Year 2019, Volume 12 , Issue 1, Pages 83 - 92 2019-01-23

EXPLANATORY POWER OF PRICE SHOCKS IN FOOD SECURITY EQUATION OF NET FOOD BUYERS IN NIGERIA
EXPLANATORY POWER OF PRICE SHOCKS IN FOOD SECURITY EQUATION OF NET FOOD BUYERS IN NIGERIA

Felix ACHOJA [1] , Daniel OKEKE [2]


In a developing country such as Nigeria, fluctuation in macroeconomic factors can bring about food price shocks and food insecurity. It is important to investigate whether food price shocks have impacted the food security status of net food buying households. This study specifically examines the effect of food price shocks on the food security status of net food buying households in Nigeria. Secondary data were elicited from Central Bank of Nigeria and National Bureau of Statistics for the 1995-2016 years period. In analyzing the collected data, descriptive statistics (mean and percentage), coefficient of variation and regression model were used. The result revealed that all macroeconomic factors except exchange rate have a positive and significant relationship with food price shock. The result also indicated a 64.35% variation in food price shock with a variation of 38.07% in consumption expenditure (food security status) over the time period. On account of this, minimum consumption expenditure was over N1,304 compared to the World Bank consumption expenditure per person. Hence revealing that net buying households have extremely high cost of living and low welfare status (food security status). On the basis of this findings. It is recommended that the government should implement policies and regulations that will control and stabilize those macroeconomic factors that can agitate increases in food prices and cause food price shocks. This study had filled the knowledge gap by providing information on the degree to which food price shocks can affect the food security status of net food buying households in Nigeria. 

In a developing country such as Nigeria, fluctuation in macroeconomic factors can bring about food price shocks and food insecurity. It is important to investigate whether food price shocks have impacted the food security status of net food buying households. This study specifically examines the effect of food price shocks on the food security status of net food buying households in Nigeria. Secondary data were elicited from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and NBS (National Bureau of Statistics) for the 1995-2016 years period. In analyzing the collected data, descriptive statistics (mean and percentage), coefficient of variation and regression model were used. The result revealed that all macroeconomic factors except exchange rate have a positive and significant relationship with food price shock. The result also indicated a 64.35% variation in food price shock with a variation of 38.07% in consumption expenditure (food security status) over the time period. On account of this, minimum consumption expenditure was over N1, 304 compared to the World Bank consumption expenditure per person. Hence revealing that net buying households have extremely high cost of living and low welfare status (food security status). On the basis of this findings. It is recommended that the government should implement policies and regulations that will control and stabilize those macroeconomic factors that can agitate increases in food prices and cause food price shocks. This study had filled the knowledge gap by providing information on the degree to which food price shocks can affect the food security status of net food buying households in Nigeria.  

 

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9705-4923
Author: Felix ACHOJA (Primary Author)
Country: Nigeria


Orcid: 0000-0002-9402-0656
Author: Daniel OKEKE
Country: Nigeria


Dates

Application Date : September 23, 2018
Acceptance Date : January 20, 2019
Publication Date : January 23, 2019

APA Achoja, F , Okeke, D . (2019). EXPLANATORY POWER OF PRICE SHOCKS IN FOOD SECURITY EQUATION OF NET FOOD BUYERS IN NIGERIA . Ömer Halisdemir Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 12 (1) , 83-92 . DOI: 10.25287/ohuiibf.462961