Year 2020, Volume 9 , Issue 3, Pages 1942 - 1955 2020-07-21

Türkiye-Avrupa Birliği İlişkilerinde Kelebek Etkisi: Türkiye’nin Adaylık Süreci
Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process

Ekrem Yaşar AKÇAY [1] , İdris TURAN [2]


Türkiye-Avrupa Birliği (AB) ilişkileri başından sonuna kadar sorunlar yaşamıştır. 1963 yılında imzalanan Ankara Anlaşması ile ilişkiler hukuki bir zemine oturmuş ve bu anlaşma çerçevesinde ilişkiler devam etmiştir. Ancak 14 Nisan 1987’de dönemin Başbakanı Turgut Özal, son aşamaya geçmenden tam üyelik başvurusunda bulunmuş ve ilişkiler farklı bir boyuttan devam etmiştir. Tam üyelik başvurusundan sonra AB, Türkiye ile ilişkilerinde tam üyelikten çok ortaklık ilişkisi üzerinden devam etmiş ve Gümrük Birliği, teknik, ticari, sanayi alanlarında ilişkilerin sürdürülmesinin daha faydalı olacağını söylemiştir. Bu süreçte Gündem 2000 ve Lüksemburg Zirvelerinde Eski Doğu Bloku ülkeleri ile müzakerelere başlama kararı alınırken Türkiye adaylık statüsünü bile alamamıştır. Ancak 1999’da yapılan Helsinki Zirvesi ile Türkiye bir anda aday ülke statüsünü kazanmıştır. Bu durumla ilgili olarak Abdullah Öcalan’ın Yunanistan’ın Kenya Büyükelçiliğinde yakalanışı, ABD’nin baskıları, 1999 Depremi gibi birçok unsurun adaylık statüsünün elde edilmesinde etkisi olduğu söylense de, esas unsur, Bülent Ecevit ve Gerard Schröder arasındaki mektuplaşmalar olmuştur. Adaylık statüsünden sonra da iki taraf arasındaki ilişkiler önemli ölçüde gelişmiş ve Türkiye ile AB arasında 3 Ekim 2005’te müzakereler başlamıştır. Bu anlamda söz konusu bu çalışma, tam üyelik başvurundan müzakere sürecine kadar Türkiye-AB ilişkilerini ele alacaktır. Çalışma Kelebek Etkisi Yaklaşımı ile ele alınacak ve basit bir mektuplaşmanın iki taraf arasındaki ilişkilerinde gelişmesinde büyük rol oynadığı ileri sürülecektir.


From the beginning up to now, Turkey – European Union (EU) relations have been quite problematic. With the Ankara Agreement signed in 1963, the relations were set on a legal basis and continued within the framework of this agreement. However, then-Prime Minister Turgut Özal applied for full membership on April 14, 1987 before reaching the final chapter and the EU-Turkey relations entered a new dimension. After the application for full membership, the EU adopted a partnership model in its relations with Turkey rather than full membership, arguing that it would be useful to sustain relations with this model in the fields of Customs Union, technical area, trade and industry. In this process, when the decision was taken at Agenda 2000 and Luxemburg Summits to negotiate with the former Eastern Bloc countries, Turkey could not even obtain candidacy status. However, Turkey suddenly gained the status of candidate country with the Helsinki Summit held in 1999. Although the capture of Abdullah Öcalan in Kenya embassy of Greece, the US pressures and many other factors such as the 1999 earthquake are stated to be effective in obtaining the candidacy status, the main factor was the correspondence between Bülent Ecevit and Gerard Schröder. After obtaining the candidacy status, the relations between the two parties considerably improved and negotiations between the EU and Turkey started on October 3, 2005. In this vein, this study is designed to elaborate on the EU-Turkey relations from the application for full membership to the process of negotiations. The study is tackled by means of the Butterfly Effect theory and it will be revealed that simple correspondence has had a major role in the development of the relations between the two sides.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9157-6133
Author: Ekrem Yaşar AKÇAY (Primary Author)
Institution: HAKKARI UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8184-0110
Author: İdris TURAN
Institution: HAKKARI UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : July 21, 2020

Bibtex @research article { mjss648805, journal = {MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1694-7215}, address = {Chyngyz Aytmatov Campus, 720038, Djal, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN}, publisher = {Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University}, year = {2020}, volume = {9}, pages = {1942 - 1955}, doi = {10.33206/mjss.648805}, title = {Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process}, key = {cite}, author = {Akçay, Ekrem Yaşar and Turan, İdris} }
APA Akçay, E , Turan, İ . (2020). Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process . MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 9 (3) , 1942-1955 . DOI: 10.33206/mjss.648805
MLA Akçay, E , Turan, İ . "Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process" . MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 1942-1955 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mjss/issue/56124/648805>
Chicago Akçay, E , Turan, İ . "Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 1942-1955
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process AU - Ekrem Yaşar Akçay , İdris Turan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.648805 DO - 10.33206/mjss.648805 T2 - MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1942 EP - 1955 VL - 9 IS - 3 SN - 1694-7215- M3 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.648805 UR - https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.648805 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process %A Ekrem Yaşar Akçay , İdris Turan %T Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process %D 2020 %J MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1694-7215- %V 9 %N 3 %R doi: 10.33206/mjss.648805 %U 10.33206/mjss.648805
ISNAD Akçay, Ekrem Yaşar , Turan, İdris . "Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 / 3 (July 2020): 1942-1955 . https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.648805
AMA Akçay E , Turan İ . Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process. MJSS. 2020; 9(3): 1942-1955.
Vancouver Akçay E , Turan İ . Butterfly Effect in Turkey-European Union Relations: Turkey’s Candidacy Process. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2020; 9(3): 1942-1955.