Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 62 - 69 2020-03-15

Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.)

Muhammet Ali GÜNDEŞLİ [1]


The aim of this study was conducted to determine the sugar content, total phenol and antioxidant activity of various parts of ‘Uzun’ pistachio trees during 2018 (high bearing, or “on”-year trees) and 2019 (low bearing, or “off”-year trees) growing season. This research was carried on 35-year old, fruitful or unfruitful (showing alternate bearing) trees that were grafted on Pistacia vera rootstock at the Gaziantep provinces of Turkey. Total phenolic content of the samples were determined by the Folin Ciocalteu method by Spectrophotometer. Total antioxidant activitiy of samples were evaluated using the 1, 1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging method. Radical scavenging activities and total phenolic content of the samples changed depending on the different parts of shoot, leaves, nuts (hull and hard Shell) and kernel. Sugar compounds of Pistachio were detected by using HPLC. The highest antioxidant values were observed in hull (86,02% on-year) and hard Shell (85,37 % on-year ) and the lowest were in kernel samples. The highest total phenol amount was recorded hard Shell and the lowest values were in kernel (81,23% off-year) samples. Fructose content (12,10 g/100 g) was found to be higher than the contents of sucrose (3,10 g/100 g) and glucose (5,48 g/100 g) in ‘off’ year tree and the dominant sugar was found fructose. All tissues that the amount of sugar content in ‘off’ year was higher than ‘on’ year. The results suggest at phytochemicals in ‘Uzun’ pistachio variety has potent antioxidant activities that is important for human nutrition. 
Free-radicals, Antioxidant, DPPH, Pistachio, Phenol, Sugar compounds
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture, Horticulture, Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date March 2020
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-7068-8248
Author: Muhammet Ali GÜNDEŞLİ (Primary Author)
Institution: General Direktorate of Agricultural Research and Policies-The Eastern Mediterranean Transitional Zone Agriculture Research of Institute
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : December 14, 2019
Acceptance Date : February 7, 2020
Publication Date : March 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jaefs659404, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {62 - 69}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8}, title = {Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.)}, key = {cite}, author = {GÜNDEŞLİ, Muhammet Ali} }
APA GÜNDEŞLİ, M . (2020). Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.). International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 4 (1) , 62-69 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8
MLA GÜNDEŞLİ, M . "Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.)". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 4 (2020 ): 62-69 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/52434/659404>
Chicago GÜNDEŞLİ, M . "Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.)". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 4 (2020 ): 62-69
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.) AU - Muhammet Ali GÜNDEŞLİ Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 62 EP - 69 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.) %A Muhammet Ali GÜNDEŞLİ %T Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.) %D 2020 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8
ISNAD GÜNDEŞLİ, Muhammet Ali . "Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.)". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 4 / 1 (March 2020): 62-69 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2020.1.8
AMA GÜNDEŞLİ M . Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.). int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2020; 4(1): 62-69.
Vancouver GÜNDEŞLİ M . Determination of Sugar, Total Phenol contents-and Antioxidant Activity of various parts ‘Uzun’ pistachio cultivar (Pistacia vera L.). International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2020; 4(1): 69-62.