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Mathematical Modeling and Thin Layer Drying of Chicken Meat Enriched Baguette Bread Slices (in English)

Year 2014, Volume 39, Issue 3, 131 - 138, 01.06.2014

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine thin layer drying behaviour of chicken meat powder (CMP) and chicken meat (CM) enriched baguette bread slices at 170, 190 and 210 °C in a convection oven for production of two new snacks. Only falling-rate period was observed for both of the snacks, however only for 10%-CMP enriched sample at 170 °C drying had a constant-rate period as well. Nine different mathematical models were fitted to experimental drying data and those tested models were compared based on the model selection criteria (highest adj-R2, lowest χ2 and RMSE) by using nonlinear regression analysis. Midilli et al. model was determined as the best model among all for predicting the moisture ratios of baguette slices with respect to time. Effective diffusion coefficient was found between 5.471×10-8-8.308×10-8 m2/s for CMP enriched baguettes, while it was between 4.458×10-8-7.498×10-8 m2/s for CM enriched baguettes. Also mathematical expressions were defined to explain the temperature dependency of effective diffusion coefficients.

References

  • Bowman SA, Gortmaker SL, Ebbeling CB, Pereira MA, Ludwig DS. 2004. Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics, 113: 112-118.
  • Howarth L, Petrisko Y, Furchner-Evanson A, Nemoseck T, Kern M. 2010. Snack selection influences nutrient intake, triglycerides, and bowel habits of adult women: A pilot study. J Am Diet Assoc, 110: 1322-1327.
  • El-Soukkary FAH. 2001 Evaluation of pumpkin seed products for bread fortification. Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 56: 365-84.
  • El-Adawy TA. 1995. Effect of sesame seed proteins supplementation on the nutritional, physical, chemical and sensory properties of wheat flour bread. Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 48: 311-326.
  • Chen XD, Patel KC. 2008. Biological changes during food drying. In: Drying Technologies in Food Processing. Chen XD, Mujumdar AS (eds), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp. 90-112. 9.Erbay Z, Icier F. 2010. A review of thin layer drying of foods: theory, modeling, and experimental results. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 50: 441-464.
  • Baardseth P, Kvaal K, Lea P, Ellekjaer MR, Faergestad EM. 2000. The effects of bread making process and wheat quality on French baguettes. J Cereal Sci, 32: 73-87.
  • AOAC. 1998. Official Method of Analysis. 16th Edition, Gaithersburg, USA.
  • Okos MR, Campanella O, Narsimhan G, RK Singh, Weitnauer AC. 2007. Food dehydration. In: Handbook of Food Engineering, Heldman DR, Lund DB (eds), CRC Press, Florida, USA, pp. 601-744. 13. Chen XD. 2008. Food drying fundamentals. In: Drying Technologies in Food Processing. Chen XD, Mujumdar AS (eds), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp. 1-52.
  • Perry RH, Green DW. 1997. Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook. 7thEdition, McGraw Hill Professional, USA, 2400 p.
  • McCabe WL, Smith JC, Harriott P. 1985. Drying of solids. In: Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McGraw Hill International, Singapore, pp. 707-745.
  • Lewis WK. 1921. The rate of drying of solid materials. Ind Eng Chem, 13: 427-432.
  • Henderson SM, Pabis S. 1961. Grain drying theory I. Temperature effect on drying coefficient. J Agr Eng Res, 6: 169-174.
  • Karathanos VT. 1999. Determination of water content of dried fruits by drying kinetics. J Food Eng, 39:337-344.
  • Chandra PK, Singh RP (eds). 1995. Applied Numerical Methods for Food and Agricultural Engineering. CRC Press, Florida, USA, 500 p.
  • Page GE. 1949. Factors influencing the maximum rates of air drying shelled corn in thin layers. MSc thesis Purdue University, Lafayette, USA.
  • Henderson SM. 1974. Progress in developing the thin layer drying equation (for maize). Trans ASAE, 17: 1167-1172.
  • Sharaf-Eldeen YI, Blaisdell JL, Hamdy MY. 1980. A model for ear corn drying. Trans ASAE, 23: 1261-1271.
  • Sharma GP, Prasad S. 2004. Effective moisture diffusivity of garlic cloves undergoing microwave- convective drying. J Food Eng, 65: 609-617.
  • Midilli A, Kucuk H, Yapar Z. 2002. A new model for single-layer drying. Dry Technol, 20: 1503-1513.
  • Mujumdar AS, Devahastin S. 2004. Fundamental principles of drying. In: Guide to Industrial Drying: Principles, Equipment and New Developments, Mujumdar AS (ed). Colour Publications, Mumbai, pp. 1-22.
  • Barbosa-Canovas GV, Vega-Mercado H. 1996. Dehydration mechanisms. In: Dehydration of Foods, Barbosa-Canovas GV (chief ed), Chapman & Hall, New York, USA, pp. 101-155.
  • Geankoplis CJ. 2003. Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles: Includes Unit Operations. 4thEdition, Prentice Hall Professional, Upper Saddle River, USA, 1056 p.
  • Xu S, Kerr WL. 2012. Modeling moisture loss during vacuum belt drying of low-fat tortilla chips. Dry Technol, 30: 1422-1431.
  • Cakmak H, Kumcuoglu S, Tavman S. 2013. Thin layer drying of bay leaves (Laurus nobilis L.) in conventional and microwave oven. Akademik Gıda, 11(1): 20-26.
  • Tulek Y. 2011. Drying kinetics of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) in a convective hot air dryer. J Agric Sci Technol, 13: 655-664.
  • Özbek B, Dadali G. 2007. Thin-layer drying characteristics and modelling of mint leaves undergoing microwave treatment. J Food Eng, 83: 541-549.
  • Tong CH, Lund DB. 1990. Effective moisture diffusivity in porous materials as a function of temperature and moisture content. Biotechnol Prog, 6: 67-75.
  • Xanthopoulos G, Yanniotis S, Lambrinos G. 2010. Study of the drying behaviour in peeled and unpeeled whole figs. J Food Eng, 97: 419-424.

Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce)

Year 2014, Volume 39, Issue 3, 131 - 138, 01.06.2014

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı, tavuk eti unu (CMP) ve tavuk eti (CM) ile zenginleştirilmiş baget ekmeği dilimlerinin 170, 190 ve 210 °C’de konveksiyonlu fırında ince tabaka kurutulması ve yeni iki atıştırmalık çerez üretilmesidir. Tüm çerezler için kuruma işlemi yalnızca azalan akı bölgesinde gerçekleşirken, %10-CMP ile zenginleştirilen çerezlerin 170 °C’de kurutulmasında azalan akının yanı sıra sabit akı bölgesi de gözlemlenmiştir. Dokuz farklı kuruma modeli deneysel kuruma verilerine uygulanmış ve verilen modeller model seçim ölçütüne göre (en yüksek düzeltilmiş belirleme katsayısı ile en düşük indirgenmiş ki-kare ve en düşük kök ortalama kare hatası) doğrusal olmayan regresyon analizi uygulanarak karşılaştırılmıştır. Midilli et al. modelinin, verilen modeller arasında baget dilimlerinin zamana bağlı nem oranını tahminlemekte en iyi model olduğu görülmüştür. Etkin difüzyon katsayısı CMP ile zenginleştirilen örnekler için 5.471×10-8-8.308×10-8 m2/s arasında değişirken, CM ile zenginleştirilen örneklerde 4.458×10-8-7.498×10-8 m2/s arasında olduğu bulunmuştur. Ayrıca etkin difüzyon katsayısının sıcaklığa bağımlılığını gösteren matematiksel eşitlikler tanımlanmıştır.

References

  • Bowman SA, Gortmaker SL, Ebbeling CB, Pereira MA, Ludwig DS. 2004. Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics, 113: 112-118.
  • Howarth L, Petrisko Y, Furchner-Evanson A, Nemoseck T, Kern M. 2010. Snack selection influences nutrient intake, triglycerides, and bowel habits of adult women: A pilot study. J Am Diet Assoc, 110: 1322-1327.
  • El-Soukkary FAH. 2001 Evaluation of pumpkin seed products for bread fortification. Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 56: 365-84.
  • El-Adawy TA. 1995. Effect of sesame seed proteins supplementation on the nutritional, physical, chemical and sensory properties of wheat flour bread. Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 48: 311-326.
  • Chen XD, Patel KC. 2008. Biological changes during food drying. In: Drying Technologies in Food Processing. Chen XD, Mujumdar AS (eds), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp. 90-112. 9.Erbay Z, Icier F. 2010. A review of thin layer drying of foods: theory, modeling, and experimental results. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr, 50: 441-464.
  • Baardseth P, Kvaal K, Lea P, Ellekjaer MR, Faergestad EM. 2000. The effects of bread making process and wheat quality on French baguettes. J Cereal Sci, 32: 73-87.
  • AOAC. 1998. Official Method of Analysis. 16th Edition, Gaithersburg, USA.
  • Okos MR, Campanella O, Narsimhan G, RK Singh, Weitnauer AC. 2007. Food dehydration. In: Handbook of Food Engineering, Heldman DR, Lund DB (eds), CRC Press, Florida, USA, pp. 601-744. 13. Chen XD. 2008. Food drying fundamentals. In: Drying Technologies in Food Processing. Chen XD, Mujumdar AS (eds), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, pp. 1-52.
  • Perry RH, Green DW. 1997. Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook. 7thEdition, McGraw Hill Professional, USA, 2400 p.
  • McCabe WL, Smith JC, Harriott P. 1985. Drying of solids. In: Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McGraw Hill International, Singapore, pp. 707-745.
  • Lewis WK. 1921. The rate of drying of solid materials. Ind Eng Chem, 13: 427-432.
  • Henderson SM, Pabis S. 1961. Grain drying theory I. Temperature effect on drying coefficient. J Agr Eng Res, 6: 169-174.
  • Karathanos VT. 1999. Determination of water content of dried fruits by drying kinetics. J Food Eng, 39:337-344.
  • Chandra PK, Singh RP (eds). 1995. Applied Numerical Methods for Food and Agricultural Engineering. CRC Press, Florida, USA, 500 p.
  • Page GE. 1949. Factors influencing the maximum rates of air drying shelled corn in thin layers. MSc thesis Purdue University, Lafayette, USA.
  • Henderson SM. 1974. Progress in developing the thin layer drying equation (for maize). Trans ASAE, 17: 1167-1172.
  • Sharaf-Eldeen YI, Blaisdell JL, Hamdy MY. 1980. A model for ear corn drying. Trans ASAE, 23: 1261-1271.
  • Sharma GP, Prasad S. 2004. Effective moisture diffusivity of garlic cloves undergoing microwave- convective drying. J Food Eng, 65: 609-617.
  • Midilli A, Kucuk H, Yapar Z. 2002. A new model for single-layer drying. Dry Technol, 20: 1503-1513.
  • Mujumdar AS, Devahastin S. 2004. Fundamental principles of drying. In: Guide to Industrial Drying: Principles, Equipment and New Developments, Mujumdar AS (ed). Colour Publications, Mumbai, pp. 1-22.
  • Barbosa-Canovas GV, Vega-Mercado H. 1996. Dehydration mechanisms. In: Dehydration of Foods, Barbosa-Canovas GV (chief ed), Chapman & Hall, New York, USA, pp. 101-155.
  • Geankoplis CJ. 2003. Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles: Includes Unit Operations. 4thEdition, Prentice Hall Professional, Upper Saddle River, USA, 1056 p.
  • Xu S, Kerr WL. 2012. Modeling moisture loss during vacuum belt drying of low-fat tortilla chips. Dry Technol, 30: 1422-1431.
  • Cakmak H, Kumcuoglu S, Tavman S. 2013. Thin layer drying of bay leaves (Laurus nobilis L.) in conventional and microwave oven. Akademik Gıda, 11(1): 20-26.
  • Tulek Y. 2011. Drying kinetics of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) in a convective hot air dryer. J Agric Sci Technol, 13: 655-664.
  • Özbek B, Dadali G. 2007. Thin-layer drying characteristics and modelling of mint leaves undergoing microwave treatment. J Food Eng, 83: 541-549.
  • Tong CH, Lund DB. 1990. Effective moisture diffusivity in porous materials as a function of temperature and moisture content. Biotechnol Prog, 6: 67-75.
  • Xanthopoulos G, Yanniotis S, Lambrinos G. 2010. Study of the drying behaviour in peeled and unpeeled whole figs. J Food Eng, 97: 419-424.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Hülya ÇAKMAK
0000-0002-4936-939X


Seher KUMCUOĞLU This is me


Şebnem TAVMAN This is me

Publication Date June 1, 2014
Published in Issue Year 2014, Volume 39, Issue 3

Cite

Bibtex @ { gida92851, journal = {Gıda}, issn = {1300-3070}, eissn = {1309-6273}, address = {}, publisher = {Gıda Teknolojisi Derneği}, year = {2014}, volume = {39}, pages = {131 - 138}, doi = {}, title = {Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce)}, key = {cite}, author = {Çakmak, Hülya and Kumcuoğlu, Seher and Tavman, Şebnem} }
APA Çakmak, H. , Kumcuoğlu, S. & Tavman, Ş. (2014). Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce) . Gıda , 39 (3) , 131-138 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gida/issue/6966/92851
MLA Çakmak, H. , Kumcuoğlu, S. , Tavman, Ş. "Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce)" . Gıda 39 (2014 ): 131-138 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gida/issue/6966/92851>
Chicago Çakmak, H. , Kumcuoğlu, S. , Tavman, Ş. "Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce)". Gıda 39 (2014 ): 131-138
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce) AU - Hülya Çakmak , Seher Kumcuoğlu , Şebnem Tavman Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - DO - T2 - Gıda JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 131 EP - 138 VL - 39 IS - 3 SN - 1300-3070-1309-6273 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of Food Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce) %A Hülya Çakmak , Seher Kumcuoğlu , Şebnem Tavman %T Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce) %D 2014 %J Gıda %P 1300-3070-1309-6273 %V 39 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Çakmak, Hülya , Kumcuoğlu, Seher , Tavman, Şebnem . "Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce)". Gıda 39 / 3 (June 2014): 131-138 .
AMA Çakmak H. , Kumcuoğlu S. , Tavman Ş. Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce). GIDA. 2014; 39(3): 131-138.
Vancouver Çakmak H. , Kumcuoğlu S. , Tavman Ş. Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce). Gıda. 2014; 39(3): 131-138.
IEEE H. Çakmak , S. Kumcuoğlu and Ş. Tavman , "Tavuk Etiyle Zenginleştirilmiş Baget Ekmeği Dilimlerinin İnce Tabaka Kurutulması ve Matematiksel Modellemesi (İngilizce)", Gıda, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 131-138, Jun. 2014