Year 2018, Volume , Issue 39, Pages 139 - 156 2018-06-22

O Kadar Da Amansız Değil: The Grimm Sisters Adlı Eserinde Liz Lochhead’in Ataerkil Düzeni Altüst Edişi
Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters

Merve Sarı [1]


Aslen halk hikâyeleri ve peri masalları bu eserleri yaratmış kadın hikâye anlatıcılarına ait olmasına rağmen kadınların hikâyeler üzerindeki tekeli Perrault ve Grimm kardeşler gibi isimlerin hikâyelere gösterdikleri ilgiyle giderek yok olmuştur. Hikâyeleri yazarken, erkek yazarlar asla bu hikâyeleri duydukları gibi kâğıda dökmez ve bu eserleri kendi ataerkil ideolojilerini destekleyecek şekilde uyarlar. Yirminci yüzyılın son çeyreğinde postmodern yazarlar, metinler-arasılık ve fantastik aracılığıyla eski öğretilerine meydan okumuş ve bunun sonucunda sözüm ona “orijinal” olan bu hikâyelerin güvenilirliklerini sorgularken adı geçen hikâyeleri yeniden yazmıştır. Özellikle postmodern kadın yazarlar, ironi, hiciv, parodi ve pastiş gibi teknikler yardımıyla merkeziyi dışlanmışla değiştiririp geleneği sorgular. Bu yazarlar arasında, İskoç şair Lic Lochhead fantastiği kullanımı ve peri masallarında “namevcut” olan sesleri geri kazanıp yeniden yazması açısından önemli bir yer tutar. The Grimm Sisters (1981) adlı eserinde, Grimm kardeşlerin masallarını kadın bakış açısından yeniden yazan Lochhead, geleneksel olarak kadınlarla özdeşleştirilmiş olan sessiz rolü ters düz ederken kadınların hikâye anlatıcıları, anneler, eşler, kız çocukları, kız kardeşler, üvey anneler, kocakarılar ve “diğer” kadın olarak endişelerini dile getirir. Bu bağlamda, bu makalenin amacı postmodern teknikler ve fantastiğin Lochhead’in The Grimm Sisters adlı eserinde kadınlara ithaf edilmiş geleneksel rolleri alt üst ettiğini ve kadınların güncel deneyimlerinin kadınlar tarafından anlaşıldığı ve deneyimlendiği üzere yeniden yazımını sağladığını savunur.

Although originally folk and fairy tales belonged to female story-tellers who had composed these tales, their hold on the stories was gradually lost due to the rising interest of writers like Perrault and the Grimms in these tales. While putting these narratives down, male authors never simply wrote these tales down as they heard them but adapted them in a certain way to promote their patriarchal ideologies through these texts. In the last quarter of the twentieth century, however, postmodern writers, relying on intertextuality and the fantastic challenged the ancient lore, subsequently re-writing and questioning the reliability of these so-called “original” tales. Particularly female authors writing in the postmodern tradition challenged the central by replacing it with the peripheral, through their employment of such techniques as irony, satire, parody and pastiche. Among these writers, Scottish poetess Liz Lochhead stands out with her attempt to recover the “absent” voices in fairy tales. Re-writing the fairy tales of the Grimm Brothers from a female perspective in The Grimm Sisters (1981), Lochhead via her poems subverts the role of the traditionally silent part attributed to women, while voicing the concerns of women as story-tellers, mothers, wives, daughters, sisters, step-mothers, hags and the “other” women. In this regard, the aim of this article is to discuss the role of postmodern techniques and the fantastic in enabling Lochhead to subvert the conventional roles ascribed to women in her The Grimm Sisters and re-write the contemporary feminine experience as it is perceived and experienced by women per se.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Merve Sarı

Dates

Publication Date : June 22, 2018

Bibtex @research article { sefad443419, journal = {Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2458-908X}, address = {}, publisher = {Selcuk University}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {139 - 156}, doi = {10.21497/sefad.443419}, title = {Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters}, key = {cite}, author = {Sarı, Merve} }
APA Sarı, M . (2018). Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters. Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi , (39) , 139-156 . DOI: 10.21497/sefad.443419
MLA Sarı, M . "Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters". Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (2018 ): 139-156 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sefad/issue/38354/443419>
Chicago Sarı, M . "Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters". Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (2018 ): 139-156
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters AU - Merve Sarı Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.21497/sefad.443419 DO - 10.21497/sefad.443419 T2 - Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 139 EP - 156 VL - IS - 39 SN - -2458-908X M3 - doi: 10.21497/sefad.443419 UR - https://doi.org/10.21497/sefad.443419 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters %A Merve Sarı %T Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters %D 2018 %J Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi %P -2458-908X %V %N 39 %R doi: 10.21497/sefad.443419 %U 10.21497/sefad.443419
ISNAD Sarı, Merve . "Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters". Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi / 39 (June 2018): 139-156 . https://doi.org/10.21497/sefad.443419
AMA Sarı M . Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters. SEFAD. 2018; (39): 139-156.
Vancouver Sarı M . Not So Grim: Liz Lochhead’s Subversion of Patriarchy in The Grimm Sisters. Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2018; (39): 156-139.