Research Article
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Effect of Different Organic Fertilizers on Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Productivity

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 4, 433 - 442, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.4.1

Abstract

Organic fertilizers are the basis of sustainable agriculture and an important resource in plant nutrition as well. The research was conducted out in the greenhouse conditions of the Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture, Diyarbakır, Turkey in 2020. The effects of 14 different organic fertilizers on grain yield, yield components, morphology and physiology properties of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L) were examined. It was found that sheep manure (3,56 g/plant) among - used fertilizers have a greater effect on both the growth and yield components of wheat in comparison with other organic fertilizers. The grain yield and biomass yield obtained from sheep manure among organic fertilizers have been determined to be competitive with commercial fertilizers. It was revealed that certain organic fertilizers had no effect on grain yield or biomass yield as compared to the control level of no fertilizers. According to the research results, it would be appropriate to use chicken and sheep manure in order to obtain an optimal wheat yield in the organic farming system.

References

  • Abbas, G., Khattak, J.Z.K.A., Mir, M., Ishaque, M., Hussain, H., Wahedi, M., Ahmed, M.S. and Ullah, A. (2012). Effect of Organic Manures with Recommended Dose of NPK on the Performance of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J. Anim. Plant. Sci. 22(3): 683-687. ISSN: 1018-7081 [Google Scholar]
  • Aksu, T. (2017). The effects of different nitrogen and farm manure doses on yield, quality and antioxidant activity of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). M. Sc. Thesis, Adnan Menderes University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Field Crops. 62 p. Retrieved from http://adudspace.adu.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/handle/11607/2963
  • Ameeta, S. and Chetani, R. (2017). A Review on the Effect of Organic and Chemical Fertilizers on Plants. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET) Department of Biotechnology, The IIS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.Volume 5 Issue II, February 2017 . IC Value: 45.98 ISSN: 2321-9653. Doi: https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2017.2103
  • Aydın, M., Yılmaz, M., Soylu, S. and Kara, A. (2010). Comparison of organic and traditional agronomy ın bread wheat. Turkey IV. Organic Agriculture Symposium, 28 June - 1 July 2010, Erzurum. Retrieved from https://orgprints.org/id/eprint/32156/1/Bu%C4%9Fday.pdf
  • Aygün, Y.and Acar, M. (2019). Organic Fertilizers and Its Importance. Black Sea Region Rapeseed Breeding Researchs. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330598198_ORGANIK_GUBRELER_ve_ONEMI
  • Byerlee, D. and Polanco, E.H. (1983). Wheat in the World Food Economy Increasing Role in Developing Countries. Food Pol., 8:1, 67–75, ISSN 0306-9192, Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-9192(83)90026-X. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/030691928390026X
  • Camara, K.M., Payne, W.A. and Rasmussen, R.A. (2003). Long Term Effect of Tillage, Nitrogen and Rainfall on Winter Wheat Yield in the Pacific Northwest. Agronomy Journal, 2003, 95: 828-835. [Google Scholar]
  • Chattha, M.U., Hassan, M.U., Barbanti, L., Chattha, M.B., Khan, I., Usman, M., Ali, A. and Nawaz, M. (2019). Composted Sugarcane By-Product Press Mud Cake Supports Wheat Growth and Improves Soil Properties. Int J Plant Prod 13:241–249. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42106-019-00051-x
  • Deksissa, T., Short, I. and Allen, J. (2008). Effect of soil amendment with compost on growth and water use efficiency of amaranth. In: Proc. the UCOWR/NIWR Annual Conference: International Water Resources: Challenges for the 21st Century and WaterResources Education. July 22-24, 2008, Durham, North Carolina
  • Delden, A.V. (2001). Yield and Growth Components of Potato and Wheat Under Organic Nitrogen Management. Agron. J., 93(6): 1370–1385. Doi: https://doi.org/10.2134 / agronj2001.1370
  • Dixit, K.G. and Gupta, B.R. (2000). Effect of Cattle Manure, Chemical and Biofertilizers on Yield and Quality of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and Soil Properties. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 48(4): 773-780.
  • Ghosh, P.K., Ramesh, K.K., Bandyopadhyay, A.K., Tripathi, K.M., Hati, A.K., Misra,and Acharya,C.L. (2004). Comparative effectiveness of cattle manure, poultry manure, phospho compost and fertilizer-NPK on three cropping systems in vertisols of semi-arid tropics. I. Crop yields and system performance. Bioresource. Technology. 95(1) :77-83. Doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2004.02.012.
  • Hammad, H.M., Khaliq, A., Ahmad, A., Aslam, M., Malik, A.H. and Farhad, W. (2011). Influence of Different Organic Manures on Wheat Productivity. Int J Agric Biol 13:137–140 [Google Scholar]
  • Hiltbrunner, J., Liedgens, M., Stamp, P. and Streit, B. (2005). Effects of Row Spacing and Liquid Manure on Directly Drilled Winter Wheat in Organic Farming. Eurepean Journal of Agronomy, 2005, 22: 441-447. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016 / j.eja.2004.06.003
  • Hole, D.G., Erkins, A.J.P., Wilson, J.D., Alexander, I.H., Grice, P.V. and Evans, A.D. (2005). Does Organic Farming Benefit Biodiversity? Biol. Conservetion, 2005, 122: 113-130. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.07.018
  • Jamal, A. and Fawad, M. (2018). Application of different organic manures in optimizing optimum yield for wheat in calcareous soil. World News of Natural Sciences. 20: 23-30. Retrieved from http://psjd.icm.edu.pl/psjd/element/bwmeta1.element.psjd-41e50c9e-1750-48b1-8541-0742cb180840
  • Jamal, A., Younas, W. and Fawad, M. (2019). Performance of Wheat (Tricticumavestium L.) as Influenced by Application of Single Super Phosphate Alone and In Combination with Different Organic Fertilizers in Calcareous Soil of Swabi, Pakistan. KSÜ Tarım ve Doğa Derg 22(1): 14-18, 2019. Doi: https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.v22i39650.455876
  • Joshi, R., Vig, A.P. and Singh, J. (2013). Vermicompost as Soil Supplement to Enhance Growth, Yield and Quality of Triticum aestivum L.: a Field Study. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 2:16. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/2251-7715-2-16
  • Kara, B. and Gül, H. (2013). Effects of Alternative Manures on Grain Yield, Yield Components and Quality Characters of Different Bread Wheat Cultivars. Journal of Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Agriculture, 8(2): 88-97, 2013. ISSN 1304-9984, Research Article. [Google Scholar]
  • Khanam, M., Rahman, M.M., Islam, M.R.and Islam, M.R. (2001). Effect of Manures and Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of BRRI Dhan 30. Pak. J.Bio. Sci. 4(2): 172-174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.172.174
  • Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H. and Kalbasi, M. (2002). Effect of municipal waste leachate on soil properties and growth and yield of rice. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 33(13-14): 2011-2020. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1081/CSS-120005745
  • Kodaş, R., Şengül, N., Avcı, M. and Akçelik, E. (2015). Determination of the Effect of Different Organic Applications on Yield and Yield Components of Bread Wheat Cultivars. Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Sciences, 19 (3), 162-171. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/harranziraat/issue/18452/194270
  • Mazhar, S.A., Nawaz, M., Khan, S. and Irshad, S. (2018). Impact of Urea and Farm Yard Manure on Nitrate Concentration in Soil Profile and Productivity of Wheat Crop. J Plant Nutr 41:2683–2691. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2018.1509994
  • Öztürk, A., Bulut, S., Yıldız, N. and Karaoglu, M.M. (2011). Effects of Organic Manures and Non-Chemical Weed Control on Wheat: I-Plant Growth and Grain Yield. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 2011, 18: 9-20. [Google Scholar]
  • Phullan, N., Dr. Memon, M., Shah, J., Memon, M., Sial, T., Talpur, N., Khushk, G. and Sial, N. (2017). Effect of Organic Manure and Mineral Fertilizers on Wheat Growth and Soil Properties. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences. 13. 10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.91. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322888360_Effect_of_Organic_Manure_and_Mineral_Fertilizers_on_Wheat_Growth_and_Soil_Properties
  • Reddy, S.S., Shivaraj, B., Reddy, V.C. and Ananda, M.G. (2005). Direct effect of fertilizer and residual effect of organic manure on yield and nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) in groundnut-maize cropping system. Crop Res. Hsiao, 29(3) : 390-395. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/294305511_Direct_effect_of_fertilizers_and_residual_effect_of_organic_manures_on_yield_and_nutrient_uptake_of_maize_Zea_mays_L_in_groundnut-maize_cropping_system
  • Rees, R. and Castle, K. (2002). Nitrogen Recovery in Soils Amended with Organic Manures Combined with Inorganic Fertilizers. Agron. J., 22(7) :739–746.
  • Sarwar, G., Hussain, N., Schmeisky, H., Muhammad, S., Ibrahim, M. and Safdar, E. (2008). Use of Compost an Environment Friendly Technology for Enhancing Rice-Wheat Production in Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 40(1):1553-1558. [Google Scholar]
  • Selvakumari, G., Baskar, M., Jayanthi, D. and Mathan, K.K. (2000). Effect of Integration of Fly Ash with Fertilizers and Organic Manures on Nutrient Availability, Yield and Nutrient Uptake of Rice in Alfisols. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 48(2): 268-278. [Google Scholar]
  • Subhan, A., Khan, Q.U., Mansoor, M., Khan, M. J. (2017).Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer on the Water Use Efficiency and Yield Attributes of Wheat under Heavy Textured Soil. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. Volume 33, Issue 4, Page 582 Doi: https://doi.org/10.17582/journal.sja/2017/33.4.582.590

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 4, 433 - 442, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.4.1

Abstract

References

  • Abbas, G., Khattak, J.Z.K.A., Mir, M., Ishaque, M., Hussain, H., Wahedi, M., Ahmed, M.S. and Ullah, A. (2012). Effect of Organic Manures with Recommended Dose of NPK on the Performance of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J. Anim. Plant. Sci. 22(3): 683-687. ISSN: 1018-7081 [Google Scholar]
  • Aksu, T. (2017). The effects of different nitrogen and farm manure doses on yield, quality and antioxidant activity of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). M. Sc. Thesis, Adnan Menderes University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Field Crops. 62 p. Retrieved from http://adudspace.adu.edu.tr:8080/xmlui/handle/11607/2963
  • Ameeta, S. and Chetani, R. (2017). A Review on the Effect of Organic and Chemical Fertilizers on Plants. International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET) Department of Biotechnology, The IIS University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.Volume 5 Issue II, February 2017 . IC Value: 45.98 ISSN: 2321-9653. Doi: https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2017.2103
  • Aydın, M., Yılmaz, M., Soylu, S. and Kara, A. (2010). Comparison of organic and traditional agronomy ın bread wheat. Turkey IV. Organic Agriculture Symposium, 28 June - 1 July 2010, Erzurum. Retrieved from https://orgprints.org/id/eprint/32156/1/Bu%C4%9Fday.pdf
  • Aygün, Y.and Acar, M. (2019). Organic Fertilizers and Its Importance. Black Sea Region Rapeseed Breeding Researchs. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330598198_ORGANIK_GUBRELER_ve_ONEMI
  • Byerlee, D. and Polanco, E.H. (1983). Wheat in the World Food Economy Increasing Role in Developing Countries. Food Pol., 8:1, 67–75, ISSN 0306-9192, Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-9192(83)90026-X. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/030691928390026X
  • Camara, K.M., Payne, W.A. and Rasmussen, R.A. (2003). Long Term Effect of Tillage, Nitrogen and Rainfall on Winter Wheat Yield in the Pacific Northwest. Agronomy Journal, 2003, 95: 828-835. [Google Scholar]
  • Chattha, M.U., Hassan, M.U., Barbanti, L., Chattha, M.B., Khan, I., Usman, M., Ali, A. and Nawaz, M. (2019). Composted Sugarcane By-Product Press Mud Cake Supports Wheat Growth and Improves Soil Properties. Int J Plant Prod 13:241–249. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42106-019-00051-x
  • Deksissa, T., Short, I. and Allen, J. (2008). Effect of soil amendment with compost on growth and water use efficiency of amaranth. In: Proc. the UCOWR/NIWR Annual Conference: International Water Resources: Challenges for the 21st Century and WaterResources Education. July 22-24, 2008, Durham, North Carolina
  • Delden, A.V. (2001). Yield and Growth Components of Potato and Wheat Under Organic Nitrogen Management. Agron. J., 93(6): 1370–1385. Doi: https://doi.org/10.2134 / agronj2001.1370
  • Dixit, K.G. and Gupta, B.R. (2000). Effect of Cattle Manure, Chemical and Biofertilizers on Yield and Quality of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) and Soil Properties. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 48(4): 773-780.
  • Ghosh, P.K., Ramesh, K.K., Bandyopadhyay, A.K., Tripathi, K.M., Hati, A.K., Misra,and Acharya,C.L. (2004). Comparative effectiveness of cattle manure, poultry manure, phospho compost and fertilizer-NPK on three cropping systems in vertisols of semi-arid tropics. I. Crop yields and system performance. Bioresource. Technology. 95(1) :77-83. Doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2004.02.012.
  • Hammad, H.M., Khaliq, A., Ahmad, A., Aslam, M., Malik, A.H. and Farhad, W. (2011). Influence of Different Organic Manures on Wheat Productivity. Int J Agric Biol 13:137–140 [Google Scholar]
  • Hiltbrunner, J., Liedgens, M., Stamp, P. and Streit, B. (2005). Effects of Row Spacing and Liquid Manure on Directly Drilled Winter Wheat in Organic Farming. Eurepean Journal of Agronomy, 2005, 22: 441-447. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016 / j.eja.2004.06.003
  • Hole, D.G., Erkins, A.J.P., Wilson, J.D., Alexander, I.H., Grice, P.V. and Evans, A.D. (2005). Does Organic Farming Benefit Biodiversity? Biol. Conservetion, 2005, 122: 113-130. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2004.07.018
  • Jamal, A. and Fawad, M. (2018). Application of different organic manures in optimizing optimum yield for wheat in calcareous soil. World News of Natural Sciences. 20: 23-30. Retrieved from http://psjd.icm.edu.pl/psjd/element/bwmeta1.element.psjd-41e50c9e-1750-48b1-8541-0742cb180840
  • Jamal, A., Younas, W. and Fawad, M. (2019). Performance of Wheat (Tricticumavestium L.) as Influenced by Application of Single Super Phosphate Alone and In Combination with Different Organic Fertilizers in Calcareous Soil of Swabi, Pakistan. KSÜ Tarım ve Doğa Derg 22(1): 14-18, 2019. Doi: https://doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.v22i39650.455876
  • Joshi, R., Vig, A.P. and Singh, J. (2013). Vermicompost as Soil Supplement to Enhance Growth, Yield and Quality of Triticum aestivum L.: a Field Study. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 2:16. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/2251-7715-2-16
  • Kara, B. and Gül, H. (2013). Effects of Alternative Manures on Grain Yield, Yield Components and Quality Characters of Different Bread Wheat Cultivars. Journal of Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Agriculture, 8(2): 88-97, 2013. ISSN 1304-9984, Research Article. [Google Scholar]
  • Khanam, M., Rahman, M.M., Islam, M.R.and Islam, M.R. (2001). Effect of Manures and Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of BRRI Dhan 30. Pak. J.Bio. Sci. 4(2): 172-174. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.172.174
  • Khoshgoftarmanesh, A.H. and Kalbasi, M. (2002). Effect of municipal waste leachate on soil properties and growth and yield of rice. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 33(13-14): 2011-2020. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1081/CSS-120005745
  • Kodaş, R., Şengül, N., Avcı, M. and Akçelik, E. (2015). Determination of the Effect of Different Organic Applications on Yield and Yield Components of Bread Wheat Cultivars. Harran Journal of Agricultural and Food Sciences, 19 (3), 162-171. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/harranziraat/issue/18452/194270
  • Mazhar, S.A., Nawaz, M., Khan, S. and Irshad, S. (2018). Impact of Urea and Farm Yard Manure on Nitrate Concentration in Soil Profile and Productivity of Wheat Crop. J Plant Nutr 41:2683–2691. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2018.1509994
  • Öztürk, A., Bulut, S., Yıldız, N. and Karaoglu, M.M. (2011). Effects of Organic Manures and Non-Chemical Weed Control on Wheat: I-Plant Growth and Grain Yield. Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi, 2011, 18: 9-20. [Google Scholar]
  • Phullan, N., Dr. Memon, M., Shah, J., Memon, M., Sial, T., Talpur, N., Khushk, G. and Sial, N. (2017). Effect of Organic Manure and Mineral Fertilizers on Wheat Growth and Soil Properties. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences. 13. 10.6000/1927-5129.2017.13.91. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322888360_Effect_of_Organic_Manure_and_Mineral_Fertilizers_on_Wheat_Growth_and_Soil_Properties
  • Reddy, S.S., Shivaraj, B., Reddy, V.C. and Ananda, M.G. (2005). Direct effect of fertilizer and residual effect of organic manure on yield and nutrient uptake of maize (Zea mays L.) in groundnut-maize cropping system. Crop Res. Hsiao, 29(3) : 390-395. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/294305511_Direct_effect_of_fertilizers_and_residual_effect_of_organic_manures_on_yield_and_nutrient_uptake_of_maize_Zea_mays_L_in_groundnut-maize_cropping_system
  • Rees, R. and Castle, K. (2002). Nitrogen Recovery in Soils Amended with Organic Manures Combined with Inorganic Fertilizers. Agron. J., 22(7) :739–746.
  • Sarwar, G., Hussain, N., Schmeisky, H., Muhammad, S., Ibrahim, M. and Safdar, E. (2008). Use of Compost an Environment Friendly Technology for Enhancing Rice-Wheat Production in Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. 40(1):1553-1558. [Google Scholar]
  • Selvakumari, G., Baskar, M., Jayanthi, D. and Mathan, K.K. (2000). Effect of Integration of Fly Ash with Fertilizers and Organic Manures on Nutrient Availability, Yield and Nutrient Uptake of Rice in Alfisols. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 48(2): 268-278. [Google Scholar]
  • Subhan, A., Khan, Q.U., Mansoor, M., Khan, M. J. (2017).Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer on the Water Use Efficiency and Yield Attributes of Wheat under Heavy Textured Soil. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. Volume 33, Issue 4, Page 582 Doi: https://doi.org/10.17582/journal.sja/2017/33.4.582.590

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agriculture, Agronomy, Plant Science, Agricultural, Engineering
Published Date December 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Remzi ÖZKAN (Primary Author)
DICLE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6457-5802
Türkiye


Merve BAYHAN
DICLE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-3220-4548
Türkiye


Levent YORULMAZ
DICLE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2880-1462
Türkiye


Muhammet ÖNER
DICLE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-5863-8061
Türkiye


Mehmet YILDIRIM
DICLE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6953-4479
Türkiye

Publication Date December 15, 2021
Application Date May 18, 2021
Acceptance Date September 12, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 4

Cite

APA Özkan, R. , Bayhan, M. , Yorulmaz, L. , Öner, M. & Yıldırım, M. (2021). Effect of Different Organic Fertilizers on Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Productivity . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (4) , 433-442 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.4.1


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