Year 2021, Volume 29 , Issue 48, Pages 11 - 30 2021-04-28

Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey
Asya Kaplanları, Çin ve Türkiye’de Kişi Başına Düşen Gelir ile Araştırma ve Geliştirme (Ar-Ge) Harcamaları Arasındaki Nedensellik İlişkileri

Mustafa KIRCA [1] , Şerif CANBAY [2] , Veysel İNAL [3] , Sema YILMAZ GENÇ [4]


This study aims to investigate the relationship between R & D expenditures and per capita income for Asian Tigers (Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore), China, and Turkey. For this purpose, the relationships between variables are investigated using the bootstrap panel causality test developed by Konya (2006). In the study, analyses are made by using data for the period 1998-2016. According to the analysis results, there is a unidirectional causality relationship from R&D expenditures to per capita income in Hong Kong and Korea. On the other hand, there is a unidirectional causality relationship from per capita income to R&D expenditures in China and Turkey. The coefficients of these causality relationships are positive.
Bu çalışmada Asya Kaplanları, (Hong Kong, Güney Kore, Singapur), Çin ve Türkiye için Ar-Ge harcamaları ile kişi başına düşen gelir arasındaki ilişkilerin araştırılması amaçlanmaktadır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda değişkenler arasındaki ilişkiler Konya (2006) tarafından geliştirilen bootstrap panel nedensellik testi kullanılarak araştırılmaktadır. Çalışmada 1998-2016 dönemi verileri kullanılarak analizler yapılmaktadır. Analiz sonuçlarına göre Hong Kong ve Güney Kore’de Ar-Ge harcamalarından kişi başına düşen gelire doğru tek yönlü nedensellik ilişkisi vardır. Öte yandan, Çin ve Türkiye’de ise kişi başına düşen gelirden Ar-Ge harcamalarına doğru tek yönlü nedensellik ilişkisi vardır. Son olarak, bu nedensellik ilişkilerinin katsayıları ise pozitiftir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5630-7525
Author: Mustafa KIRCA
Institution: DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, AKÇAKOCA BEY SİYASAL BİLGİLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6141-7510
Author: Şerif CANBAY
Institution: DÜZCE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, AKÇAKOCA BEY SİYASAL BİLGİLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1143-4184
Author: Veysel İNAL (Primary Author)
Institution: SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SİYASAL BİLGİLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3138-1622
Author: Sema YILMAZ GENÇ
Institution: KOCAELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KOCAELİ MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution yok
Project Number yok
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Dates

Publication Date : April 28, 2021

Bibtex @research article { sosyoekonomi751675, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {}, publisher = {Sosyoekonomi Society}, year = {2021}, volume = {29}, pages = {11 - 30}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01}, title = {Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R\&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Kırca, Mustafa and Canbay, Şerif and İnal, Veysel and Yılmaz Genç, Sema} }
APA Kırca, M , Canbay, Ş , İnal, V , Yılmaz Genç, S . (2021). Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey . Sosyoekonomi , 29 (48) , 11-30 . DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01
MLA Kırca, M , Canbay, Ş , İnal, V , Yılmaz Genç, S . "Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey" . Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 11-30 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/sosyoekonomi/issue/62051/751675>
Chicago Kırca, M , Canbay, Ş , İnal, V , Yılmaz Genç, S . "Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey". Sosyoekonomi 29 (2021 ): 11-30
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey AU - Mustafa Kırca , Şerif Canbay , Veysel İnal , Sema Yılmaz Genç Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 11 EP - 30 VL - 29 IS - 48 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey %A Mustafa Kırca , Şerif Canbay , Veysel İnal , Sema Yılmaz Genç %T Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey %D 2021 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 29 %N 48 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01
ISNAD Kırca, Mustafa , Canbay, Şerif , İnal, Veysel , Yılmaz Genç, Sema . "Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey". Sosyoekonomi 29 / 48 (April 2021): 11-30 . https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01
AMA Kırca M , Canbay Ş , İnal V , Yılmaz Genç S . Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(48): 11-30.
Vancouver Kırca M , Canbay Ş , İnal V , Yılmaz Genç S . Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey. Sosyoekonomi. 2021; 29(48): 11-30.
IEEE M. Kırca , Ş. Canbay , V. İnal and S. Yılmaz Genç , "Causality Relationships Between Per Capita Income and Research and Development (R&D) Expenditures in Asian Tigers, China, and Turkey", Sosyoekonomi, vol. 29, no. 48, pp. 11-30, Apr. 2021, doi:10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2021.02.01