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Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 405 - 412, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.20

Abstract

References

  • Balsari, P., Marucco, p., Oggero, G., Tamagnone, M., (2008). Study of optimal air velocities for pesticide application in vineyard. Aspects of Applied Biology 84, 417–423. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20083094862
  • Bayat, A., Bolat., İtmeç, M. (2020). Yardimci Hava Akimli Bahçe pülverizatörleri ve Kalibrasyonu.Gece Kitaplığı Ankara. Birinci Basım. ISBN • 978-625-7938-87-7. SYF 14. (in Turkish).
  • Chen Y., Zhu Z.,Ozkan H.E. (2012). Development of a Variable-Rate Sprayer With Laser Scanning Sensor To Synchronize Spray Outputs to Tree Structures. Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 55(3): 773-781. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.41509
  • Chen Y., Zhu Z.,Ozkan H.E., Derksen R. C.,Krause C. R., (2011). An experimental variable-rate sprayer for nursery and orchard applications. 2011 ASABE Annual International Meeting ASABE August 7 –10, 2011Paper Number: 1110497. Gault House Louisville, Kentucky/USA. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.37207
  • Cross, J.,V., Walklate, P.,J., Murray, R.,A., Richardson G.,M..(2003). Spray deposits and losses in different sized apple trees from an axial fan orchard sprayer: 3. Effects of air volumetric flow rate. Crop Protection 22 (2003) 381–394. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00192-8
  • Çengel Y., A., Cimbala J., M., (2004).Fluid Mechanics:Fundamentals and Applications. McGrawHill New York, USA. 5th Edition.
  • Delele M.A., De Moor A., Sonck B., Ramon H.,Nicolaı B., M., Verboven P. (2005). Modelling and Validation of the Air Flow generated by a Cross Flow Air Sprayer as affected by Travel Speed and Fan Speed. Biosystems Engineering (2005) 92 (2), 165–174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2005.05.018
  • Endalewa, A.,M., Debaer C., Rutten, N., Vercammen, J., Delele, M.,A., Ramon, H., Nicolaï, B.,M., Verboven, P. (2010). A new integrated CFD modelling approach towards air-assisted orchard spraying—Part II: Validation for different sprayer types. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 71 (2010) 137–147. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2009.11.007
  • Erzurumlu, D., Y. (2018). Tarım Traktörlerinde Kullanılan Klima Sistemlerinin Traktör Verimi ve Özgül Yakıt Tüketimine Etkileri. Türk Tarım – Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 6(3): 285-290, 2018. ISSN: 2148-127X. (in Turkish) Doi: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v6i3.285-290.1676
  • Fox, R., D., Derksen, R., C., Zhu, H., Brazee, R., D., Svensson, S., A. (2008). A History of Air-Blast Sprayer Development and Future Prospects. Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 51(2): 405-410 2008 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers ISSN 0001-2351. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.24375
  • Garcia-Ramos F.,J., Vidal M., Bone A., Malon H., Aguirre J., (2012). Analysis of the Air Flow Generated by an Air-Assisted Sprayer Equipped with Two Axial Fans Using a 3D Sonic Anemometer. Sensors 2012, 12, 7598-7613; ISSN 1424-8220. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/s120607598
  • Hołownicki, R., Doruchowski, G., Swiechowski, W., Godyn, A., Konopacki, P., J. (2017). Variable air assistance system for orchard sprayers; concept, design and preliminary testing. Biosystem Engineering 163 (2017) 134-149. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2017.09.004
  • Huang C.,H., Gau C., W., (2012). An optimal design for axial-flow fan blade: theoretical and experimental studies. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 26 (2) (2012) 427~436. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-011-1030-7
  • Işıktepe M., Sümer S.,K., (2010). Comparing operational charachteristics of 540 rpm and 750 rpm pto in tractors through laboratory tests. Anadolu J. Agric. Sci., 2010,25(3):168-174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.7161/ANAJAS.2010.25.3.168-174
  • Izadi M., J., Falahat A., (2008). Effect of Blade Angle of Attack and Hub to Tip Ratio on Mass Flow Rate in an Axial Fan at a Fixed Rotational Speed. 2008 ASME Fluids Engineering Conference August 10-14, 2008 Jacksonville, Florida USA. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2008-55179
  • Khot L.,R., Ehsani R., Albrigo G., Larbi P., A., Landers A., Campony J., Wellington C., (2012). Air Assisted sprayer adapted for precision horticulture:Spray patterns and deposition assessments in small-sized citrus canopies. Biosystem Engineering 113 (2012) 76-85. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2012.06.008
  • Liu, S., H., Huang R., F., Chen L., J. (2011). Performance and inter-blade flow of axial flow fans with different blade angles of attack. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers Vol. 34, No. 1, January 2011, 141–153. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/02533839.2011.553032
  • Logan E., Roy R., (2003). Handbook of Turbomachinery. Marcel Dekker New York, USA. 2nd Edition.
  • Matthews G.A.(2000). Pesticide Application Methods.Blackwell Science. Abingdon Oxon, UK. 3rd Edition. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470760130
  • Miranda-Fuentes ,A., , Rodríguez-Lizana A., Cuenca A., Gonzalez- Sanchez E.,J., Blanco-Roldan G.,L., Gil-Ribes J.,A. (2017). Improving plant protection product applications in traditional and intensive olive orchards through the development of new prototype air-assisted sprayers. Crop Protection 94 (2017) 44-58. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2016.12.012
  • Özlüoymak, Ö., B., Bolat, A., Bayat, A., Güzel, E., (2019). Design, development, and evaluation of a target oriented weed control system using machine vision. Turk J Agric For (2019) 43: 164-173.
  • Pai, N., Salyani, M., Sweeb, R. D. (2009). Regulating Airflow of Orchard Airblast Sprayer Based On Tree Foliage Densıty. Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 52(5): 1423-1428. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-010-9544-6
  • Panigrahi D., C., Mishra D., P., (2014). CFD Simulations for the Selection of an Appropriate Blade Profile for Improving Energy Efficiency in Axial Flow Mine Ventilation Fans. Journal of Sustainable Mining e-ISSN 2300-3960. Doi: https://doi.org/10.7424/jsm140104
  • Panneton B., Thériault R., Lacasse B. (2001). Efficacy Evaluation of a New Spray Recovery Sprayer for Orchards. Transactions of the ASAE Vol. 44(3): 473–479. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.6102
  • Patel J.,S., Patel S., M., (2012). Parameter Affecting the Performance of Axial Fan Performance. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) Vol. 1 Issue 3, May – 2012 ISSN: 2278-0181.

Determination of the optimum operating parameters of an axial fan used on the conventional air blast orchard sprayer

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3, 405 - 412, 15.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.20

Abstract

The pesticide droplets are carried to the tree canopy with the assist of the air flow which is generated by an axial fan of orchard sprayer. The designers manufacture the fan of orchard sprayer with ability of 6 different working conditions under constant PTO speed. Previous studies were related to evaluating the effectiveness of sprayers. In this study, 6 different options that presented to farmers was evaluated with view of energy consumption and air flow. A Conventional orchard sprayer having an axial fan with 36” diameter was operated at two fan revolutions (1890 and 2430 rpm) and at three blade angles (15º, 30º, 45º), and measured air capacity, the fuel consumption, variations of air velocities in air jet profile of the fan and calculated power consumption for each operating parameters potentially to be chosen by farmers. As a result, for each blade angle, if the fan speed increase, the air jet of the fan become more uniform than before. The maximum fan efficiency and system efficiency were %73,25 and %59,98 respectively which were obtained 30o blade angle and 2430 rpm fan rotation speed condition. The minimum fuel consumption and torque need was obtained under conditions of 15o blade angle and 1890 rpm fan rotation speed. However, considering maximum air capacity and the best air velocity uniformity in the profile of fan jet was established at, 45o blade angle and 2430 rpm fan rotation speed operating parameters.

References

  • Balsari, P., Marucco, p., Oggero, G., Tamagnone, M., (2008). Study of optimal air velocities for pesticide application in vineyard. Aspects of Applied Biology 84, 417–423. Retrieved from https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20083094862
  • Bayat, A., Bolat., İtmeç, M. (2020). Yardimci Hava Akimli Bahçe pülverizatörleri ve Kalibrasyonu.Gece Kitaplığı Ankara. Birinci Basım. ISBN • 978-625-7938-87-7. SYF 14. (in Turkish).
  • Chen Y., Zhu Z.,Ozkan H.E. (2012). Development of a Variable-Rate Sprayer With Laser Scanning Sensor To Synchronize Spray Outputs to Tree Structures. Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 55(3): 773-781. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.41509
  • Chen Y., Zhu Z.,Ozkan H.E., Derksen R. C.,Krause C. R., (2011). An experimental variable-rate sprayer for nursery and orchard applications. 2011 ASABE Annual International Meeting ASABE August 7 –10, 2011Paper Number: 1110497. Gault House Louisville, Kentucky/USA. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.37207
  • Cross, J.,V., Walklate, P.,J., Murray, R.,A., Richardson G.,M..(2003). Spray deposits and losses in different sized apple trees from an axial fan orchard sprayer: 3. Effects of air volumetric flow rate. Crop Protection 22 (2003) 381–394. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(02)00192-8
  • Çengel Y., A., Cimbala J., M., (2004).Fluid Mechanics:Fundamentals and Applications. McGrawHill New York, USA. 5th Edition.
  • Delele M.A., De Moor A., Sonck B., Ramon H.,Nicolaı B., M., Verboven P. (2005). Modelling and Validation of the Air Flow generated by a Cross Flow Air Sprayer as affected by Travel Speed and Fan Speed. Biosystems Engineering (2005) 92 (2), 165–174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2005.05.018
  • Endalewa, A.,M., Debaer C., Rutten, N., Vercammen, J., Delele, M.,A., Ramon, H., Nicolaï, B.,M., Verboven, P. (2010). A new integrated CFD modelling approach towards air-assisted orchard spraying—Part II: Validation for different sprayer types. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 71 (2010) 137–147. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2009.11.007
  • Erzurumlu, D., Y. (2018). Tarım Traktörlerinde Kullanılan Klima Sistemlerinin Traktör Verimi ve Özgül Yakıt Tüketimine Etkileri. Türk Tarım – Gıda Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 6(3): 285-290, 2018. ISSN: 2148-127X. (in Turkish) Doi: https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v6i3.285-290.1676
  • Fox, R., D., Derksen, R., C., Zhu, H., Brazee, R., D., Svensson, S., A. (2008). A History of Air-Blast Sprayer Development and Future Prospects. Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 51(2): 405-410 2008 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers ISSN 0001-2351. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.24375
  • Garcia-Ramos F.,J., Vidal M., Bone A., Malon H., Aguirre J., (2012). Analysis of the Air Flow Generated by an Air-Assisted Sprayer Equipped with Two Axial Fans Using a 3D Sonic Anemometer. Sensors 2012, 12, 7598-7613; ISSN 1424-8220. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/s120607598
  • Hołownicki, R., Doruchowski, G., Swiechowski, W., Godyn, A., Konopacki, P., J. (2017). Variable air assistance system for orchard sprayers; concept, design and preliminary testing. Biosystem Engineering 163 (2017) 134-149. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2017.09.004
  • Huang C.,H., Gau C., W., (2012). An optimal design for axial-flow fan blade: theoretical and experimental studies. Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology 26 (2) (2012) 427~436. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-011-1030-7
  • Işıktepe M., Sümer S.,K., (2010). Comparing operational charachteristics of 540 rpm and 750 rpm pto in tractors through laboratory tests. Anadolu J. Agric. Sci., 2010,25(3):168-174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.7161/ANAJAS.2010.25.3.168-174
  • Izadi M., J., Falahat A., (2008). Effect of Blade Angle of Attack and Hub to Tip Ratio on Mass Flow Rate in an Axial Fan at a Fixed Rotational Speed. 2008 ASME Fluids Engineering Conference August 10-14, 2008 Jacksonville, Florida USA. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2008-55179
  • Khot L.,R., Ehsani R., Albrigo G., Larbi P., A., Landers A., Campony J., Wellington C., (2012). Air Assisted sprayer adapted for precision horticulture:Spray patterns and deposition assessments in small-sized citrus canopies. Biosystem Engineering 113 (2012) 76-85. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2012.06.008
  • Liu, S., H., Huang R., F., Chen L., J. (2011). Performance and inter-blade flow of axial flow fans with different blade angles of attack. Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers Vol. 34, No. 1, January 2011, 141–153. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/02533839.2011.553032
  • Logan E., Roy R., (2003). Handbook of Turbomachinery. Marcel Dekker New York, USA. 2nd Edition.
  • Matthews G.A.(2000). Pesticide Application Methods.Blackwell Science. Abingdon Oxon, UK. 3rd Edition. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470760130
  • Miranda-Fuentes ,A., , Rodríguez-Lizana A., Cuenca A., Gonzalez- Sanchez E.,J., Blanco-Roldan G.,L., Gil-Ribes J.,A. (2017). Improving plant protection product applications in traditional and intensive olive orchards through the development of new prototype air-assisted sprayers. Crop Protection 94 (2017) 44-58. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2016.12.012
  • Özlüoymak, Ö., B., Bolat, A., Bayat, A., Güzel, E., (2019). Design, development, and evaluation of a target oriented weed control system using machine vision. Turk J Agric For (2019) 43: 164-173.
  • Pai, N., Salyani, M., Sweeb, R. D. (2009). Regulating Airflow of Orchard Airblast Sprayer Based On Tree Foliage Densıty. Transactions of the ASABE Vol. 52(5): 1423-1428. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10546-010-9544-6
  • Panigrahi D., C., Mishra D., P., (2014). CFD Simulations for the Selection of an Appropriate Blade Profile for Improving Energy Efficiency in Axial Flow Mine Ventilation Fans. Journal of Sustainable Mining e-ISSN 2300-3960. Doi: https://doi.org/10.7424/jsm140104
  • Panneton B., Thériault R., Lacasse B. (2001). Efficacy Evaluation of a New Spray Recovery Sprayer for Orchards. Transactions of the ASAE Vol. 44(3): 473–479. Doi: https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.6102
  • Patel J.,S., Patel S., M., (2012). Parameter Affecting the Performance of Axial Fan Performance. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) Vol. 1 Issue 3, May – 2012 ISSN: 2278-0181.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date September 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Medet İTMEÇ (Primary Author)
ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, TARIM MAKİNELERİ VE TEKNOLOJİLERİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, TARIM MAKİNELERİ VE TEKNOLOJİLERİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0003-0714-6232
Türkiye


Ali BAYAT
ÇUKUROVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, TARIM MAKİNELERİ VE TEKNOLOJİLERİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, TARIM MAKİNELERİ VE TEKNOLOJİLERİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0002-7104-9544
Türkiye

Publication Date September 15, 2021
Application Date March 29, 2021
Acceptance Date July 4, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 3

Cite

APA İtmeç, M. & Bayat, A. (2021). Determination of the optimum operating parameters of an axial fan used on the conventional air blast orchard sprayer . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (3) , 405-412 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.3.20