Research Article
PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Cite

Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 150 - 165, 01.11.2022
https://doi.org/10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T

Abstract

Mekânsal planlar birçok sektörel politikanın değerlendirilmesi sonucu ortaya çıkan, sürdürülebilir kalkınmayı sağlamayı amaçlayan, arazi kullanım ve yapılaşma kararları içeren planlardır. Mekânsal plan kararları, özel şahıs mülkiyetinde bulunan taşınmazlara ve ortak kullanım niteliğindeki alanlara yapılaşma ve kullanma yönünden birçok hak, kısıtlılık ve sorumluluk (HKS) getirmektedir. Arazi İdaresi Temel Modeli (AİTM), ISO tarafından yayımlanan bir standarttır ve arazi yönetiminde araziyi etkileyen HKS’ler ve bunların geometrik bileşenleri ile ilgilenir. Standart bir kavramsal model ve ortak ontoloji sunmayı amaçlamaktadır. Arsa ve arazi kullanım kararları üzerinde etki oluşturan birçok faktör bulunmaktadır. Çeşitli faktörler bulunmasına rağmen, araziyi etkileyen HKS’ler modelde temsil edilirken genellikle ülkelerin tapu ve kadastro sistemlerinden faydalanılmakta, çok sayıda HKS içeren diğer olgular dikkate alınmamaktadır. Tapu ve kadastro sistemi dışında mülkiyet üzerinde HKS oluşturan; vergilendirme işlemleri, çeşitli sözleşmeler, yasal belgeler ve mekânsal planlar bulunmaktadır. Çalışma kapsamında, çok çeşitli HKS’ler içerdiği ve arazi idaresi ile kuvvetli bir ilişkisi olduğundan dolayı mekânsal planlar incelenmiştir. Çalışma neticesinde, Türkiye AİTM ülke profiline entegre edilmek amacıyla mekânsal planlama paketi oluşturulmasına altlık oluşturacak çıktılar elde edilmesi hedeflenmiştir. Bu doğrultuda yasal altlıklar, örnek mekânsal planlar, plan notları ve yönergeler incelenerek mekânsal planlar sınıflandırılmış, özellikleri belirlenmiş ve temsil ettiği bilgiler elde edilmiştir. Bulgular değerlendirildiğinde AİTM içerisinde mekânsal planlama paketi oluşturulması için yeterli altyapı bilgisi sağlandığı sonucuna varılmıştır.

References

  • Aien, A., Rajabifard, A., Kalantari, M., & Shojaei, D. (2015). Integrating legal and physical dimensions of urban environments. ISPRS international journal of geo-information, 4(3), 1442-1479.
  • Alattas, A., Zlatanova, S., Van Oosterom, P., Chatzinikolaou, E., Lemmen, C., & Li, K. J. (2017). Supporting indoor navigation using access rights to spaces based on combined use of IndoorGML and LADM models. ISPRS international journal of geo-information, 6(12), 384.
  • Alattas, A., Kalogianni, E., Alzahrani, T., Zlatanova, S., & van Oosterom, P. (2021). Mapping private, common, and exclusive common spaces in buildings from BIM/IFC to LADM. A case study from Saudi Arabia. Land Use Policy, 104, 105355.
  • Alkan, M., & Polat, Z. A. (2017). Design and development of LADM-based infrastructure for Turkey. Survey review, 49(356), 370-385.
  • Alkan, M., & Polat, Z. A. (2018). Analysis of Studies on the Land Administration Domain Model in Turkey. 7th International FIG Workshop on the Land Administration Domain Model.
  • Atazadeh, B., Kalantari, M., Rajabifard, A., Ho, S., & Ngo, T. (2017). Building information modelling for high‐rise land administration. Transactions in GIS, 21(1), 91-113.
  • Atazadeh, B., Rajabifard, A., & Kalantari, M. (2018). Connecting LADM and IFC standards–pathways towards an integrated legal-physical model. 7th International FIG Workshop on the Land Administration Domain Model.
  • Aydınoğlu, A. Ç., & İnan, H. İ. (2014). Developing land registry and cadastre base data model for land management applications. FIG Congress 2014, 16-21.
  • Bydłosz, J., Bieda, A., & Parzych, P. (2018). The implementation of spatial planning objects in a 3D cadastral model. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 7(4), 153.
  • Cheng, J., Turkstra, J., Peng, M., Du, N., & Ho, P. (2006). Urban Land Administration and Planning in China: Opportunities and Constraints of Spatial Data Models. Land Use Policy 23(4):604–16.
  • Çağdaş, V., Kara, A., van Oosterom, P., Lemmen, C., Işıkdağ, Ü., Kathmann, R., & Stubkjær, E. (2016). An initial design of ISO 19152: 2012 LADM based valuation and taxation data model. Isprs Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 4, 145-154.
  • Çete, M., & İnan, H. İ. (2013). Kadastroda Modern Eğilimler ve Türkiye Kadastrosu. 14. Türkiye Harita Bilimsel ve Teknik Kurultayı.
  • Döner, F. (2010). Türk Kadastro Sistemi için Üç Boyutlu Yaklaşım (Doktora Tezi). Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Trabzon, Türkiye.
  • Guo, R., Ying, S., Li, L., Luo, P., & van Oosterom, P. (2011). A Multi-jurisdiction Case Study of 3D Cadastre in Shenzhen, China as Experiment using the LADM. 2nd International Workshop on 3D Cadastres.
  • Guo, R., Li, L., Ying, S., Luo, P., He, B., & Jiang, R. (2013). Developing a 3D cadastre for the administration of urban land use: A case study of Shenzhen, China. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 40, 46-55.
  • Guo, R., Luo, F., Zhao, Z., He, B., Li, L., Luo, P., & Ying, S. (2014). The applications and practices of 3D cadastre in Shenzhen. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres.
  • Gürsoy Sürmeneli, H., & Alkan, M. (2020). Towards standardisation of Turkish cadastral system using LADM with 3D cadastre. Survey Review, 1-16.
  • Indrajit, A., van Loenen, B., Ploeger, H., & van Oosterom, P. (2020a). Developing a spatial planning information package in ISO 19152 land administration domain model. Land Use Policy, 98, 104111.
  • Indrajit, A., Jaya, V. E., van Loenen, B., Lemmen, C., van Oosterom, P., Ploeger, H., & Theodore, R. (2020b). The Role of The Revised Land Administration Domain Model and Spatial Data Infrastructure In Improving Ease Of Doing Business In Indonesia. Proceeding of the 2020 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty.
  • Indrajit, A., van Loenen, B., Jaya, V. E., Ploeger, H., Lemmen, C., & van Oosterom, P. (2021). Implementation of the spatial plan information package for improving ease of doing business in Indonesian cities. Land Use Policy, 105, 105338.
  • İnan, H. (2010). Arazi idare sisteminin tarım bileşeni olarak konumsal veri modeli geliştirilmesi (Doktora Tezi). Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Trabzon, Türkiye.
  • İnan, H., & Yomralooğlu, T. (2011). Arazi İdaresi İçin Konumsal Modelleme. Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi, (104), 21-29.
  • Kalogianni, E., Janečka, K., Kalantari, M., Dimopoulou, E., Bydłosz, J., Radulović, A., Vučić, N., Sladić, D., Govedarica, M., Lemmen, C., & van Oosterom, P. (2021). Methodology for the development of LADM country profiles. Land Use Policy, 105, 105380.
  • Lemmen, C. H. J., van Oosterom, P. J. M., Uitermark, H. T., Zevenbergen, J. A., & Cooper, A. K. (2011). Interoperable domain models: The ISO land administration domain model LADM and its external classes. 28th Urban Data Management Symposium.
  • Lemmen, C. H. J., van Oosterom, P. J., Kara, A., Kalogianni, E., Shnaidman, A., Indrajit, A., & Alattas, A. (2019). The scope of LADM revision is shaping-up. 8th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop.
  • Paasch, J. M., van Oosterom, P., Lemmen, C., & Paulsson, J. (2015). Further modelling of LADM's rights, restrictions and responsibilities (RRRs). Land use policy, 49, 680-689.
  • Polat, Z. A., Alkan, M., & Lemmen, C. H. J. (2020). A LADM-based temporal cadastral information system for modelling of easement rights–A case study of Turkey. Survey review, 52(370), 1-12.
  • Rajabifard, A., Atazadeh, B., Yip, K. M., Kalantari, M., Rahimipour Anaraki, M., Olfat, H., Badiee, F., Shojaei, D., Lim, C. K., & Mohd Zain, M. A. (2019). Design and Implementation of a 3D National Digital Cadastral Database based on Land Administration Domain Model: Lessons Learned from a 3D Cadaster Project in Malaysia. 8th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop.
  • SFOTS (2015). The Cadastre of Public-law Restrictions on Landownership (PLR-cadastre). Swiss Federal Office of Topography swisstopo.
  • Steudler, D. (2014). CADASTRE 2014 and Beyond. Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG).
  • Uitermark, H. T., van Oosterom, P. J. M., Zevenbergen, J. A., & Lemmen, C. H. J. (2010). From LADM/STDM to a spatially enabled society: a vision for 2025. Land Governance-Moving towards' land information 2025: next steps-Annual Bank Conference On Land Policy and Administration.

Review of the Turkey spatial planning system for developing the land administration domain model planning package

Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2, 150 - 165, 01.11.2022
https://doi.org/10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T

Abstract

Spatial plans include land use and structuring decisions aimed at ensuring sustainable development, which emerge from the evaluation of many sectorial policies. Spatial plans bring many rights, restrictions and responsibilities (RRR) on privately owned lands and public use areas in terms of construction and use. The Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) is a standard published by ISO and deals with RRRs affecting land and their geometric components in land management. It aims to present a standard conceptual model and common ontology. There are many factors that affect the land and land use. Although there are several factors, the countries' land registry and cadastral systems are used while representing the RRRs affecting the land in the model, other facts containing many RRRs are not included. Except land registry and cadastre system, there are taxation procedures, various contract, legal document and spatial plan that create RRRs on property. Within the scope of the study, spatial plans have been examined as they contain a wide variety of RRRs and have a strong relationship with the land administration. This study aims to obtain outputs that will create a spatial planning package to integrate Turkey into the country profile of the LADM. In this direction, the legal bases, sample spatial plans, plan notes and official documents were examined, and the spatial plans were classified, and the information they represented was obtained. The results were analyzed, and it was concluded that sufficient infrastructure information was provided to create a spatial planning package within the LADM.

References

  • Aien, A., Rajabifard, A., Kalantari, M., & Shojaei, D. (2015). Integrating legal and physical dimensions of urban environments. ISPRS international journal of geo-information, 4(3), 1442-1479.
  • Alattas, A., Zlatanova, S., Van Oosterom, P., Chatzinikolaou, E., Lemmen, C., & Li, K. J. (2017). Supporting indoor navigation using access rights to spaces based on combined use of IndoorGML and LADM models. ISPRS international journal of geo-information, 6(12), 384.
  • Alattas, A., Kalogianni, E., Alzahrani, T., Zlatanova, S., & van Oosterom, P. (2021). Mapping private, common, and exclusive common spaces in buildings from BIM/IFC to LADM. A case study from Saudi Arabia. Land Use Policy, 104, 105355.
  • Alkan, M., & Polat, Z. A. (2017). Design and development of LADM-based infrastructure for Turkey. Survey review, 49(356), 370-385.
  • Alkan, M., & Polat, Z. A. (2018). Analysis of Studies on the Land Administration Domain Model in Turkey. 7th International FIG Workshop on the Land Administration Domain Model.
  • Atazadeh, B., Kalantari, M., Rajabifard, A., Ho, S., & Ngo, T. (2017). Building information modelling for high‐rise land administration. Transactions in GIS, 21(1), 91-113.
  • Atazadeh, B., Rajabifard, A., & Kalantari, M. (2018). Connecting LADM and IFC standards–pathways towards an integrated legal-physical model. 7th International FIG Workshop on the Land Administration Domain Model.
  • Aydınoğlu, A. Ç., & İnan, H. İ. (2014). Developing land registry and cadastre base data model for land management applications. FIG Congress 2014, 16-21.
  • Bydłosz, J., Bieda, A., & Parzych, P. (2018). The implementation of spatial planning objects in a 3D cadastral model. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 7(4), 153.
  • Cheng, J., Turkstra, J., Peng, M., Du, N., & Ho, P. (2006). Urban Land Administration and Planning in China: Opportunities and Constraints of Spatial Data Models. Land Use Policy 23(4):604–16.
  • Çağdaş, V., Kara, A., van Oosterom, P., Lemmen, C., Işıkdağ, Ü., Kathmann, R., & Stubkjær, E. (2016). An initial design of ISO 19152: 2012 LADM based valuation and taxation data model. Isprs Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 4, 145-154.
  • Çete, M., & İnan, H. İ. (2013). Kadastroda Modern Eğilimler ve Türkiye Kadastrosu. 14. Türkiye Harita Bilimsel ve Teknik Kurultayı.
  • Döner, F. (2010). Türk Kadastro Sistemi için Üç Boyutlu Yaklaşım (Doktora Tezi). Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Trabzon, Türkiye.
  • Guo, R., Ying, S., Li, L., Luo, P., & van Oosterom, P. (2011). A Multi-jurisdiction Case Study of 3D Cadastre in Shenzhen, China as Experiment using the LADM. 2nd International Workshop on 3D Cadastres.
  • Guo, R., Li, L., Ying, S., Luo, P., He, B., & Jiang, R. (2013). Developing a 3D cadastre for the administration of urban land use: A case study of Shenzhen, China. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 40, 46-55.
  • Guo, R., Luo, F., Zhao, Z., He, B., Li, L., Luo, P., & Ying, S. (2014). The applications and practices of 3D cadastre in Shenzhen. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on 3D Cadastres.
  • Gürsoy Sürmeneli, H., & Alkan, M. (2020). Towards standardisation of Turkish cadastral system using LADM with 3D cadastre. Survey Review, 1-16.
  • Indrajit, A., van Loenen, B., Ploeger, H., & van Oosterom, P. (2020a). Developing a spatial planning information package in ISO 19152 land administration domain model. Land Use Policy, 98, 104111.
  • Indrajit, A., Jaya, V. E., van Loenen, B., Lemmen, C., van Oosterom, P., Ploeger, H., & Theodore, R. (2020b). The Role of The Revised Land Administration Domain Model and Spatial Data Infrastructure In Improving Ease Of Doing Business In Indonesia. Proceeding of the 2020 World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty.
  • Indrajit, A., van Loenen, B., Jaya, V. E., Ploeger, H., Lemmen, C., & van Oosterom, P. (2021). Implementation of the spatial plan information package for improving ease of doing business in Indonesian cities. Land Use Policy, 105, 105338.
  • İnan, H. (2010). Arazi idare sisteminin tarım bileşeni olarak konumsal veri modeli geliştirilmesi (Doktora Tezi). Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Trabzon, Türkiye.
  • İnan, H., & Yomralooğlu, T. (2011). Arazi İdaresi İçin Konumsal Modelleme. Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi, (104), 21-29.
  • Kalogianni, E., Janečka, K., Kalantari, M., Dimopoulou, E., Bydłosz, J., Radulović, A., Vučić, N., Sladić, D., Govedarica, M., Lemmen, C., & van Oosterom, P. (2021). Methodology for the development of LADM country profiles. Land Use Policy, 105, 105380.
  • Lemmen, C. H. J., van Oosterom, P. J. M., Uitermark, H. T., Zevenbergen, J. A., & Cooper, A. K. (2011). Interoperable domain models: The ISO land administration domain model LADM and its external classes. 28th Urban Data Management Symposium.
  • Lemmen, C. H. J., van Oosterom, P. J., Kara, A., Kalogianni, E., Shnaidman, A., Indrajit, A., & Alattas, A. (2019). The scope of LADM revision is shaping-up. 8th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop.
  • Paasch, J. M., van Oosterom, P., Lemmen, C., & Paulsson, J. (2015). Further modelling of LADM's rights, restrictions and responsibilities (RRRs). Land use policy, 49, 680-689.
  • Polat, Z. A., Alkan, M., & Lemmen, C. H. J. (2020). A LADM-based temporal cadastral information system for modelling of easement rights–A case study of Turkey. Survey review, 52(370), 1-12.
  • Rajabifard, A., Atazadeh, B., Yip, K. M., Kalantari, M., Rahimipour Anaraki, M., Olfat, H., Badiee, F., Shojaei, D., Lim, C. K., & Mohd Zain, M. A. (2019). Design and Implementation of a 3D National Digital Cadastral Database based on Land Administration Domain Model: Lessons Learned from a 3D Cadaster Project in Malaysia. 8th Land Administration Domain Model Workshop.
  • SFOTS (2015). The Cadastre of Public-law Restrictions on Landownership (PLR-cadastre). Swiss Federal Office of Topography swisstopo.
  • Steudler, D. (2014). CADASTRE 2014 and Beyond. Copenhagen, Denmark: International Federation of Surveyors (FIG).
  • Uitermark, H. T., van Oosterom, P. J. M., Zevenbergen, J. A., & Lemmen, C. H. J. (2010). From LADM/STDM to a spatially enabled society: a vision for 2025. Land Governance-Moving towards' land information 2025: next steps-Annual Bank Conference On Land Policy and Administration.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Okan YILMAZ>
YILDIZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İNŞAAT FAKÜLTESİ, HARİTA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, HARİTA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0002-0781-4483
Türkiye


Mehmet ALKAN> (Primary Author)
YILDIZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İNŞAAT FAKÜLTESİ, HARİTA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, HARİTA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0002-7542-5455
Türkiye

Publication Date November 1, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 9, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { hkmojjd962663, journal = {Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi}, issn = {2147-1339}, eissn = {2667-8519}, address = {TMMOB Harita ve Kadastro Mühendisleri Odası Sümer 1. sokak No:12/4 06440 Kızılay/Ankara}, publisher = {TMMOB Harita ve Kadastro Mühendisleri Odası}, year = {2022}, volume = {9}, number = {2}, pages = {150 - 165}, doi = {10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T}, title = {Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz, Okan and Alkan, Mehmet} }
APA Yılmaz, O. & Alkan, M. (2022). Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi . Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi , 9 (2) , 150-165 . DOI: 10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T
MLA Yılmaz, O. , Alkan, M. "Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi" . Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 150-165 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/hkmojjd/issue/65851/962663>
Chicago Yılmaz, O. , Alkan, M. "Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi". Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi 9 (2022 ): 150-165
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Review of the Turkey spatial planning system for developing the land administration domain model planning package AU - OkanYılmaz, MehmetAlkan Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T DO - 10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T T2 - Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 150 EP - 165 VL - 9 IS - 2 SN - 2147-1339-2667-8519 M3 - doi: 10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T UR - https://doi.org/10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Geodesy and Geoinformation Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi %A Okan Yılmaz , Mehmet Alkan %T Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi %D 2022 %J Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi %P 2147-1339-2667-8519 %V 9 %N 2 %R doi: 10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T %U 10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T
ISNAD Yılmaz, Okan , Alkan, Mehmet . "Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi". Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi 9 / 2 (November 2022): 150-165 . https://doi.org/10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T
AMA Yılmaz O. , Alkan M. Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi. hkmojjd. 2022; 9(2): 150-165.
Vancouver Yılmaz O. , Alkan M. Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi. Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi. 2022; 9(2): 150-165.
IEEE O. Yılmaz and M. Alkan , "Arazi idaresi temel modeli planlama paketi geliştirilmesi için Türkiye mekânsal planlama sisteminin incelenmesi", Jeodezi ve Jeoinformasyon Dergisi, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 150-165, Nov. 2022, doi:10.9733/JGG.2022R0011.T