PRINCIPLES OF RESEARCH AND PUBLISHING ETHICS
Scientific writings submitted to the SDU IJES should take into account the guidelines related to the Higher Education Institutions Scientific Research and Publication Ethics, the suggestions of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and International Standards for Editors and Authors of the COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics). Plagiarism, data falsification or fabrication, duplicate publication, redundant publication and including people who do not contribute to the study among the authors are among the unacceptable practices within the academic rules. In case of any ethical irregularities related to these and similar practices, necessary legal actions will be taken.
a) Plagiarism: Plagiarism deals with showing others' original ideas, methods, data or works as their own works, partially or completely without appropriate reference to scientific rules. In order to avoid plagiarism, writers must refer to scientific rules in an appropriate way and pay attention to giving reference to all scientific texts included in their research.
b) Data Fabrication: The use of data that are not actually present or have been changed in scientific research is handled within the scope of data fabrication. Authors should collect their data according to ethical rules and analyse it without exposing them to a change that will affect their validity and reliability in the process.
c) Distortion: Changing the records or data obtained from the research, showing unused equipment and materials as if they are used in the research, changing or shaping the results of the research in the interests of the supportive people and organizations are handled within the scope of distortion. Authors should be honest, objective and transparent in the information they provide related to the research process. They must refrain from violating ethical rules.
d) Publication Repetition: Presenting the same publication as separate publications without giving reference to previous publications is handled within the scope of publication repetition. Responsibility for publication of the studies at somewhere else previously or being currently in the evaluation process of another publication organ entirely belongs to the authors. Authors should avoid repetition and be attentive to send authentic and original research studies.
e) Redundant Publication: To disseminate the results of a research as separate publications by disintegrating and fragmenting the research in a way that disrupts the integrity of the research and publishing it in multiple publications are handled within the scope of redundant publication. Authors should consider the integrity of the research and avoid divisions that affect the results.
f) Authorship: Including people who do not contribute to the research among the authors or not including the contributors is covered under unjustified authorship. All authors should have contributed adequately to the planning of the research, the design, the collection of the data, the analysis, the evaluation, the preparation of the research for publication and the presentation of the final state.