Year 2019, Volume 8 , Issue 1, Pages 1189 - 1204 2019-02-22

İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi
The Influence of Relationship Quality and Forgiveness on Happiness

Hasan Yılmaz [1]


Mutluluk, kişinin olumlu duyguları daha fazla, negatif duyguları daha az yaşaması ve yaşamından yüksek doyum alması olarak tanımlanır. İlişki niteliği, bir bireyin diğer bir bireye ya da bireylere karşı sergilediği davranışların bütünü olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Bağışlama ise, insanların, rasyonel olarak haksızlığa uğradıklarını düşündüklerinde, öfke duymaktan ve karşı tepkilerden vazgeçerek, haksızlık yapan kişiye karşı merhamet, koşulsuz değer verme, cömertlik ve yardımseverlik temelinde tepki vermeleridir.

Bu araştırmanın amacı, ilişki kalitesinin ve bağışlamanın ayrı ayrı ve birlikte mutluluğu ne derecede açıklayabildiğini saptamaktır. İlişkisel tarama modelinde gerçekleştirilen araştırmanın evreni 18-60 yaş arası yetişkinlerdir. Araştırmada, Pierce Vd. (1991) tarafından geliştirilen “İlişki Niteliği Ölçeği, Thompson Vd. (2005) tarafından geliştirilen “Heartland Bağışlama Ölçeği” ve Hills ve Argyle (2002) tarafından geliştirilen Oxford Mutluluk Ölçeği kullanılmıştır.

Araştırmada sonunda, mutluluğun yaklaşık yarısının ilişki kalitesi ile açıklanabildiği tespit edilmiştir. İlişki kalitesini oluşturan üç faktör mutluluğu açıklama gücü açısından değerlendirildiğinde, çatışma boyutunun ilk sırayı, derinlik boyutunun ise ikinci sırayı aldığı saptanmıştır. Bağışlama ise mutluluğun dörtte birini açıklayabilmektedir. Ayrıca ilişki niteliği ve bağışlamanın birlikte, mutluluğun yüzde 55’ini açıklayabildiği saptanmıştır. Sonuç olarak araştırma; insanların, ilişkilerinin kalitesi oranında mutlu olabileceğini ortaya koymuştur. 

Happiness is described as; a state when a person experiencing positive emotions more, negative emotions less and having a high satisfactory life.  A relationship quality is defined as; an individual’s behaviors as a whole, towards another individual or individuals people. Whereas, forgiveness means: when a person is observes that he/she has been treated rationally with injustice, they act to their offenders with a basis of mercy, unconditional value, generousness towards and help instead of feeling anger and revenge.  The aim of this research is; to determine the effect levels of relationship quality and forgiveness on happiness, individually as well as together. This research was carried out by the use of, relationship scan model among adults who are 18 to 60 years old. In this research 3 instruments were used; “Relationship Quality Scale” that has was developed by Pierce et al., (1991), “Heartland Forgiveness Scale” that was developed by Thompson et al., (2005) and Hills and Argyle’s (2002) “Oxford Happiness Scale”. As a result of the research, it was determined; at least half of the person’s happiness can be explained by the individual’s quality of relationship. When the three factors of the quality of relationship were evaluated in terms of explaining their effect of happiness; dimension of conflict came first while dimension of depth came second. Forgiveness can explain 25 % of happiness. Also, quality of relationship and forgiveness were found to be effecting happiness 55 % together. As a conclusion, this research proved that; quality of relationship can effect an individual’s happiness in direct proportion.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9069-1524
Author: Hasan Yılmaz (Primary Author)
Institution: Kırgızistan Türkiye Manas Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : February 22, 2019

Bibtex @research article { mjss478153, journal = {MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1694-7215}, address = {Chyngyz Aytmatov Campus, 720038, Djal, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN}, publisher = {Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University}, year = {2019}, volume = {8}, pages = {1189 - 1204}, doi = {10.33206/mjss.478153}, title = {İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz, Hasan} }
APA Yılmaz, H . (2019). İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 8 (1) , 1189-1204 . DOI: 10.33206/mjss.478153
MLA Yılmaz, H . "İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 (2019 ): 1189-1204 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mjss/issue/43425/478153>
Chicago Yılmaz, H . "İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 (2019 ): 1189-1204
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi AU - Hasan Yılmaz Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.478153 DO - 10.33206/mjss.478153 T2 - MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1189 EP - 1204 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - 1694-7215- M3 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.478153 UR - https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.478153 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi %A Hasan Yılmaz %T İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi %D 2019 %J MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1694-7215- %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33206/mjss.478153 %U 10.33206/mjss.478153
ISNAD Yılmaz, Hasan . "İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 / 1 (February 2019): 1189-1204 . https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.478153
AMA Yılmaz H . İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi. MJSS. 2019; 8(1): 1189-1204.
Vancouver Yılmaz H . İlişki Niteliği ve Bağışlamanın Mutluluk Üzerindeki Etkisi. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2019; 8(1): 1204-1189.