Volume: 6 Issue: 1, 1/29/22

Year: 2022
Political Science
Political Science
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bistra VASSİLEVA University of Economics - Varna
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hüdayi SAYIN It is not affiliated with an institution
International Migration

The major goal of this journal of social sciences and humanities is to provide a vibrant and independent environment for scholars and researchers from different regions of the globe to publish their articles written in English or Turkish.  

This international peer-reviewed journal welcomes articles mainly from the disciplines of economics; political science; public administration; business administration; international relations; urban planning; sociology; psychology; linguistics; literature; history; jurisprudence; philosophy; archaeology; anthropology; comparative religion; ethics; the history, criticism and theory of the arts. Book reviews, translations of important articles to English, and interviews with acknowledged scholars can be published as well. 

Lectio Socialis is biannually published (January and July). Articles are expected to be in the range of 3000-6000 words. Manuscripts exceeding the upper limit might be published upon the decision of the Editor-in-Chief. Manuscripts are accepted for publication on the understanding that they have been submitted solely to the Lectio Socialis and that they have not been previously published either in whole or in part.

We require that all submissions be made through the webpage of Lectio Socialis at DERGİPARK (www.deripark.org.tr/lectio) by subscribing to the journal. We do not accept submissions via e-mail. Please include your name, contact information, ORCID, and the title of your paper in your submissions. Manuscripts written in Turkish have to have titles and abstracts in English as well as Turkish. All submissions will be acknowledged by email, and all subsequent correspondence regarding the manuscript will be sent via email rather than post. We do not charge authors for submission or publication of their articles. 

Plagiarism is strictly forbidden in Lectio Socialis. The articles will be submitted to a plagiarism prevention program. We usually send the manuscripts to iThenticate program.  

Further, manuscripts must be prepared for double-blind refereeing, with any and all revealing references to the author removed, including personal acknowledgments. Any submission that does not adequately conceal the identity of its author will not be read. If the editor deems it necessary, the manuscript is firstly reviewed in terms of the use of language. If the manuscript is found weak in terms of language, the editor can reject the submission. Following the pre-review process, the manuscript is sent to two referees. Each referee may accept, reject, or ask for revision. The author is to make relevant revisions within a week. If two of the reviewers reject the manuscript, the reviewing process ends and the submission is rejected. If one reviewer rejects the manuscript, it is sent to another reviewer. If the third reviewer rejects the manuscript too, the process ends with rejection. If the review process is completed and the manuscript is accepted, the editing process starts.  The reviewing process takes 3 months on average. 

All manuscripts must be paginated. 

Please use our template before submitting your manuscripts. In order to download the template, click on this link.  

The journal complies with COPE Codes of Conduct

Please follow APA 6.0 Manual Style, and observe the following guidelines when preparing submissions:

Please, also, see the following link:  


You can also use Citation Machine to create a reference list composed of your sources composed of books, book sections, journals, websites, magazines, newspapers. 

The editors are willing to read and evaluate a manuscript but please note that the editors may ask for a revision of excessively long submissions and that the final version of accepted manuscripts must be formatted as an MS Word file.

Preparation of manuscripts

The first page should include the title of the paper, the name of the author. The second page should repeat the title, abstract (between  100 and 200  words), and 3 to 5 keywords. The subsequent pages should be numbered. Contributions should be in English or in Turkish. If the manuscript is in English, the Turkish title, abstract, and keywords are optional. If the manuscript is in Turkish, the title, abstract, and keywords in English are mandatory.  At the end of articles having more than one author, the contribution rate of each author should be stated. If the study was funded by any agencies, institutions or organizations, they should be declared in Acknowledgements section. Also, if there is any Conflict of Interest, authors should declare.

The default font for the manuscripts is Times New Roman and the font size is 12 points. 

Language Editing

Particularly if English is not your first language, before submitting your manuscript you may wish to have it edited for language. This may help to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication.

APA Documentation

You must document whenever you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or use any idea, fact, or figure from the source material (unless the material is “common knowledge”). The current form uses in-text parenthetical references in conjunction with an alphabetized References list (on a separate page at the end of your text).

In-Text Citation

APA style favours the use of the author’s name, followed by the publication date, as part of your sentence, like this:

 Strunk (1979) determined latent .....

The other common choice is to put both the author’s last name and the year of publication in parentheses at the end of the sentence, like this:

 ...latent adipose deposits also may be a cause of the problem (Strunk, 1979).

Whichever style you choose, remember that the following information is required for a complete citation:

1. Author’s last name

2. Year of publication (separated from the author’s name by a comma).

3. Page number is optional for summary or paraphrase, but required when you use a direct quotation:

According to Gray (1996, p. 2), his study results “were ridiculous.” 

Works Cited (Bibliography)

The works list appears on a separate page at the end of your paper and is organized as follows:

1. Alphabetically by author’s last name. If no author, alphabetical by the first word in title (not “A” or “The”).

2. The first line of each entry even with margin; subsequent lines indented five spaces.


BOOK, no author: Title. (Year). Place of publication: Publisher.

In-text citation: Grades are not the best measure of student learning (College Bound Series, 1979).

Reference example: 

College bound seniors. (1979). Princeton, NJ: College Board Publication.

BOOK, single author: Author. (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher.

In-text citation: Thomas (1994) suggests the species do not run off the cliffs

Reference example: 

Thomas, L. R. (1994). The Life of Iemming. Notes on a species. New York: Macmillan.

BOOK, two or more authors: Authors (in order listed on title page; last name first for each author). (Year). Title. Place of publication: Publisher. (For first citations, list all authors. For future citations, use “et al.”)

In-text citation: Shoe, Dore, and Roe (1995) suggest currents are a factor in navigation.

Shoe et al. (1995) support this view.

Reference example: 

Shoe, J. R., Dore, J., & Roe, T. (1995). Life of a rast in the Pacific Islands north of Hawaii. New York: Jossey-Bass.

Anthologized Work: Author of the piece you are citing (e.g. article, essay, report). (Year). Title of the piece you are citing. In editor’s name (Ed.), Book title with only first letter of first word capitalized (Inclusive pages of the piece you are citing). Place of publication. Publisher.

In-text citation: German (1981) suggests family therapy may be successful.

Reference example: 

German, A. S. (1981). Family therapy outcome research: Knowns and unknowns. In

D. P. Kinstein (Ed.). Handbook of family therapy. (742-775). New York: Bruner/Mazel.

Scholarly Journal: Author. (Year). Title. Journal, Volume number, Inclusive pages.

In-text citation: Pinker (1980) found the third dimension more difficult for subjects than the first.

Reference example: 

Pinker, S. (1980). Mental imagery and the third dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 109, 354-371.

Magazine: Author. (Year, month, and date). Title. Journal, Volume number, Inclusive pages.

In-text citation: Smith (1994) discusses the need for teaching history in elementary school.

Reference example: 

Smith, T. R. (1994, October 12). More old information you need. Time, 148, 34-38.

Newspaper: Author, if any. Headline. (Year, month and date). Paper, Page number.

In-text citation: Popular periodicals document the rise of chlorine residue (Took, 1994).

Reference example: 

Took, J. Study finds dioxins. (1994, April 3). London Times, p.1.

Government Document: Name of government agency or institute. (Year). Title. (Publication No.). City name: Country of government office.


ACRONYM. FOR SECOND CITATION—USE ACRONYM: Snail darter populations continue to decline (Environmental Protection Agency [EPA], 1988).

Reference example: 

Environmental Protection Agency. (1988). Report on snail darter threat(No. 5634-223). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Eric Document: Author. (Year). Title (Report No.). East Lansing, MI: National Center for Research on Teacher Learning. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No.)

In-text citation: Syrdk (1993) says Bulgarian and Russian students have problems with articles.

Reference example: 

Syrdk, S.T. (1993). ESL problems faced by Eastern European immigrants. (Report No. NCRTL-tt-93-5). East Lansing, MI: National Center for Research on Teacher Learning. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 378 091)

On-Line Journal: Author. (date). Title of article. Name of periodical [On-line], Volume number. Available: Specify path

In-text citation: Murphy (1995) discusses three causes of eating disorders in children.

Reference example: 

Murphy, T. (1995, March). Eating disorders in children.[online]http:www.disorder.net/eat/

Database: Authors/contributors. (Year). Title of database [identify medium]. (YEAR HERE IF NO AUTHOR). Place of production or publication: Producer, Distributor, and/or Publisher [specify role]

In-text citation: ... over 40% of the population (National Psychological Survey, 1995).

Reference example: 

National Psychological Survey—Important topics in health [database]. (1995).Sacramento, CA: National Center for Statistics [Producer and Distributor]. CD-ROM: Author. (Date). Title of article or abstract [medium]. Journal, Volume number.Inclusive pages. Abstract from: Source and retrieval number

In-text citation: Meyer and Back (1992) remove all doubt about research interests.

Reference example: 

Meyer, A. S., & Back, K. (1992). The tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon: Blocking or partial activation?[CD-ROM]. Memory and Cognition, 20, 725-726. Abstract from Silver-Platter File: PsycLIT Item: 80-16351

In-text citation: Brener (1979) demonstrated the relationship between heart rate and stress.

Reference example: Brener, J. (1979, October). Energy, information and the control of heart rate. Paper presented at meeting of the Society for Research, Cincinnati, OH.

Indirect Sources: Author of material you read. (Year). Title of material you read. Title of source, Volume number, inclusive pages of material you read.

In-text citation: Johnson, in contrast, had positive results (as cited in Beatty, 1962)

Reference example: 

Beatty, J. (1962). Task-evoked pupillary responses, processing load, and the structure of processing resources. Psychological Bulletin, 91,276-292.

For information on other sources, please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, the most recent edition possible. The summary here has been based on the 6th edition.

Caution on using materials on the internet: Some web sites and links may have been put there by amateur users or some may have been plagiarized from other sources. These pages should not be used as sources for academic papers. Look at the internet sources with a critical eye before you decide to use them. 

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. This journal does not charge authors for their submissions or publication of their articles. 

All articles published in Lectio Socialis are open to public use; and used freely, in free form, without permission from the publisher and author(s), and can be downloaded, distributed and used provided that the source is shown.

Lectio Socialis fully accepts the COPE Code of Conduct and is managed under this code. The journal’s necessary policies in line with this code are as such:

Editor's Responsibilities

The journal has full editorial independence vis-à-vis its publisher.

The editor-in-chief is responsible for the published articles in Lectio Socialis.

The editor-in-chief ensures that reviewers are independent of the authors, i.e. not affiliated with the same institution.

If there is a need, the editor-in-chief does not refrain from publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies. The readers and authors can directly contact the editor-in-chief if it is necessary.

The freedom of expression and the intellectual standards freed from any business interest are under the guarantee of the editor-in-chief. The journal does not accept any advertisement.

If the editor deems it necessary, the author should provide approval of a research ethics committee. The editor has to make sure that the research material complies with international research and publication ethics.

The editor-in-chief has to respond to the complaints received by e-mail and allow the authors whose work has been criticised for responding.

The editor's decision to accept or reject an article for publication should be based solely on the importance, authenticity/originality and clarity of the manuscript and the relevance of the study to the scope of the journal. Authors are open to appeal to decisions. Firstly, the editor-in-chief reviews the appeal. If the appeal is about the conclusion of the editor-in-chief, she/he brings the issue to the Editorial Board.

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers and potential reviewers. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper cannot be used by the editor or the editorial staff for their research purposes.

Reviewers' Responsibilities

The peer-reviewing process is necessary for making editorial decisions and assisting the author(s) in improving the manuscript.

Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review a manuscript should notify the editor-in-chief.

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except for the editor.

Reviews should be conducted objectively.

Reviewers should identify uncited work in a manuscript and or substantial similarity between a manuscript and a published work.

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

Authors' Duties

The manuscript should not be in the review process of other journals. The corresponding author has the right to withdraw the submission before the referee evaluation process begins. Even if no feedback is given to the author within an issue publication period (six months) after the referee process begins, the author may withdraw his submission.

of original research reports should present the underlying data accurately in the manuscript. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review. They should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable.

Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable. Manuscripts under review by Lectio Socialis should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication, they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY license, which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and to make commercial use of it.

The corresponding author ensures that all those who have made significant contributions to the manuscript should be listed as co-authors and they have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Ethics committee approval must be obtained for clinical and experimental studies and researches requiring an ethics committee decision, and this approval must be stated and documented in the article. In studies requiring an ethical committee decision, information about the approval (name of the board, date and number) should be included in the method section and also on the first/last page of the article. In case reports, information about the volunteer informed / consent form being signed should be included in the article.

If research published in Lectio Socialis benefits from a fund, the journal obliges authors to provide information about the fund to disclose all sources of financial support.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, the author must notify the editor-in-chief promptly and to cooperate with the editor-in-chief to retract or correct the article in the form of an erratum.

A dedicated Author Contribution section must be included with the article, to provide information about each author's contributions to the work. For this section, Lectio Socialis has adopted the CRediT classification, which allows for a standardized description of each author’s individual contributions to the reported study. This description will be required for all authors during submission process and the submitting author is responsible for providing the contributions of all authors at submission. It is expected that all authors will have reviewed, discussed, and agreed to their individual contributions prior to submission.

The contribution statement will be published with the final article and should accurately reflect contributions to the work.

CRediT classification:  

Conceptualization Ideas: formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
Data Curation: Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later reuse.
Formal Analysis: Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyze or synthesize study data.
Funding Acquisition: Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.
Investigation: Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.
Methodology: Development or design of methodology; creation of models.
Project Administration: Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
Resources: Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
Software: Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.
Supervision: Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
Validation: Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.
Visualization: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.
Writing – Original Draft: Preparation Creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
Writing – Review & Editing: Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.

The list of contributions needs to follow the following format: [Contributor role: List of all authors under that role].

Conceptualization: Ahmet Kul, Fatma Yüksel
Formal Analysis: Ahmet Kul
Funding Acquisition: Fatma Yüksel
Writing – review and editing: Ahmet Kul
Writing –original draft: Fatma Kul

The corresponding author or manuscript guarantor will have to confirm that he/she had full access to all of the data in the study and takes complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Lectio Socialis does not charge authors for any of the submission, evaluation or publication stages.

Lectio Socialis is a prestigious, international, and peer-reviewed journal that aims to provide a platform for scholars and researchers to share their work and ideas on policy-relevant topics related to social sciences. The journal welcomes high-quality articles from a wide range of disciplines, including economics, political science, public administration, business administration, international relations, urban planning, sociology, psychology, history, jurisprudence, and philosophy. The primary objective of Lectio Socialis is to maintain a vibrant, independent, and unbiased environment for scholars and researchers from different parts of the world to present their research, exchange ideas, and contribute to the advancement of knowledge in their respective fields.

Creative Commons License
Lectio Socialis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.