Year 2020, Volume 9 , Issue 4, Pages 2337 - 2348 2020-10-13

The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment
The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment

Burcu AYDIN KÜÇÜK [1]


Social Exchange Theory (SET) is one of the fundamental theories that has presented theoretical viewpoint in the several disciplines such as anthropology, social psychology, and sociology. It is known that the theory roots which early conceptualized by Thibault & Kelley (1959), Homans (1961), Blau (1964) and Emerson (1962, 1972) base on back to the 1920s (Malinowski, 1922). The main idea of exchange theory is to a series of interactions that generate obligations (Emerson, 1976). At this point, the findings from social exchange studies have many contributions and benefits in order to understand workplace behaviors (Cropanzano & Mitchell, 2005). SET has been one of the main theories that provide a wide comprehension upon exchange dynamics both at an interpersonal and organizational level. Divided into two categories, namely social (SE) and economic (EE), exchange relationships have seen to be related to many organizational outcomes, including organizational commitment (OC), which can be defined as employees’ attitude towards their organization. The present study purposes to determine the correlation between SET and sub-dimensions of OC (affective commitment and continuance commitment). Data of the study has been obtained from 186 employees who work in private sector in Turkey and analyzed through Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Results indicated that Social Exchange is positively related with affective commitment and continuance commitment, Economic Exchange was found to be negatively related with affective commitment and positively correlated with continuance commitment. 

Social Exchange Theory (SET) is one of the fundamental theories that has presented theoretical viewpoint in the several disciplines such as anthropology, social psychology, and sociology. It is known that the theory roots which early conceptualized by Thibault & Kelley (1959), Homans (1961), Blau (1964) and Emerson (1962, 1972) base on back to the 1920s (Malinowski, 1922). The main idea of exchange theory is to a series of interactions that generate obligations (Emerson, 1976). At this point, the findings from social exchange studies have many contributions and benefits in order to understand workplace behaviors (Cropanzano & Mitchell, 2005). SET has been one of the main theories that provide a wide comprehension upon exchange dynamics both at an interpersonal and organizational level. Divided into two categories, namely social (SE) and economic (EE), exchange relationships have seen to be related to many organizational outcomes, including organizational commitment (OC), which can be defined as employees’ attitude towards their organization. The present study purposes to determine the correlation between SET and sub-dimensions of OC (affective commitment and continuance commitment). Data of the study has been obtained from 186 employees who work in private sector in Turkey and analyzed through Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Results indicated that Social Exchange is positively related with affective commitment and continuance commitment, Economic Exchange was found to be negatively related with affective commitment and positively correlated with continuance commitment. 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9081-2536
Author: Burcu AYDIN KÜÇÜK (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : October 31, 2019
Acceptance Date : June 25, 2020
Publication Date : October 13, 2020

Bibtex @research article { mjss640929, journal = {MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1694-7215}, address = {Chyngyz Aytmatov Campus, 720038, Djal, Bishkek, KYRGYZSTAN}, publisher = {Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University}, year = {2020}, volume = {9}, pages = {2337 - 2348}, doi = {10.33206/mjss.640929}, title = {The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment}, key = {cite}, author = {Aydın Küçük, Burcu} }
APA Aydın Küçük, B . (2020). The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment . MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi , 9 (4) , 2337-2348 . DOI: 10.33206/mjss.640929
MLA Aydın Küçük, B . "The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment" . MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 2337-2348 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/mjss/issue/57186/640929>
Chicago Aydın Küçük, B . "The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 (2020 ): 2337-2348
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment AU - Burcu Aydın Küçük Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.640929 DO - 10.33206/mjss.640929 T2 - MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 2337 EP - 2348 VL - 9 IS - 4 SN - 1694-7215- M3 - doi: 10.33206/mjss.640929 UR - https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.640929 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment %A Burcu Aydın Küçük %T The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment %D 2020 %J MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1694-7215- %V 9 %N 4 %R doi: 10.33206/mjss.640929 %U 10.33206/mjss.640929
ISNAD Aydın Küçük, Burcu . "The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment". MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi 9 / 4 (October 2020): 2337-2348 . https://doi.org/10.33206/mjss.640929
AMA Aydın Küçük B . The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment. MJSS. 2020; 9(4): 2337-2348.
Vancouver Aydın Küçük B . The Social and Economic Exchange Relationships in the Context of Organizational Commitment. MANAS Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2020; 9(4): 2337-2348.