010.

Year 2013, Volume 28, Issue 3, 03.03.2014

Abstract

References

  • Calkins, M., “Materials for sustainable sites”, John
  • Wiley & Sons Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 14-24,
  • -
  • Inderwildi, O. R. and King, D. A., “Quo vadis
  • biofuels?”, Energy & Environmental Science, 2
  • (4): 343-346 ,2009.
  • Kantarelis, E. and Zabaniotou, A., “Valorization of
  • cotton stalks by fast pyrolysis and fixed bed air
  • gasification for syngas production as precursor of
  • second generation biofuels and sustainable
  • agriculture”, Bioresource Technology, 100 (2):
  • -947, 2009.
  • Qi, W. Y, Hu, C. W., Li, G. Y., Guo, L. H., Yang,
  • Y., Luo, J., Miao, X. and Du, Y., “Catalytic
  • pyrolysis of several kinds of bamboos over zeolite
  • NaY”, Green Chemistry, 8 (2): 183-190, 2006.
  • Wang, C., Du, Z., Pan, J., Li, J. and Yang, Z.,
  • “Direct conversion of biomass to bio-petroleum at low temperature”, Journal of Analytical and
  • Applied Pyrolysis, 78 (2): 438-444, 2007.
  • Tsai, W. T., Lee, M. K. and Chang, Y. M., “Fast
  • pyrolysis of rice husk: Product yields and
  • compositions”, Bioresource Technology, 98 (1):
  • -28, 2007.
  • Basu, P., “Biomass gasification and pyrolysis
  • practical design and theory”, Academic Press is an
  • imprint of Elsevier, USA, 75-78, 2010.
  • Nilsen, M. H., Antonakou, E., Bouzga, A.,
  • Lappas, A., Mathisen, K. and Stöcker, M.,
  • “Investigation of the effect of metal sites in Me-Al-
  • MCM-41 (Me=Fe, Cu or Zn) on the catalytic
  • behavior during the pyrolysis of wooden based
  • biomass”, Microporous and Mesoporous
  • Materials, 105 (1-2): 189-203, 2007.
  • Nakai, T., Kartal, S. N., Hata, T. and Imamura, Y.,
  • “Chemical characterization of pyrolysis liquids of
  • wood-based composites and evaluation of their
  • bio-efficiency”, Building and Environment, 42
  • (3): 1236-1241, 2007.
  • Şensöz, S., Angın, D. ve Demiral, İ., “Kızılçam
  • odun kabuğunun pirolizi ve ürünlerinin
  • incelenmesi”, Yenilebilir Enerji Kaynakları
  • Sempozyumu, İzmir, 147-151, 2001.
  • Gerçel, H. F., “Bio-oil production from
  • Onopordum acanthium L. by slow pyrolysis”,
  • Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 92
  • (1): 233-238, 2011.
  • Heo, S. H., Park, H. J., Park, Y.-K., Ryu, C., Suh,
  • D. J., Suh, Y.-W., Yim, J.-H. and Kim, S.-S.,
  • “Bio-oil production from fast pyrolysis of waste
  • furniture sawdust in a fluidized bed”,
  • Bioresource Technology, 101 (1): 91-96, 2010.
  • American Society for Testing and Materials,
  • “Standard test method for direct moisture content
  • measurement of wood and wood-base materials”,
  • ASTM Standards D 4442-92, Easton, M. D.,
  • USA, 1997.
  • American Society for Testing and Materials,
  • “Standard test method for volatile matter in
  • analysis sample refuse derived fuel”, ASTM
  • Standards E-897-88, Easton, M. D., USA, 2004.
  • American Society for Testing and Materials,
  • “Standard test method for ash in wood”, ASTM
  • Standards D-1102-84, Easton, M. D., USA,
  • -
  • Rowell, R. M., Pettersen, R., Han, J. S., Rowell, J.
  • S. and Tshabalala, M. A., “Handbook of wood
  • chemistry and wood composites”, CRC Press,
  • , 2005.
  • Wise, L. E. and John, E. C., “Wood chemistry”,
  • Reinhold Publication Co, New York, U.S.A., 1-
  • : 1330, 1952.
  • Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper
  • Industry, “Acid-insoluble lignin in wood and
  • pulp”, TAPPI T 222 om-02, Tappi Pres, Atlanta,
  • GA, U.S.A., 2002.
  • Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper
  • Industry, “Solvent extractives of wood and pulp”, TAPPI T 204 cm-97, Tappi Pres, Atlanta, GA,
  • USA, 1997.
  • Wang, Z., Cao, J. and Wang, J., “Pyrolytic
  • characteristics of pine wood in a slowly heating
  • and gas sweeping fixed-bed reactor”, Journal of
  • Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 84 (2): 179-
  • , 2009.
  • Fagbemi, L., Khezami, L. and Capart, R.,
  • “Pyrolysis products from different biomasses:
  • Application to the thermal cracking of tar”,
  • Applied Energy, 69 (4): 293-306, 2001.
  • Liaw, S.-S., Wang, Z., Ndegwa, P., Frear, C., Ha,
  • S., Li, C.-Z. and Garcia-Perez, M., “Effect of
  • pyrolysis temperature on the yield and properties
  • of bio-oils obtained from the auger pyrolysis of
  • Douglas Fir Wood”, Journal of Analytical and
  • Applied Pyrolysis, 93: 52-62, 2012.
  • Erşen, T. ve Pehlivan, D., “Yüksek yoğunluklu
  • polietilen–odun karışımlarının birlikte pirolizi”, J.
  • Fac. Eng. Arch. Gazi Univ., 26, (3): 607-612,
  • -
  • Aho, A., Kumar, N., Eränen, K., Salmi, T., Hupa,
  • M. and Murzin, D. Y., “Catalytic pyrolysis of
  • woody biomass in a fluidized bed reactor:
  • Influence of the zeolite structure”, Fuel, 87 (12):
  • -2501, 2008.
  • Zhong, C. and Wei, X., “A comparative
  • experimental study on the liquefaction of wood”,
  • Energy, 29 (11): 1731-1741, 2004.
  • Savage, P. E., Levine, R. B., and Huelsman, C.
  • M.,“Hydrothermal processing of biomass”,
  • Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Liquid
  • Fuels and Chemicals, Edited by Mark Crocker,
  • The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge,
  • UK., 1: 192-220, 2010.
  • Qi, Z., Jie, C., Tiejun, W. and Ying, X., “Review
  • of biomass pyrolysis oil properties and upgrading research”, Energy Conversion and
  • Management, 48 (1): 87-92, 2007.
  • Branca, C., Giudicianni, P. and Di Blasi, C., “GCMS
  • characterization of liquid generated from lowtemperature
  • pyrolysis of wood”, Industrial &
  • Engineering Chemistry Research, 42 (14):
  • -3202, 2003.
  • Ingemarsson, A., Nilsson, U., Nilsson, M.,
  • Pedersen, J. R. and Olsson, J. O., “Slow pyrolysis
  • of spruce and pine samples studied with GC/MS
  • and GC/FTIR/FID”, Chemosphere, 36 (14):
  • -2889, 1998.
  • Zeitsch, K. J. “Applications of Furfural”, The
  • chemistry and technology of furfural and its many
  • by-products, Elsevier publication, Netherlands,
  • -103, 2000.
  • Lu, Q., Wang, Z., Dong, C., Zhang, Z., Zhang, Y.,
  • Yang, Y. and Zhu, X., “Selective fast pyrolysis of
  • biomass impregnated with ZnCl2: Furfural
  • production together with acetic acid and activated
  • carbon as by-products”, Journal of Analytical
  • and Applied Pyrolysis, 91 (1): 273-279, 2011.
  • Colombini, M. P., Orlandi, M., Modugno, F.,
  • Tolppa, E.-L., Sardelli, M., Zoia, L. and Crestini,
  • C., “Archaeological wood characterisation by
  • PY/GC/MS, GC/MS, NMR and GPC techniques”,
  • Microchemical Journal, 85 (1): 164-173, 2007.
  • Özbay, G., “Odun ve Odun Esaslı Kompozit
  • Malzeme Talaşlarının Termal ve Katalitik Piroliz
  • Yöntemi ile Sıvılaştırılması”, Doktora Tezi,
  • Karabük Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü,
  • Karabük, 89-95, 2012.
  • López, D., Acelas, N. and Mondragón, F.,
  • “Average structural analysis of tar obtained from
  • pyrolysis of wood”, Bioresource Technology,
  • (7): 2458-2465, 2010.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Ayhan ÖZÇİFÇİ This is me


Günay ÖZBAY This is me

Publication Date March 3, 2014
Application Date March 3, 2014
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2013, Volume 28, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @ { gazimmfd89110, journal = {Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-1884}, eissn = {1304-4915}, address = {}, publisher = {Gazi University}, year = {2014}, volume = {28}, number = {3}, pages = {0 - }, title = {Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi}, key = {cite}, author = {Özçifçi, Ayhan and Özbay, Günay} }
APA Özçifçi, A. & Özbay, G. (2014). Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi . Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi , 28 (3) , . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gazimmfd/issue/6704/89110
MLA Özçifçi, A. , Özbay, G. "Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi" . Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi 28 (2014 ): <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gazimmfd/issue/6704/89110>
Chicago Özçifçi, A. , Özbay, G. "Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi". Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi 28 (2014 ):
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi AU - AyhanÖzçifçi, GünayÖzbay Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - DO - T2 - Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 0 EP - VL - 28 IS - 3 SN - 1300-1884-1304-4915 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi %A Ayhan Özçifçi , Günay Özbay %T Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi %D 2014 %J Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1300-1884-1304-4915 %V 28 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Özçifçi, Ayhan , Özbay, Günay . "Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi". Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi 28 / 3 (March 2014): 0- .
AMA Özçifçi A. , Özbay G. Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi. GUMMFD. 2014; 28(3): 0-.
Vancouver Özçifçi A. , Özbay G. Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi. Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi. 2014; 28(3): 0-.
IEEE A. Özçifçi and G. Özbay , "Mobilya Endüstrisi Atıklarından Katalitik Piroliz Yöntemi İle Biyoyakıt Üretimi", Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 0, Mar. 2014