Research Article
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Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1, 16 - 28, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.951714

Abstract

References

  • Alt, D., & Geiger, B. (2012). Goal orientations and tendency to neutralize academic cheating: An ecological perspective. Psychological Studies, 57(4), 404-416.
  • Anderman, E.M., Griesinger, T., & Westerfield, G. (1998). Motivation and cheating during early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 84-93.
  • Anderman, E.M., & Won, S. (2019) Academic cheating in disliked classes, Ethics & Behavior, 29(1), 1-22.
  • Bacon, A.M., McDaid, C., Williams, N., & Corr, P.J. (2020). What motivates academic dishonesty in students? A reinforcement sensitivity theory explanation. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 152-166.
  • Balakrishnan, A., Palma, P.A., Patenaude, J., & Campbell, L. (2017). A 4-study replication of the moderating effects of greed on socioeconomic status and unethical behaviour. Scientific Data, 4(1), 1-7.
  • Ballantine, J.A., Guo, X., Larres, P., & Larres, P. (2018). Can future managers and business executives be influenced to behave more ethically in the workplace? The impact of approaches to learning on business students’ cheating behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 149(1), 245-258.
  • Beasley, E.M. (2014). Students reported for cheating explain what they think would have stopped them. Ethics & Behavior, 24(3), 229-52.
  • Bernardi, R.A., Banzhoff, C.A., Martino, A.M., & Savasta, K.J. (2012). Challenges to academic integrity: Identifying the factors associated with the cheating chain. Accounting Education, 21, 247-263.
  • Blankenship, K.L., & Whitley, B.E. (2000). Relation of general deviance to academic dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior, 10(1), 1-12.
  • Brunell, A., Staats, S., Barden, J., & Hupp, J. (2011). Narcissism and academic dishonesty: The exhibitionism dimension and the lack of guilt. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(3), 323-328. Buckley, M.R., Weiss, D., & Harvey, M. (1998). An investigation into the dimensions of unethical behavior. Journal of Education for Business, 73(5), 284-290.
  • Carrell, S.E., Malmstrom, F.V., & West, J.E. (2008). Peer effects in academic cheating. The Journal of Human Resources, 43(1), 173-207.
  • Chien, S.C. (2017). Taiwanese college students’ perceptions of plagiarism: Cultural and educational considerations, Ethics & Behavior, 27(2), 118-139.
  • Chow, H.P.H., Hage, S., & Jurdi, R. (2010). Academic integrity, campus life, and perceptions of the criminal justice system: A survey of university students in Regina. Regina, SK: University of Regina.
  • Coren, A. (2011). Turning a blind eye: Faculty who ignore student cheating. Journal of Academic Ethics, 9(4), 291-305.
  • Cosenza, E. (2020, September 4). New laws passed could see cheaters who sell services to university students jailed. The Australian. https://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/latest-news/new-laws-passed-could-see-cheaters-who-sell-services-to-university-students-jailed/news-story/599e268e4e5ff39e0766544688274092.
  • David, L.T. (2015). Academic cheating in college students: Relations among personal values, self-esteem and mastery. Procedia, Social and Behavioral Sciences, 187, 88-92.
  • Delgado, Á.H.A, Almeida, J.P.R., Mendes, L.S.B., Oliveira, I.N., Ezequiel, O.D.S., Lucchetti, A.L.G., & Lucchetti, G. (2018). Are surface and deep learning approaches associated with study patterns and choices among medical students? A cross-sectional study. São Paulo Medical Journal, 136(5), 414-420.
  • DePalma, M.T., Madey, S.F., & Bornschein, S. (1995). Individual differences and cheating behavior: Guilt and cheating in competitive situations. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 761-769.
  • Draper, M.J., & Newton, P.M. (2017). A legal approach to tackling contract cheating?. International Journal of Educational Integrity, 13, 11.
  • Dubois, D., Rucker, D.D., & Galinsky, A.D. (2015). Social class, power, and selfishness: When and why upper and lower class individuals behave unethically. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108(3), 436-449.
  • Eaton, S.E. (2020a, January 15). Cheating may be under-reported across Canada’s universities and colleges. CBC News. https://www.universityaffairs.ca/opinion/in-my-opinion/cheating-may-be-under-reported-across-canadas-universities-and-colleges/.
  • Eaton, S.E. (2020b). An inquiry into major academic integrity violations in Canada: 2010-2019. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary.
  • Eaton, S.E., & Edino, R.I. (2018). Strengthening the research agenda of educational integrity in Canada: A review of the research literature and call to action. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 14(1), 1-21.
  • Eret, E., & Ok, A. (2014). Internet plagiarism in higher education: tendencies, triggering factors and reasons among teacher candidates. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 39, 1002-1016.
  • Eriksson, L., & McGee, T.R. (2015). Academic dishonesty amongst Australian criminal justice and policing university students: Individual and contextual factors. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 11(1), 1-15.
  • Esteves, G.G.L., Oliveira, L.S., De Andrade, J.M., & Menezes, M.P. (2021). Dark triad predicts academic cheating. Personality and Individual Differences, 171, 1-3.
  • Giluk, T.L., & Postlethwaite, B.E. (2015). Big five personality and academic dishonesty: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 59-67.
  • Goh, E. (2015). Exploring underlying motivations behind extreme cases of plagiarism in tourism and hospitality education. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education, 27(2), 80-84. Graham, M., Monday, J., O’Brien, K., & Steffen, S. (1994). Cheating at small colleges: An examination of student and faculty attitudes and behaviors, Journal of College Student Development, 35, 255-260.
  • Hadjar, I. (2019). To cheat or not to cheat? Sex differences and academic performance as factors of cheating behavior, Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender, 14(1), 1-20.
  • Harper, R., Bretag, T., Ellis, C., Newton, P., Rozenberg, P., Saddiqui, S., & van Haeringen, K. (2018). Contract cheating: A survey of Australian university staff. Studies in Higher Education, 44(11), 1-17.
  • Harding T.S., Carpenter, D.D., Finelli, C.J., & Passow, H.J. (2004). Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory study. Science and Engineering Ethics, 10(2), 311-24.
  • Hensley, L.C., Kirkpatrick, K.M., & Burgoon, J.M. (2013). Relation of gender, course enrollment, and grades to distinct forms of academic dishonesty. Teaching in Higher Education, 18(8), 895-907.
  • Jewett, A.V. (2006). Academic dishonesty among division III college athletes. Unpublished Ed.D. dissertation, Johnson and Wales University.
  • Johnstone, M.J. (2016). Academic dishonesty and unethical behaviour in the workplace. Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal, 23(11), 33.
  • Jordan, A. (2001). College student cheating: The role of motivation, perceived norms, attitudes, and knowledge of institutional policy. Ethics and Behavior, 11, 233-247.
  • Jurdi, R., Hage, S., & Chow, H.P.H. (2012). What behaviours do students consider academically dishonest? Findings from a survey of Canadian undergraduate students. Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 15, 1-23.
  • Jurdi, R., Hage, S., & Chow, H.P.H. (2011). Academic dishonesty in the Canadian classroom: Examination of the behaviours of a sample of university students in Regina. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 41(3), 1-35.
  • Khalid, A. (2015). Comparison of academic misconduct across disciplines - Faculty and student perspectives. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 3, 258-268.
  • Kerkvliet, J. (1994). Cheating by Economics students: A comparison of survey results. Journal of Economic Education, 25, 121-133.
  • Korn, L., & Davidovitch, N. (2016). The profile of academic offenders: Features of students who admit to academic dishonesty. Medical Science Monitor, 22, 3043-3055.
  • Kristin, V.F., & Frone, M.R. (2004). Academic performance and cheating: Moderating role of school identification and self-efficacy. The Journal of Educational Research, 97(3), 115-121.
  • Kukolja T.S., Taradi, M., & Đogaš, Z. (2012). Croatian medical students see academic dishonesty as an acceptable behaviour: A cross-sectional multicampus study. Journal of Medical Ethics, 38(6), 376-379.
  • LaDuke, R.D. (2013). Academic dishonesty today, unethical practices tomorrow? Journal of Professional Nursing, 29(6), 402-406.
  • Lester, M.C., & Diekhoff, G.M. (2002). A comparison of traditional and internet cheaters. Journal of College Student Development, 43, 906-911.
  • Lovett-Hooper, G., Komarraju, M., Weston, R., & Dollinger, S.J. (2007). Is plagiarism a forerunner of other deviance? Imagined futures of academically dishonest students. Ethics & Behavior, 17(3), 323-336.
  • Ma, Y., McCabe, D.L, & Liu, R. (2013). Students’ academic cheating in Chinese universities: Prevalence, influencing factors, and proposed action. Journal of Academic Ethics, 11(3), 169-184.
  • MacGregor, J., & Stuebs, M. (2012). To cheat or not to cheat: rationalizing academic impropriety. Accounting Education, 21(3), 265-87.
  • Maeda, M. (2021). Exam cheating among Cambodian students: When, how, and why it happens, Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 51(3), 337-355.
  • Malesky, A., Grist, C., Poovey, K., & Dennis, N. (2021). The effects of peer influence, honor codes, and personality traits on cheating behavior in a university setting. Ethics & Behavior, 1-11.
  • Marsden, H., Carroll, M., & Neill, J.T. (2005). Who cheats at university? A self-report study of dishonest academic behaviours in a sample of Australian university students. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57, 1–10.
  • McCabe, D.L., Butterfield, K.D., & Trevino, L.K. (2006). Academic dishonesty in graduate business programs: Prevalence, causes, and proposed action. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 5, 294-305.
  • McCabe, D.L., & Trevino, L.K. (1997). Individual and contextual influences on academic dishonesty: A multicampus investigation. Research in Higher Education, 38(3), 379-396.
  • McCabe, D.L., & Trevino, L.K. (1993). Academic dishonesty: Honor codes and other contextual influences. The Journal of Higher Education, 64 (5), 522-538.
  • McCabe, D.L., Feghali, T., & Abdallah, H. (2008). Academic dishonesty in the Middle East: Individual and contextual factors. Research in Higher Education, 49 (5), 451-467.
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Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students

Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1, 16 - 28, 30.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.951714

Abstract

Academic dishonesty is a growing problem in the higher education sector. Using a sample of 321 undergraduate students at a medium-sized Canadian university, this paper explores the respondents’ acceptability of the various reasons for engagement in academically dishonest behaviour. The findings revealed that respondents displayed moderately negative attitudes toward academic dishonesty and that the top three circumstances under which academically dishonest behaviour would be considered acceptable were pressure to maintain a scholarship, pressure from parents to perform well, and the heavy academic work load. Multiple ordinary least-squares regression analysis revealed that male respondents and those who reported a higher family income, enrolled in more classes, witnessed academic misconduct more frequently, expressed dissatisfaction with academic performance, indicated dissatisfaction with school life, placed less emphasis on intrinsic motivation to pursue higher education, and adopted a surface approach to learning were found to be associated with a greater likelihood of accepting the various justifications for academic dishonesty. The results of this investigation may be utilized by university administrators, academic advisors, and academic counselors to aid in the design of support services and interventions (e.g., explicit guidelines and practical teaching/learning resources) that will serve to prevent academic misconduct and to promote academic integrity.

References

  • Alt, D., & Geiger, B. (2012). Goal orientations and tendency to neutralize academic cheating: An ecological perspective. Psychological Studies, 57(4), 404-416.
  • Anderman, E.M., Griesinger, T., & Westerfield, G. (1998). Motivation and cheating during early adolescence. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 84-93.
  • Anderman, E.M., & Won, S. (2019) Academic cheating in disliked classes, Ethics & Behavior, 29(1), 1-22.
  • Bacon, A.M., McDaid, C., Williams, N., & Corr, P.J. (2020). What motivates academic dishonesty in students? A reinforcement sensitivity theory explanation. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 152-166.
  • Balakrishnan, A., Palma, P.A., Patenaude, J., & Campbell, L. (2017). A 4-study replication of the moderating effects of greed on socioeconomic status and unethical behaviour. Scientific Data, 4(1), 1-7.
  • Ballantine, J.A., Guo, X., Larres, P., & Larres, P. (2018). Can future managers and business executives be influenced to behave more ethically in the workplace? The impact of approaches to learning on business students’ cheating behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 149(1), 245-258.
  • Beasley, E.M. (2014). Students reported for cheating explain what they think would have stopped them. Ethics & Behavior, 24(3), 229-52.
  • Bernardi, R.A., Banzhoff, C.A., Martino, A.M., & Savasta, K.J. (2012). Challenges to academic integrity: Identifying the factors associated with the cheating chain. Accounting Education, 21, 247-263.
  • Blankenship, K.L., & Whitley, B.E. (2000). Relation of general deviance to academic dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior, 10(1), 1-12.
  • Brunell, A., Staats, S., Barden, J., & Hupp, J. (2011). Narcissism and academic dishonesty: The exhibitionism dimension and the lack of guilt. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(3), 323-328. Buckley, M.R., Weiss, D., & Harvey, M. (1998). An investigation into the dimensions of unethical behavior. Journal of Education for Business, 73(5), 284-290.
  • Carrell, S.E., Malmstrom, F.V., & West, J.E. (2008). Peer effects in academic cheating. The Journal of Human Resources, 43(1), 173-207.
  • Chien, S.C. (2017). Taiwanese college students’ perceptions of plagiarism: Cultural and educational considerations, Ethics & Behavior, 27(2), 118-139.
  • Chow, H.P.H., Hage, S., & Jurdi, R. (2010). Academic integrity, campus life, and perceptions of the criminal justice system: A survey of university students in Regina. Regina, SK: University of Regina.
  • Coren, A. (2011). Turning a blind eye: Faculty who ignore student cheating. Journal of Academic Ethics, 9(4), 291-305.
  • Cosenza, E. (2020, September 4). New laws passed could see cheaters who sell services to university students jailed. The Australian. https://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/latest-news/new-laws-passed-could-see-cheaters-who-sell-services-to-university-students-jailed/news-story/599e268e4e5ff39e0766544688274092.
  • David, L.T. (2015). Academic cheating in college students: Relations among personal values, self-esteem and mastery. Procedia, Social and Behavioral Sciences, 187, 88-92.
  • Delgado, Á.H.A, Almeida, J.P.R., Mendes, L.S.B., Oliveira, I.N., Ezequiel, O.D.S., Lucchetti, A.L.G., & Lucchetti, G. (2018). Are surface and deep learning approaches associated with study patterns and choices among medical students? A cross-sectional study. São Paulo Medical Journal, 136(5), 414-420.
  • DePalma, M.T., Madey, S.F., & Bornschein, S. (1995). Individual differences and cheating behavior: Guilt and cheating in competitive situations. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 761-769.
  • Draper, M.J., & Newton, P.M. (2017). A legal approach to tackling contract cheating?. International Journal of Educational Integrity, 13, 11.
  • Dubois, D., Rucker, D.D., & Galinsky, A.D. (2015). Social class, power, and selfishness: When and why upper and lower class individuals behave unethically. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108(3), 436-449.
  • Eaton, S.E. (2020a, January 15). Cheating may be under-reported across Canada’s universities and colleges. CBC News. https://www.universityaffairs.ca/opinion/in-my-opinion/cheating-may-be-under-reported-across-canadas-universities-and-colleges/.
  • Eaton, S.E. (2020b). An inquiry into major academic integrity violations in Canada: 2010-2019. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary.
  • Eaton, S.E., & Edino, R.I. (2018). Strengthening the research agenda of educational integrity in Canada: A review of the research literature and call to action. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 14(1), 1-21.
  • Eret, E., & Ok, A. (2014). Internet plagiarism in higher education: tendencies, triggering factors and reasons among teacher candidates. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 39, 1002-1016.
  • Eriksson, L., & McGee, T.R. (2015). Academic dishonesty amongst Australian criminal justice and policing university students: Individual and contextual factors. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 11(1), 1-15.
  • Esteves, G.G.L., Oliveira, L.S., De Andrade, J.M., & Menezes, M.P. (2021). Dark triad predicts academic cheating. Personality and Individual Differences, 171, 1-3.
  • Giluk, T.L., & Postlethwaite, B.E. (2015). Big five personality and academic dishonesty: A meta-analytic review. Personality and Individual Differences, 72, 59-67.
  • Goh, E. (2015). Exploring underlying motivations behind extreme cases of plagiarism in tourism and hospitality education. Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Education, 27(2), 80-84. Graham, M., Monday, J., O’Brien, K., & Steffen, S. (1994). Cheating at small colleges: An examination of student and faculty attitudes and behaviors, Journal of College Student Development, 35, 255-260.
  • Hadjar, I. (2019). To cheat or not to cheat? Sex differences and academic performance as factors of cheating behavior, Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender, 14(1), 1-20.
  • Harper, R., Bretag, T., Ellis, C., Newton, P., Rozenberg, P., Saddiqui, S., & van Haeringen, K. (2018). Contract cheating: A survey of Australian university staff. Studies in Higher Education, 44(11), 1-17.
  • Harding T.S., Carpenter, D.D., Finelli, C.J., & Passow, H.J. (2004). Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory study. Science and Engineering Ethics, 10(2), 311-24.
  • Hensley, L.C., Kirkpatrick, K.M., & Burgoon, J.M. (2013). Relation of gender, course enrollment, and grades to distinct forms of academic dishonesty. Teaching in Higher Education, 18(8), 895-907.
  • Jewett, A.V. (2006). Academic dishonesty among division III college athletes. Unpublished Ed.D. dissertation, Johnson and Wales University.
  • Johnstone, M.J. (2016). Academic dishonesty and unethical behaviour in the workplace. Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal, 23(11), 33.
  • Jordan, A. (2001). College student cheating: The role of motivation, perceived norms, attitudes, and knowledge of institutional policy. Ethics and Behavior, 11, 233-247.
  • Jurdi, R., Hage, S., & Chow, H.P.H. (2012). What behaviours do students consider academically dishonest? Findings from a survey of Canadian undergraduate students. Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 15, 1-23.
  • Jurdi, R., Hage, S., & Chow, H.P.H. (2011). Academic dishonesty in the Canadian classroom: Examination of the behaviours of a sample of university students in Regina. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 41(3), 1-35.
  • Khalid, A. (2015). Comparison of academic misconduct across disciplines - Faculty and student perspectives. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 3, 258-268.
  • Kerkvliet, J. (1994). Cheating by Economics students: A comparison of survey results. Journal of Economic Education, 25, 121-133.
  • Korn, L., & Davidovitch, N. (2016). The profile of academic offenders: Features of students who admit to academic dishonesty. Medical Science Monitor, 22, 3043-3055.
  • Kristin, V.F., & Frone, M.R. (2004). Academic performance and cheating: Moderating role of school identification and self-efficacy. The Journal of Educational Research, 97(3), 115-121.
  • Kukolja T.S., Taradi, M., & Đogaš, Z. (2012). Croatian medical students see academic dishonesty as an acceptable behaviour: A cross-sectional multicampus study. Journal of Medical Ethics, 38(6), 376-379.
  • LaDuke, R.D. (2013). Academic dishonesty today, unethical practices tomorrow? Journal of Professional Nursing, 29(6), 402-406.
  • Lester, M.C., & Diekhoff, G.M. (2002). A comparison of traditional and internet cheaters. Journal of College Student Development, 43, 906-911.
  • Lovett-Hooper, G., Komarraju, M., Weston, R., & Dollinger, S.J. (2007). Is plagiarism a forerunner of other deviance? Imagined futures of academically dishonest students. Ethics & Behavior, 17(3), 323-336.
  • Ma, Y., McCabe, D.L, & Liu, R. (2013). Students’ academic cheating in Chinese universities: Prevalence, influencing factors, and proposed action. Journal of Academic Ethics, 11(3), 169-184.
  • MacGregor, J., & Stuebs, M. (2012). To cheat or not to cheat: rationalizing academic impropriety. Accounting Education, 21(3), 265-87.
  • Maeda, M. (2021). Exam cheating among Cambodian students: When, how, and why it happens, Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 51(3), 337-355.
  • Malesky, A., Grist, C., Poovey, K., & Dennis, N. (2021). The effects of peer influence, honor codes, and personality traits on cheating behavior in a university setting. Ethics & Behavior, 1-11.
  • Marsden, H., Carroll, M., & Neill, J.T. (2005). Who cheats at university? A self-report study of dishonest academic behaviours in a sample of Australian university students. Australian Journal of Psychology, 57, 1–10.
  • McCabe, D.L., Butterfield, K.D., & Trevino, L.K. (2006). Academic dishonesty in graduate business programs: Prevalence, causes, and proposed action. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 5, 294-305.
  • McCabe, D.L., & Trevino, L.K. (1997). Individual and contextual influences on academic dishonesty: A multicampus investigation. Research in Higher Education, 38(3), 379-396.
  • McCabe, D.L., & Trevino, L.K. (1993). Academic dishonesty: Honor codes and other contextual influences. The Journal of Higher Education, 64 (5), 522-538.
  • McCabe, D.L., Feghali, T., & Abdallah, H. (2008). Academic dishonesty in the Middle East: Individual and contextual factors. Research in Higher Education, 49 (5), 451-467.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Henry CHOW (Primary Author)
University of Regina
0000-0001-8875-4998
Canada


Rozzet JURDİ-HAGE This is me
Univesity of Regina
Canada


H. Sam HAGE This is me
Univesity of Regina
Canada

Early Pub Date June 26, 2021
Publication Date December 30, 2021
Application Date July 1, 2021
Acceptance Date December 26, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 7, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ijare951714, journal = {International Journal of Academic Research in Education}, eissn = {2149-2913}, address = {}, publisher = {Süleyman Nihat ŞAD}, year = {2021}, volume = {7}, number = {1}, pages = {16 - 28}, doi = {10.17985/ijare.951714}, title = {Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students}, key = {cite}, author = {Chow, Henry and Jurdi-hage, Rozzet and Hage, H. Sam} }
APA Chow, H. , Jurdi-hage, R. & Hage, H. S. (2021). Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students . International Journal of Academic Research in Education , 7 (1) , 16-28 . DOI: 10.17985/ijare.951714
MLA Chow, H. , Jurdi-hage, R. , Hage, H. S. "Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students" . International Journal of Academic Research in Education 7 (2021 ): 16-28 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijare/issue/63048/951714>
Chicago Chow, H. , Jurdi-hage, R. , Hage, H. S. "Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students". International Journal of Academic Research in Education 7 (2021 ): 16-28
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students AU - Henry Chow , Rozzet Jurdi-hage , H. Sam Hage Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17985/ijare.951714 DO - 10.17985/ijare.951714 T2 - International Journal of Academic Research in Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 16 EP - 28 VL - 7 IS - 1 SN - -2149-2913 M3 - doi: 10.17985/ijare.951714 UR - https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.951714 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Academic Research in Education Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students %A Henry Chow , Rozzet Jurdi-hage , H. Sam Hage %T Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students %D 2021 %J International Journal of Academic Research in Education %P -2149-2913 %V 7 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17985/ijare.951714 %U 10.17985/ijare.951714
ISNAD Chow, Henry , Jurdi-hage, Rozzet , Hage, H. Sam . "Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students". International Journal of Academic Research in Education 7 / 1 (December 2021): 16-28 . https://doi.org/10.17985/ijare.951714
AMA Chow H. , Jurdi-hage R. , Hage H. S. Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students. IJARE. 2021; 7(1): 16-28.
Vancouver Chow H. , Jurdi-hage R. , Hage H. S. Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students. International Journal of Academic Research in Education. 2021; 7(1): 16-28.
IEEE H. Chow , R. Jurdi-hage and H. S. Hage , "Justifying academic dishonesty: A survey of Canadian university students", International Journal of Academic Research in Education, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 16-28, Dec. 2021, doi:10.17985/ijare.951714