Year 2021, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 107 - 121 2021-03-31

A biomonitoring study: Using the biomarkers in Cyprinus carpio for the evaluation of water pollution in Sapanca lake (Sakarya, Turkey)

Güllü KAYMAK [1] , Figen Esin KAYHAN [2] , Nazan Deniz YÖN ERTUĞ [3]


This study aims to determine the toxic effects of heavy metal pollution on carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Sapanca Lake by biochemical and histological analyses. For this reason, fish and water samples were taken from the lake in 2015. Heavy metal (Cu, Fe, Zn, Pb, Cd) analyzes in the water column and tissues (muscle, liver, gill) were determined by ICP-OES. CAT, GSH and MDA levels, which are oxidative stress bioindicators in tissues, were measured by spectrophotometric methods. Histopathological findings in tissues were determined by Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. As a result, heavy metal concentrations in water were determined as Fe > Zn > Pb > Cu > Cd. The accumulation of Cu, Fe and Cd in the tissues of the fish were liver > gill > muscle, and the accumulation of Zn was gill > liver > muscle. CAT activity, MDA and GSH level of the tissues changed with the water temperature. General signs of destruction were observed in the gill tissues of the fish. Necrotic conditions in hepatocytes were observed. In conclusion, the presence of biochemical and histopathological findings in tissues suggests that the lake is not only affected by heavy metals but also by other pollutants.
Heavy metals, Carp, Oxidative stress, Fresh water, Histopathology
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Primary Language en
Subjects Ecology, Water Resources, Environmental Sciences
Published Date March 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6309-0208
Author: Güllü KAYMAK (Primary Author)
Institution: KÜTAHYA SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7754-1356
Author: Figen Esin KAYHAN
Institution: Marmara University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6830-8971
Author: Nazan Deniz YÖN ERTUĞ
Institution: SAKARYA UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Sakarya Üniversitesi
Project Number 2015-50-02-007
Thanks We thanks to the TÜBİTAK-BİDEB 2211-C National Doctoral Scholarship Program for Priority Areas as it provides financial support during the doctoral thesis study. We also thanks to the Sakarya University Scientific Research Projects (BAP) Commission (Project No: 2015-50-02-007), which allows this study to be financially supported.
Dates

Application Date : November 10, 2020
Acceptance Date : February 9, 2021
Publication Date : March 31, 2021

APA Kaymak, G , Kayhan, F , Yön Ertuğ, N . (2021). A biomonitoring study: Using the biomarkers in Cyprinus carpio for the evaluation of water pollution in Sapanca lake (Sakarya, Turkey) . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (1) , 107-121 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.1.14