MAD is an international research journal which is published biannually. MAD aims to publish scientific research such as papers, book reviews and symposium reviews on logic and philosophy and to share these studies with public. MAD provides articles written by qualified specialists in the area of Logic. It continues to publish compelling original research articles that contribute to the development of scholarly understanding and interpretation in the thought in all traditions and periods - including the areas of Logic and Philosophy. We publish an English title, an abstract (at least 150 words), keywords (at least 5 concepts), a summary (at least 750 words), and a bibliography prepared in Isnad Citation Style for each article.