Year 2021, Volume 29 , Issue 48, Pages 91 - 106 2021-04-28

The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports
Medya ve Kültürel İnançların Türkiye’de Kadınların Spora Katılımı Üzerindeki Etkisi: Profesyonel Sporda Türk Kadınlarının Karşılaştığı Zorluklar

Meltem INCE YENİLMEZ [1]


The fight for gender equality in Turkey extends as far as the sports sector of the economy. Although Turkey has recently seen a fast rise in the participation of women in sports, female athletes are still being marginalized for many reasons. The alarming levels of discrimination discourage females from entering into professional sports in Turkey and have inhibited the growth of the female sports sector in Turkey. This research aims to examine the different roles women have to take with emphasis on explaining the relationship between sports and politics in modern Turkey. The present study explores Turkish women's specific constraints and challenges in professional Sports. Qualitative data were generated from semi-structured interviews conducted with 142 female athletes (both amateur and professionals) across different cities in Turkey. The findings of the study indicate that family influence (χ= 4.39 of 5), wage inequality (χ = 4.31 of 5), media misrepresentation (χ = 4.16 of 5), inadequate sports facilities for women (χ = 4.12 of 5) and high levels of sexual harassment (χ = 3.89 of 5) are the constraints that must be addressed to improve the climate for female participation in sports significantly. The study highlights how these physical activities and sports programs play essential roles in increasing awareness of their importance and improving the overall perception of women in sports in Turkey.
Türkiye’de toplumsal cinsiyet eşitliği ile mücadele spor sektörüne kadar uzanmaktadır. Son zamanlarda kadınların spora katılımında hızlı bir artış görülmesine rağmen, kadın sporcular birçok nedenden ötürü marjinalleştirilmektedir. Karşılaştıkları ayrımcılıklar kadınların Türkiye’de profesyonel spora girmesini engellemekte ve Türkiye’de kadın spor sektörünün gelişmesine imkân vermemektedir. Bu araştırmanın amacı, modern Türkiye’de spor ve siyaset arasındaki ilişkiyi baz alarak kadınların üstlendiği farklı rolleri incelemektir. Bu çalışma, Türk kadınlarının profesyonel sporda karşılaştığı kısıtlamaları ve zorlukları araştırmaktadır. Türkiye’de farklı şehirlerdeki 142 kadın sporcu ile (amatör ve profesyonel) yapılan görüşmelerden nitel veriler elde edilmiştir. Ailenin etkisi (χ = 4.39/5), ücret eşitsizliği (χ = 4.31/5), medyanın yanlış yönlendirmesi (χ = 4.16/5), kadınlar için yetersiz spor tesisleri (χ = 4.12/5) ve yüksek seviyede cinsel taciz (χ = 3.89/5) kadınların spora katılımını artırmak için ele alınması gereken en önemli sorunlardır. Çalışma, fiziksel aktivite ile spor programlarının öneminin farkındalığını artırmak ve Türkiye’de spor yapan kadınların genel algısını geliştirmek için gereken önemli roller vurgulanmaktadır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4689-3196
Author: Meltem INCE YENİLMEZ (Primary Author)
Institution: YASAR UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 28, 2021

Bibtex @research article { sosyoekonomi748920, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {}, publisher = {Sosyoekonomi Society}, year = {2021}, volume = {29}, pages = {91 - 106}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05}, title = {The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports}, key = {cite}, author = {Ince Yenilmez, Meltem} }
APA Ince Yenilmez, M . (2021). The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports . Sosyoekonomi , 29 (48) , 91-106 . DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05
MLA Ince Yenilmez, M . "The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports" . Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 91-106 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sosyoekonomi/issue/62051/748920>
Chicago Ince Yenilmez, M . "The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports". Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 91-106
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports AU - Meltem Ince Yenilmez Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 91 EP - 106 VL - 29 IS - 48 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports %A Meltem Ince Yenilmez %T The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports %D 2021 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 29 %N 48 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05
ISNAD Ince Yenilmez, Meltem . "The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports". Sosyoekonomi 29 / 48 (April 2021): 91-106 . https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05
AMA Ince Yenilmez M . The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(48): 91-106.
Vancouver Ince Yenilmez M . The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(48): 91-106.
IEEE M. Ince Yenilmez , "The Impact of Media and Cultural Beliefs on Women’s Participation in Sports in Turkey: The Challenges faced by Turkish Women in Professional Sports", Sosyoekonomi, vol. 29, no. 48, pp. 91-106, Apr. 2021, doi:10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.05