Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 294 - 301, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.6

Abstract

References

  • Abdulrasheed, A., Aroke, U.O., Muazu, M.T. (2015). Characterization and Utilization of castor bean seed oil extract for production of medicated soap. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) Volume-4, Issue-12, pp-67-72.
  • Abitogun, A.S., Alademeyin, O.J., and Oloye, D.A., (2009). Extraction and Characterization of Castor Seed Oil. International Journal of Nutrition and Wellness, 8(2): 1-5.
  • Akande, T.O., Odunsi, A.A., Olabode, O.S., Ojediran, T.K. (2012). Physical and Nutrient Characterization of Raw and Processed Castor (Ricinus Communis L.) seeds in Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(1): 89-95.
  • Akpan, U.G., Jimoh, A., Mohammed, A.D., (2006). Extraction, Characterization and Modification of Castor Seed Oil, Leonardo Journal of Sciences, 8, p. 43-52. Handa, S.S, Khanuja SPS, Longo G, Rakesh DD. Extraction Technologies for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. International centre for science and high technology, Trieste, 2008, 21-25
  • Kulkarni, M.G. and Sawant, S.B. (2003). Some Physical Properties of Castor Oil Esters and Hydrogenated Castor Oil Esters. Eur. J. Lipids Sci. Technol. 105: 214-218.
  • Kyari, M.Z., (2008). Extraction and characterization of seed oils, Int. Agrophysics, 22, p. 139-142.
  • Lima, R.L.S., Severino, L.S, Sampaio, L.R., Sofiatti, V., Gomes, J.A., Beltrao, N.E.M. ( 2011) blends of castor meal and castor husks for optimized use as organic fertilizer. Industrial crops and products, 33(2):364-368.
  • Luque de Castro MD, García-Ayuso LE. (1998) Soxhlet extraction of solid materials: an outdated technique with a promising innovative future. Analytica Chimica Acta. 369(1–2):1–10. doi: 10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00233-5.
  • Mello, G.A.B., Carvalho, D.F., Medici, L.O., Silva, A.C., Gomes, D.P., Pinto, M.F (2018) Organic cultivation of onion under castor cake fertilization and irrigation depths. Acta scientiarum agronomy 40. Doi: 10.4025/actasciagron.v40i1.34993
  • Montoya, J., Benjumea, P., Pashova, V. (2011). Optimization of the basic ethanolysis of ricin oil using the response surface methodology. DYNA, 78(168), 90-97.
  • Mosquera-Artamonov, J.D., Vasco-Leal, J.F., Acosta-Osorio, A.A., Hernandez-Rios, I., Ventura-Ramos, E., Gutiérrez-Cortez, E., & Rodríguez-Garcia, M.E. (2016). Optimization of castor seed oil extraction process using response surface methodology. Ingeniería e Investigación, 36(3), 82−88. DOI: 10.15446/ing.investig.v36n3.55632.
  • Muzenda, E., Kabuba, J., Mdletye, P., Belaid, M. (2012). Optimization of Process Parameters for Castor oil Production. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, Vol 111, WCE 2012, July 4-6, London, U.K.
  • Nangbes, J.G., Nvau, J.B., Buba, W.M., Zukdimma, A.N. (2013). Extraction and Characterization of Castor (Ricinus Communis) Seed Oil. The International Journal Of Engineering And Science (IJES). Volume 2, Issue 9, Pages 105-109.
  • Oluwole, F.A., Aviara, N.A., Umar, B., and Umara, B.G. (2014). Influence of Variety on Oil Yield and Oil Recovery of Castor Seed. Continental Journal of Engineering Sciences, 9 (1): 9 -18.
  • Shridhar, B.S., Beena, K.V., Anita, M.V., Paramjeet, K.B. (2010). Optimization and Characterization of Castor Seed Oil. Leonardo Journal of Sciences. Issue 17, pp. 59-70.
  • Visht, S., Chaturvedi, S. (2012) Isolation of Natural Products. Current Pharma Research. 2(3):584-599.
  • Yusuf, A.K., Mamza, P.A.P., Ahmed, A.S., Agunwa, U. (2015). Extraction and Characterization of Castor Seed oil from wild Ricinus Communis Linn. International Journal of Science, Environment ISSN 2278-3687 (O) and Technology, Vol. 4, No 5, 1392 – 1404.

Optimization of Small Castor Seed (Ricinus Communis) Oil Extraction Yield Using Response Surface Methodology

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 294 - 301, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.6

Abstract

The process conditions that affect the percentage yield of oil from small castor seed was optimized for maximum extraction. In this study, surface response methodology (RSM) that employed a two-factor, five-level factorial central composite design (CCD) was used. Thirteen (13) experiments with different combinations of reaction time and reaction temperature ranging from 1hr (60mins) to 10hrs (600mins) and 60oC to 100oC respectively were also performed. A quadratic model that is polynomial in nature was obtained to predict the percentage oil yield for the small castor seed. Within the experimental variables range, the optimal conditions were found to be 8.68hrs (520.92mins) and 94.14oC respectively. These values were fitted into the quadratic polynomial model that gave rise to the optimum value of small castor seed oil yield to be 55.76% with a p-value less than 0.05. The coefficient of determination R2 was obtained as 0.9530 representing 95.30% of variation in the original data. Our result also gave an adjusted R2 value of 91.95% and predicted R2 value of 66.59% which indicate that the model explains 67% variation in predicting original observations. The result of this study showed clearly the percentage yield of oil that could be extracted from small seeded varieties of castor seed and the optimum yield value possible at a certain reaction time and temperature. The result also established the reliability of response surface methodology to model and optimize the expression of oil from small seeded varieties of castor seed.

References

  • Abdulrasheed, A., Aroke, U.O., Muazu, M.T. (2015). Characterization and Utilization of castor bean seed oil extract for production of medicated soap. American Journal of Engineering Research (AJER) Volume-4, Issue-12, pp-67-72.
  • Abitogun, A.S., Alademeyin, O.J., and Oloye, D.A., (2009). Extraction and Characterization of Castor Seed Oil. International Journal of Nutrition and Wellness, 8(2): 1-5.
  • Akande, T.O., Odunsi, A.A., Olabode, O.S., Ojediran, T.K. (2012). Physical and Nutrient Characterization of Raw and Processed Castor (Ricinus Communis L.) seeds in Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(1): 89-95.
  • Akpan, U.G., Jimoh, A., Mohammed, A.D., (2006). Extraction, Characterization and Modification of Castor Seed Oil, Leonardo Journal of Sciences, 8, p. 43-52. Handa, S.S, Khanuja SPS, Longo G, Rakesh DD. Extraction Technologies for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. International centre for science and high technology, Trieste, 2008, 21-25
  • Kulkarni, M.G. and Sawant, S.B. (2003). Some Physical Properties of Castor Oil Esters and Hydrogenated Castor Oil Esters. Eur. J. Lipids Sci. Technol. 105: 214-218.
  • Kyari, M.Z., (2008). Extraction and characterization of seed oils, Int. Agrophysics, 22, p. 139-142.
  • Lima, R.L.S., Severino, L.S, Sampaio, L.R., Sofiatti, V., Gomes, J.A., Beltrao, N.E.M. ( 2011) blends of castor meal and castor husks for optimized use as organic fertilizer. Industrial crops and products, 33(2):364-368.
  • Luque de Castro MD, García-Ayuso LE. (1998) Soxhlet extraction of solid materials: an outdated technique with a promising innovative future. Analytica Chimica Acta. 369(1–2):1–10. doi: 10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00233-5.
  • Mello, G.A.B., Carvalho, D.F., Medici, L.O., Silva, A.C., Gomes, D.P., Pinto, M.F (2018) Organic cultivation of onion under castor cake fertilization and irrigation depths. Acta scientiarum agronomy 40. Doi: 10.4025/actasciagron.v40i1.34993
  • Montoya, J., Benjumea, P., Pashova, V. (2011). Optimization of the basic ethanolysis of ricin oil using the response surface methodology. DYNA, 78(168), 90-97.
  • Mosquera-Artamonov, J.D., Vasco-Leal, J.F., Acosta-Osorio, A.A., Hernandez-Rios, I., Ventura-Ramos, E., Gutiérrez-Cortez, E., & Rodríguez-Garcia, M.E. (2016). Optimization of castor seed oil extraction process using response surface methodology. Ingeniería e Investigación, 36(3), 82−88. DOI: 10.15446/ing.investig.v36n3.55632.
  • Muzenda, E., Kabuba, J., Mdletye, P., Belaid, M. (2012). Optimization of Process Parameters for Castor oil Production. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, Vol 111, WCE 2012, July 4-6, London, U.K.
  • Nangbes, J.G., Nvau, J.B., Buba, W.M., Zukdimma, A.N. (2013). Extraction and Characterization of Castor (Ricinus Communis) Seed Oil. The International Journal Of Engineering And Science (IJES). Volume 2, Issue 9, Pages 105-109.
  • Oluwole, F.A., Aviara, N.A., Umar, B., and Umara, B.G. (2014). Influence of Variety on Oil Yield and Oil Recovery of Castor Seed. Continental Journal of Engineering Sciences, 9 (1): 9 -18.
  • Shridhar, B.S., Beena, K.V., Anita, M.V., Paramjeet, K.B. (2010). Optimization and Characterization of Castor Seed Oil. Leonardo Journal of Sciences. Issue 17, pp. 59-70.
  • Visht, S., Chaturvedi, S. (2012) Isolation of Natural Products. Current Pharma Research. 2(3):584-599.
  • Yusuf, A.K., Mamza, P.A.P., Ahmed, A.S., Agunwa, U. (2015). Extraction and Characterization of Castor Seed oil from wild Ricinus Communis Linn. International Journal of Science, Environment ISSN 2278-3687 (O) and Technology, Vol. 4, No 5, 1392 – 1404.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Published Date September 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Ayodeji OMOTEHİNSE (Primary Author)
University of Benin
0000-0002-5036-0800
Nigeria


Godwin OVUWORİE This is me
Department of Production/Industrial Engineering, University of Benin, P.M.B 1154, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria
0000-0003-3355-9970
Nigeria

Publication Date September 15, 2021
Application Date July 24, 2020
Acceptance Date July 6, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3

Cite

APA Omotehinse, A. & Ovuworie, G. (2021). Optimization of Small Castor Seed (Ricinus Communis) Oil Extraction Yield Using Response Surface Methodology . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (3) , 294-301 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.6