Research Article
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Economics of production and marketing of mandarin in Parbat and Baglung districts of Nepal

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 323 - 328, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.9

Abstract

This study was conducted in mandarin growing areas of Parbat and Baglung districts of Gandaki Province where total of 67 representative farmers and 20 traders were selected as sample, in which 36 farmers were from Parbat and 31 farmers were from Baglung district. The average cost of Mandarin production per ropani (19.66 ropani= 1 hactare) was NRs. 17220 highest contributor being labor cost with 43.82 percent of share. Average return and profit of Mandarin farming per ropani was NRs. 48,978 and NRs. 31,757 respectively with B:C ratio of 2.93. Average return, profit and B:C ratio was found to be significantly higher in Parbat than Baglung. The Cobb-Douglas production function of Mandarin farming shows, output of Mandarin farming is significantly and positively affected by expenditure on labor, land rent, and cost of nutrients with the increasing return to scale (1.097). Producer-Pre-harvest contractor–Wholesaler-Retailor-Consumer was most prominent marketing channel with 55 percent share of total sold volume. Inadequate irrigation facility was the most prominent production problem, while poor marketing facility and access to market information were the most prominent marketing problems faced by farmers. Difficulty in transportation was recognized as the most prominent marketing problems faced by mandarin traders. Average marketing margin and producers’ share were NRs. 45.95 and 57.41 percent respectively both of which were highest in Parbat. In Parbat, harvesting is carried in January and February, which serves as off-season production in domestic markets, which ensures higher per unit price for respective district’s output among two districts.

References

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  • Mahesh, V., Shwati Lekshmi, P., Pawar, D., Kumar, A., & Prakash, P. (2017) Matrix Ranking- An Important PRA Tool to Assess Farmers Preferences and Priorities. Agriculture Science Digest, 37(2), 100-105.
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  • NHPC. (2017). Nepal:Fruit Development Project:Main Report (Volume 1). Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal: Nepal Horitculture Promotion Centre.
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  • Porwal, C. (2012) An Economic Analysis of Production and Marketing of Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) in Jhalawar district of Rajasthan. M. Sc. Ag. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics. S.K.N. College of Agriculture, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, India.
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  • Roy, R., Kharga, B.D., & Moktan, M.W. (2018) Darjeeling Mandarin Orange: Reasons for its Decline and Perceived Constraints. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(9), 14-20.
  • Shrestha, A. (2017). Study of Production Economics and Production Problems of Honey in Bardiya District, Nepal. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 34(2): 240-245.
  • Shrestha, A., Sapkota, B., Regmi, R., & Dhungana, S. (2018) Economics of production and marketing of banana in Chitwan district, Nepal. Azarian Journal of Agriculture, 5(2), 12-19.
  • Shrestha, D. (2015) Production Cost and Market Analysis of Mandarin in Dhading District of Nepal. The Journal of Agriculture and Environment, 16, 112- 119.
  • Shrestha, G.K. (1996) World Commercial Fruits at a Glance (1st ed.). Kathmandu, Nepal: Technica Concern.
  • Shrestha, P., & Verma, S. (1998) Development and Outlook of Citrus Industry in Nepal. In Proceedings of National Horticulture Workshop (pp. 48-57). Kathmandu,Nepal: Horticulture Society.

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 323 - 328, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.9

Abstract

References

  • AITC. (2019) Krishi Diary 2076. Kathmandu,Nepal: Agriculture Information and Training Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Government of Nepal.
  • Bhat, A., Kachroo, J., & Kachroo, D. (2011) Economic Appraisal of Kinnow Production and its Marketing under North -Western Himalayan Region of Jammu. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 24: 183-190.
  • Bheel, S.K., & Burark, S.S. (2013) Economic Appraisal of Mandarin Cultivation in Jhalawar District of Rajasthan. Annals of Arid Zone, 52(2): 141-146.
  • CBS. (2011) Statistical Pocket Book of Nepal 2011. Thapathali, Kathmandu,Nepal: Central Bureau of Statistics, National Planning Commission Secretariat.
  • Debertin, D. L. (2012). Agricultural Production Economics. New Jersey, USA: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • DOC. (2018) Nepal Foreign Trade Statistics: Fiscal Year 2074/75 (2017/18). Kathmandu, Nepal: Department of Customs, Ministry of Finance, Government of Nepal.
  • Diliprao, K.R. (2014) Economics of Production and Marketing of Mandarin Orange in Amravati District. M. Sc. Ag. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics. Vasantrao Naik Marathwada Krishi Vidhyapeeth, Marathwada Agricultural University, Parbhani, India.
  • FAO. (2017) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. URL: http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC/visualize [Accessed 15 August, 2019].
  • Islam, Q.S., Matin, M., & Hossain, S. (2012). Economic Performanceof Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose.) Cultivation on Selected Location of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture Research, 37(1), 109-120.
  • Kafle, A. (2007) Analysis of Production and marketing system of Mandarin in Kaski district of Nepal. M. Sc. Ag. Thesis. Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal.
  • Kafle, D.R., & Rana, D.B. (2003) Present Status and Existing Problems of Citrus Fruits in Gorkha District. Gorkha, Nepal: District Agriculture Development Office.
  • Kumar, N., Duhan, A., Bhatia, J., & Malik, V. (2017) Economic Appraisal of Kinnow Production and its Marketing in Sirsa District of Haryana, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(11): 4045-4053
  • Mahesh, V., Shwati Lekshmi, P., Pawar, D., Kumar, A., & Prakash, P. (2017) Matrix Ranking- An Important PRA Tool to Assess Farmers Preferences and Priorities. Agriculture Science Digest, 37(2), 100-105.
  • MOF. (2019) Economic Survey 2075/076. Kathmandu, Nepal: Ministry of Finance, Government of Nepal.
  • Myat Oo, H. (2013) Value Chain Analysis of Mandarin in Selected Areas of Myanmar. Khon Kaen, Thailand: Mekong Institute.
  • NHPC. (2017). Nepal:Fruit Development Project:Main Report (Volume 1). Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal: Nepal Horitculture Promotion Centre.
  • NCRP. (2016) Annual Report. Dhankuta, Nepal: National Citrus Research Program,Nepal Agriculture Research Council.
  • Pokhrel, C.N. (2011) Analysis of Market Chain of Mandarin in Nepal: A Case of Lamjung District. Wageningen, Netherlands: University of Applied Sciences.
  • Porwal, C. (2012) An Economic Analysis of Production and Marketing of Mandarin (Citrus reticulata) in Jhalawar district of Rajasthan. M. Sc. Ag. Thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics. S.K.N. College of Agriculture, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, India.
  • Poudel, R., Regmi, P., Thapa, R., Chhetri, Y., & Chhetri, D. (2016). Economic Analysis of Ginger Cultivation in Selected Locations of Palpa, Nepal. Azarian Journal of Agriculture, 3(6), 135-140.
  • Roy, R., Kharga, B.D., & Moktan, M.W. (2018) Darjeeling Mandarin Orange: Reasons for its Decline and Perceived Constraints. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(9), 14-20.
  • Shrestha, A. (2017). Study of Production Economics and Production Problems of Honey in Bardiya District, Nepal. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 34(2): 240-245.
  • Shrestha, A., Sapkota, B., Regmi, R., & Dhungana, S. (2018) Economics of production and marketing of banana in Chitwan district, Nepal. Azarian Journal of Agriculture, 5(2), 12-19.
  • Shrestha, D. (2015) Production Cost and Market Analysis of Mandarin in Dhading District of Nepal. The Journal of Agriculture and Environment, 16, 112- 119.
  • Shrestha, G.K. (1996) World Commercial Fruits at a Glance (1st ed.). Kathmandu, Nepal: Technica Concern.
  • Shrestha, P., & Verma, S. (1998) Development and Outlook of Citrus Industry in Nepal. In Proceedings of National Horticulture Workshop (pp. 48-57). Kathmandu,Nepal: Horticulture Society.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agriculture
Published Date September 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Samata BARAL This is me
Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal
0000-0002-5128-4029
Nepal


Santosh MARAHATTA This is me
Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal
0000-0002-5128-4029
Nepal


Anish SHRESTHA (Primary Author)
Agribusiness Promotion Support and Training Center, Khajura, Nepal
0000-0003-2941-9828
Nepal

Publication Date September 15, 2021
Application Date June 28, 2020
Acceptance Date July 15, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3

Cite

APA Baral, S. , Marahatta, S. & Shrestha, A. (2021). Economics of production and marketing of mandarin in Parbat and Baglung districts of Nepal . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (3) , 323-328 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.9