Year 2020, Volume 8 , Issue 1, Pages 361 - 368 2020-03-15

The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps

Erna YAYUK [1] , H. HUSAMAH [2]

Problem-solving in mathematics is one of the skills that have to be mastered by elementary school teacher candidates. This study aimed to analyze the difficulties of prospective elementary school teachers at the Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM) in item problem solving for mathematics. This research was a descriptive exploratory with a qualitative approach. The subjects were elementary school teacher education students at the UMM, who attended the Elementary School Mathematics Learning course II, totaling of 38 students. The instrument used was a mathematical problem based on HOTS, while the interview and observation referred to problem-solving strategies based on Polya's steps (ability to understand problems, ability to plan problems, ability to act based on a plan, and ability to re-check answers). Data analysis was performed by analyzing the written answer sheets of the subjects while coding and grouping the subject's learning styles. The data from the interview and observation were analyzed with content analysis. The results showed that students still experienced difficulties in all Polya’s steps. The ability of problem-solving based on Polya's steps include understanding the problem, planning, and writing strategies, as well as carrying out activities according to plan. The results of the study stated that only 5.3% of students were in a good category. Students also have had difficulty in re-checking answers, because only 8% of students did the work correctly. It can be concluded that the ability of problem-solving in Mathematics based on Polya's steps was still relatively weak.
Polya’s steps, prospective elementary school teachers, problem solving
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Primary Language en
Subjects Education, Scientific Disciplines, Education and Educational Research
Published Date March 2020
Journal Section Thinking Skills

Orcid: 0000-0001-8434-9004
Author: Erna YAYUK
Institution: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Country: Indonesia

Orcid: 0000-0002-3868-1062
Author: H. HUSAMAH (Primary Author)
Institution: Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Country: Indonesia

Supporting Institution Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang
Project Number E.2.a/l4l/BAA-UMM/IV/2019
Thanks Our gratitude goes to the Rector of the Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, and the Director of the Directorate of Research and Community Service at the Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, who have supported and funded this research through the Scientific Basic Research scheme

Publication Date : March 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jegys665833, journal = {Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-360X}, address = {}, publisher = {Genç Bilge Yayıncılık}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {361 - 368}, doi = {10.17478/jegys.665833}, title = {The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps}, key = {cite}, author = {YAYUK, Erna and HUSAMAH, H.} }
APA YAYUK, E , HUSAMAH, H . (2020). The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists , 8 (1) , 361-368 . DOI: 10.17478/jegys.665833
MLA YAYUK, E , HUSAMAH, H . "The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 361-368 <>
Chicago YAYUK, E , HUSAMAH, H . "The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 361-368
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps AU - Erna YAYUK , H. HUSAMAH Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.665833 DO - 10.17478/jegys.665833 T2 - Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 361 EP - 368 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - -2149-360X M3 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.665833 UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps %A Erna YAYUK , H. HUSAMAH %T The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps %D 2020 %J Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists %P -2149-360X %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17478/jegys.665833 %U 10.17478/jegys.665833
ISNAD YAYUK, Erna , HUSAMAH, H. . "The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 / 1 (March 2020): 361-368 .
AMA YAYUK E , HUSAMAH H . The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps. JEGYS. 2020; 8(1): 361-368.
Vancouver YAYUK E , HUSAMAH H . The Difficulties of Prospective Elementary School Teachers in Item Problem Solving for Mathematics: Polya’s Steps. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists. 2020; 8(1): 368-361.