Year 2020, Volume 13 , Issue 1, Pages 50 - 77 2020-01-15

İstanbul’daki Peyzaj Düzenlemelerinin Mimariye ve Şehre Katkısının Anket Çalışması ile Sosyo-Kültürel Açısından Değerlendirilmesi
A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study

Sibel HATTAT [1] , Aysel TARIM [2]


Büyük bir metropol olan ve nüfusu 15 milyonu aşan İstanbul’da özellikle son yıllarda peyzaj çalışmalarına ağırlık verilmiş, yeşil alanların artırılması için belediyeler büyük gayret göstermiştir. Son yıllarda her Nisan ayında lale festivali yapılmakta ve şehrin sokakları, parkları, yeşil alanları renk renk laleler ile donatılarak İstanbul’da yaşayanları, ziyaretçileri memnun eden görsel şölenler olmaktadır. Aynı şekilde şehirde en önemli turistlik meydan olan Sultanahmet meydanında her sene Nisan ayında dünyanın en büyük çiçek halılarından biri hazırlanmaktadır. Bunların dışında İstanbul’ da alt geçit, karayolları üzerindeki bazı peyzaj çalışmalarında zorlamalar olduğu ve güzel yeşil alanlar, dikey bahçeler yaratmak adına tutarsız, karmaşık alanlar yaratıldığı gözlemlenmektedir. İstanbul’da bir yandan yeşil alanlar artırılmaya çalışılıp, peyzaj çalışmaları da hız kazanırken, Taksim meydanı gibi, adeta İstanbul halkının toplanma, buluşma meydanı olan bir alanda neredeyse hiç peyzaj çalışması olmaması, çirkin beton bir alan olması da tepki çekmektedir, aynı şekilde en turistlik caddelerden biri olan İstiklal Caddesi’nde neredeyse hiç ağaç olmaması da büyük çelişkidir. Şehrin diğer sokaklarında, ana alterlerde rengarenk çiçekler, bitkiler çok beğenilirken, halkta bunlara harcanan bütçe ile neler yapılabilirdi diye düşünceler olmakta, tutarsız bir yaklaşım ortaya çıkmaktadır. Parkların, bahçelerin, yeşil alanların, rengarenk çiçeklerin artması kente mimari açıdan büyük katkıda bulunurken, aynı zamanda çok yoğun nüfus ve trafik problemi olan şehre nefes aldırmakta, insanların sosyalleşmeleri, rahatlamaları için fırsatlar yaratmaktadır. Çalışmada İstanbul’un farklı özelliklerdeki bölgelerinde yaşayan halk ile şehirdeki peyzaj çalışmaları üzerine anketler yapılarak, sonuçlar değerlendirilmiştir. In the recent years landscaping and attempts to increase green areas in Istanbul, a metropolis with a population of 15 million inhabitants, increased by the growing efforts of municipalities. Also, in the recent years, a tulip festival is celebrated every April and the city streets, parks, green areas are decorated with different colored tulips in order to create breathtaking sceneries for the inhabitants and visitors of Istanbul. Similar to the tulip fest, every year on April one of the world’s largest flowerbeds is prepared on the touristic Sultanahmet Square. Besides these, in an attempt to create new and beautiful green areas and vertical gardens, disconnected and improper landscaped areas can be found near underpasses and highways. On one hand greening and landscaping efforts are increasing in Istanbul by the day; on the other hand, major gathering spots for the citizens of Istanbul, such as the Taksim Square, lack the same efforts are turned into ugly concrete lots. It is also gravely conflicting that there is not a single tree on the touristic Istiklal Avenue. Although, major streets and highways all around the city are decorated with flowers and vertical gardens, inhabitants do wonder what else could been achieved with all the money spent towards landscaping. The increasing number of flowers and greenery in parks, gardens, and green areas, not only improve the city in an architectural sense and allow this overpopulated and traffic plagued city to breathe a little, but also offer its inhabitants new places to socialize and recreate. In this study, surveys will be conducted on the landscaping work done in different parts of Istanbul and the results will be evaluated.

In the recent years landscaping and attempts to increase green areas in Istanbul, a metropolis with a population of 15 million inhabitants, increased by the growing efforts of municipalities. Also, in the recent years, a tulip festival is celebrated every April and the city streets, parks, green areas are decorated with different colored tulips in order to create breathtaking sceneries for the inhabitants and visitors of Istanbul. Similar to the tulip fest, every year on April one of the world’s largest flowerbeds is prepared on the touristic Sultanahmet Square. Besides these, in an attempt to create new and beautiful green areas and vertical gardens, disconnected and improper landscaped areas can be found near underpasses and highways. On one hand greening and landscaping efforts are increasing in Istanbul by the day; on the other hand, major gathering spots for the citizens of Istanbul, such as the Taksim Square, lack the same efforts are turned into ugly concrete lots. It is also gravely conflicting that there is not a single tree on the touristic Istiklal Avenue. Although, major streets and highways all around the city are decorated with flowers and vertical gardens, inhabitants do wonder what else could been achieved with all the money spent towards landscaping. The increasing number of flowers and greenery in parks, gardens, and green areas, not only improve the city in an architectural sense and allow this overpopulated and traffic plagued city to breathe a little, but also offer its inhabitants new places to socialize and recreate. In this study, surveys will be conducted on the landscaping work done in different parts of Istanbul and the results will be evaluated.

  • Von Albrecht Knechtel& Tuğrul Artunkal, Kamera Frank-Peter Lehmann, Produktion Albert Knechtel/Rilana Film im Auftragdes 2DF in Zusammenarbeit mit arte, 2010, (3sat HD, Ein Film)
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  • Venturi, R., (2005), Mimarlıkta Karmaşıklık ve Çelişki, 2. Baskı, Şevki VanlıMimarlık Vakfı Yayınları, pp:64, Ankara.
  • Url 1: https://istanbulharitasi360.com/istanbul-ilce-haritasi#.XZIAGVUzYdU
  • Url 2: http://www.istanbul.gov.tr/bir-bakista-istanbul
  • Url 3: http://www.avrupaparkbahceler.com/parklarimiz.php
  • Url 4: http://www.avrupaparkbahceler.com/duvarbahce.php
  • Url 5: http://www.anadoluparkbahceler.com/parklarimiz.php
  • Url 6: http://www.anadoluparkbahceler.com/duvarbahce.php
  • Url-7: (http://www.avrupaparkbahceler.com/haber.php? baslik=D%C3%BCnyan%C4%B1n%20En%20B%C3%BCy%C3%BCk%20Canl%C4%B1%20Lale%20Hal%C4%B1s%C4%B1%20Sultanahmet%C2%B4te&no=582)
  • Url-8: http://www.anadoluparkbahceler.com/parklarimiz.php?ilce=Kad%C4%B1k%C3%B6y&park=G%C3%B6ztepe%2060.%20Y%C4%B1l%20Park%C4%B1&no=304
Primary Language en
Subjects Architecture
Published Date Spring
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3616-4421
Author: Sibel HATTAT (Primary Author)
Institution: MİMAR SİNAN ARAŞTIRMA VE UYGULAMA MERKEZİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9635-8821
Author: Aysel TARIM
Institution: ISTANBUL AYDIN UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 15, 2020

Bibtex @research article { kent687407, journal = {Kent Akademisi}, issn = {2146-9229}, eissn = {2146-9229}, address = {bilgi@kentakademisi.com}, publisher = {Karadeniz Yazarlar ve Şairler Derneği}, year = {2020}, volume = {13}, pages = {50 - 77}, doi = {}, title = {A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study}, key = {cite}, author = {Hattat, Sibel and Tarım, Aysel} }
APA Hattat, S , Tarım, A . (2020). A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study . Kent Akademisi , 13 (1) , 50-77 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/kent/issue/54736/687407
MLA Hattat, S , Tarım, A . "A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study" . Kent Akademisi 13 (2020 ): 50-77 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/kent/issue/54736/687407>
Chicago Hattat, S , Tarım, A . "A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study". Kent Akademisi 13 (2020 ): 50-77
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study AU - Sibel Hattat , Aysel Tarım Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Kent Akademisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 50 EP - 77 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 2146-9229-2146-9229 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Kent Akademisi A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study %A Sibel Hattat , Aysel Tarım %T A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study %D 2020 %J Kent Akademisi %P 2146-9229-2146-9229 %V 13 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Hattat, Sibel , Tarım, Aysel . "A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study". Kent Akademisi 13 / 1 (January 2020): 50-77 .
AMA Hattat S , Tarım A . A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study. KentAkademisi. 2020; 13(1): 50-77.
Vancouver Hattat S , Tarım A . A Socio-Cultural Evaluation of The Architectural and Environmental Effects of Landscape Arrangements in Istanbul with a Survey Study. Kent Akademisi. 2020; 13(1): 50-77.