Writing Rules

The following rules should be followed when preparing articles for submission to the Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering:

1) The article should be written in English. The text should be in Microsoft Word document format, single-column format. The Article Template and Copyright Notice Text can be downloaded from the relevant links.

2) The article title should be written in 12-point bold characters. The title should be concise and informative, avoiding abbreviations and formulas as much as possible.

3) The names of the authors, ORCID information, institutional affiliations, RORID information, department names, and email addresses should be provided. It should be clearly stated who will handle the correspondence during the publication process and afterward. In addition to the email address and mailing address, make sure to provide telephone numbers (including country and area codes). The contact information should be kept up to date by the respective author.

4) Requests for author changes are only processed before the article is accepted. Authors should carefully review the list and order of authors before submitting their articles and provide the final author list at the time of original submission. If a change request occurs, the Editor will request (a) the reason for the change in the author list from the responsible author and (b) a confirmation document from all authors accepting the changes.

5) The abstract should briefly state the purpose of the research and the significant findings of the study, and it should not exceed 250 words.

6) Graphic abstracts are optional. Authors should design graphic abstracts using visuals that clearly represent the study described in the article and attract the attention of the readership. Graphic abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Preferred file types are TIFF, EPS, and PDF files.

7) Keywords (5 to 7) related to the article should be provided.

8) Articles should be divided into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered as 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.) and 1.2, etc. (the abstract section should not be numbered). Short headings can be given to subsections, and each heading should appear on a separate line.

9) After the abstract, the article structure should be as follows:

Introduction: The objectives of the study should be stated, and sufficient background information should be provided without a detailed literature review or summary of the results.

Materials and Methods: It should provide information that allows the study to be reproducible. Published methods should be referenced, and only relevant modifications should be explained.
Theory/Calculation: It should not repeat the background information of the article discussed in the introduction section but should expand and lay the foundation for subsequent studies. The calculation section should address how to transition from theory to practice.
Results: It should be clear and concise.
Discussion: It should demonstrate the significance of the study's results without repeating them. A combined Results and Discussion section can be used. Extensive quotations and discussion of published literature should be avoided.
Conclusion: The main findings of the study should be presented.
Acknowledgments: Individuals who provided assistance during the research process (language support, proofreading, etc.) are listed here.
Conflict of Interest: Authors declare no conflict of interest (if there is any, it should be stated).
Author Contributions: Author contributions should be specified according to the “CRediT" system. For detailed information, see: https://credit.niso.org/
References: It should be written in 10-point font size according to the Vancouver Citation System; it should be justified.
Appendix: If there are multiple appendices, they should be indicated as A, B, etc. Equations within the appendices should be numbered separately.

Tables should be numbered sequentially according to their appearance in the text. Footnotes should be placed below the table body and indicated with lowercase superscript letters.

11) Ensure consistent font and sizing in figures. Arial or Times New Roman fonts should be used in figures. Figures should be numbered and named using a logical naming convention according to their order in the text. Each figure should be uploaded as a separate file in TIFF, JPEG, EPS, or PDF format (minimum 300 dpi).

12) Ensure that all references cited in the text are included in the reference list (or vice versa). References cited in the abstract should be provided in full.

13) It is the responsibility of the authors to submit the final version of the manuscript in accordance with the writing guidelines before the publication process; manuscripts will not be published unless they are submitted in the appropriate format.

Authors' Roles and Responsibilities

CRediT and Authorship Criteria

Authorship should be limited to those who have made significant contributions to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study. All significant contributors should be listed as co-authors. If there are individuals who have made minor contributions, such as language editing, they should be acknowledged in the acknowledgments section. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript and agreed to its submission for publication. Authors are expected to carefully review and provide the definitive list and order of authors during the original submission. The editor will only consider adding, removing, or rearranging authors after the manuscript has been submitted in exceptional cases. All authors should agree to any such additions, removals, or rearrangements. Authors share joint responsibility for the work.

Author contributions should be specified according to the “CRediT" system. For detailed information, see: https://credit.niso.org/

Manuscript Writing

Authors of original research articles should address the subject matter in an original and objective manner. The manuscript should contain sufficient details and references to allow others to reproduce the study. Deceptive or knowingly false statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.


Authors must provide assurance that the manuscript is original, has not been previously published elsewhere, and is not being considered for publication in another language.

Use of Original Sources and Citation

Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works and, if they have used others' works or words, that this is appropriately cited. Information obtained through personal communication, correspondence, or discussions with third parties should not be used without explicit written permission from the source.

Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide the research data supporting their manuscript for editorial review and/or comply with the journal's open data requirements. Authors should be prepared to provide access to such data and to retain such data for a reasonable period of time after publication. Our journal recommends uploading research data to TUBITAK's Aperta Portal if possible.

Multiple and Simultaneous Publications

An author should not publish the same research in multiple journals. Submitting the same manuscript to multiple journals simultaneously is unethical behavior. An author should not submit a previously published article, except in the form of an abstract, for consideration in another journal.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of interest refers to any financial or other circumstances that may lead a person to be conflicted in their work, compromising their objectivity or providing an unfair advantage to any individual or organization. All sources of financial support and the roles of sponsors in the conduct of the research and preparation of the article should be disclosed. If there is no funding source, this should also be stated. Examples of potential conflicts of interest that need to be disclosed include consultancies, receipt of salary, and grants. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed as early as possible.

Error Reporting

When an author discovers a significant error or mistake in their published work, they should immediately notify the journal. It is also the author's responsibility to collaborate with the editor in withdrawing or correcting the article if deemed necessary. If the editor or publisher becomes aware that a published work contains an error from a third party, it is the author's obligation to cooperate with the editor, including providing information, in order to rectify the error.

Hittite Journal of Science and Engineering is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY NC).