### Anti-Plagiarism Policy

(In the event of plagiarism, the manuscript will be directly rejected.)
Preamble
Ethics and integrity are the two most significant components of the research activities. Research is a novel proclamation based on extremely high moral values. There cannot be any margin for claiming the credit for the work he/she has not attempted. Generally, it is ascertained that some of the “authors” consciously or unconsciously publish or present other’s work as their own. Such acts will affect a healthy journal atmosphere, which will also harm the reputation of the journal as well as the individual. It is, therefore, noteworthy for an author to have in place a policy on plagiarism to avoid such type of works.
Definition of Plagiarism
Plagiarism is defined as presenting another person’s work as one’s own work. The presentation includes copying or reproducing it without the acknowledgment of the source.
Plagiarism involves:
 using a choice phrase or sentence that you have come across
 copying word-for-word directly from a text
 paraphrasing the words from a text very closely
 borrowing statistics or assembled facts from another person or source
 copying from the notes or essays of a fellow student
 copying from your own notes, on a text, tutorial, video or lecture, that contain direct quotations
Plagiarism could be intentional (dishonest plagiarism) or non-intentional (negligent plagiarism).
IJES Plagiarism Policy
Authors should note that:
 Copying verbatim text, tables or illustrations from any source (journal article, book, monographs, thesis, Internet/any electronic media or any other published or unpublished material) and passing it as one’s own is considered plagiarism whether or not a reference to the copied portion is given.
 Listing the source of copied material under References does not absolve the authors of plagiarism.
 If a few lines of text are to be reproduced from any source, ‘the author’ and ‘the source’ must be clearly indicated in the text. The reproduced lines must be in italics and given within quotes. If it is a paragraph it must be slightly indented also. To reproduce large portions of text, permission from the copyright owner(s) must be obtained and submitted to the IJES.
 To reproduce tables or illustrations, permission from the copyright owner(s) must be obtained and a copy of the permission letter must be submitted to the journal. The source must be clearly acknowledged below the table or illustration as required by the copyright owner(s).
Plagiarism Prevention
IJES uses the licensed version of iThenticate, the most trusted plagiarism checker by the world's top researchers, publishers, and scholars, to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. iThenticate checks content against a database of periodicals, the Internet, and a comprehensive article database. It generates a similarity report, highlighting the percentage of overlap between the uploaded article and the published material. Any instance of content overlap is further scrutinized for suspected plagiarism according to the publisher’s Editorial Policies. IJES allows an overall similarity of 20% for a manuscript to be considered for publication.
Anti-plagiarism declaration by submitting the paper for publication to IJES
Authors must certify that;
 Authors are fully aware that plagiarism is illegal & wrong and authors know that plagiarism is the use of another person’s idea or published work and to pretend that it is one’s own.
 Authors declare that each contribution to their article or project has been acknowledged and source of information from other peoples’ published or unpublished works have been cited referenced.
 Author(s) certify that they/you are solely responsible for text of the article and work included in the article along with any incomplete reference.
Note: IJES will not be responsible for further action on the Plagiarism issue. The author will be solely responsible for the plagiarism issue.