Research Article
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Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 365 - 373, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.15

Abstract

References

  • APHA (2005). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water. American Public Health Association, Washington DC.
  • ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (2000). Toxicological Profile for Chromium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (2012). Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • Bodrud-Doza, M., Islam, A. R. M. T., Ahmed, F., Das, S., Saha, N. & Rahman, M. S. (2016). Characterization of Groundwater Quality Using Water Evaluation Indices, Multivariate Statistics and Geostatistics in Central Bangladesh. Water Science, 30 (1): 19-40.
  • Bhowmick, S., Pramanik, S., Singh, P., Mondal, P., Chatterjee, D. & Nriagu, J. (2018). Arsenic in Groundwater of West Bengal, India: A Review of Human Health Risks and Assessment of Possible Intervention Options. Science of the Total Environment, 612: 148–169.
  • Bülbül, G. & Elipek, B. Ç. (2017). Investigation of the Effects of Domestic Waste on Aquatic Bacterial Distribution in the Meric River (Edirne, Turkey). Biologija, 63 (3): 256–263.
  • Coşkunses, F. İ. (2008). Carcinogenic Chemicals and Occupational Health and Safety. Occupational Health and Safety Thesis. T.R. Ministry of Labour and Social Security, General Directorate of Occupational Health and Safety.
  • Chen, Y., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhou, M., Li, F., & Liu, X. (2018). Accumulation characteristics and potential risk of PAHs in vegetable system grow in home garden under straw burning condition in Jilin, Northeast China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 162, 647–654.
  • Çiçek, A., Bakış, R., Uğurluoğlu, A., Köse, E. & Tokatlı, C. (2013). The Effects of Large Borate Deposits on Groundwater Quality. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 22 (4): 1031-1037.
  • Edet, A. E. & Offiong, O. E. (2002). Evaluation of Water Quality Pollution Indices for Heavy Metal Contamination Monitoring. A Study Case from Akpabuyo-Odukpani Area, Lower Cross River Basin (Southeastern Nigeria). GeoJournal, 57: 295–304.
  • European Communities (EC) (2007). European Communities (drinking water) (no. 2). Regulatıons 2007, S.I. No. 278 of 2007.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) METHOD 200.7. (2001). Determination of Metals and Trace Elements in Water and Wastes by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2004). Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part A). Us Epa. doi:EPA/540/1-89/002.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2009). National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Gao, B., Gao, L., Gao, J., Xu, D., Wang, Q. & Sun, K. (2019). Simultaneous Evaluations of Occurrence and Probabilistic Human Health Risk Associated with Trace Elements in Typical Drinking Water Sources from Major River Basins in China. Science of the Total Environment, 666: 139-146.
  • Herojeet, R., Rishi, M.S. & Kishore, N. (2015). Integrated Approach of Heavy Metal Pollution Indices and Complexity Quantification Using Chemometric Models in the Sirsa Basin, Nalagarh valley, Himachal Pradesh, India. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry, 34: 620–633.
  • http://www.cebilon.com.tr/katalog/2020.06.05_TR_SilverKullanmaK%C4%B1lavuzu.pdf
  • Isiuku, B. O. & Enyoh, C. E. (2020). Pollution and Health Risks Assessment of Nitrate and Phosphate Concentrations in Water Bodies in South Eastern, Nigeria. Environmental Advances, 2: 100018.
  • Li, P., Wu, J. (2019). Drinking Water Quality and Public Health. Exposure and Health, 11, 73–79.
  • Liu, X., Song, Q., Tang, Y., Li, W., Xu, J., Wu, J., Wang, F. & Brookes, P. C. (2013). Human Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Soil-Vegetable System: A Multi-Medium Analysis. Science of the Total Environment, 463-464:530-540.
  • Köse, E., Çiçek, A., Uysal, K., Tokatlı, C., Emiroğlu, Ö. & Arslan, N. (2015). Heavy Metal Accumulations in Water, Sediment and Some Cyprinidae Fish Species from Porsuk Stream (Turkey). Water Environment Research, 87 (3): 195-204.
  • Maden, H., Çetinkaya, K. & Evlen, H. (2019). Historical Development of Water Treatment Equipment and Optimization According to Sink Dimensions. Gazi Journal of Engineering Sciences, 5 (1): 77-90.
  • Manahan, S. E. (2011). Water Chemistry: Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource. Taylor & Francis Group, CRC Press, 398 pages.
  • Mohan, S. V., Nithila, P. & Reddy, S. J. (1996). Estimation of Heavy Metal in Drinking Water and Development of Heavy Metal Pollution Index. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 31 (2): 283–289.
  • Saha, N., Rahman, M. S., Ahmed, M. B., Zhou, J. L., Ngo, H. H. & Guo, W. (2017). Industrial Metal Pollution in Water and Probabilistic Assessment of Human Health Risk. Journal of Environmental Management, 185: 70-78.
  • Saleem, M., Iqbal, J. & Shah, M. H. (2019). Seasonal Variations, Risk Assessment and Multivariate Analysis of Trace Metals in the Freshwater Reservoirs of Pakistan. Chemosphere, 216: 715-724.
  • Saleh, H. N., Panahande, M., Yousefi, M., Asghari, F. B., Oliveri, Conti, G., Talaee, E. & Mohammadi, A. A. (2018). Carcinogenic and Non-Carcinogenic Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Groundwater Wells in Neyshabur Plain, Iran. Biological Trace Element Research, 190 (1): 251-261.
  • Self, J. R. & Waskom, R. M. (2013). Nitrates in Drinking Water. Colorado State University Extension. 7/95. Revised 11/13.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2014). Drinking Water Quality of a Rice Land in Turkey by a Statistical and GIS Perspective: İpsala District. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 23 (6): 2247-2258.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2015). Assessment of the Water Quality in the Meriç River: As an Element of the Ecosystem in the Thrace Region of Turkey. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 24 (5), 2205-2211.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2017). Bio – Ecological and Statistical Risk Assessment of Toxic Metals in Sediments of a Worldwide Important Wetland: Gala Lake National Park (Turkey). Archives of Environmental Protection, 43 (1): 34-47.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2019). Drinking Water Quality Assessment of Ergene River Basin (Turkey) by Water Quality Index: Essential and Toxic Elements. Sains Malaysiana, 48 (10): 2071-2081.
  • Tokatlı, C. & Baştatlı, Y. (2016). Trace and Toxic Element Levels in River Sediments. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 25 (4): 1715-1720.
  • Tokatlı, C., Solak, C. N., &Yılmaz, E. (2020). Water Quality Assessment by Means of Bio-Indication: A Case Study of Ergene River Using Biological Diatom Index. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 35 (2): 43–5.
  • Tokatlı, C., &Ustaoğlu, F. (2020). Health Risk Assessment of Toxicants in Meriç River Delta Wetland, Thrace Region, Turkey. Environmental Earth Science, 79: 426.
  • Tokatlı, C., Uğurluoğlu, A., Köse, E., Çiçek, A., Arslan, N., Dayıoğlu, H., Emiroğlu, Ö. (2021). Ecological Risk Assessment of Toxic Metal Contamination in a Significant Mining Basin in Turkey. Environmental Earth Science, 80 (17): 1-19.
  • Turkish Standards (TS266) (2005). Waters - Water for Human Consumption. Turkish Standardization Institute, ICS 13.060.20.
  • Ustaoğlu, F. (2020). Evaluation of the Effect of Dissolved Metals Detected in Değirmendere Dam (Amasya, Turkey) on Drinking and Irrigation Water Quality. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 8 (12), 2729-2737.
  • Ustaoğlu, F. & Aydın, H. (2020). Health Risk Assessment of Dissolved Heavy Metals in Surface Water in a Subtropical Rivers Basin System of Giresun (north-eastern Turkey). Desalination and Water Treatment, 194: 222-234.
  • Ustaoğlu, F. & Tepe, Y. (2019). Water Quality and Sediment Contamination Assessment of Pazarsuyu Stream, Turkey Using Multivariate Statistical Methods and Pollution Indicators. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 7: 47-56.
  • Ustaoğlu, F., Tepe, Y. & Taş, B. (2020). Assessment of Stream Quality and Health Risk in a Subtropical Turkey River System: A Combined Approach Using Statistical Analysis and Water Quality Index. Ecological Indicators, doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105815.
  • Varol, M. (2020). Use of Water Quality Index and Multivariate Statistical Methods for the Evaluation of Water Quality of a Stream Affected by Multiple Stressors: A Case Study. Environmental Pollution, 266: 115417.
  • Varol, S. & Davraz, A. (2015). Evaluation of the Groundwater Quality with WQI (Water Quality Index) and Multivariate Analysis: A Case Study of the Tefenni Plain (Burdur/Turkey). Environmental Earth Science, 73: 1725–1744.
  • Varol, M., Sünbül, H., Aytop, H. & Yılmaz, C. H. (2020). Environmental, ecological and health risks of trace elements, and their sources in soils of Harran Plain, Turkey. Chemosphere, 245: 125595.
  • Wagh, V. M., Panaskar, D. B., Mukate, S. V., Gaikwad, S. K., Muley, A. A. & Varade, A. M. (2018). Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination in Groundwater of Kadava River Basin, Nashik, India. Modelling Earth Systems and Environment, 4: 969–980.
  • Wang, J., Liu, G., Liu, H. & Lamc, P. (2017). Multivariate Statistical Evaluation of Dissolved Trace Elements and a Water Quality Assessment in the Middle Reaches of Huaihe River, Anhui, China. Science of the Total Environment, 583: 421–431.
  • Water Pollution Control Regulation (2015). Surface Water Quality Management Regulation. Official Gazette dated April 15, 2015, Number: 29327, http://suyonetimiormansu.gov.tr.
  • Wetzel, R. G. (2001). Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems. Elsevier Academic Press, 1006 pages.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) (2011). Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. World Health Organization Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data, NLM classification: WA 675.
  • Xiao, J., Wang, L., Deng, L. & Jin, Z. (2019). Characteristics, Sources, Water Quality and Health Risk Assessment of Trace Elements in River Water and Well Water in the Chinese Loess Plateau. Science of the Total Environment, 650: 2004-2012.
  • Yang, Y., Wei, L., Cui, L., Zhang, M. & Wang, J. (2017). Profiles and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Great Rift Lakes, Kenya. Clean - Soil, Air, Water, 45 (3): 1600825.

Evaluation of a Household Drinking Water Purification System Performance in terms of Organic – Inorganic Water Pollution Indicators and Ecological – Health Risk Assessment Indices

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 365 - 373, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.15

Abstract

In this study, the performance of one of the most popular household drinking water purification systems (WPS) of Turkey was evaluated. Tap and purified water samples were taken from İpsala District (Thrace Region). A total of 23 significant water quality assessment parameters including essential and toxic metals (pH, TDS, EC, turbidity, Cl, NO3, SO4, PO4, BOD, COD, B, Al, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Sr, Mo, Sb, Ba, Pb) were measured in water samples and how much the WPS improves these parameters were determined. Also Water Quality Index (WQI), Heavy Metal Pollution Index (HPI), Heavy Metal Evaluation Index (HEI), Nutrient Pollution Index (NPI), Cancer Risk (CR), Hazard Quotient (HQ) and Hazard Index (HI) were applied to data in order to assess the qualities of tap and purified water in terms of multiple effects of toxicants and possible risks of human health. As a result of this research, it was determined that the investigated WPS significantly improved the drinking water quality and significantly reduced the scores of applied ecological and health risk assessment indicators.

References

  • APHA (2005). Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water. American Public Health Association, Washington DC.
  • ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (2000). Toxicological Profile for Chromium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • ATSDR (Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry) (2012). Toxicological Profile for Arsenic. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • Bodrud-Doza, M., Islam, A. R. M. T., Ahmed, F., Das, S., Saha, N. & Rahman, M. S. (2016). Characterization of Groundwater Quality Using Water Evaluation Indices, Multivariate Statistics and Geostatistics in Central Bangladesh. Water Science, 30 (1): 19-40.
  • Bhowmick, S., Pramanik, S., Singh, P., Mondal, P., Chatterjee, D. & Nriagu, J. (2018). Arsenic in Groundwater of West Bengal, India: A Review of Human Health Risks and Assessment of Possible Intervention Options. Science of the Total Environment, 612: 148–169.
  • Bülbül, G. & Elipek, B. Ç. (2017). Investigation of the Effects of Domestic Waste on Aquatic Bacterial Distribution in the Meric River (Edirne, Turkey). Biologija, 63 (3): 256–263.
  • Coşkunses, F. İ. (2008). Carcinogenic Chemicals and Occupational Health and Safety. Occupational Health and Safety Thesis. T.R. Ministry of Labour and Social Security, General Directorate of Occupational Health and Safety.
  • Chen, Y., Zhang, F., Zhang, J., Zhou, M., Li, F., & Liu, X. (2018). Accumulation characteristics and potential risk of PAHs in vegetable system grow in home garden under straw burning condition in Jilin, Northeast China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 162, 647–654.
  • Çiçek, A., Bakış, R., Uğurluoğlu, A., Köse, E. & Tokatlı, C. (2013). The Effects of Large Borate Deposits on Groundwater Quality. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 22 (4): 1031-1037.
  • Edet, A. E. & Offiong, O. E. (2002). Evaluation of Water Quality Pollution Indices for Heavy Metal Contamination Monitoring. A Study Case from Akpabuyo-Odukpani Area, Lower Cross River Basin (Southeastern Nigeria). GeoJournal, 57: 295–304.
  • European Communities (EC) (2007). European Communities (drinking water) (no. 2). Regulatıons 2007, S.I. No. 278 of 2007.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) METHOD 200.7. (2001). Determination of Metals and Trace Elements in Water and Wastes by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2004). Risk Assessment Guidance for Superfund Volume I Human Health Evaluation Manual (Part A). Us Epa. doi:EPA/540/1-89/002.
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2009). National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. United States Environmental Protection Agency.
  • Gao, B., Gao, L., Gao, J., Xu, D., Wang, Q. & Sun, K. (2019). Simultaneous Evaluations of Occurrence and Probabilistic Human Health Risk Associated with Trace Elements in Typical Drinking Water Sources from Major River Basins in China. Science of the Total Environment, 666: 139-146.
  • Herojeet, R., Rishi, M.S. & Kishore, N. (2015). Integrated Approach of Heavy Metal Pollution Indices and Complexity Quantification Using Chemometric Models in the Sirsa Basin, Nalagarh valley, Himachal Pradesh, India. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry, 34: 620–633.
  • http://www.cebilon.com.tr/katalog/2020.06.05_TR_SilverKullanmaK%C4%B1lavuzu.pdf
  • Isiuku, B. O. & Enyoh, C. E. (2020). Pollution and Health Risks Assessment of Nitrate and Phosphate Concentrations in Water Bodies in South Eastern, Nigeria. Environmental Advances, 2: 100018.
  • Li, P., Wu, J. (2019). Drinking Water Quality and Public Health. Exposure and Health, 11, 73–79.
  • Liu, X., Song, Q., Tang, Y., Li, W., Xu, J., Wu, J., Wang, F. & Brookes, P. C. (2013). Human Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Soil-Vegetable System: A Multi-Medium Analysis. Science of the Total Environment, 463-464:530-540.
  • Köse, E., Çiçek, A., Uysal, K., Tokatlı, C., Emiroğlu, Ö. & Arslan, N. (2015). Heavy Metal Accumulations in Water, Sediment and Some Cyprinidae Fish Species from Porsuk Stream (Turkey). Water Environment Research, 87 (3): 195-204.
  • Maden, H., Çetinkaya, K. & Evlen, H. (2019). Historical Development of Water Treatment Equipment and Optimization According to Sink Dimensions. Gazi Journal of Engineering Sciences, 5 (1): 77-90.
  • Manahan, S. E. (2011). Water Chemistry: Green Science and Technology of Nature's Most Renewable Resource. Taylor & Francis Group, CRC Press, 398 pages.
  • Mohan, S. V., Nithila, P. & Reddy, S. J. (1996). Estimation of Heavy Metal in Drinking Water and Development of Heavy Metal Pollution Index. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 31 (2): 283–289.
  • Saha, N., Rahman, M. S., Ahmed, M. B., Zhou, J. L., Ngo, H. H. & Guo, W. (2017). Industrial Metal Pollution in Water and Probabilistic Assessment of Human Health Risk. Journal of Environmental Management, 185: 70-78.
  • Saleem, M., Iqbal, J. & Shah, M. H. (2019). Seasonal Variations, Risk Assessment and Multivariate Analysis of Trace Metals in the Freshwater Reservoirs of Pakistan. Chemosphere, 216: 715-724.
  • Saleh, H. N., Panahande, M., Yousefi, M., Asghari, F. B., Oliveri, Conti, G., Talaee, E. & Mohammadi, A. A. (2018). Carcinogenic and Non-Carcinogenic Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Groundwater Wells in Neyshabur Plain, Iran. Biological Trace Element Research, 190 (1): 251-261.
  • Self, J. R. & Waskom, R. M. (2013). Nitrates in Drinking Water. Colorado State University Extension. 7/95. Revised 11/13.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2014). Drinking Water Quality of a Rice Land in Turkey by a Statistical and GIS Perspective: İpsala District. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 23 (6): 2247-2258.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2015). Assessment of the Water Quality in the Meriç River: As an Element of the Ecosystem in the Thrace Region of Turkey. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 24 (5), 2205-2211.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2017). Bio – Ecological and Statistical Risk Assessment of Toxic Metals in Sediments of a Worldwide Important Wetland: Gala Lake National Park (Turkey). Archives of Environmental Protection, 43 (1): 34-47.
  • Tokatlı, C. (2019). Drinking Water Quality Assessment of Ergene River Basin (Turkey) by Water Quality Index: Essential and Toxic Elements. Sains Malaysiana, 48 (10): 2071-2081.
  • Tokatlı, C. & Baştatlı, Y. (2016). Trace and Toxic Element Levels in River Sediments. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 25 (4): 1715-1720.
  • Tokatlı, C., Solak, C. N., &Yılmaz, E. (2020). Water Quality Assessment by Means of Bio-Indication: A Case Study of Ergene River Using Biological Diatom Index. Aquatic Sciences and Engineering, 35 (2): 43–5.
  • Tokatlı, C., &Ustaoğlu, F. (2020). Health Risk Assessment of Toxicants in Meriç River Delta Wetland, Thrace Region, Turkey. Environmental Earth Science, 79: 426.
  • Tokatlı, C., Uğurluoğlu, A., Köse, E., Çiçek, A., Arslan, N., Dayıoğlu, H., Emiroğlu, Ö. (2021). Ecological Risk Assessment of Toxic Metal Contamination in a Significant Mining Basin in Turkey. Environmental Earth Science, 80 (17): 1-19.
  • Turkish Standards (TS266) (2005). Waters - Water for Human Consumption. Turkish Standardization Institute, ICS 13.060.20.
  • Ustaoğlu, F. (2020). Evaluation of the Effect of Dissolved Metals Detected in Değirmendere Dam (Amasya, Turkey) on Drinking and Irrigation Water Quality. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 8 (12), 2729-2737.
  • Ustaoğlu, F. & Aydın, H. (2020). Health Risk Assessment of Dissolved Heavy Metals in Surface Water in a Subtropical Rivers Basin System of Giresun (north-eastern Turkey). Desalination and Water Treatment, 194: 222-234.
  • Ustaoğlu, F. & Tepe, Y. (2019). Water Quality and Sediment Contamination Assessment of Pazarsuyu Stream, Turkey Using Multivariate Statistical Methods and Pollution Indicators. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 7: 47-56.
  • Ustaoğlu, F., Tepe, Y. & Taş, B. (2020). Assessment of Stream Quality and Health Risk in a Subtropical Turkey River System: A Combined Approach Using Statistical Analysis and Water Quality Index. Ecological Indicators, doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105815.
  • Varol, M. (2020). Use of Water Quality Index and Multivariate Statistical Methods for the Evaluation of Water Quality of a Stream Affected by Multiple Stressors: A Case Study. Environmental Pollution, 266: 115417.
  • Varol, S. & Davraz, A. (2015). Evaluation of the Groundwater Quality with WQI (Water Quality Index) and Multivariate Analysis: A Case Study of the Tefenni Plain (Burdur/Turkey). Environmental Earth Science, 73: 1725–1744.
  • Varol, M., Sünbül, H., Aytop, H. & Yılmaz, C. H. (2020). Environmental, ecological and health risks of trace elements, and their sources in soils of Harran Plain, Turkey. Chemosphere, 245: 125595.
  • Wagh, V. M., Panaskar, D. B., Mukate, S. V., Gaikwad, S. K., Muley, A. A. & Varade, A. M. (2018). Health Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal Contamination in Groundwater of Kadava River Basin, Nashik, India. Modelling Earth Systems and Environment, 4: 969–980.
  • Wang, J., Liu, G., Liu, H. & Lamc, P. (2017). Multivariate Statistical Evaluation of Dissolved Trace Elements and a Water Quality Assessment in the Middle Reaches of Huaihe River, Anhui, China. Science of the Total Environment, 583: 421–431.
  • Water Pollution Control Regulation (2015). Surface Water Quality Management Regulation. Official Gazette dated April 15, 2015, Number: 29327, http://suyonetimiormansu.gov.tr.
  • Wetzel, R. G. (2001). Limnology: Lake and River Ecosystems. Elsevier Academic Press, 1006 pages.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) (2011). Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. World Health Organization Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data, NLM classification: WA 675.
  • Xiao, J., Wang, L., Deng, L. & Jin, Z. (2019). Characteristics, Sources, Water Quality and Health Risk Assessment of Trace Elements in River Water and Well Water in the Chinese Loess Plateau. Science of the Total Environment, 650: 2004-2012.
  • Yang, Y., Wei, L., Cui, L., Zhang, M. & Wang, J. (2017). Profiles and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Great Rift Lakes, Kenya. Clean - Soil, Air, Water, 45 (3): 1600825.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Water Resources
Published Date September 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Cem TOKATLI (Primary Author)
TRAKYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-2080-7920
Türkiye


Fikret USTAOĞLU
GİRESUN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8195-8557
Türkiye

Publication Date September 15, 2021
Application Date February 24, 2021
Acceptance Date July 17, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3

Cite

APA Tokatlı, C. & Ustaoğlu, F. (2021). Evaluation of a Household Drinking Water Purification System Performance in terms of Organic – Inorganic Water Pollution Indicators and Ecological – Health Risk Assessment Indices . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (3) , 365-373 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.15