Year 2020, Volume 8 , Issue 3, Pages 1099 - 1111 2020-09-15

Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students

Abdul WAHİD [1] , Imam SUYİTNO [2] , Suyono SUYONO [3] , Martutik - [4]


This study aims to determine the use of discourse markers (DM) in the descriptive essay text of students in high school. This study uses a qualitative approach that is classified as a case study. Data in the form of students' descriptive essays were analyzed using descriptive analysis. The essay writing instrument has a validity value of 95% and a reliability value () of 0.8. Participants were 96 grade IX students in Balikpapan, Indonesia, aged between 14-15 years. The purposive sampling method is used to select participants. The participants in this school were chosen because they were accustomed to receiving assignments in writing essay descriptions by their teachers. The results of this study indicate that (1) distance order is the dominant type of DM that is elaborately utilized, followed by elaboration, temporal, contrast, comparison, reason, causal, conclusions, and examples in participants' description essays, (2) class categories of types such as elaboration, comparison, and contrast have not shown varied use of participants, (3) students' DM usage skills are inadequate because of their inability to distribute DM primarily from coordinating conjunctions to linguistic units appropriately, and the existence of multifunctional DM avoidance strategies. The findings of this study become an evaluation material in teaching writing to identify the weaknesses and strengths of the use of discourse markers of high school students. The researcher recommends for the next study to look more closely at the development of thoughts and skills in the use of DM in essay writing.
Discourse markers, Cohession and coherence, Descriptive essays
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Primary Language en
Subjects Education and Educational Research
Published Date September 2020
Journal Section Differentiated Instruction
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7882-7751
Author: Abdul WAHİD (Primary Author)
Institution: Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar
Country: Indonesia


Orcid: 0000-0001-7733-3637
Author: Imam SUYİTNO
Institution: Universitas Negeri Malang
Country: Indonesia


Orcid: 0000-0001-9698-4363
Author: Suyono SUYONO
Institution: Universitas Negeri Malang
Country: Indonesia


Orcid: 0000-0002-4013-0964
Author: Martutik -
Institution: Universitas Negeri Malang
Country: Indonesia


Supporting Institution -
Project Number -
Thanks The authors thank the students and teachers of SMP Negeri 1 Balikpapan 1 for their willingness to participate in this research. The author also thanks to the journal editors and reviewers for their willingness to take the time and make comments to improve this article.
Dates

Publication Date : September 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { jegys764191, journal = {Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-360X}, address = {editorjegys@gmail.com}, publisher = {Genç Bilge Yayıncılık}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {1099 - 1111}, doi = {10.17478/jegys.764191}, title = {Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students}, key = {cite}, author = {Wahi̇d, Abdul and Suyi̇tno, Imam and Suyono, Suyono and -, Martutik} }
APA Wahi̇d, A , Suyi̇tno, I , Suyono, S , -, M . (2020). Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists , 8 (3) , 1099-1111 . DOI: 10.17478/jegys.764191
MLA Wahi̇d, A , Suyi̇tno, I , Suyono, S , -, M . "Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students" . Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 1099-1111 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jegys/issue/55332/764191>
Chicago Wahi̇d, A , Suyi̇tno, I , Suyono, S , -, M . "Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 (2020 ): 1099-1111
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students AU - Abdul Wahi̇d , Imam Suyi̇tno , Suyono Suyono , Martutik - Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.764191 DO - 10.17478/jegys.764191 T2 - Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1099 EP - 1111 VL - 8 IS - 3 SN - -2149-360X M3 - doi: 10.17478/jegys.764191 UR - https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.764191 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students %A Abdul Wahi̇d , Imam Suyi̇tno , Suyono Suyono , Martutik - %T Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students %D 2020 %J Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists %P -2149-360X %V 8 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17478/jegys.764191 %U 10.17478/jegys.764191
ISNAD Wahi̇d, Abdul , Suyi̇tno, Imam , Suyono, Suyono , -, Martutik . "Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students". Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists 8 / 3 (September 2020): 1099-1111 . https://doi.org/10.17478/jegys.764191
AMA Wahi̇d A , Suyi̇tno I , Suyono S , - M . Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students. JEGYS. 2020; 8(3): 1099-1111.
Vancouver Wahi̇d A , Suyi̇tno I , Suyono S , - M . Discourse marker in descriptive essays: A study on junior high school students. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists. 2020; 8(3): 1099-1111.