Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 188 - 199 2020-06-15

Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure

Ifeanyı Moses KANU [1]


A poverty measure is said to be decomposable if the poverty quota or size of a group is a weighted average of the poverty measures of the individuals in the group. This study analyzed Cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria with the application of Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure. A total of 90 farm households found in Ikwuano, Umuahia North and Bende Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Abia State who were the major Cocoa producing LGAs of the State were chosen for the study. A Multi-stage purposive sampling technique was adopted in selecting the respondents. Descriptive statistics and Foster-Greer-Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure was employed in analyzing the research objectives. Result from the socio economic characteristics shows that majority (86.67%) were males while 13.33% were females. Analysis from the FGT showed that 36.67% of Cocoa farmers in Ikwuano LGA fell below the estimated poverty line while the other 63.33% were classified as non-poor, whereas 40% of Cocoa farmers in Umuahia North LGA were moderately poor while the other 60% were classified as non-poor. In Bende LGA, 10% of the Cocoa farmers were extremely poor, 36.67% were moderately poor while the remaining 53.33% were classified as non-poor. The result implies that the poverty status in the three Cocoa producing LGAs of the State varies; with greater percentage of the Cocoa farmers classified as non-poor while the others were categorized as poor. It is therefore recommended that greater equality in income distribution should achieved by improving the productivity of the poor Cocoa farmers, especially through increasing their credit facilities, basic education, health and technical skills. 
Cocoa Farmers, Poverty Status, Foster-Greer-Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure, Abia State, Nigeria
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural Economics And Policy
Published Date June 2020
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5766-193X
Author: Ifeanyı Moses KANU (Primary Author)
Institution: Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State.
Country: Nigeria


Dates

Application Date : February 19, 2020
Acceptance Date : May 8, 2020
Publication Date : June 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jaefs691287, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {188 - 199}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9}, title = {Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure}, key = {cite}, author = {Kanu, Ifeanyı Moses} }
APA Kanu, I . (2020). Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 4 (2) , 188-199 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9
MLA Kanu, I . "Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure" . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 4 (2020 ): 188-199 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/53546/691287>
Chicago Kanu, I . "Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 4 (2020 ): 188-199
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure AU - Ifeanyı Moses Kanu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 188 EP - 199 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure %A Ifeanyı Moses Kanu %T Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure %D 2020 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9
ISNAD Kanu, Ifeanyı Moses . "Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 4 / 2 (June 2020): 188-199 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2020.2.9
AMA Kanu I . Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2020; 4(2): 188-199.
Vancouver Kanu I . Analysis of cocoa farmer’s poverty status in Abia State, Nigeria: The Foster, Greer and Thorbeck (FGT) decomposable poverty measure. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2020; 4(2): 188-199.