The manuscripts that are sent to be evaluated for publication in the Hittite Journal of Science & Engineering would be prepared according to the rules stated below:
1) Manuscripts should be in English. The text should be in a single-column format as a Microsoft Word document. Download the Manuscript Template and Copyright Transfer Form.
2) The title of the article is to be written first in bold with font size 12. The title should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
3) Author(s’) name(s), name of the current institution, department name and e-mail address are to be filled in on the online registration form. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
4) A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. Abstracts should not exceed 250 words.
5) A Graphical abstract is optional and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. The authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online submission system. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF files.
6) Authors are invited to submit keywords (5 to 7) associated with their papers.
7) Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
8) The structure of the manuscript followed after the abstract should be as follows:
Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Material and methods: Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
Theory/calculation: A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results: Results should be clear and concise.
Discussion: This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
Conclusion: The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Appendices: If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Acknowledgments: Collate acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proofreading the article, etc.).
9) Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters.
10) Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing in the figures. Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial or Times New Roman. Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text. Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files. Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the printed version. Submit each illustration as a separate file. Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF)) and with the correct resolution (keep to a min. of 300 dpi).
11) Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full.
Reference links: Increased discoverability of research and high-quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. The use of the DOI is encouraged.
Web references: As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
Reference formatting: For in-text citations, (which appear within the text) use a citation number in a square bracket. A reference list at the end of the text (which provides full details of all references cited in-text) is also required in accord with the following examples:
Reference to a journal publication:  Van der Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton, RA. The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Science Communication 163 (2010) 51–59.
Reference to a conference proceeding:  Wilkinson, R. Sociology as a marketing feast, in: Collis M, Munro L, Russell S (Eds.). Sociology for the New Millennium. Paper presented at The Australian Sociological Association, Monash University, Melbourne, 7-10 December. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304, 2009.
Reference to a book:  Strunk JrW, White EB. The Elements of Style, fourth ed. Longman, New York, 2000. Reference to a chapter in an edited book:  Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones BS, Smith RZ (Eds.). Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc., New York, pp. 281–304, 2009.
Journal abbreviations source Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations: http://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/
12) To present the last form of the article organized according to the publication rules before the publication process is in the author’s charge; the articles are not published unless they are presented in the appropriate text format.